Contents 1 Biography 2 Legacy 3 See also 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 Other reading 7 External links


Biography[edit] Snowflake photos by Bentley, circa 1902 Bentley snowflake micrograph, 1890 Bentley was born on February 9, 1865, in Jericho, Vermont. He first became interested in snow crystals as a teenager on his family farm. He tried to draw what he saw through an old microscope given to him by his mother when he was fifteen.[3] The snowflakes were too complex to record before they melted, so he attached a bellows camera to a compound microscope and, after much experimentation, photographed his first snowflake on January 15, 1885.[4] He would capture more than 5,000 images of crystals in his lifetime. Each crystal was caught on a blackboard and transferred rapidly to a microscope slide. Even at subzero temperatures, snowflakes are ephemeral because they sublime.[5] Bentley poetically described snowflakes as "tiny miracles of beauty" and snow crystals as "ice flowers."[citation needed] Despite these poetic descriptions, Bentley brought a highly objective eye to his work.[citation needed] In collaboration with George Henry Perkins, professor of natural history at the University of Vermont, Bentley published an article in which he argued that no two snowflakes were alike. This concept caught the public imagination and he published other articles in magazines, including National Geographic, Nature, Popular Science, and Scientific American. His photographs have been requested by academic institutions worldwide.[5] In 1931 Bentley worked with William J. Humphreys of the U.S. Weather Bureau to publish Snow Crystals, a monograph illustrated with 2,500 photographs. His other publications include the entry on "snow" in the fourteenth edition of Encyclopædia Britannica.[6] Bentley also photographed all forms of ice and natural water formations including clouds and fog. He was the first American to record raindrop sizes, and was one of the first cloud physicists. He died of pneumonia at his farm on December 23, 1931,[5] after walking home six miles in a blizzard.[7] Bentley was memorialized in the naming of a science center in his memory at Johnson State College in Johnson, Vermont. His book Snow Crystals was published by McGraw-Hill shortly before his death, and is still in print today. Bentley's lifelong home is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Legacy[edit] The Caldecott Medal winner in 1999 for the best-illustrated children's book was Snowflake Bentley, which remembers Bentley's life.


See also[edit] Patterns in nature Ukichiro Nakaya Karl Blossfeldt


References[edit] ^ Shz.de ^ "Historic Bentley snowflake photos for sale in US", BBC News, January 22, 2010 ^ Martin, Jacqueline Briggs; Illustrated by Mary Azarian. Snowflake Bentley (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1998) ISBN 0-395-86162-4. ^ Hannavy, John (2007). Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography. 1. CRC Press. p. 149. ISBN 0-415-97235-3.  ^ a b c Moreno, Fred. 'Wilson Bentley: The Man Who Studied Snowflakes', Update (New York: New York Academy of Sciences, June/July/August 2005) pp. 8–9. ^ "Bentley Snow Crystal Collection of the Buffalo Museum of Science: Other Resources". Archived from the original on June 7, 2007. Retrieved June 19, 2007.  ^ [JHS] Wilson Snowflake Bentley – Photographer of Snowflakes (Jericho Historical Society, 2004). Retrieved July 26, 2005.


Bibliography[edit] Thompson, Jean M., Illustrated by Bentley, Wilson A. Water Wonders Every Child Should Know (Garden City: Doubleday, Page & Co. 1913) Bentley, Wilson A. The Guide to Nature (1922) Bentley, Wilson A. 'The Magic Beauty of Snow and Dew', National Geographic (January 1923) Bentley, Wilson A.; Humphreys, William J. Snow Crystals (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1931) Bentley, Wilson A. "Snow", Encyclopædia Britannica: Vol. 20 (14th ed., 1936; pp. 854–856) Knight, N. (1988) "No two alike?" Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 69(5):496


Other reading[edit] Blanchard, Duncan. The Snowflake Man, A Biography of Wilson A. Bentley, (Blacksburg, VA: McDonald and Woodward, 1998) ISBN 0-939923-71-8. Martin, Jacqueline Briggs. Snowflake Bentley, (New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1998) ISBN 0-395-86162-4 (a children's biography illustrated with woodcuts hand tinted with watercolors by Mary Azarian. Awarded the Caldecott Medal.) Stoddard, Gloria May. Snowflake Bentley: Man of Science, Man of God (Shelburne, VT: New England Press, 1985) ISBN 0-933050-31-3 (Originally published in 1979 by Concordia Publishing House, ISBN 0-570-03620-8).


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wilson Bentley Snow Crystals. Snowflake Bentley.com New York Heritage - Bentley Snow Crystal Collection Works by or about Wilson Bentley in libraries (WorldCat catalog) Inventory of Wilson A. Bentley Photographs, Special Collections, University of Vermont Library Inventory of Wilson A. Bentley Photographs, Smithsonian Institution Archives, Smithsonian Institution Wilson A. Bentley Photographs at the Vermont Historical Society Smithsonian Photography Initiative, click! photography changes everything project story on Wilson A. Bentley Bliss, Segment on Bentley Snow Crystal Starts at 34:00 Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 57495331 LCCN: n79026859 ISNI: 0000 0001 1649 973X GND: 12244471X SUDOC: 116431962 BNF: cb125069723 (data) ULAN: 500088866 NKC: jn20020912005 RKD: 393018 IATH: w6rr26vp PIC: 4461 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wilson_Bentley&oldid=820664769" Categories: 1865 births1931 deathsPeople from Jericho, VermontAmerican photographersAmerican meteorologistsNature photographersPioneers of photographyInfectious disease deaths in VermontDeaths from pneumoniaHidden categories: Use mdy dates from January 2018Articles with hCardsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from January 2018Commons category with local link different than on WikidataWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with ULAN identifiersWikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiersWikipedia articles with PIC identifiers


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Jericho, VermontAmericansPhotographySnowflakeSublimation (chemistry)Kenneth G. LibbrechtJericho, VermontBuffalo Museum Of ScienceEnlargeEnlargeMicrographJericho, VermontSnowCrystalAdolescenceMicroscopeBellows CameraChalkboardMicroscope SlideTemperatureEphemeralSublimation (chemistry)Wikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation NeededGeorge Henry PerkinsNatural HistoryUniversity Of VermontNational Geographic (magazine)Nature (journal)Popular ScienceScientific AmericanWilliam Jackson HumphreysU.S. Weather BureauMonographIllustrationEncyclopædia BritannicaCloudFogRaindropPhysicistPneumoniaJohnson State CollegeJohnson, VermontMcGraw-HillWilson Alwyn "Snowflake" Bentley HouseNational Register Of Historic PlacesCaldecott MedalSnowflake Bentley (book)Patterns In NatureUkichiro NakayaKarl BlossfeldtMary AzarianSnowflake Bentley (book)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-395-86162-4International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-415-97235-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-939923-71-8International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-395-86162-4Mary AzarianCaldecott MedalInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-933050-31-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-570-03620-8WorldCatHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationBibliothèque Nationale De FranceUnion List Of Artist NamesNational Library Of The Czech RepublicNetherlands Institute For Art HistoryInstitute For Advanced Technology In The HumanitiesHelp:CategoryCategory:1865 BirthsCategory:1931 DeathsCategory:People From Jericho, VermontCategory:American PhotographersCategory:American MeteorologistsCategory:Nature PhotographersCategory:Pioneers Of PhotographyCategory:Infectious Disease Deaths In VermontCategory:Deaths From PneumoniaCategory:Use Mdy Dates From January 2018Category:Articles With HCardsCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From January 2018Category:Commons Category With Local Link Different Than On WikidataCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BNF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ULAN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With RKDartists IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With PIC IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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