Contents 1 History 2 VIAF clusters 3 Participating libraries and organizations 3.1 Libraries added for testing purposes 4 See also 5 References 6 External links


History[edit] Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities. This would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process.[2] The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress (LC), the German National Library (DNB) and the OCLC on August 6, 2003. The Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitions to a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012.[3] The aim is to link the national authority files (such as the German Name Authority File) to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, and refers to the original authority records. The data are made available online and are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) protocol. The file numbers are also being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata.[4][5]


VIAF clusters[edit] VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month. As more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records.[6]


Participating libraries and organizations[edit] English Wikipedia entry name Identifier Native-language name Location Country Bibliotheca Alexandrina EGAXA Arabic: مكتبة الإسكندرية‎ Alexandria Egypt Biblioteca Nacional de Chile BNCHL Spanish: Biblioteca Nacional de Chile Santiago Chile Biblioteca Nacional de España BNE Spanish: Biblioteca Nacional de España Madrid Spain Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal PTBNP Portuguese: Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal Lisbon Portugal Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec B2Q French: Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec Quebec Canada Bibliothèque nationale de France BnF French: Bibliothèque nationale de France Paris France Bibliothèque Nationale du Royaume du Maroc (BNRM) MRBNR Arabic: المكتبة الوطنية للمملكة المغربية‎ French: Bibliothèque nationale du Royaume du Maroc Rabat Morocco Biografisch Portaal BPN Dutch: Biografisch Portaal The Hague Netherlands British Library – London England Danish Agency for Culture and Palaces Danish: Kulturstyrelsen Copenhagen Denmark Danish Bibliographic Centre DBC Danish: Dansk BiblioteksCenter Ballerup Denmark German National Library (DNB) GND German: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Frankfurt Germany International Standard Name Identifier[7] ISNI – London United Kingdom Israel Museum Hebrew: מוזיאון ישראל‎ Jerusalem Israel Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo Unico ICCU SBN Italian: Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo Unico Rome Italy Lebanese National Library LNL Arabic: المكتبة الوطنية‎ Beirut Lebanon Library and Archives Canada LAC French: Bibliothèque et Archives Canada Ottawa, Ontario Canada Library of Congress NACO consortium (Name Authority Cooperative Program)[8] LCCN – Washington, D.C. United States National and University Library in Zagreb NSK Croatian: Nacionalna i sveučilišna knjižnica u Zagrebu Zagreb Croatia National and University Library of Slovenia Slovene: Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica Ljubljana Slovenia National Central Library NCL CYT Chinese: 國家圖書館 Taipei Taiwan National Diet Library NDL Japanese: 国立国会図書館 Tokyo Kyoto Japan National Institute of Informatics NII CiNii Japanese: 国立情報学研究所 Tokyo Japan National Library Board NLB – – Singapore National Library of Australia NLA – Canberra Australia National Library of Catalonia BNC Catalan: Biblioteca de Catalunya Barcelona Spain National Library of Estonia ERRR Estonian: Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu Tallinn Estonia National Library of Ireland N6I Irish: Leabharlann Náisiúnta na hÉireann Dublin Ireland National Library of Israel NLI Hebrew: הספרייה הלאומית‎ Jerusalem Israel National Library of Korea KRNLK Korean: 국립중앙도서관 Seoul Korea National Library of Latvia LNB Latvian: Latvijas Nacionālā bibliotēka Rīga Latvia National Library of Luxembourg BNL Luxembourgish: Nationalbibliothéik Lëtzebuerg French: Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg Luxembourg City Luxembourg National Library of Mexico BNM Spanish: Biblioteca Nacional de México Mexico City Mexico National Library of the Netherlands NTA Dutch: Koninklijke Bibliotheek The Hague Netherlands National Library of New Zealand – Wellington New Zealand National Library of Norway BIBSYS W2Z Norwegian: Nasjonalbiblioteket Trondheim Norway National Library of Poland NLP Polish: Biblioteka Narodowa Warsaw Poland National Library of Scotland Scottish Gaelic: Leabharlann Nàiseanta na h-Alba Scots: Naitional Leebrar o Scotland Edinburgh Scotland National Library of South Africa Afrikaans: Staats-Bibliotheek der Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek Cape Town Pretoria South Africa National Library of Sweden SELIBR Swedish: Kungliga biblioteket - Sveriges nationalbibliotek Stockholm Sweden National Library of Wales Welsh: Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru Aberystwyth Wales National Library of the Czech Republic NKC Czech: Národní knihovna České republiky Prague Czech Republic National Széchényi Library NSZL Hungarian: Országos Széchényi Könyvtár Budapest Hungary Perseus Project PERSEUS – Medford, Massachusetts United States RERO (Library Network of Western Switzerland) RERO German: Westschweizer Bibliothekverbund French: Réseau des bibliothèques de Suisse occidentale Italian: Rete delle bibliotheche della Svizzera occidentale Martigny Switzerland Russian State Library RLS Russian: Российская государственная библиотека Moscow Russia Système universitaire de documentation SUDOC French: Système universitaire de documentation – France Syriac Reference Portal SRP – Nashville, Tennessee United States Swiss National Library SWNL German: Schweizerische Nationalbibliothek French: Bibliothèque nationale suisse Italian: Biblioteca nazionale svizzera Romansh: Biblioteca naziunala svizra Berne Switzerland Narodowy Uniwersalny Katalog Centralny, NUKAT (pl) NUKAT Polish: Narodowy Uniwersalny Katalog Centralny – Poland Union List of Artist Names – Getty Research Institute ULAN JPG – Los Angeles, California United States United States National Agricultural Library NALT – Beltsville, Maryland United States United States National Library of Medicine – Bethesda, Maryland United States Vatican Library BAV Latin: Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana – Vatican City Vlaamse openbare bibliotheken (VLACC): Bibnet (nl) VLACC Dutch: Vlaamse Centrale Catalogus Brussels Belgium Wikidata WKP – Berlin, Germany International Libraries added for testing purposes[edit] English Wikipedia entry name Identifier Native-language name Location Country National and University Library of Iceland (NULI) UIY Icelandic: Háskólabókasafn Reykjavík Iceland National Library of Brazil BLBNB Portuguese: Biblioteca Nacional do Brasil Rio de Janeiro Brazil


See also[edit] Library and information science portal Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology (FAST) Integrated Authority File (GND) International Standard Authority Data Number (ISADN) International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) Wikipedia's authority control template for articles


References[edit] ^ Kelley, Michael; Schwartz, Meredith (2012). "VIAF service transitions to OCLC". Library Journal. Media Source Inc. 137 (8): 16.   ^ O'Neill, Edward T. (12 August 2016). "VIAF: Origins" (Video presentation). Authority Data on the Web, a Satellite Meeting of the 2016 IFLA World Library and Information Congress. OCLC.  ^ Murphy, Bob (4 April 2012). "Virtual International Authority File service transitions to OCLC; contributing institutions continue to shape direction through VIAF Council" (Press release). OCLC. Dublin, OH.  ^ Klein, Max; Renspie, Melissa (7 December 2012). "VIAFbot Edits 250,000 Wikipedia Articles to Reciprocate All Links from VIAF into Wikipedia". OCLC.  ^ Klein, Maximilian; Kyrios, Alex (14 October 2013). "VIAFbot and the Integration of Library Data on Wikipedia". The Code4Lib Journal (22). ISSN 1940-5758.  ^ Hickey, Thomas B.; Toves, Jenny A. (July 2014). "Managing Ambiguity In VIAF". D-Lib Magazine. Corporation for National Research Initiatives. 20 (7/8). doi:10.1045/july2014-hickey.  ^ MacEwan, Andrew (12 August 2016). "ISNI and VIAF" (Video presentation). Authority Data on the Web, a Satellite Meeting of the 2016 IFLA World Library and Information Congress. OCLC.  ^ "NACO - Name Authority Cooperative Program". Library of Congress. 


External links[edit] Wikidata has the property: VIAF ID (P214) (see uses) Official website VIAF at OCLC Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Virtual_International_Authority_File&oldid=816644052" Categories: IdentifiersLibrary cataloging and classificationLibrary of CongressOCLCHidden categories: Articles containing Arabic-language textArticles containing Spanish-language textArticles containing Portuguese-language textArticles containing French-language textArticles containing Dutch-language textArticles containing Danish-language textArticles containing German-language textArticles containing Hebrew-language textArticles containing Italian-language textArticles containing Croatian-language textArticles containing Slovene-language textArticles containing Chinese-language textArticles containing Japanese-language textArticles containing Catalan-language textArticles containing Estonian-language textArticles containing Irish-language textArticles containing Korean-language textArticles containing Latvian-language textArticles containing Luxembourgish-language textArticles containing Norwegian-language textArticles containing Polish-language textArticles containing Scottish Gaelic-language textArticles containing Scots-language textArticles containing Afrikaans-language textArticles containing Swedish-language textArticles containing Welsh-language textArticles containing Czech-language textArticles containing Hungarian-language textArticles containing Russian-language textArticles containing Romansh-language textInterlanguage link template link numberArticles containing Latin-language textArticles containing Icelandic-language text


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