Contents 1 Description 2 Distribution and habitat 3 Feeding 4 Breeding 5 References 6 External links


Description[edit] Straw-necked ibises are large birds, around 60–75 cm (23.5–29.5 in) long. They have dark wings that show an iridescent, multicoloured sheen in sunlight, and have a dark back and collar. Most of the neck is white, as are the underparts and undertail. They have a long, black, downcurved bill, and their legs are usually red near the top and dark grey toward the feet. Straw-like feathers on the neck of adults give the bird its common name.[2] Sexes are similar, although males have longer bills and females have a dark band across their upper breast. Juveniles have duller colors and shorter bills with less curvature, and lack the straw-like plumes on the neck.[3]


Distribution and habitat[edit] Straw-necked ibises are found throughout Australia, except parts of Western Australia, South Australia, and south-west Tasmania. They are most abundant on the east coast, and also inhabit Norfolk Island and Lord Howe Island. They are also found in Indonesia and New Guinea.[4] Found around shallow freshwater wetlands, cultivated pastures, edges of swamps and lagoons, and wet or dry grasslands. They tend to avoid arid and saltwater areas, and coastal mudflats. They are extremely nomadic, and are constantly on the move searching for suitable habitats.[5] They are frequently seen standing on high branches of bare trees, silhouetted against the sky.[6]


Feeding[edit] Straw-necked ibises have not adapted to the wide variety of food that Australian white ibises now survive on. In shallow waters, straw-necked ibises feed on aquatic insects, molluscs, frogs, and food sifted from the surface of the water body. On land, they thrive on grasshoppers, crickets, and locusts, and are often called the Farmer's Friend because they feed on pests that would otherwise eat farm crops. They also eat small lizards, skinks, and other small reptiles.[4][5]


Breeding[edit] They build a large, rough, cup-shaped nest of sticks and trampled plants among reeds, paperbarks, bulrushes, or trees over water. They build in colonies, often with the Australian white ibis. Breeding season may be around March in the north, and July–December in the south, but can occur throughout the year after heavy rain in some areas.[7] Nests are used year after year.[4]


References[edit] ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Threskiornis spinicollis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.  ^ Straw-necked ibis. scz.org ^ Straw-necked ibis. Fourth Crossing Wildlife. Retrieved on 2013-12-14. ^ a b c Straw-necked ibis. Birds in backyards. Retrieved on 2013-12-14. ^ a b Straw-necked ibis. birdphotos.com.au ^ Critters of Calamvale Creek. Strut, the straw-necked ibis. Calamvalecreek.awardspace.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-14. ^ Mckilligan NG. "Breeding and Movements of the straw-necked ibis in Australia". Emu. 75 (4): 199–212. 


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Threskiornis spinicollis. Wikispecies has information related to Threskiornis spinicollis BirdLife Species Factsheet Wonga wetlands The Internet Bird Collection. Media files on straw-necked ibis. v t e Traditional listing of ibises and spoonbills (family: Threskiornithidae) Ibises subfamily: Threskiornithinae Genus Species (prefix † indicates extinct species) Threskiornis African sacred ibis (T. aethiopicus) Malagasy sacred ibis (T. bernieri) †Réunion ibis (T. solitarius) Black-headed ibis (T. melanocephalus) Australian white ibis (T. moluccus) and supporting page Solomons white ibis (T. moluccus pygmaeus) Straw-necked ibis (T. spinicollis) Pseudibis Red-naped ibis (P. papillosa) White-shouldered ibis (P. davisoni) Giant ibis (P. gigantea) Geronticus Northern bald ibis (G. eremita) Southern bald ibis (G. calvus) Nipponia Crested ibis (N. nippon) Bostrychia Olive ibis (B. olivacea) São Tomé ibis (B. bocagei) Spot-breasted ibis (B. rara) Hadada ibis (B. hagedash) Wattled ibis (B. carunculata) Theristicus Plumbeous ibis (T. caerulescens) Buff-necked ibis (T. caudatus) Black-faced ibis (T. melanopis) Andean ibis (T. branickii) Cercibis Sharp-tailed ibis (C. oxycerca) Mesembrinibis Green ibis (M. cayennensis) Phimosus Bare-faced ibis (P. infuscatus) Eudocimus American white ibis (E. albus) Scarlet ibis (E. ruber) Plegadis Glossy ibis (P. falcinellus) White-faced ibis (P. chihi) Puna ibis (P. ridgwayi) Lophotibis Madagascan ibis (L. cristata) Spoonbills subfamily: Plataleinae genus: Platalea Genus Species Platalea (spoonbills) Eurasian spoonbill (P. leucorodia) Black-faced spoonbill (P. minor) African spoonbill (P. alba) Royal spoonbill (P. regia) Yellow-billed spoonbill (P. flavipes) Roseate spoonbill (P. ajaja) Birds portal Animals portal Biology portal Australia portal Papua New Guinea portal Indonesia portal Taxon identifiers Wd: Q902906 ADW: Threskiornis_spinicollis eBird: stnibi1 EoL: 1049650 GBIF: 2480766 iNaturalist: 3741 ITIS: 174946 IUCN: 22697525 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Straw-necked_ibis&oldid=800711127" Categories: IUCN Red List least concern speciesThreskiornisBirds of AustraliaOceanian migratory birdsBirds described in 1835Hidden categories: Articles with 'species' microformats


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Straw-necked_Ibis - Photos and All Basic Informations

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Conservation StatusLeast ConcernIUCN Red ListTaxonomy (biology)EAnimalChordateBirdPelecaniformesThreskiornithidaeThreskiornisBinomial NomenclatureRobert JamesonFamily (biology)ThreskiornithidaeAustraliaNew GuineaIndonesiaEnlargeWestern AustraliaSouth AustraliaTasmaniaNorfolk IslandLord Howe IslandIndonesiaNew GuineaWetlandAustralian White IbisInsectMolluscFrogGrasshopperCricket (insect)LocustLizardSkinkReptileBirdLife InternationalIUCN Red ListInternational Union For Conservation Of NatureWikispeciesTemplate:ThreskiornithidaeTemplate Talk:ThreskiornithidaeIbisSpoonbillFamily (biology)ThreskiornithidaeIbisGenusSpeciesExtinctThreskiornisAfrican Sacred IbisMalagasy Sacred IbisRéunion IbisBlack-headed IbisAustralian White IbisSolomons White IbisPseudibisRed-naped IbisWhite-shouldered IbisGiant IbisGeronticusNorthern Bald IbisSouthern Bald IbisCrested IbisBostrychiaOlive IbisSão Tomé IbisSpot-breasted IbisHadada IbisWattled IbisTheristicusPlumbeous IbisBuff-necked IbisBlack-faced IbisAndean IbisSharp-tailed IbisGreen IbisBare-faced IbisEudocimusAmerican White IbisScarlet IbisPlegadisGlossy IbisWhite-faced IbisPuna IbisMadagascan IbisSpoonbillGenusSpeciesSpoonbillEurasian SpoonbillBlack-faced SpoonbillAfrican SpoonbillRoyal SpoonbillYellow-billed SpoonbillRoseate SpoonbillPortal:BirdsPortal:AnimalsPortal:BiologyPortal:AustraliaPortal:Papua New GuineaPortal:IndonesiaHelp:Taxon IdentifiersWikidataAnimal Diversity WebEBirdEncyclopedia Of LifeGlobal Biodiversity Information FacilityINaturalistIntegrated Taxonomic Information SystemIUCN Red ListHelp:CategoryCategory:IUCN Red List Least Concern SpeciesCategory:ThreskiornisCategory:Birds Of AustraliaCategory:Oceanian Migratory BirdsCategory:Birds Described In 1835Category:Articles With 'species' MicroformatsDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer