Contents 1 Structure 2 Function 2.1 Contents 3 Clinical significance 4 Additional images 5 References 6 External links

Structure[edit] The spermatic cord is ensheathed in three layers of tissue: external spermatic fascia, an extension of the innominate fascia that overlies the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle cremasteric muscle and fascia, formed from a continuation of the internal oblique muscle and its fascia internal spermatic fascia, continuous with the transversalis fascia The normal diameter of the spermatic cord is about 16 mm (range 11 to 22 mm).[1]

Function[edit] Contents[edit] Arteries: testicular artery, deferential artery, cremasteric artery Nerves: nerve to cremaster (genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve) and testicular nerves (sympathetic nerves). It is worth noting that the ilio-inguinal nerve is not actually located inside the spermatic cord, but runs along the outside of it, in the inguinal canal. Vas deferens (ductus deferens) Pampiniform plexus Lymphatic vessels Tunica vaginalis (remains of the processus vaginalis) The pampiniform plexus, testicular artery, cremasteric artery, artery of the ductus deferens, lymphatic vessels, testicular sympathetic nerves, and ductus deferens all run deep to the internal spermatic fascia.[2] The ilioinguinal nerve runs on the superficial surface of the external spermatic fascia.

Clinical significance[edit] The spermatic cord is sensitive to torsion, in which the testicle rotates within its sac and blocks its own blood supply. Testicular torsion may result in irreversible damage to the testicle within hours. A collection of serous fluid in the spermatic cord is named 'funiculocele'. The contents of the abdominal cavity may protrude into the inguinal canal, producing an indirect inguinal hernia. Varicose veins of the spermatic cord are referred to as varicocele. Though often asymptomatic, about one in four people with varicocele have negatively affected fertility.[3]

Additional images[edit] The left femoral triangle The scrotum. The right testis, exposed by laying open the tunica vaginalis Spermatic cord Spermatic cord Superficial veins oflower limb.Superficial dissection.Anterior view.

References[edit] ^ Firoozabadi R, Stafford P, Routt M (2015). "Risk of Spermatic Cord Injury During Anterior Pelvic Ring and Acetabular Surgery: An Anatomical Study". Arch Bone Jt Surg. 3 (4): 269–73. PMC 4628634 . PMID 26550592.  ^ Shadbolt, Clair; Stefan B. J. Heinze; Rosalind B. Dietrich (2001). "Imaging of Groin Masses: Inguinal Anatomy and Pathologic Conditions Revisited". RadioGraphics. doi:10.1148/radiographics.21.suppl_1.g01oc17s261.  Figure 3. ^

External links[edit] Anatomy figure: 36:01-00 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The inguinal canal and derivation of the layers of the spermatic cord." Anatomy image:7509 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center Cross section image: pembody/body18b—Plastination Laboratory at the Medical University of Vienna Cross section image: pelvis/pelvis-e12-15—Plastination Laboratory at the Medical University of Vienna inguinalregion at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (spermaticcord) v t e Male reproductive system Internal Seminal tract Testes layers Tunica vaginalis Tunica albuginea Tunica vasculosa Appendix Mediastinum Lobules Septa Leydig cell Sertoli cell Blood–testis barrier Spermatogenesis Spermatogonium Spermatocytogenesis Spermatocyte Spermatidogenesis Spermatid Spermiogenesis Spermatozoon Other Seminiferous tubules Tubuli seminiferi recti Rete testis Efferent ducts Epididymis Appendix Stereocilia Paradidymis Spermatic cord Vas deferens Ampulla Ejaculatory duct Accessory glands Seminal vesicles excretory duct Prostate Urethral crest Seminal colliculus Prostatic utricle Ejaculatory duct Prostatic sinus Prostatic ducts Bulbourethral glands External Penis root Crus Bulb Fundiform ligament Suspensory ligament body Corpus cavernosum Corpus spongiosum glans Foreskin Frenulum Corona fascia superficial deep Tunica albuginea Septum of the penis Urinary tract Internal urethral orifice Urethra Prostatic Intermediate Spongy Navicular fossa External urethral orifice Lacunae of Morgagni Urethral gland Scrotum layers skin Dartos External spermatic fascia Cremaster Cremasteric fascia Internal spermatic fascia Perineal raphe Scrotal septum Retrieved from "" Categories: Mammal male reproductive systemHidden categories: Medicine infobox template using GraySubject or GrayPage

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Spermatic_cord - Photos and All Basic Informations

Spermatic_cord More Links

Human Male Reproductive SystemInguinal CanalLatinMedical Subject HeadingsAnatomical TerminologyVas DeferensDeep Inguinal RingTesticleSerous MembraneTunica VaginalisPeritoneumTransverse FasciaExternal Spermatic FasciaAponeurosisExternal Oblique MuscleCremasteric MuscleInternal Oblique MuscleInternal Spermatic FasciaTransversalis FasciaTesticular ArteryArtery Of The Ductus DeferensCremasteric ArteryGenital Branch Of Genitofemoral NerveGenitofemoral NerveSympathetic Nervous SystemIlio-inguinal NerveVas DeferensPampiniform Venous PlexusLymphatic VesselsTunica VaginalisTorqueTesticular TorsionSerous FluidAbdominal CavityIndirect Inguinal HerniaVaricoceleFemoral TriangleTunica VaginalisEdit Section: ReferencesPubMed CentralPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierTemplate:Male Reproductive SystemTemplate Talk:Male Reproductive SystemMale Reproductive SystemMale Internal GenitaliaSeminal TractTesticleTunica VaginalisTunica Albuginea Of TestisTunica Vasculosa TestisAppendix Of TestisMediastinum TestisLobules Of TestisSepta Of TestisLeydig CellSertoli CellBlood–testis BarrierSpermatogenesisSpermatogoniumSpermatocytogenesisSpermatocyteSpermatidogenesisSpermatidSpermiogenesisSpermatozoonSeminiferous TubuleTubuli Seminiferi RectiRete TestisEfferent DuctsEpididymisAppendix Of The EpididymisStereocilia (epididymis)ParadidymisVas DeferensAmpulla Of Ductus DeferensEjaculatory DuctSeminal VesicleExcretory Duct Of Seminal GlandProstateUrethral CrestSeminal ColliculusProstatic UtricleEjaculatory DuctProstatic SinusProstatic DuctsBulbourethral GlandMale External GenitaliaHuman PenisRoot Of PenisCrus Of PenisBulb Of PenisFundiform LigamentSuspensory Ligament Of PenisBody Of PenisCorpus Cavernosum PenisCorpus Spongiosum PenisGlans PenisForeskinFrenulum Of Prepuce Of PenisCorona Of Glans PenisFasciaSubcutaneous Tissue Of PenisBuck's FasciaTunica Albuginea (penis)Septum Of The PenisUrinary SystemInternal Urethral OrificeUrethraProstatic UrethraMembranous UrethraSpongy UrethraNavicular Fossa Of Male UrethraExternal Urethral Orifice (male)Lacunae Of MorgagniUrethral GlandScrotumHuman SkinDartosExternal Spermatic FasciaCremaster MuscleCremasteric FasciaInternal Spermatic FasciaPerineal RapheScrotal SeptumHelp:CategoryCategory:Mammal Male Reproductive SystemCategory:Medicine Infobox Template Using GraySubject Or GrayPageDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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