Mars Science Laboratory[edit] Main article: Mars Science Laboratory The proposed landing ellipse in Miyamoto when it was one of seven finalists under consideration as a landing site for MSL.[3] (Gale (crater) was eventually chosen) Several sites in the Margaritifer Sinus quadrangle have been proposed as areas to send NASA's next major Mars rover, the Mars Science Laboratory. Miyamoto Crater was in the top 7 sites chosen. Among the top 33 landing sites was Iani Chaos. Holden Crater is believed to have once been a lake. Eberswalde Crater contains a delta.[4] There is a great deal of evidence that Miyamoto Crater once contained rivers and lakes. Many minerals, such as clays, chlorides, sulfates, and iron oxides, have been discovered there. Miyamoto Crater displays Inverted relief in the form of inverted channels.[5] The picture below shows an inverted channel in Miyamoto. Inverted channels formed from accumulated sediments that were cemented by minerals. These channels eroded into the surface, then the whole area was covered over with sediments. When the sediments were later eroded away, the place where the river channel existed remained because the hardened material were resistant to erosion.[6] In an article published in January 2010, a large group of scientists endorsed the idea of searching for life in Miyamoto Crater because of inverted stream channels and minerals that indicated the past presence of water.[7] The aim of the Mars Science Laboratory is to search for signs of ancient life. It is hoped that a later mission could then return samples from sites identified as probably containing remains of life. To safely bring the craft down, a 12 mile wide, smooth, flat circle is needed. Geologists hope to examine places where water once ponded.[8] They would like to examine sediment layers. Inverted Channel in Miyamoto Crater, as seen by HiRISE. The seven finalists were:[9] Eberswalde Crater Gale Crater Holden Crater Mawrth Vallis Miyamoto Crater Nili Fossae Trough Southern Meridiani (also near Miyamato)


See also[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Miyamoto (Martian crater). Groundwater on Mars Nearby craters: Endeavour (crater) Bopolu (crater) Iazu (crater) Nearby spacecraft Opportunity (rover) ExoMars Schiaparelli EDM lander


References[edit] ^ Possible MSL Landing Site. Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved on 29 September 2008. ^  This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Website, NASA.". ^ [1] ^ http://disc.discovery.com/news/2008/11/21/mars-landing-sites-02.html ^ Newsom, H., A. Ollila, N. Lanza, S. Weisman, L. Tornabene, C. Okubo, T. Roush, G. Marzo, L. Crumpler, M. Osterloo. 2009. "Miyamoto Crater--Sediments and Phyllosilicates in the Ancient Crust of Mars. MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY Third MSL Landing Site Workshop Doubletree Hotel, Monrovia, CA September 15th - September 17th, 2008" http://marsoweb.nas.nasa.gov/landingsites/msl2009/workshops/3rd_workshop/talks/Newsom_Miyamoto.pdf ^ http://hirise.lpl.arizona.edu/ ^ Newsom, Horton E.; Lanza, Nina L.; Ollila, Ann M.; Wiseman, Sandra M.; Roush, Ted L.; Marzo, Giuseppe A.; Tornabene, Livio L.; Okubo, Chris H.; Osterloo, Mikki M.; Hamilton, Victoria E.; Crumpler, Larry S. (2010). "Inverted channel deposits on the floor of Miyamoto crater, Mars". Icarus. 205: 64–72. Bibcode:2010Icar..205...64N. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2009.03.030.  ^ http://themis.asu.edu/features/ianichaos ^ [2] This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. 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