Contents 1 Use in parks 2 Botanical structure 3 List of shrubs (bushes) 4 References


Use in parks[edit] Euonymus bushes in a garden An area of cultivated shrubs in a park or a garden is known as a shrubbery.[3] When clipped as topiary, suitable species or varieties of shrubs develop dense foliage and many small leafy branches growing close together.[4] Many shrubs respond well to renewal pruning, in which hard cutting back to a "stool" results in long new stems known as "canes".[clarification needed] Other shrubs respond better to selective pruning to reveal their structure and character. Shrubs in common garden practice are generally considered broad-leaved plants, though some smaller conifers such as mountain pine and common juniper are also shrubby in structure. Species that grow into a shrubby habit may be either deciduous or evergreen.[5]


Botanical structure[edit] See also: Shrubland Shrub vegetation (with some cactus) in Webb County, Texas. In botany and ecology, a shrub is more specifically used to describe the particular physical structural or plant life-form of woody plants which are less than 8 metres (26 ft) high and usually have many stems arising at or near the base. For example, a descriptive system widely adopted in Australia is based on structural characteristics based on life-form, plus the height and amount of foliage cover of the tallest layer or dominant species.[6] For shrubs 2–8 metres (6.6–26.2 ft) high the following structural forms are categorized: dense foliage cover (70–100%) — closed-shrub mid-dense foliage cover (30–70%) — open-shrub sparse foliage cover (10–30%) — tall shrubland very sparse foliage cover (<10%) — tall open shrubland For shrubs less than 2 metres (6.6 ft) high the following structural forms are categorized: dense foliage cover (70–100%) — closed-heath or closed low shrubland—(North America) mid-dense foliage cover (30–70%) — open-heath or mid-dense low shrubland—(North America) sparse foliage cover (10–30%) — low shrubland very sparse foliage cover (<10%) — low open shrubland


List of shrubs (bushes)[edit] Those marked with * can also develop into tree form. A Abelia (Abelia) Acer (Maple) * Actinidia (Actinidia) Aloe (Aloe) Aralia (Angelica Tree, Hercules' Club) * Arctostaphylos (Bearberry, Manzanita) * Aronia (Chokeberry) Artemisia (Sagebrush) Aucuba (Aucuba) B Berberis (Barberry) Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea) Brugmansia (Angel's trumpet) Buddleja (Butterfly bush) Buxus (Box) * C Calia (Mescalbean) Callicarpa (Beautyberry) * Callistemon (Bottlebrush) * Calluna (Heather) Calycanthus (Sweetshrub) Camellia (Camellia, Tea) * Caragana (Pea-tree) * Carpenteria (Carpenteria) Caryopteris (Blue Spiraea) Cassiope (Moss-heather) Ceanothus (Ceanothus) * Celastrus (Staff vine) * Ceratostigma (Hardy Plumbago) Cercocarpus (Mountain-mahogany) * Chaenomeles (Japanese Quince) Chamaebatiaria (Fernbush) Chamaedaphne (Leatherleaf) Chimonanthus (Wintersweet) Chionanthus (Fringe-tree) * Choisya (Mexican-orange Blossom) * Cistus (Rockrose) Clerodendrum (Clerodendrum) Clethra (Summersweet, Pepperbush) * Clianthus (Glory Pea) Colletia (Colletia) Colutea (Bladder Senna) Comptonia (Sweetfern) Cornus (Dogwood) * Corylopsis (Winter-hazel) * Cotinus (Smoketree) * Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster) * Cowania (Cliffrose) Crataegus (Hawthorn) * Crinodendron (Crinodendron) * Cytisus and allied genera (Broom) * D Daboecia (Heath) Danae (Alexandrian laurel) Daphne (Daphne) Decaisnea (Decaisnea) Dasiphora (Shrubby Cinquefoil) Dendromecon (Tree poppy) Desfontainea (Desfontainea) Deutzia (Deutzia) Diervilla (Bush honeysuckle) Dipelta (Dipelta) Dirca (Leatherwood) Dracaena (Dragon tree) * Drimys (Winter's Bark) * Dryas (Mountain Avens) E Edgeworthia (Paper Bush) * Elaeagnus (Elaeagnus) * Embothrium (Chilean Firebush) * Empetrum (Crowberry) Enkianthus (Pagoda Bush) Ephedra (Ephedra) Epigaea (Trailing Arbutus) Erica (Heath) Eriobotrya (Loquat) * Escallonia (Escallonia) Eucryphia (Eucryphia) * Euonymus (Spindle) * Exochorda (Pearl Bush) F Fabiana (Fabiana) Fallugia (Apache Plume) Fatsia (Fatsia) Forsythia (Forsythia) Fothergilla (Fothergilla) Franklinia (Franklinia) * Fremontodendron (Flannelbush) Fuchsia (Fuchsia) * G Garrya (Silk-tassel) * Gaultheria (Salal) Gaylussacia (Huckleberry) Genista (Broom) * Gordonia (Loblolly-bay) * Grevillea (Grevillea) Griselinia (Griselinia) * H Hakea (Hakea) * Halesia (Silverbell) * Halimium (Rockrose) Hamamelis (Witch-hazel) * Hebe (Hebe) Hedera (Ivy) Helianthemum (Rockrose) Hibiscus (Hibiscus) * Hippophae (Sea-buckthorn) * Hoheria (Lacebark) * Holodiscus (Creambush) Hudsonia (Hudsonia) Hydrangea (Hydrangea) Hypericum (Rose of Sharon) Hyssopus (Hyssop) I Ilex (Holly) * Illicium (Star Anise) * Indigofera (Indigo) Itea (Sweetspire) J Jamesia (Cliffbush) Jasminum (Jasmine) Juniperus (Juniper) * K Kalmia (Mountain-laurel) Kerria (Kerria) Kolkwitzia (Beauty-bush) L Lagerstroemia (Crape-myrtle) * Lapageria (Copihue) Lantana (Lantana) Lavandula (Lavender) Lavatera (Tree Mallow) Ledum (Ledum) Leitneria (Corkwood) * Lespedeza (Bush Clover) * Leptospermum (Manuka) * Leucothoe (Doghobble) Leycesteria (Leycesteria) Ligustrum (Privet) * Lindera (Spicebush) * Linnaea (Twinflower) Lonicera (Honeysuckle) Lupinus (Tree Lupin) Lycium (Boxthorn) M Magnolia (Magnolia) Mahonia (Mahonia) Malpighia (Acerola) Menispermum (Moonseed) Menziesia (Menziesia) Mespilus (Medlar) * Microcachrys (Microcachrys) Myrica (Bayberry) * Myricaria (Myricaria) Myrtus and allied genera (Myrtle) * N Neillia (Neillia) Nerium (Oleander) O Olearia (Daisy bush) * Osmanthus (Osmanthus) P Pachysandra (Pachysandra) Paeonia (Tree-peony) Perovskia (Russian Sage) Persoonia (Geebungs) Philadelphus (Mock orange) * Phlomis (Jerusalem Sage) Photinia (Photinia) * Physocarpus (Ninebark) * Pieris (Pieris) Pistacia (Pistachio, Mastic) * Pittosporum (Pittosporum) * Plumbago (Leadwort) Polygala (Milkwort) Poncirus * Prunus (Cherry) * Purshia (Antelope Bush) Pyracantha (Firethorn) Q Quassia (Quassia) * Quercus (Oak) * Quillaja (Quillay) Quintinia (Tawheowheo) * R Rhamnus (Buckthorn) * Rhododendron (Rhododendron, Azalea) * Rhus (Sumac) * Ribes (Currant) Romneya (Tree poppy) Rosa (Rose) Rosmarinus (Rosemary) Rubus (Bramble) Ruta (Rue) S Sabia * Salix (Willow) * Salvia (Sage) Sambucus (Elder) * Santolina (Lavender Cotton) Sapindus (Soapberry) * Senecio (Senecio) Simmondsia (Jojoba) Skimmia (Skimmia) Smilax (Smilax) Sophora (Kowhai) * Sorbaria (Sorbaria) Spartium (Spanish Broom) Spiraea (Spiraea) * Staphylea (Bladdernut) * Stephanandra (Stephanandra) Styrax * Symphoricarpos (Snowberry) Syringa (Lilac) * T Tamarix (Tamarix) * Taxus (Yew) * Telopea (Waratah) * Thuja cvs. (Arborvitae) * Thymelaea Thymus (Thyme) Trochodendron * U Ulex (Gorse) Ulmus pumila celer (Turkestan elm – Wonder Hedge)] Ungnadia (Mexican Buckeye) V Vaccinium (Bilberry, Blueberry, Cranberry) Verbena (Vervain) Viburnum (Viburnum) * Vinca (Periwinkle) Viscum (Mistletoe) W Weigela (Weigela) X Xanthoceras Xanthorhiza (Yellowroot) Xylosma Y Yucca (Yucca, Joshua tree) * Z Zanthoxylum * Zauschneria Zenobia Ziziphus *


References[edit] ^ Anna Lawrence; William Hawthorne (2006). Plant Identification: Creating User-friendly Field Guides for Biodiversity Management. Routledge. pp. 138–. ISBN 978-1-84407-079-4.  ^ Peggy Fischer (1990). Essential shrubs: the 100 best for design and cultivation. Friedman/Fairfax Publishers. pp. 9–. ISBN 978-1-56799-319-6. ... Examples of subshrubs include candytuft, lavender, and rosemary. These broad definitions are ...  ^ Patrick Whitefield (2002). How to Make a Forest Garden. Permanent Publications. pp. 113–. ISBN 978-1-85623-008-7.  ^ Varkulevicius, Jane (17 May 2010). "Pruning for Flowers and Fruit". Csiro Publishing. Retrieved 19 December 2017 – via Google Books.  ^ Elliott, Franklin Reuben (1 November 2008). "Popular Deciduous and Evergreen Trees and Shrubs". Applewood Books. Retrieved 19 December 2017 – via Google Books.  ^ Costermans, L. F. (1993) Native trees and shrubs of South-Eastern Australia. rev. ed. ISBN 0-947116-76-1 v t e Botany History of botany Subdisciplines Plant systematics Ethnobotany Paleobotany Plant anatomy Plant ecology Phytogeography Geobotany Flora Phytochemistry Plant pathology Bryology Phycology Floristics Dendrology Plant groups Algae Archaeplastida Bryophyte Non-vascular plants Vascular plants Spermatophytes Pteridophyte Gymnosperm Angiosperm Plant morphology (glossary) Plant cells Cell wall Phragmoplast Plastid Plasmodesma Vacuole Tissues Meristem Vascular tissue Vascular bundle Ground tissue Mesophyll Cork Wood Storage organs Vegetative Root Rhizoid Bulb Rhizome Shoot Stem Leaf Petiole Cataphyll Bud Sessility Reproductive (Flower) Flower development Inflorescence Umbel Raceme Bract Pedicellate Flower Whorl Floral symmetry Floral diagram Floral formula Receptacle Hypanthium (Floral cup) Perianth Tepal Petal Sepal Sporophyll Gynoecium Ovary Ovule Stigma Archegonium Androecium Stamen Staminode Pollen Tapetum Gynandrium Gametophyte Sporophyte Plant embryo Fruit Fruit anatomy Berry Capsule Seed Seed dispersal Endosperm Surface structures Epicuticular wax Plant cuticle Epidermis Stoma Nectary Trichome Prickle Plant physiology Materials Nutrition Photosynthesis Chlorophyll Plant hormone Transpiration Turgor pressure Bulk flow Aleurone Phytomelanin Sugar Sap Starch Cellulose Plant growth and habit Secondary growth Woody plants Herbaceous plants Habit Vines Lianas Shrubs Subshrubs Trees Succulent plants Reproduction Evolution Ecology Alternation of generations Sporangium Spore Microsporangia Microspore Megasporangium Megaspore Pollination Pollinators Pollen tube Double fertilization Germination Evolutionary development Evolutionary history timeline Hardiness zone Plant taxonomy History of plant systematics Herbarium Biological classification Botanical nomenclature Botanical name Correct name Author citation International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) - for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP) Taxonomic rank International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) Plant taxonomy systems Cultivated plant taxonomy Citrus taxonomy cultigen cultivar Group grex Practice Agronomy Floriculture Forestry Horticulture Lists Related topics Botanical terms Botanists by author abbreviation Botanical expedition Category Portal WikiProject Plants portal Authority control LCCN: sh85122148 GND: 4057974-8 NDL: 00564850 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shrub&oldid=819030013" Categories: PlantsPlant morphologyShrubsLists of plantsPlant life-formPlants by habitHidden categories: Articles needing additional references from December 2017All articles needing additional referencesWikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2017Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiers


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