Contents 1 Key ideas 2 Historical roots 3 Related major political issues 3.1 Pornography 3.2 Sex work 3.3 BDSM 3.4 Sexual orientation 3.5 Gender identity 4 Debates 4.1 Statutory rape laws 5 Critiques 6 Further resources 7 See also 7.1 Sex-positive literature 8 Notes 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links 11.1 Advocacy of sex-positive feminism 11.1.1 Articles 11.1.2 Organizations


Key ideas[edit] Susie Bright, a writer and activist, one of the first persons to be referred to as a sex-positive feminist. Nina Hartley Sex-positive feminism centers on the idea that sexual freedom is an essential component of women's freedom. As such, sex-positive feminists oppose legal or social efforts to control sexual activities between consenting adults, whether they be initiated by the government, other feminists, opponents of feminism, or any other institution. They embrace sexual minority groups, endorsing the value of coalition-building with marginalized groups. Sex-positive feminism is connected with the sex-positive movement. Gayle Rubin summarizes the conflict over sex within feminism: ...There have been two strains of feminist thought on the subject. One tendency has criticized the restrictions on women's sexual behavior and denounced the high costs imposed on women for being sexually active. This tradition of feminist sexual thought has called for a sexual liberation that would work for women as well as for men. The second tendency has considered sexual liberalization to be inherently a mere extension of male privilege. This tradition resonates with conservative, anti-sexual discourse.[3] The sex-positive feminism cause brings together anti-censorship activists, LGBT activists, feminist scholars, sex radicals, producers of pornography and erotica, among others (though not all members of these groups are necessarily both feminists and sex-positive people). Sex-positive feminists reject the vilification of male sexuality that many attribute to radical feminism, and instead embrace the entire range of human sexuality. They argue that the patriarchy limits sexual expression and are in favor of giving people of all genders more sexual opportunities, rather than restricting pornography.[4] Sex-positive feminists generally reject sexual essentialism, defined by Rubin as "the idea that sex is a natural force that exists prior to social life and shapes institutions". Rather, they see sexual orientation and gender as social constructs that are heavily influenced by society.[3] Sex-radical feminists in particular come to a sex-positive stance from a deep distrust in the patriarchy's ability to secure women's best interest in sexually limiting laws. Other feminists identify women's sexual liberation as the real motive behind the women's movement. Naomi Wolf writes, "Orgasm is the body's natural call to feminist politics."[5] Sharon Presley, the National Coordinator of the Association of Libertarian Feminists,[6] writes that in the area of sexuality, government blatantly discriminates against women. The social background in which sex-positive feminism operates must also be understood: Christian societies are often influenced by what is understood as 'traditional' sexual morality: according to the Christian doctrine, sexual activity must only take place in marriage, and must be vaginal intercourse; sexual acts outside marriage and 'unnatural sex' (i.e. oral, anal sex, termed as "sodomy") are forbidden; yet forced sexual intercourse within marriage is not seen as immoral by many social and religious conservatives, owing to the existence of so-called 'conjugal rights'[7][8][9] defined in the Bible at 1 Corinthians 7:3-5.[10] Such organization of sexuality has increasingly come under legal and social attack in recent decades.[11]Note 1 In addition, in certain cultures, particularly in Mediterranean countries influenced by Roman Catholicism, traditional ideas of masculinity and female purity. This has led to what many interpret as a double standard between male and female sexuality; men are expected to be sexually assertive as a way of affirming their masculinity, but for a woman to be considered 'good', she must remain pure.[12] Indeed, Cesare Lombroso claimed in his book, The Female Offender, that women could be categorized into three types: the Criminal Woman, the Prostitute, and the Normal Woman. As such, highly sexed women (prostitutes) were deemed as abnormal.[13]


Historical roots[edit] Carol Queen, a sociologist, sexologist and sex-positive feminist Authors such as Gayle Rubin and Wendy McElroy see the roots of sex-positive feminism stemming from the work of sex reformers and workers for sex education and access to contraception, such as Havelock Ellis, Margaret Sanger, Mary Dennett and, later, Alfred Kinsey and Shere Hite.[3][1] However, the contemporary incarnation of sex-positive feminism appeared more recently, following an increasing feminist focus on pornography as a source of women's oppression in the 1970s. The rise of second-wave feminism was concurrent with the sexual revolution and rulings that loosened legal restrictions on access to pornography. In the 1970s, radical feminists became increasingly focused on issues around sexuality in a patriarchal society. Some feminist groups began to concern themselves with prescribing what proper feminist sexuality should look like. This was especially characteristic of lesbian separatist groups, but some heterosexual women's groups, such as Redstockings, became engaged with this issue as well. On the other hand, there were also feminists, such as Betty Dodson, who saw women's sexual pleasure and masturbation as central to women's liberation. Pornography was not a major issue during this era; radical feminists were generally opposed to pornography, but the issue was not treated as especially important until the mid-1970s. There were, however, feminist prostitutes-rights advocates, such as COYOTE, which campaigned for the decriminalization of prostitution. The late 1970s found American culture becoming increasingly concerned about the aftermath of a decade of greater sexual freedom, including concerns about explicit violent and sexual imagery in the media, the mainstreaming of pornography, increased sexual activity among teenagers, and issues such as the dissemination of child pornography and the purported rise of "snuff films".[citation needed] (Critics maintain that this atmosphere amounted to a moral panic, which reached its peak in the mid-1980s.[citation needed]) These concerns were reflected in the feminist movement, with radical feminist groups claiming that pornography was a central underpinning of patriarchy and a direct cause of violence against women. Robin Morgan summarized this idea in her statement, "Pornography is the theory; rape the practice." Andrea Dworkin and Robin Morgan began articulating a vehemently anti-porn stance based in radical feminism beginning in 1974, and anti-porn feminist groups, such as Women Against Pornography and similar organizations, became highly active in various US cities during the late 1970s. As anti-porn feminists broadened their criticism and activism to include not only pornography, but prostitution and sadomasochism, other feminists became concerned about the direction the movement was taking and grew more critical of anti-porn feminism. This included feminist BDSM practitioners (notably Samois), prostitutes-rights advocates, and many liberal and anti-authoritarian feminists for whom free speech, sexual freedom, and advocacy of women's agency were central concerns. One of the earliest feminist arguments against this anti-pornography trend amongst feminists was Ellen Willis's essay "Feminism, Moralism, and Pornography" first published in October 1979 in the Village Voice.[14] In response to the formation of Women Against Pornography in 1979, Willis wrote an article (the origin of the term, "pro-sex feminism"), expressing worries about anti-pornography feminists' attempts to make feminism into a single-issue movement, arguing that feminists should not issue a blanket condemnation against all pornography and that restrictions on pornography could just as easily be applied to speech that feminists found favorable to themselves.[15] Rubin calls for a new feminist theory of sex, saying that existing feminist thoughts on sex had frequently considered sexual liberalization as a trend that only increases male privilege. Rubin criticizes anti-pornography feminists who she claims "have condemned virtually every variant of sexual expression as anti-feminist," arguing that their view of sexuality is dangerously close to anti-feminist, conservative sexual morality. Rubin encourages feminists to consider the political aspects of sexuality without promoting sexual repression. She also argues that the blame for women's oppression should be put on targets who deserve it: "the family, religion, education, child-rearing practices, the media, the state, psychiatry, job discrimination, and unequal pay..." rather than on relatively un-influential sexual minorities.[3] McElroy (1995) argues that for feminists in the 1970s and 1980s, turning to matters of sexual expression was a result of frustration with feminism's apparent failure to achieve success through political channels: in the United States, the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) had failed, and abortion rights came under attack during the Reagan administration. China scholar Elaine Jeffreys observes that the 'anti-prostitute' position gained increased critical purchase during the establishment of the international movement for prostitutes in 1985, demanding recognition of prostitutes' rights as an emancipation and labour issue rather than of criminality, immorality or disease. By the 2000s, the positive-sex position had driven various international human rights NGOs to actively pressure the Chinese government to abandon its official policy of banning prostitution in post-reform China and recognise voluntary prostitution as legitimate work.[16][17]


Related major political issues[edit] Pornography[edit] Further information: Feminist views on pornography and Opposition to pornography The issue of pornography was perhaps the first issue to unite sex-positive feminists, though current sex-positive views on the subject are wide-ranging and complex. During the 1980s, Andrea Dworkin and Catharine MacKinnon, as well as activists inspired by their writings, worked in favor of anti-pornography ordinances in a number of U.S. cities, as well as in Canada. The first such ordinance was passed by the city council in Minneapolis in 1983. MacKinnon and Dworkin took the tactic of framing pornography as a civil rights issue, arguing that showing pornography constituted sex discrimination against women. The sex-positive movement response to this argument was that legislation against pornography violates women's right to free speech. Soon after, a coalition of anti-porn feminists and right-wing groups succeeded in passing a similar ordinance in Indianapolis. This ordinance was later declared unconstitutional by a Federal court in American Booksellers v. Hudnut. Rubin writes that anti-pornography feminists exaggerate the dangers of pornography by showing the most shocking pornographic images (such as those associated with sadomasochism) out of context, in a way that implies that the women depicted are actually being raped, rather than emphasizing that these scenes depict fantasies and use actors who have consented to being shown in such a way.[3] Sex-positive feminists argue that access to pornography is as important to women as to men, and that there is nothing inherently degrading to women about pornography.[18][19] Anti-pornography feminists however disagree, often arguing that the very depiction of such acts leads to the actual acts being encouraged and committed.[20] Sex work[edit] Further information: Feminist views on prostitution Some sex-positive feminists believe that women and men can have positive experiences as sex workers, and that where it is illegal, prostitution should be decriminalized. They argue that prostitution is not necessarily bad for women if prostitutes are treated with respect and if the professions within sex work are de-stigmatized.[citation needed][21] Other sex-positive feminists hold a range of views on prostitution, with widely varying views on prostitution as it relates to class, race, human trafficking, and many other issues.[22] Sex-positive feminists generally agree that prostitutes themselves should not be criminalized or penalized. BDSM[edit] Main article: Feminist views on BDSM Women acting as bondage riggers for other women. Sadomasochism (BDSM) has been criticized by anti porn feminists for eroticizing power and violence and for reinforcing misogyny (Rubin, 1984). They argue that women who choose to engage in BDSM are making a choice that is ultimately bad for women. Sex-positive feminists argue that consensual BDSM activities are enjoyed by many women and validate these women's sexual inclinations. They argue that feminists should not attack other women's sexual desires as being "anti-feminist" or internalizing oppression, and that there is no connection between consensual sexually kinky activities and sex crimes. While some anti-porn feminists suggest connections between consensual BDSM scenes and rape and sexual assault, sex-positive feminists find this to be insulting to women. It is often mentioned that in BDSM, roles aren't fixed to gender, but personal preferences. Furthermore, many argue that playing with power (such as rape scenes) through BDSM is a way of challenging and subverting that power, rather than reifying it. Sexual orientation[edit] McElroy argues that many feminists have been afraid of being associated with homosexuality.[1] Betty Friedan, one of the founders of second-wave feminism, warned against lesbianism and called it "the lavender menace" (a view she later renounced).[citation needed] Sex-positive feminists believe that accepting the validity of all sexual orientations is necessary in order to allow women full sexual freedom. Rather than distancing themselves from homosexuality and bisexuality because they fear it will hurt mainstream acceptance of feminism, sex-positive feminists believe that women's liberation cannot be achieved without also promoting acceptance of homosexuality and bisexuality. Gender identity[edit] Some feminists, such as Germaine Greer, have criticized transgender women (male-to-female) as men attempting to appropriate female identity while retaining male privilege, and transgender men (female-to-male) as women who reject solidarity with their gender. One of the main exponents of this point of view is Janice Raymond.[23] In The Whole Woman,[24] Greer went so far as to explicitly compare transgender women to rapists for forcing themselves into women's spaces.[25] Many transgender people see gender identity as an innate part of a person. Some feminists also criticize this belief, arguing instead that gender roles are societal constructs, and are not related to any natural factor.[26] Sex-positive feminists support the right of all individuals to determine their own gender, and promote gender fluidity as one means for achieving gender equality. Patrick Califia has written extensively about issues surrounding feminism and transgender issues, especially in Sex Changes: Transgender Politics.[27]


Debates[edit] Like feminism itself, sex-positive feminism is difficult to define, and few within the movement (particularly the academic arm of the movement) agree on any one ideology or policy agenda. An example of how feminists may disagree on whether a particular cultural work exemplifies sex-positivity is Betty Dodson's critique of Eve Ensler's The Vagina Monologues. Dodson argues that the play promotes a negative view of sexuality, emphasizing sexual violence against women rather than the redemptive value of female sexuality. Many other sex-positive feminists have embraced Ensler's work for its encouragement of openness about women's bodies and sexuality.[citation needed] Statutory rape laws[edit] Further information: Age of consent and Statutory rape There is debate among sex-positive feminists about whether statutory rape laws are a form of sexism.[28] As illustrated by the controversy over "The Little Coochie Snorcher that Could" from the Vagina Monologues, some sex-positive feminists do not consider all consensual activity between young adolescents and older people as inherently harmful. There has been debate among feminists about whether statutory rape laws benefit or harm teenage girls, and whether the gender of the participants should influence the way the sexual encounter is dealt with.[28] The argument that is brought by some sex-positive feminists against these statutory rape laws is that they were made with non-gender neutral intentions and are presently enforced as such, with the assumption that teenage girls are naive and nonsexual and need to be protected. Sex-positive feminists with this view believe that "teen girls and boys are equally capable of making informed choices in regard to their sexuality",[29] and that statutory rape laws are actually meant to protect "good girls" from sex. In "Sex-Bias Topics in the Criminal Law Course: A Survey of Criminal Law Professors" 24 U. Mich. J.L. Ref. 189 (1990),[30] it is said: "Other feminists are opposed to or ambivalent about strengthening statutory rape statutes because such protection also precludes a young woman from entering a consensual sexual relationship, to which she may be competent to consent. These feminists view statutory rape laws as more controlling than protective – and of course part of the law's historic role was protecting the female's chastity as valuable property". She also noted that, at that time, in some states the previous sexual experience of a teenager could be used as a defense by one accused of statutory rape. She argued that this showed that the laws were intended to protect ideals of chastity rather than issues of consent.[citation needed]


Critiques[edit] Works that critique sex-positive feminism include those of Catharine MacKinnon,[31] Germaine Greer,[24] Pamela Paul,[32] and the essays by Dorchen Leidholdt,[33] among others. Their main arguments are that certain sexual practices (such as prostitution and pornography) exploit women and have historically benefited men rather than women, and that the indiscriminate promotion of all kinds of sexual practices merely contributes to female oppression. Catharine MacKinnon argues that any concept of sexual liberation must be understood within the framework of male domination in society, in the context of an imbalance of power between men and women, and with due regard to the history of male and female sexuality; she writes: "Men have eroticized the idea that their sexuality has been denied, but their sexuality has been nothing but expressed and expressed and expressed. Sexual liberation, from this perspective, looks like a male rationalization for forcing sex on women."[31] In her 2005 book Female Chauvinist Pigs, Ariel Levy also critiques sex-positive feminism. While not opposed to sex-positive feminism per se, nor wishing specifically to proscribe certain forms of sexual behavior, she sees a popularized form of sex-positivity as constituting a kind of "raunch culture" in which women internalize objectifying male views of themselves and other women. Levy believes it is a mistake to see this as empowering and further holds that women should develop their own forms of sexual expression.[34] The response by sex-positive feminists to Levy's book have been mixed; Susie Bright viewed the book quite favorably, stating that much of what can be seen as "raunch culture" represents a bastardization of the work of earlier sex-positive feminists such as herself.[35] Others, such as Rachel Kramer Bussel, see Levy as largely ignoring much of the female-empowered sexual expression of the last 20 years, or misinterpreting it as internalization of male fantasy.[36][37] Kara Jesella argued that sex-positivity may not necessarily be empowering, but it may also not be disempowering.[38] Dorchen Leidholdt argues that "sex" (the way sexuality is expressed in society) must be understood as a social construct defined by patriarchal social structures, and therefore must be scrutinized; she writes, "If you understand that sex is socially constructed—which we do—and if you see that male supremacy does the constructing—which we see—and if the sex in question is the sex men use to establish their dominance over women, then yes we're against it."[39] According to Ann Ferguson, sex-positive feminists' only restriction on sexual activity should be the requirement of consent, yet she argues that sex positive feminism has provided inadequate definitions of consent.[40] Also, in an effort to reconcile radical and libertarian feminism, Ferguson argues that sexual behavior should be either basic, risky, or forbidden, specifying that forbidden sexual practices "include incest, rape, domestic violence, and sexual relations between very young children and adults,"[40] as well as any other activities for which there is evidence of resulting subordination. This evidence is key for Ferguson in identifying a forbidden sexual activity. Since consent is so problematically defined, Ferguson's categorization of forbidden sexual activity circumvents the issue of consent entirely. Sheila Jeffreys argues that the "sexual revolution" on men's terms has contributed less to women's freedom than to their continued oppression.[41][42][43][44] She argues that existing traditional ideas about heterosexual sexual relations, such as male sexual entitlement within marriage, are aggravated by sex positive ideology.Note 2 Bell hooks argues that one problem with sexual liberation movements is that they focus on the right to engage in sexual activity, but often ignore the right to refuse to engage in sexual acts.Note 3 Another criticism is that what are often presented as feminist ideas are in fact ideas originating in male-dominated sexology.[45]


Further resources[edit] Tristan Taormino, a sex positive feminist Authors and activists who have written important works about sex-positive feminism, and/or contributed to educating the public about it, include Kathy Acker, Megan Andelloux, Susie Bright, Rachel Kramer Bussel, Diana Cage, Avedon Carol, Patrick Califia, Betty Dodson, Nancy Friday, Nina Hartley, Josephine Ho, Amber L. Hollibaugh, Brenda Howard, Wendy McElroy, Inga Muscio, Joan Nestle, Erika Lust, Carol Queen, Candida Royalle, Gayle Rubin, Annie Sprinkle, Tristan Taormino, and Ellen Willis. Several of these have written from the perspective of feminist women working in the sex industry. Information on formal organizations that endorse sex-positive feminism seems lacking but one major outpost of sex-positive feminism is the former cooperative business Good Vibrations founded by Joani Blank in 1977 in order to sell sex toys and publications about sex in an environment welcoming to women. Blank also founded Down There Press which has published various educational publications inspired by sex-positivity. There are a number of other sex-positive feminist businesses who thrive on a combination of sex toy sales and distribution of educational materials. Good For Her, a woman-owned sex-toy shop in Toronto, Ontario, holds an annual Feminist Porn Awards.[46] Nonprofit groups supporting sex-positive feminism include the currently defunct Feminist Anti-Censorship Task Force associated with Carole Vance and Ann Snitow, Feminists for Free Expression, and Feminists Against Censorship associated with anti-censorship and civil liberties campaigner Avedon Carol.[47] Feminist pornography is a small but growing segment of the pornography industry. A Feminist Porn Award was established in 2006. The equivalent in Europe is the PorYes award for feminist porn, established in 2009. The magazine On Our Backs was founded in 1986 to promote a more positive attitude towards erotica within the community of lesbian and bisexual women. It flourished until 1994, struggled from financial problems and changing ownership and the final edition was published in 2006.


See also[edit] Feminism portal Female promiscuity Femalia Go Topless Day Women's erotica Women's pornography Sex-positive literature[edit] Girl Heroes The Ethical Slut


Notes[edit] Note 1 For criminalization of sexual violence in marriage see Marital rape and Marital rape (US law). For decriminalization of "sodomy" see Sodomy law and Sodomy laws in the United States. Note 2 Feminist work on wife rape has uncovered a vast secret world of anguish in which women are used in this way by husbands and partners. The study by Diana E. H. Russell of rape in marriage gives us some illuminating insights into women's understanding of consent to sexual intercourse. She found that rape by husbands or ex-husbands, defined conservatively as vaginal, oral or anal penetration with the threat or use of force, was reported by 14 per cent of her respondents.[48] This might seem a high figure to those who are committed to recognising only rape which fits the police-blotter rapist model and to idealising marriage. But more interesting for our present purposes is the existence she reveals of a widespread submission to sexual intercourse which did not fall into her category of rape, and would be likely to be seen as consensual in most jurisdictions and probably by most of the men and women involved. [...] The force which has operated on them [women] all their lives and continues to operate on them within marriages and relationships remains largely invisible. [...] Such forces include the massive industry of sexology, sex therapy, sex advice literature, all of which make women feel guilty and inadequate for any unwillingness to fulfil a man's sexual desires. — Sheila Jeffreys, Prostitution as male sexual violence[49] Note 3 The focus on “sexual liberation” has always carried with it the assumption that the goal of such effort is to make it possible for individuals to engage in more and/or better sexual activity. Yet one assumption of sexual norms that many people find oppressive is the assumption that one “should” be engaged in sexual activity. This “should” is one expression of sexual coercion. Advocates of sexual liberation often imply that any individual who is not concerned about the quality of their experience or exercising greater sexual freedom is mentally disturbed or sexually repressed. — bell hooks, Ending female sexual oppression[50]


References[edit] ^ a b c McElroy, Wendy (1995). XXX: a woman's right to pornography. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9780312136260.  ^ Murphy, Meghan. "The divide isn't between 'sex negative' and 'sex positive' feminists — it's between liberal and radical feminism". Feminist Current. Published April 11, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2017. ^ a b c d e Rubin, Gayle S. (1984), "Thinking sex: notes for a radical theory of the politics of sexuality", in Vance, Carole, Pleasure and danger: exploring female sexuality, Boston: Routledge & K. Paul, pp. 267–319, ISBN 9780710202482.  ^ Queen, Carol (1997). Real live nude girl: chronicles of sex-positive culture. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Cleis Press. ISBN 9781573440738.  ^ Wolf, Naomi (16 March 1992). "Feminist Fatale: a reply to Camille Paglia". The New Republic.  ^ "Home page". alf.org. Association of Libertarian Feminists. Archived from the original on 31 July 2014.  ^ "Conjugal Rights (definition)". merriam-webster.com. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 22 August 2015.  ^ Bonimy, Jasmin (7 September 2009). "Marital rape ban 'tragically wrong' says the Christian Council". The Guardian via Bahamas Crisis Centre. Retrieved 22 August 2015.  ^ "Valley paper criticized over pastor's column on spousal rape". Alaska Dispatch News. Retrieved 22 August 2015.  ^ "1 corinthians 7:3-7:5 NKJV". biblegateway.com. Bible Gateway. Retrieved 22 August 2015. Let the husband render to his wife the...  ^ Lamas, Marta (October 1997). "Nuevos valores sexuales" [New sexual values]. Debate Feminista (in Spanish). JSTOR. 16: 146–149. JSTOR 42624443.  Pdf. Publisher's website. ^ Aboim, Sofia (2010), "Of pleasure and violence: sex and sexuality in men's discourses", in Aboim, Sofia, Plural masculinities: the remaking of the self in private life, Farnham, England Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub. Co, pp. 137–156, ISBN 9780754699842.  ^ Lombroso, Cesare; Ferrero, William (1980) [1895]. The female offender. New York: D. Appleton & Co. ISBN 9780837708072.  View online. ^ Willis, Ellen (October 1979). "Feminism, moralism, and pornography". The Village Voice.  Re-published as: Willis, Ellen (2012), "Feminism, moralism, and pornography", in Willis, Ellen, Beginning to see the light: sex, hope, and rock-and-roll, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 219–227, ISBN 9781452948997.  ^ Willis, Ellen (1979). "Lust horizons: is the women's movement pro-sex?". The Village Voice.  Re-published as: Willis, Ellen (2012), "Lust horizons: is the women's movement pro-sex?", in Willis, Ellen, Beginning to see the light: sex, hope, and rock-and-roll, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 3–15, ISBN 9781452948997.  See also: Willis, Ellen (18 October 2005). "Lust horizons". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on 7 April 2016.  ^ Jeffreys, Elaine (2009). Sex and sexuality in China. London New York: Routledge. ISBN 9780415546973.  ^ Jeffreys, Elaine (2009), "Feminist prostitution debates: are there any sex workers in China?", in Edwards, Louise; Roces, Mina, Women in Asia: critical concepts in Asian studies, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon New York: Routledge, pp. 301–325, ISBN 9780415445290.  ^ McElroy, Wendy (1996). Sexual correctness: the gender-feminist attack on women. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland. ISBN 9780786402267.  ^ Strossen, Nadine (2000). Defending pornography: free speech, sex, and the fight for women's rights. New York London: New York University Press. ISBN 9780814781494.  ^ Dworkin, Andrea (1989), "Pornography is a civil rights issue: 1986", in Dworkin, Andrea, Letters from a War Zone: Writings, 1976-1989, New York: E.P. Dutton, pp. 276–307, ISBN 9780525248248.  Available to view online as: Dworkin, Andrea. "Pornography is a civil rights issue". No Status Quo. Nikki Craft. Retrieved 22 August 2015.  ^ "A Feminist's Argument on How Sex Work Can Benefit Women". Archived from the original on 2016-06-27.  ^ Sexuality, Gender, and the Body (22 September 2008). "Sex-positive feminism (blog)". genderbodyreligion.wordpress.com. WordPress. Retrieved 3 February 2017. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) [self-published source] ^ Raymond, Janice (1979). The transsexual empire: the making of the she-male. Boston: Beacon Press. ISBN 9780807021644.  ^ a b Greer, Germaine (1999). The whole woman. New York: A.A. Knopf. ISBN 9780375407475.  ^ Smith, Lydia (16 May 2015). "Transgender rights versus feminism: What makes a woman?". International Business Times. Retrieved 13 November 2016.  ^ Bowen, Innes (1 August 2007). "Are sex change operations justified?". BBC News. Retrieved 23 May 2010.  ^ Califia, Patrick (2003). Sex changes: the politics of transgenderism (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Cleis Press. ISBN 9781573448925.  ^ a b NOTES (March 1999). "Feminist legal analysis and sexual autonomy: using statutory rape laws as an illustration". Harvard Law Review. The Harvard Law Review Association via JSTOR. 112 (5): 1065–1081. doi:10.2307/1342276. JSTOR 1342276.  Abstract. ^ Oberman, Michelle (1994). "Turning girls into women: re-evaluating modern statutory rape law". Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology. Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law. 85 (1).  Pdf. ^ Erickson, Nancy S.; Lamanna, Mary Ann (Fall 1990). "Turning girls into women: re-evaluating modern statutory rape law". University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform. University of Michigan Law School. 24 (1): 189–252.  ^ a b MacKinnon, Catharine (1987). Feminism unmodified: discourses on life and law. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674298743.  ^ Paul, Pamela (2005). Pornified: how pornography is transforming our lives, our relationships, and our families. New York: Times Books. ISBN 9780805081329.  ^ Leidholdt, Dorchen; Raymond, Janice (1990). The sexual liberals and the attack on feminism. New York: Pergamon Press. ISBN 9780807762394.  ^ Levy, Ariel (2005). Female chauvinist pigs: women and the rise of raunch culture. New York: Free Press. ISBN 9780743249898.  ^ Bright, Susie (blog) (30 September 2005). "Susie Bright's Journal: Female Chauvinist Pigs at the trough". susiebright.blogs.com. Susie Bright via Blogs.com. [self-published source] ^ Lusty Lady (blog) (21 September 2005). "Beyond Pornified and Female Chauvanist Pigs". lustylady.blogspot.com. Rachel Kramer Bussel via Blogspot. [self-published source] ^ Lusty Lady (blog) (19 September 2005). "Tristan Taormino interview at suicide + Female Chauvanist Pigs". lustylady.blogspot.com. Rachel Kramer Bussel via Blogspot. [self-published source] ^ Jesella, Kara (2005). "Revolution girl style now!". Nerve. HowAboutWe.  ^ Leidholdt, Dorchen. "When women defend pornography". anusha.com. Sam Sloan. Retrieved 22 August 2015.  ^ a b Ferguson, Ann (Autumn 1984). "Sex war: the debate between radical and libertarian feminists". Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. University of Chicago Press. 10 (1): 110–111. doi:10.1086/494117. JSTOR 3174240.  ^ Zoftig, Sarah (1982), "Coming out", in SAMOIS, Coming to power: writings and graphics on lesbian S/M: S/M, a form of eroticism based on a consenual exchange of power (2nd ed.), Boston, Massachusetts: Alyson Publications, p. 88, ISBN 9780932870285.  ^ Vance, Carole S. (1992). Pleasure and danger: exploring female sexuality. London New York: Pandora Press. p. 302. ISBN 9780044408673.  ^ Egerton, Jane (1993), "Sheila Jeffreys", in Gilbert, Harriett, The sexual imagination from Acker to Zola: a feminist companion, London: Jonathan Cape, p. 133, ISBN 9780224035354.  ^ Denfeld, Rene (1995), "The antiphallic campaign: male bashing and sexual politics", in Denfeld, Rene, The new Victorians: a young woman's challenge to the old feminist order, St Leonards, New South Wales: Allen & Unwin, p. 35, ISBN 9781863737890.  ^ Oriel, Jennifer (September 2005). "Sexual pleasure as a human right: Harmful or helpful to women in the context of HIV/AIDS?". Women's Studies International Forum. Elsevier. 28 (5): 392–404. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2005.05.002.  Pdf. ^ Van Deven, Mandy (2 May 2009). "Moving beyond the money shot: feminist porn awards". Bitch. Bitch Media. Retrieved 3 June 2009.  ^ Carol, Avedon (1994). Nudes, prudes, and attitudes: pornography and censorship. Cheltenham: New Clarion Press. ISBN 9781873797136.  ^ Russell, Diana E.H. (1990). Rape in marriage. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780253205636.  ^ Jeffreys, Sheila (1997), "Prostitution as male sexual violence", in Jeffreys, Sheila, The idea of prostitution, North Melbourne, Victoria: Spinifex, pp. 261–262, ISBN 9781742190884.  ^ hooks, bell (2015), "Ending female sexual oppression", in hooks, bell, Feminist theory: from margin to center, New York London: Routledge, pp. 148–158, ISBN 9781317588344 


Further reading[edit] Basiliere, Jenna (Fall 2009). "Political is personal: scholarly manifestations of the feminist sex wars". Michigan Feminist Studies, special issue: Politics and Performativity. Palgrave Macmillan. 22 (1): 1–25.  Pdf. Benjamin, Jessica (1983), "Master and slave: the fantasy of erotic domination", in Barr Snitow, Ann; Stansell, Christine; Thompson, Sharon, Powers of desire: the politics of sexuality, New York: Monthly Review Press, pp. 460–467, ISBN 9780853456100.  Dodson, Betty (15 March 2001). "Betty's response to the Vagina Monologues". dodsonandross.com. Betty Dodson with Carlin Ross. Archived from the original on 1 June 2016. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) [self-published source] Easton, Dossie; Liszt, Catherine A. (1997). The ethical slut: a guide to infinite sexual possibilities. San Francisco, California: Greenery Press. ISBN 9781890159016.  Friend, Tad (February 1994). "Yes (Feminist women who like sex)". Esquire. Hearst Magazines.  Gerhard, Jane F. (2001). Desiring revolution: second-wave feminism and the rewriting of American sexual thought, 1920 to 1982. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231528795.  Glick, Elisa (April 2000). "Sex positive: feminism, queer theory, and the politics of transgression". Feminist Review, special issue: Feminism 2000: One Step beyond?. Palgrave Macmillan. 64: 19–45. doi:10.1080/014177800338936. JSTOR 1395699.  Hopkins, Susan (2002). Girl heroes: the new force in popular culture. Annandale, New South Wales: Pluto Press. ISBN 9781864031577.  "Institute for Advanced Study of Human Sexuality (IASHS)".  Johnson, Merri (2002). Jane sexes it up: true confessions of feminist desire. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows. ISBN 9781568581804.  "The National Association for the Advancement of Science & Art in Sexuality".  Sprinkle, Annie (2006). Hardcore from the heart: the pleasures, profits and politics of sex in performance. London: Continuum. ISBN 9780826490698. 


External links[edit] Advocacy of sex-positive feminism[edit] Articles[edit] Bright, Susie (October 1993). "The Prime of Miss Kitty MacKinnon" (PDF). East Bay Express. Oakland, California.  Archived at Susie Bright's Journal (website)). McElroy, Wendy. "A Feminist Overview of Pornography, Ending in a Defense Thereof (blog)". wendymcelroy.com. Wendy McElroy. [self-published source] McElroy, Wendy (July 1995). "From a Sexually Incorrect Feminist". Penthouse.  Archived at WendyMcElroy.com (website). Newitz, Annalee (May 8, 2002). "Obscene Feminists: Why Women Are Leading the Battle Against Censorship". San Francisco Bay Guardian. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) Organizations[edit] "Feminists for Free Expression". Archived from the original on 2006-04-26.  "Feminists Against Censorship".  "Sex Worker Outreach Project".  v t e Second-wave feminism The Feminine Mystique (1963) The personal is political Consciousness raising Sex-positive feminism (1979) Feminist sex wars Ellen Willis Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sex-positive_feminism&oldid=816830652" Categories: Sex-positive feminismFeminism and historyFeminism and sexualityThird-wave feminismFeminist movements and ideologiesHuman sexualitySecond-wave feminismHidden categories: CS1 Spanish-language sources (es)CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors listAll articles with self-published sourcesArticles with self-published sources from February 2017Articles with limited geographic scope from December 2010USA-centricAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from December 2012Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013Articles with unsourced statements from December 2007Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017Articles with unsourced statements from August 2012Pages using div col without cols and colwidth parametersPages using Columns-list with deprecated parametersCS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages বাংলাCatalàDeutschEspañolFrançaisBahasa IndonesiaPolskiPortuguêsРусскийSimple EnglishSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSvenska中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 24 December 2017, at 00:28. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.760","walltime":"0.868","ppvisitednodes":{"value":5491,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":254169,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":29850,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":12,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":8,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 700.075 1 -total"," 47.15% 330.097 1 Template:Reflist"," 16.84% 117.900 21 Template:Cite_book"," 14.40% 100.786 12 Template:Fix"," 9.72% 68.071 6 Template:Citation_needed"," 9.43% 65.983 1 Template:Globalize/US"," 9.02% 63.122 17 Template:Cite_web"," 8.49% 59.447 12 Template:Delink"," 7.39% 51.713 12 Template:Citation"," 7.04% 49.287 14 Template:Cite_news"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.409","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":6347106,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1321","timestamp":"20180116055921","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":79,"wgHostname":"mw1211"});});


Sex-positive_feminism - Photos and All Basic Informations

Sex-positive_feminism More Links

Wikipedia:WikiProject Countering Systemic BiasTalk:Sex-positive FeminismWikipedia:Article WizardHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalCategory:FeminismFeminismWomanGirlFemininityFeminist HistoryHistory Of FeminismWomen's HistoryHistory Of American WomenHistory Of Women In The United KingdomHistory Of Canadian WomenHistory Of German WomenTimeline Of Women's SuffrageTimeline Of First Women's Suffrage In Majority-Muslim CountriesTimeline Of Women's Suffrage In The United StatesTimeline Of Women's Rights (other Than Voting)Women's SuffrageSuffrage In AustraliaWomen's Suffrage In CanadaWomen's Suffrage In JapanWomen's Suffrage In KuwaitWomen's Suffrage In New ZealandWomen's Suffrage In SwedenWomen's Suffrage In SwitzerlandWomen's Suffrage In The United KingdomWomen's Suffrage In WalesWomen's Suffrage In The United StatesWomen's Suffrage In States Of The United StatesWomen's Suffrage In UtahFirst-wave FeminismSecond-wave FeminismThird-wave FeminismFourth-wave FeminismFeminist Movements And IdeologiesAnalytical FeminismAnarcha-feminismAtheist FeminismList Of Conservative FeminismsCultural FeminismCyberfeminismDifference FeminismEcofeminismVegetarian EcofeminismEquality FeminismFat FeminismFeminism In FranceFrench Post-structuralist FeminismGender FeminismGlobal FeminismHip-hop FeminismHip Hop FeminismIndividualist FeminismJineologyLabor FeminismLesbian FeminismRadical LesbiansLiberal FeminismEquity FeminismLipstick FeminismMarxist FeminismMaterial FeminismMaternal FeminismNeofeminismNew FeminismPostfeminismPostcolonial FeminismPostmodern FeminismAnti-abortion FeminismPost-structural FeminismBlack FeminismChicana FeminismWhite FeminismIndigenous FeminismNative American FeminismRadical FeminismSeparatist FeminismSocial FeminismSocialist FeminismStandpoint FeminismPostcolonial FeminismTransfeminismTransnational FeminismWomanismAfricana WomanismBuddhist FeminismChristian FeminismGoddess MovementDianic WiccaReclaiming (Neopaganism)Feminism In IndiaIslamic FeminismJewish FeminismOrthodox Jewish FeminismMormon FeminismSikh FeminismAntifeminismBicycling And FeminismCriticism Of MarriageFeminist Children's LiteratureFeminist Effects On SocietyFeminism And EqualityEmbedded FeminismFemale EducationFemale Genital MutilationFemicideFeminaziFeminism In CultureFeminist StripperGender EqualityGirl PowerHonor KillingInternational Women's DayFeminist Language ReformMale GazeMatriarchal ReligionFeminism And MediaMen And FeminismMeninismFeminist MovementAfrican-American Woman Suffrage MovementFeminist Art MovementFeminist Activism In Hip HopNetworked FeminismFeminism And The Oedipus ComplexPolitical LesbianismSeparatist FeminismPro-feminismProtofeminismReproductive JusticeSex Workers' RightsSexual HarassmentSexual ObjectificationState FeminismStraw FeminismFeminist TheoryFeminist Theory In Composition StudiesTriple OppressionVictim FeminismViolence Against WomenFeminist Views On BDSMFeminist Views On PornographyFeminist Views On ProstitutionFeminist Views On Sexual OrientationFeminist Views On SexualityFeminist Views On Transgender And Transsexual PeopleWar On WomenWomen's HealthWomen's RightsFeminist TheoryFeminist MethodGender StudiesGender MainstreamingGynocentrismKyriarchyMatriarchyWomen's StudiesMen's StudiesPatriarchyÉcriture FéminineFeminist AnthropologyFeminist ArchaeologyFeminism And Modern ArchitectureFeminist ArtFeminist Art CriticismFeminist Literary CriticismFeminist Film TheoryFeminist BiologyFeminist Theory In Composition StudiesFeminist School Of CriminologyFeminist Pathways PerspectiveFeminist EconomicsFeminist Post-structuralist Discourse AnalysisFeminist GeographyFeminism (international Relations)Feminist ConstructivismFeminist Legal TheoryFeminist PedagogyFeminist PhilosophyFeminist AestheticsFeminist EmpiricismFeminist EpistemologyFeminist EthicsFeminist Justice EthicsFeminist ExistentialismFeminist MetaphysicsFeminist Political EcologyFeminist Political TheoryFeminist PornographyFeminist PsychologyFeminist Revisionist MythologyFeminist Science FictionFeminist Sex WarsFeminist SexologyFeminist SociologyFeminist TechnoscienceFeminist TheologyThealogyWomanist TheologyWomen In AlbaniaFeminism In AustraliaFeminism In BangladeshFeminism In CanadaFeminism In ChinaWomen In The Democratic Republic Of The CongoWomen In DenmarkFeminism In EgyptWomen In EthiopiaWomen In FinlandFeminism In FranceFeminism In GermanyWomen In GhanaFeminism In GreeceWomen In Hong KongFeminism In IndiaGerwaniFeminism In IranWomen's Rights In IraqFeminism In The Republic Of IrelandWomen In IsraelFeminism In ItalyFeminism In JapanFeminism In Latin AmericaFeminism In ArgentinaWomen's Rights In BrazilFeminism In ChileWomen's Rights In HaitiGender Inequality In HondurasFeminism In MexicoWomen In ParaguayWomen In Trinidad And TobagoWomen In LebanonFeminism In MalaysiaWomen In MaliFeminism In NepalFeminism In The NetherlandsFeminism In New ZealandWomen In NigeriaWomen In Northern CyprusFeminism In NorwayWomen In PakistanViolence Against Women In The PhilippinesFeminism In PolandFeminism In RussiaWomen In SyriaFeminism In South AfricaFeminism In South KoreaFeminism In SwedenFeminism In TaiwanFeminism In ThailandWomen In TurkeyWomen In VietnamWomen's Rights In UkraineFeminism In The United KingdomFeminism In The United StatesFeminist Movement In The United StatesHistory Of Women In The United StatesIndex Of Feminism ArticlesList Of FeministsCategory:Feminists By NationalityList Of Feminist LiteratureList Of American Feminist LiteratureList Of Feminist Comic BooksList Of Conservative FeminismsList Of Countries By Women's Average Years In SchoolList Of Ecofeminist AuthorsList Of Feminist Art CriticsList Of Feminist EconomistsList Of Feminist PhilosophersList Of Feminist PoetsList Of Feminist RhetoriciansList Of Jewish FeministsList Of Muslim FeministsList Of Feminist PartiesList Of Suffragists And SuffragettesList Of Women's Rights ActivistsList Of Women's Studies JournalsList Of Suffragists And SuffragettesCategory:Women's Rights By CountryCategory:Feminists By NationalityPortal:FeminismTemplate:Feminism SidebarTemplate Talk:Feminism SidebarSexual FreedomSex-positiveFeminist Views On PornographyPornographyFeminist Sex WarsLiberal FeminismRadical FeminismKathy AckerCamille PagliaMegan AndellouxSusie BrightRachel Kramer BusselDiana CageAvedon CarolPatrick CalifiaBetty DodsonNancy FridayLaci GreenNina HartleyJosephine HoAmber L. HollibaughBrenda HowardWendy McElroyInga MuscioJoan NestleCarol QueenCandida RoyalleGayle RubinAnnie SprinkleTristan TaorminoEllen WillisEnlargeSusie BrightEnlargeNina HartleySexual FreedomCoalitionSex-positive MovementGayle RubinCensorshipLGBTEroticaVilificationRadical FeminismNaomi WolfSharon PresleyHuman SexualitySodomyMarital RapeList Of Mediterranean CountriesRoman CatholicismMasculinityDouble StandardsMale SexualityFemale SexualityMasculinityCesare LombrosoProstituteEnlargeCarol QueenGayle RubinWendy McElroyHavelock EllisMargaret SangerMary DennettAlfred KinseyShere HiteSecond-wave FeminismSexual RevolutionRadical FeministsPatriarchalLesbian SeparatistRedstockingsBetty DodsonCOYOTEProstitutionChild PornographySnuff FilmsWikipedia:Citation NeededMoral PanicWikipedia:Citation NeededViolence Against WomenWomen Against PornographyBDSMSamoisMoral AgencyEllen WillisVillage VoiceWomen Against PornographySingle-issue MovementSexual RepressionEqual Rights AmendmentAbortionRonald ReaganFeminist Views On PornographyOpposition To PornographyMinneapolisCivil RightsDiscriminationIndianapolisAmerican Booksellers V. HudnutSadomasochismFeminist Views On ProstitutionWikipedia:Citation NeededSocial ClassRace (classification Of Human Beings)Human TraffickingFeminist Views On BDSMEnlargeBondage RiggerSadomasochismAnti PornMisogynyKink (sexual)Scene (BDSM)RapeSexual AssaultGenderHomosexualityBetty FriedanLesbianismWikipedia:Citation NeededBisexualityGermaine GreerTransgenderMale-to-femaleMale PrivilegeTransgenderFemale-to-maleJanice RaymondThe Whole WomanGender FluidityGender EqualityPatrick CalifiaEve EnslerThe Vagina MonologuesWikipedia:Citation NeededAge Of ConsentStatutory RapeStatutory RapeSexismWikipedia:Citation NeededCatharine MacKinnonGermaine GreerPamela PaulDorchen LeidholdtFemale Chauvinist PigsAriel Levy (journalist)Sexual ObjectificationSusie BrightRachel Kramer BusselAnn FergusonSheila JeffreysSexual RevolutionCompulsory HeterosexualityBell HooksSexologyEnlargeTristan TaorminoKathy AckerMegan AndellouxSusie BrightRachel Kramer BusselDiana CageAvedon CarolPatrick CalifiaBetty DodsonNancy FridayNina HartleyJosephine HoAmber L. HollibaughBrenda HowardWendy McElroyInga MuscioJoan NestleErika LustCarol QueenCandida RoyalleGayle RubinAnnie SprinkleTristan TaorminoEllen WillisGood Vibrations (business)Joani BlankTorontoFeminist Porn AwardFeminists Against CensorshipFeminist PornographyPornography IndustryFeminist Porn AwardPorYesOn Our BacksPortal:FeminismFemale PromiscuityFemaliaGo Topless DayWomen's EroticaWomen's PornographyGirl HeroesThe Ethical SlutMarital RapeMarital Rape (United States Law)Sodomy LawSodomy Laws In The United StatesDiana E. H. RussellWendy McElroyInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780312136260Gayle RubinInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780710202482Carol QueenInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781573440738Naomi WolfThe New RepublicMerriam-WebsterThe GuardianBahamas Crisis CentreMarta LamasJSTORJSTORInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780754699842Cesare LombrosoInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780837708072Ellen WillisThe Village VoiceEllen WillisEllen WillisInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781452948997Ellen WillisThe Village VoiceEllen WillisEllen WillisInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781452948997Ellen WillisThe Village VoiceInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780415546973International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780415445290Wendy McElroyInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780786402267Nadine StrossenInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780814781494Andrea DworkinAndrea DworkinInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780525248248Andrea DworkinNo Status QuoNikki CraftWordPressCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListWikipedia:VerifiabilityJanice RaymondInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780807021644Germaine GreerInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780375407475International Business TimesBBC NewsPatrick CalifiaInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781573448925Harvard Law ReviewJSTORDigital Object IdentifierJSTORJournal Of Criminal Law & CriminologyNorthwestern University Pritzker School Of LawUniversity Of Michigan Journal Of Law ReformUniversity Of Michigan Law SchoolCatharine MacKinnonInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780674298743Pamela PaulPornifiedInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780805081329Dorchen LeidholdtJanice RaymondInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780807762394Ariel Levy (journalist)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780743249898Susie BrightSusie BrightWikipedia:VerifiabilityRachel Kramer BusselBlogspotWikipedia:VerifiabilityRachel Kramer BusselBlogspotWikipedia:VerifiabilityNerve (website)HowAboutWeDorchen LeidholdtSam SloanAnn FergusonSigns (journal)University Of Chicago PressDigital Object IdentifierJSTORSamoisInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780932870285International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780044408673Harriett GilbertInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780224035354Rene DenfeldRene DenfeldInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781863737890Women's Studies International ForumElsevierDigital Object IdentifierBitch (magazine)Avedon CarolInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781873797136Diana E. H. RussellInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780253205636Sheila JeffreysSheila JeffreysInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781742190884Bell HooksBell HooksFeminist Theory: From Margin To CenterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781317588344Palgrave MacmillanJessica BenjaminChristine StansellInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780853456100Betty DodsonBetty DodsonCategory:CS1 Maint: BOT: Original-url Status UnknownWikipedia:VerifiabilityDossie EastonCatherine A. LisztInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781890159016Esquire (magazine)Hearst (media)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780231528795Feminist ReviewPalgrave MacmillanDigital Object IdentifierJSTORGirl HeroesInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781864031577International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781568581804Annie SprinkleInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780826490698Susie BrightEast Bay ExpressWendy McElroyWendy McElroyWikipedia:VerifiabilityWendy McElroyPenthouse MagazineAnnalee NewitzSan Francisco Bay GuardianCategory:CS1 Maint: BOT: Original-url Status UnknownTemplate:Second-wave FeminismTemplate Talk:Second-wave FeminismSecond-wave FeminismThe Feminine MystiqueThe Personal Is PoliticalConsciousness RaisingFeminist Sex WarsEllen WillisHelp:CategoryCategory:Sex-positive FeminismCategory:Feminism And HistoryCategory:Feminism And SexualityCategory:Third-wave FeminismCategory:Feminist Movements And IdeologiesCategory:Human SexualityCategory:Second-wave FeminismCategory:CS1 Spanish-language Sources (es)Category:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListCategory:All Articles With Self-published SourcesCategory:Articles With Self-published Sources From February 2017Category:Articles With Limited Geographic Scope From December 2010Category:USA-centricCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From December 2012Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From January 2013Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From December 2007Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From February 2017Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From August 2012Category:Pages Using Div Col Without Cols And Colwidth ParametersCategory:Pages Using Columns-list With Deprecated ParametersCategory:CS1 Maint: BOT: Original-url Status UnknownDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link