Contents 1 Phylogeny 2 Taxonomy 3 References 4 External links


Phylogeny[edit] An alternative phylogeny of spermatophytes based on the work by Novíkov & Barabaš-Krasni 2015[9] with plant taxon authors from Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007[10] showing the relationship of extinct clades. Spermatophytina  †Moresnetiopsida Doweld 2001   †Lyginopteridopsida Novák 1961 emend. Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007   †Pachytestopsida Doweld 2001   †Callistophytales Rothwell 1981 emend. Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007   †Peltaspermopsida Doweld 2001   †Umkomasiales Doweld 2001   †Phasmatocycadopsida Doweld 2001   †Pentoxylopsida Pant ex Doweld 2001   †Dictyopteridiopsida Doweld 2001   †Cycadeoideopsida Scott 1923   †Caytoniopsida Thomas ex Frenguelli 1946   Magnoliopsida (Flowering plants) Acrogymnospermae   Cycadopsida (Cycads) Ginkgoopsida (Maidenhair trees) Pinopsida (Conifers) Seed ferns


Taxonomy[edit] Family ?†Avatiaceae Anderson & Anderson 2003 Order ?†Alexiales Anderson & Anderson 2003 Family †Alexiaceae Anderson & Anderson 2003 Order ?†Hamshawviales Anderson & Anderson 2003 Family †Hamshawviaceae Anderson & Anderson 2003 Order ?†Hexapterospermales Doweld 2001 Family †Colpospermaceae Doweld 2001 Family †Hexapterospermaceae Doweld 2001 nom cons. [Potonieaceae (Halle 1933) Remy & Remy 1959 emend. Anderson & Anderson 2007] Order ?†Hlatimbiales Anderson & Anderson 2003 Family †Hlatimbiaceae Anderson & Anderson 2003 Order ?†Matatiellales Anderson & Anderson 2003 Family †Matatiellaceae Anderson & Anderson 2003 Order ?†Petriellales Taylor et al. 1994 Family †Petriellaceae Taylor, del Fueyo & Taylor 1994 Family †Kannaskoppiaceae Anderson & Anderson 2003 Order †Umkomasiales Doweld 2001 [Corystospermales; Corystophytina] Family †Angaropeltidaceae Doweld 2001 Family †Umkomasiaceae Petriella 1981 (Corystospermaceae (Thomas 1933) Stockey & Rothwel nom. illeg.; Zuberiaceae Němejc 1968] Class ?†Arberiopsida Doweld 2001 [Clealopsida] Order †Dicranophyllales Meyen 1984 emend. Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007 Family †Dicranophyllaceae Archangelsky & Cúneo 1990 Order †Aberiales Meyen 1984 [Noeggerathopsidales Nemejc 1968] Family †Schmeissneriaceae Zhou 1997 Family †Arberiaceae (Rigby 1972) Anderson & Anderson 1985 [Noeggerathopsidaceae Feistmantel 1879] Class ?†Axelrodiopsida Anderson & Anderson Order †Axelrodiales Anderson & Anderson 2007 Family †Zamiostrobacea Anderson & Anderson 2007 Family †Axelrodiaceae Anderson & Anderson 2007 Class †Moresnetiopsida Doweld 2001 [Moresnetiophyta Doweld 2001; Elkinsiophytina] Order †Calamopityales Němejc 1963 Family †Calamopityaceae (Solm. 1896) Scott 1909 [Buteoxylaceae Barnard & Long 1973; Stenomyelaceae Scott 1923; Buteoxylonaceae] Order †Tetrastichiales Němejc 1968 Family †Tetrastichiaceae Němejc 1968 Order †Pullarithecales Doweld 1998 Family †Gnetopsidaceae Doweld 2001 Family †Pullarithecaceae Doweld 1998 Family †Calathiopsidaceae Doweld 2001 Family †Austrocalyxaceae Vega & Archangelsky 2001 Order †Moresnetiales Doweld 2001 Family †Eurystomataceae Long 1975 Family †Eospermatacesidae Long 1975 Family †Moresnetiaceae Němejc 1963 emend. Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007 [Genomospermaceae Long 1975; Elkinsiaceae Rothwell, Scheckler & Gillespie 1989 ex Cleal; Hydraspermaceae] Class †Lyginopteridopsida Novák 1961 emend. Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007 [Lagenostomatopsida Cleal 1993; Lyginopteridophyta Doweld 2001; Lyginopteridophytina] Order †Lyginopteridales (Corsin 1960) Havlena 1961 [Lagenostomatales Seward ex Long 1975; Lyginodendrales Nemejc 1968; Pityales] Family †Lyginopteridaceae Potonie 1900 emend. Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007 [Lagenostomataceae Long 1975; Pityaceae Scott 1909; Lyginodendraceae Scott 1909; Sphenopteridaceae Gopp. 1842; Pseudopecopteridaceae Lesquereux 1884; Megaloxylaceae Scott 1909 nom. rej.; Rhetinangiaceae Scott 1923 nom. rej.; Tetratmemaceae Němejc 1968] Class †Pachytestopsida Doweld 2001 [Medullosopsida nom. nud.; Trigonocarpopsida nom. nud.; Medullosae] Order †Codonospermales Doweld 2001 Family †Codonospermaceae Doweld 2001 emend. Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007 Order †Pachytestales Doweld 2001 (Medullosales Corsin 1960; Trigonocarpales nom. inv.; Neuropteridales] Family †Potonieaceae Halle 1933 emend. Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007 [Rachivestitaceae; Perispermaceae] Family †Polylophospermaceae Doweld 2001 emend. Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007 Family †Stephanospermaceae Doweld 2001 emend. Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007 Family †Neurodontopteridaceae Laveine 1966 [incl. Odontopteridaceae Trapl 1926 sensu Corsin 1960] Family †Pachytestaceae Doweld 2001 [Medullosaceae (Gopp. 1842) Sterzel 1896; Whittleseyaceae Remy & Remy 1959; Callipteridaceae Corsin ex Wagner 1965; Callipteridiaceae; Callipteraceae; Protoblechnidaceae] Family †Alethopteridaceae (Lesquereux 1884) Corsin 1960 emend. Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007 Family †Cyclopteridaceae Corsin ex Wagner 1964 Class †Callistophytopsida [Callistophytina] Order †Callistophytales Rothwell 1981 emend. Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007 [Poroxylales Němejc 1968] Family †Cornucarpaceae Doweld 2001 [Eremopteridaceae] Family †Callistophytaceae Stidd & Hall 1970 nom. cons. [Mariopteridaceae Němejc 1968; Callospermariaceae Long 1975; Poroxylaceae Scott 1923] Class †Peltaspermopsida Doweld 2001 [Peltaspermidae Němejc 1968; Peltaspermophyta Doweld 2001 s.s.; Peltaspermae] Order †Sporophyllitales Doweld 2001 Family †Sporophyllitaceae Doweld 2001 Family †Leuthardtiaceae Doweld 2001 Order †Trichopityales Doweld 2001 [Psygmophyllales Nakai 1943] Family †Trichopityaceae Němejc 1968 [Florin emend. Family †Psygmophyllaceae Zalessky 1937 emend. Naugolnykh [Syniopteridaceae Petrescu & Dragastan 1981] Order †Peltaspermales Taylor 1981 [Lepidopteridales Němejc 1968] Family †Cardiolepidaceae Meyen 1977 Family †Autuniaceae Doweld 2001 Family †Peltaspermaceae (Thomas 1933) Pilger & Melchoir 1954 [Cycadopteridaceae Laguzen 1887; Thinnfeldiaceae Zimmerman 1959; Compsopteridaceae Petrescu & Dragastan 1981] Class †Phasmatocycadopsida Doweld 2001 Order †Phasmatocycadales Doweld 2001 [Taeniopteridales] Family †Phasmatocycadaceae Doweld 2001 [Spermopteridaceae Doweld 2001; Taeniopteridaceae Schimper 1869 nom. rej.] Order †Gigantopteridales Li & Yao 1983 [Gigantonomiales Meyen 1987] Family †Emplectopteridaceae Wagner 1967 Family †Gigantopteridaceae Koidzumi 1936 [Cardioglossaceae Koidzumi ex Jongmans 1958; Gigantonomiaceae Meyen 1987] Class †Pentoxylopsida Pant ex Doweld 2001 [Pentoxylophytina Lemoigne 1988; Pentoxyla] Order †Pentoxylales Pilger & Melchior 1954 Family †Lindthecaceae Anderson & Anderson 2003 Family †Pentoxylaceae Pilger & Melchior 1954 [Pentoxyleae Sahni 1948] Class †Dictyopteridiopsida Doweld 2001 [Ottokariopsida Anderson & Anderson 2007; Glossopteridophytina Lemoigne 1988] Order †Dictyopteridiales McLoughlin ex Doweld 2001 [Ottokariales Anderson & Anderson 1985] Family †Breyteniaceae Doweld 2001 Family †Dictyopteridiaceae Rigby 1978 [Ottokariaceae Anderson & Anderson 1985; Scutaceae Rigby 1978 nom. illeg.] Order †Lidgettoniales Doweld 2001 Family †Denkaniaceae Doweld 2001 Family †Parthaceae Doweld 2001 Family †Lidgettoniaceae Anderson & Anderson 1985 Order †Rigbyales Doweld 2001 (Glossopteridales Luber & Schwedov 1963 nom. rej.] Family †Rigbyaceae Anderson & Anderson 1985 (Glossopteridaceae (Trapl 1926) Zimmermann 1930 nom. rej.] Class †Cycadeoideopsida Scott 1923 [Cycadeoideophyta Taylor 1981; Cycadeoideidae Němejc 1968; Bennettitopsida Engler 1897; Bennettitophyta Kravtsov & Poljarnaja 1995; Bennettitidae Davitashvili 1949; Cycadoidea] Order †Fredlindiales Anderson & Anderson 2003 Family †Fredlindiaceae Anderson & Anderson 2003 Order †Cycadeoideales Berry 1920 [Bennettitales (Engler 1892) Schaffn.; Cycadeoideineae Němejc 1968; Williamsoniales Berry 1920; Wielandiellineae Nemejc 1968] Family †Varderkloeftiaceae Anderson & Anderson Family †Laurozamitiaceae Anderson & Anderson Family †Benneticarpaceae Anderson & Anderson Family †Westersheimiaceae Němejc 1968 Family †Sturianthaceae Doweld 2001 [Sturiellaceae Němejc] Family †Williamsoniaceae (Carruthers 1870) Nathorst 1943 Family †Williamsoniellaceae Nakai 1943 [Wielandiellaceae (Novak 1954) Němejc 1968] Family †Cycadeoideaceae R. Br. ex Wieland 1908 [Bennettitaceae Engler 1892; Pterophyllaceae Nakai 1943] Class †Caytoniopsida Thomas ex Frenguelli 1946 [Caytoniophytina Doweld 2001; Caytonia] Order †Caytoniales Gothan 1932 Family †Caytoniaceae (Thomas 1925) Kräusel 1926


References[edit] ^ Rothwell G. W.; Scheckler S. E.; Gillespie W. H. (1989). "Elkinsia gen. nov., a Late Devonian gymnosperm with cupulate ovules". Botanical Gazette. 150: 170–189. doi:10.1086/337763.  ^ McLoughlin S.; Carpenter R.J.; Jordan G.J.; Hill R.S. (2008). "Seed ferns survived the end-Cretaceous mass extinction in Tasmania". American Journal of Botany. 95: 465–471. doi:10.3732/ajb.95.4.465. PMID 21632371.  ^ Potonié, H. (1899). Lehrbuch der Pflanzenpaläontologie. Berlin. ^ Oliver F. W.; Scott D. H. (1904). "On the structure of the Palaeozoic seed Lagenostoma Lomaxi, with a statement of the evidence upon which it is referred to Lyginodendron". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B. 197: 193–247. doi:10.1098/rstb.1905.0008.  ^ Grand'Eury C (1904). "Sur les graines Neuropteridées". Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris. 140: 782–786.  ^ Kidston R (1904). "On the fructification of Neuropteris heterophylla, Brongniart". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B. 197: 1–5. doi:10.1098/rstb.1905.0001.  ^ White D (1904). "The seeds of Aneimites". Smithsonian Institution, Miscellaneous Collection. 47: 322–331.  ^ Hilton, J. & Bateman, R. M. (2006), "Pteridosperms are the backbone of seed-plant phylogeny", Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 33: 119–168, doi:10.3159/1095-5674(2006)133[119:PATBOS]2.0.CO;2  ^ Novíkov & Barabaš-Krasni (2015). "Modern plant systematics". Liga-Pres: 685. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.4745.6164. ISBN 978-966-397-276-3.  ^ Anderson, Anderson & Cleal (2007). "Brief history of the gymnosperms: classification, biodiversity, phytogeography and ecology". Strelitzia. SANBI. 20: 280. ISBN 978-1-919976-39-6. 


External links[edit] Seed fern paleontology Seed ferns Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pteridospermatophyta&oldid=809223032" Categories: PteridospermatophytaPlant divisionsPrehistoric plantsDevonian plantsCarboniferous plantsPermian plantsTriassic plantsJurassic plantsCretaceous plantsPaleocene plantsEocene plantsDevonian first appearancesEocene extinctionsHidden categories: Articles with 'species' microformats


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia CommonsWikispecies Languages CatalàČeštinaDanskDeutschEspañolفارسیFrançaisGalegoInterlinguaNederlands日本語NorskPolskiPortuguêsРусскийSimple EnglishSuomiSvenskaTagalogУкраїнськаTiếng Việt中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 7 November 2017, at 21:20. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.364","walltime":"0.448","ppvisitednodes":{"value":6240,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":215025,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":255054,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":31,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":1,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 382.285 1 -total"," 86.05% 328.960 13 Template:Cladex"," 57.09% 218.243 1 Template:Automatic_taxobox"," 55.73% 213.060 1 Template:Taxobox/core"," 24.34% 93.044 1 Template:Reflist"," 22.98% 87.830 1 Template:Taxobox/taxonomy"," 17.16% 65.616 8 Template:Cite_journal"," 16.55% 63.279 1 Template:Barlabel"," 14.83% 56.705 46 Template:Taxon_info"," 7.79% 29.765 5 Template:Taxon_link"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.165","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":3946416,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1244","timestamp":"20180106212500","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":84,"wgHostname":"mw1212"});});


Seed_fern - Photos and All Basic Informations

Seed_fern More Links

CarboniferousOhioTaxonomy (biology)EPlantPolysporangiophyteVascular PlantSpermatophyteCalamopityalesCallistophytalesCaytonialesGigantopteridalesGlossopteridalesLyginopteridalesMedullosalesPeltaspermalesSpermatophyteDevonianCarboniferousPermianMesozoicCretaceousEoceneFossilTasmaniaPalaeobotanyCarboniferousCycadsHenry PotoniéFernCycadFrancis Wall OliverDukinfield Henry ScottMarie StopesNeuropterisTransitional FossilLyginopteridalesMedullosalesCallistophytalesPeltaspermalesCorystospermaceaeGlossopteridalesGigantopteridalesParaphyleticOvuleAngiospermConiferCordaiteGinkgoaceaeCycadophytaBennettitalesSpermatophytaLyginopteridopsidaCallistophytalesFlowering PlantCycadopsidaGinkgoopsidaPinopsidaUmkomasiaceaeCorystospermaceaeCalamopityalesCalamopityaceaeMoresnetiaceaeLyginopteridopsidaLyginopteridalesLyginopteridaceaeMedullosalesNeurodontopteridaceaeAlethopteridaceaeCyclopteridaceaeCallistophytalesCallistophytaceaePeltaspermalesPeltaspermaceaeGigantopteridalesEmplectopteridaceaeGlossopteridalesGlossopteridaceaeWilliamsoniaceaeCaytonialesCaytoniaceaeDigital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-966-397-276-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-919976-39-6Help:CategoryCategory:PteridospermatophytaCategory:Plant DivisionsCategory:Prehistoric PlantsCategory:Devonian PlantsCategory:Carboniferous PlantsCategory:Permian PlantsCategory:Triassic PlantsCategory:Jurassic PlantsCategory:Cretaceous PlantsCategory:Paleocene PlantsCategory:Eocene PlantsCategory:Devonian First AppearancesCategory:Eocene ExtinctionsCategory:Articles With 'species' MicroformatsDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link