In artificial intelligence[edit] Roger Schank, Robert P. Abelson and their research group, extended Tomkins' scripts and used them in early artificial intelligence work as a method of representing procedural knowledge. In their work, scripts are very much like frames, except the values that fill the slots must be ordered. A script is a structured representation describing a stereotyped sequence of events in a particular context. Scripts are used in natural language understanding systems to organize a knowledge base in terms of the situations that the system should understand. The classic example of a script involves the typical sequence of events that occur when a person drinks in a restaurant: finding a seat, reading the menu, ordering drinks from the waitstaff... In the script form, these would be decomposed into conceptual transitions, such as MTRANS and PTRANS, which refer to mental transitions [of information] and physical transitions [of things]. Schank, Abelson and their colleagues tackled some of the most difficult problems in artificial intelligence (i.e., story understanding), but ultimately their line of work ended without tangible success. This type of work received little attention after the 1980s, but it is very influential in later knowledge representation techniques, such as case-based reasoning. Scripts can be inflexible. To deal with inflexibility, smaller modules called memory organization packets (MOP) can be combined in a way that is appropriate for the situation.[citation needed]


References[edit] This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (November 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Nathanson, Donald L. Shame and Pride: Affect, Sex, and the Birth of the Self. London: W.W. Norton, 1992 Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky and Adam Frank, eds. 1995. Shame and Its Sisters: A Silvan Tomkins Reader. Durham and London: Duke University Press. Tomkins, Silvan. "Script Theory". The Emergence of Personality. Eds. Joel Arnoff, A. I. Rabin, and Robert A. Zucker. New York: Springer Publishing Company, 1987. 147–216. Tomkins, Silvan. "Script Theory: Differential Magnification of Affects". Nebraska Symposium On Motivation 1978. Ed. Richard A. Deinstbier. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1979. 201–236. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Script_theory&oldid=704727017" Categories: History of artificial intelligenceKnowledge representationPsychological theoriesHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2012Articles lacking in-text citations from November 2014All articles lacking in-text citations


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages Add links This page was last edited on 13 February 2016, at 06:03. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.052","walltime":"0.078","ppvisitednodes":{"value":282,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":6072,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":595,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":12,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":2,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 66.102 1 -total"," 72.78% 48.107 1 Template:Citation_needed"," 50.94% 33.671 1 Template:Fix"," 32.33% 21.373 2 Template:Category_handler"," 27.10% 17.912 1 Template:More_footnotes"," 17.22% 11.383 1 Template:Ambox"," 14.84% 9.807 1 Template:Delink"," 4.20% 2.776 2 Template:Yesno-no"," 3.50% 2.312 1 Template:Fix/category"," 2.47% 1.631 2 Template:Yesno"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.023","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":1237998,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1215","timestamp":"20180108044148","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":177,"wgHostname":"mw1215"});});


Script_theory - Photos and All Basic Informations

Script_theory More Links

PsychologyHuman BehaviourSilvan TomkinsAffect TheoryAffect (psychology)CognitionRoger SchankRobert P. AbelsonProcedural KnowledgeFrame (artificial Intelligence)Conceptual Dependency TheoryArtificial IntelligenceKnowledge RepresentationCase-based ReasoningWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:WikiProject Fact And Reference CheckWikipedia:When To CiteHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalEve Kosofsky SedgwickUniversity Of Nebraska PressHelp:CategoryCategory:History Of Artificial IntelligenceCategory:Knowledge RepresentationCategory:Psychological TheoriesCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From February 2012Category:Articles Lacking In-text Citations From November 2014Category:All Articles Lacking In-text CitationsDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link