Contents 1 Salmacis fountain 2 Artistic allusions 2.1 Paintings and engravings 3 Literature 4 Music 4.1 Other 5 References 6 External links

Salmacis fountain[edit] Salmacis fountain is located near the ancient Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, and it is now a tourist attraction located in present-day Bodrum, Turkey. The waters of Salmacis fountain were said to have relaxing properties. Although excellent to drink, in classical times, it was thought to have the effect of making men effeminate and soft.[1] Ovid creates or recounts the myth of how the fountain came to be so in the story of Hermaphroditus and Salmacis. The following passage by Vitruvius gives a different story: “ There is a mistaken idea that this spring infects those who drink of it with an unnatural lewdness. It will not be out of place to explain how this idea came to spread throughout the world from a mistake in the telling of the tale. It cannot be that the water makes men effeminate and unchaste, as it is said to do; for the spring is of remarkable clearness and excellent in flavour. The fact is that when Melas and Arevanias came there from Argos and Troezen and founded a colony together, they drove out the Carians and Lelegans who were barbarians. These took refuge in the mountains, and, uniting there, used to make raids, plundering the Greeks and laying their country waste in a cruel manner. Later, one of the colonists, to make money, set up a well-stocked shop, near the spring because the water was so good, and the way in which he carried it on attracted the barbarians. So they began to come down, one at a time, and to meet with society, and thus they were brought back of their own accord, giving up their rough and savage ways for the delights of Greek customs. Hence this water acquired its peculiar reputation, not because it really induced unchastity, but because those barbarians were softened by the charm of civilization.[2] ” In 1995, The Salmakis Inscription was discovered by Turkish authorities. A partially damaged but mainly well preserved inscription cut into an ancient wall. It was a poem in elegiac verse. The first lines form the poet’s invocation of the goddess Aphrodite. Early in Aphrodite’s story we encounter her son Hermaphroditus, as well as the water nymph Salmacis. The inscription was written sometime during the Hellenistic period.[3]

Artistic allusions[edit] Paintings and engravings[edit] The Nymph Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Francois-Joseph Navez, Museum of Fine Arts, Ghent Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Bartholomeus Spranger, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Scarsellino, Galleria Borghese, Rome Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Jean François de Troy Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Ludovico Carracci Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Francesco Albani Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Giovanni Antonio Pellegrini Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Roberto Ferri Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Bernard Picart Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Johannes Glauber Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Johann Wilhelm Baur Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Virgil Solis Hermaphroditus and Salmacis by Louis Finson The Nymph of Salmacis by Rupert Bunny The metamorphosis of Hermaphrodite and Salmacis by Jan Gossaert (Jan Mabuse) Salmacis et Hermaphrodite by Jean Daullé Water Nymph Salmacis by Philip Galle Salmacis et Hermaphrodite by Gerard Vidal

Literature[edit] Francis Beaumont, a poet and playwright, wrote a poem Salmacis and Hermaphroditus based on Ovid's work. The poem was published anonymously in London in 1602.[4]

Music[edit] The British progressive rock band Genesis wrote and performed a song entitled "Fountain of Salmacis" on their 1971 album Nursery Cryme. It is an epic 8 minute-long piece which tells the story of Salmacis' attempted rape of Hermaphroditus. At the end of the song, the lyrics state that Salmacis and Hermaphroditus were "joined as one" and forever live beneath the lake from which the fountain appears. Other[edit] The Fontana Greca ("Greek Fountain") is a fountain located in Gallipoli, southern Italy. The fountain has bas-reliefs depicting three metamorphoses in Greek mythology. The center bas-relief shows Eros flying beside Aphrodite, while Hermaphroditus and Salmacis are shown below laying together and embracing. A sculpture by François-Joseph Bosio, La nymphe Salmacis, can be seen on display at the Louvre Museum in Paris.[5] Ovid's story of Salmacis and the boy Hermaphroditus is retold by Francis Beaumont in his epyllion 'Salmacis and Hermaphroditus'.[6] The story is retold in the song "The Fountain of Salmacis" by Genesis, on the album Nursery Cryme (1971).[7] In his poem "Hermaphroditus", Algernon Charles Swinburne mentions Salmacis. A novel of short stories by Italian writer Mario Soldati called Salmace (Salmacis), a title that spans the entire collection. In the story it tells of the transformation of a man into a woman, in a highly metaphorical context.[8] Within the fictional book "Complacency of the Learned" from the webcomic Homestuck, the name of the androgynous character Calmasis is an allusion to Salmacis.

References[edit] ^ Bodrum History - Bodrum information, pictures, attractions at ^ Vitruvius Pollio, The Ten Books on Architecture. Morris Hicky Morgan, Ed. 2.8.12 ^ Signe Isager, Poul Pedersen (2004). The Salmakis Inscription and Hellenistic Halikarnassos. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ Francis Beaumont, Salmacis and Hermaphroditus. ^ Sculpture: The Nymph Salmacis by François-Joseph Bosio, Louvre Museum, Paris ^ Renascence Editions: Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Francis Beaumont ^ Music Video: Genesis - The Fountain of Salmacis ^ Soldati, Mario (1929). Salmace. Edizioni La Libra. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Salmacis. Salmacis: Naiad nymph of Halicarnassus in Caria - Theoi Project Nymphai Kariai: Naiad Nymphs of the Land of Caria - Theoi Project The Salmakis Fountain - University of Southern Denmark v t e Fairies Related articles Changeling Classifications of fairies Fairy fort Fairy godmother Fairy-locks Fairy path Fairy riding Fairy ring Fairy tale Hungry grass Royalty in folklore Áine Alberich Arawn Beira Bodb Derg Brigid Clíodhna The Dagda Donn Dullahan Fairy Queen Finvarra Freyr and Yngvi Freyja Gwyn ap Nudd Gwythyr ap Greidawl Gyre-Carling/Nicnevin Manannán mac Lir Queen of Elphame Saci-pererê Royalty in literature Belphoebe Caelia Elegast Erlking Gloriana Lurline Mab Oberon Titania Fairylands in folklore Alfheim/Elphame Annwn Arcadia (utopia) Avalon, Afallach, and Emain Ablach Brú na Bóinne Cnoc Meadha Cnoc na Teamhrach Fortunate Isles Hy Brasil Inis Vitrin Mag Mell Niðavellir Otherworld Rathcroghan Seelie Court Svartálfar and Svartálfaheimr Tír na nÓg Unseelie Court Fairies in culture The Blue Fairy Cottingley Fairies Faerieworlds Faery Wicca Fairy painting The Faerie Queene The Fairly OddParents Rainbow Magic Tinker Bell Fairies in folklore Northern Europe Alp Luachra Anjana Aos Sidhe Arkan Sonney Asrai Banshee Barghest Bean nighe Billy Blind Biróg Bloody Bones Bluecap Bodach Boggart Bogle Brag Brownie Bucca Buggane Bugul Noz Caoineag Cat sìth Cù Sìth Ceffyl Dŵr Clurichaun Coblynau Cyhyraeth Drow Duende Duergar Dullahan Dwarf Each-uisge Elf Enchanted Moura Fear dearg Fear gorta Fenodyree Finfolk Fuath Gancanagh Ghillie Dhu Glaistig Glashtyn Gnome Goblin Green Man Gremlin Grindylow Gwyllion Gwyn ap Nudd Habetrot Haltija The Hedley Kow Heinzelmännchen Hob Hobgoblin Hödekin Hulder Iannic-ann-ôd Imp Jack-o'-lantern Jack o' the bowl Jenny Greenteeth Joan the Wad Joint-eater Kabouter Kelpie Kilmoulis Klabautermann Knocker Knucker Kobold Korrigan Leanan sídhe Leprechaun Lorelei Lubber fiend Mare Melusine Mermaid Merrow Mooinjer veggey Morgen Nain Rouge Näkki Nicnevin Nix Ogre Peg Powler Pixie Púca/Pwca Puck Radande Redcap Selkie Seonaidh Shellycoat Sluagh Spriggan Sprite/Water sprite Sylph Tomte Tooth fairy Troll Tuatha Dé Danann Tylwyth Teg Undine Water horse Wight Will-o'-the-wisp Wirry-cow Yan-gant-y-tan Xana Fairy-like beings in folklore Africa Abatwa Asanbosam Aziza Bultungin Jengu Kishi Mami Wata Obayifo Rompo Tikoloshe Yumboes Oceania Bunyip Manaia Mimis Muldjewangk Patupaiarehe Taniwha Tipua Wandjina Yara-ma-yha-who Yowie Americas Alux Chaneque Curupira Encantado Ishigaq Jogah Menehune Nawao Nimerigar Nûñnë'hï Pukwudgie Saci Squonk Asia Apsara Diwata Kappa Kijimuna Kitsune Kodama Koro-pok-guru Mogwai Orang bunian Puteri Peri Bake-danuki Tengu Tennin Yaksha Yakshini Yōkai Yōsei Europe Greek Dryad Hamadryad Kallikantzaros Lampad Maenad Naiad Nereid Nymph Oceanid Pan Potamides Satyr Silenus Romanic Căpcăun Faun Iele Lares Di Penates Sânziană Spiriduș Squasc Vâlvă Vântoase Zână Zmeu Slavic Bagiennik & Bannik Berehynia Domovoi Karzełek Kikimora Likho Polevik Psotnik Rusalka Vila Vodyanoy Celtic Tuatha Dé Danann Texts Daemonologie (1597) Treatises on the Apparitions of Spirits and on Vampires or Revenants (1751) Goethe's Faust (1832) See also Portal Category List of beings referred to as fairies Retrieved from "" Categories: NaiadsMetamorphoses in Greek mythologyHidden categories: CS1 maint: Uses authors parameterArticles containing Ancient Greek-language text

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