Contents 1 Rights 2 Terminology 3 References 4 Further reading 5 External links

Rights[edit] In accordance with modern norms of research ethics and with the Declaration of Helsinki, researchers who conduct human subject research should afford certain rights to research participants.[1] Research participants should expect the following: to be the target of beneficence to experience research justice to get respect for persons to have privacy for research participants to be informed to be safe from undue danger

Terminology[edit] There are several standard themes in the choice of words (participant, subject, patient, control): In scientific publishing, many usage commentators prefer the term participant rather than subject because the latter has a connotation to some readers of limited autonomy, as if the person were in a subservient or uninformed role. In contrast, participant connotes active consent, involvement, and awareness. In retrospective studies such as chart-review studies, the word participant may be a poor choice, because the persons being studied are not actively participating (and they may not even be aware of the particular study, although they have consented to the idea that their data may be included in scientific studies when sufficiently anonymized). Therefore, replacing the word subject with participant is only conditionally (not universally) appropriate. In most such studies, the word patient may be preferable to subject, as long as all of the subjects in that study were patients (see next point). Not all participants are patients. Some are healthy controls. In some study designs, all the participants are patients; but in others, only some of them are. Therefore, replacing the word subject with patient is only conditionally (not universally) appropriate. A case is an instance of disease. A patient is a person. Patients are not cases. When writing, investigators should use the words appropriately. For example, a 55-year-old patient with melanoma is not a 55-year-old case of melanoma. In case-control studies especially, many instances of this distinction may arise. Although it is accepted to refer to control-group participants as controls, it is poor writing to refer to case-group participants as cases. Instead, the term case participants is used; and control participants is parallel to it.

References[edit] ^ Coleman, Carl H. (2005). The ethics and regulation of research with human subjects. Newark, NJ: LexisNexis. ISBN 978-1583607985. 

Further reading[edit] Speid, Lorna (2010). Clinical trials : what patients and healthy volunteers need to know. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199734160. . This is a layman guide to research participant rights.

External links[edit] explanation of rights from the United States government example list of rights from Yale University v t e Research participant rights Rights Beneficence Justice Respect for persons Privacy for research participants Right to withdraw Return of results Informed consent Human subject research Clinical research Biobank Social research Ethical systems Research ethics Medical ethics Bioethics Clinical research ethics Biobank ethics Guidelines for human subject research List of medical ethics cases Nuremberg Code Declaration of Helsinki Belmont Report Common Rule Monitoring in clinical trials Ethics committee Institutional review board Data monitoring committee Community advisory board v t e Telemedicine Background concepts Health informatics Telecommunication Medical record Admission note Blue Button De-identification Electronic health record Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Personal health record Patient participation Decision aids Doctor–patient relationship E-patient Health 2.0 Health education Knowledge translation mHealth Participative decision-making Patient Activation Measure Shared decision-making Health information on the Internet Health information on Wikipedia Online patient education PubMed Telemedicine subspecialties eHealth Remote surgery Remote therapy Tele-audiology Tele-epidemiology Teledentistry Teledermatology Telehealth Telemental health Telenursing Teleophthalmology Telepathology Telepharmacy Telepsychiatry Teleradiology Telerehabilitation Roles to play Open-source healthcare software Patient opinion leader Research participant Virtual patient Retrieved from "" Categories: Human subject researchProduct testers

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Human Subject ResearchResearch EthicsDeclaration Of HelsinkiBeneficence (ethics)Justice (ethics)Respect For PersonsPrivacy For Research ParticipantsConnotationData AnonymizationControl GroupCase-control StudyParallelism (grammar)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1583607985International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0199734160Template:Research Participant RightsTemplate Talk:Research Participant RightsBeneficence (ethics)Justice (ethics)Respect For PersonsPrivacy For Research ParticipantsRight To WithdrawReturn Of ResultsInformed ConsentHuman Subject ResearchClinical ResearchBiobankSocial ResearchResearch EthicsMedical EthicsBioethicsClinical Research EthicsBiobank EthicsGuidelines For Human Subject ResearchList Of Medical Ethics CasesNuremberg CodeDeclaration Of HelsinkiBelmont ReportCommon RuleMonitoring In Clinical TrialsEthics CommitteeInstitutional Review BoardData Monitoring CommitteeCommunity Advisory BoardTemplate:Telemedicine NavboxTemplate Talk:Telemedicine NavboxTelemedicineHealth InformaticsTelecommunicationMedical RecordAdmission NoteBlue ButtonDe-identificationElectronic Health RecordHealth Insurance Portability And Accountability ActPersonal Health RecordPatient ParticipationDecision AidsDoctor–patient RelationshipE-patientHealth 2.0Health EducationKnowledge TranslationMHealthParticipative Decision-makingPatient Activation MeasureShared Decision-makingHealth Information On The InternetHealth Information On WikipediaOnline Patient EducationPubMedSubspecialtyEHealthRemote SurgeryRemote TherapyTele-audiologyTele-epidemiologyTeledentistryTeledermatologyTelehealthTelemental HealthTelenursingTeleophthalmologyTelepathologyTelepharmacyTelepsychiatryTeleradiologyTelerehabilitationList Of Open-source Health SoftwarePatient Opinion LeaderVirtual PatientHelp:CategoryCategory:Human Subject ResearchCategory:Product TestersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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