Contents 1 Phylogeny 2 Taxonomy 3 References 4 External links

Phylogeny[edit] Progymnosperms are a paraphyletic grade of plants.[4][5] Tracheophyta †Rhyniopsida Lycopodiophytina (Clubmosses, Spikemosses & Quillworts) †Eophyllophyton †Trimerophytopsida Moniliformopses Polypodiophytina (Ferns) Radiatopses  †Pertica  Lignophytes  †Aneurophytopsida  Metalignophytes  †Archaeopteridopsida   †Protopityales Nemejc 1963   Spermatophytina (Seed plants) Progymnosperm

Taxonomy[edit] An updated classification of Progynopserms based on the work by Novíkov & Barabaš-Krasni 2015[6] with plant taxon authors from Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007[7] Genus †Pertica Kasper & Andrews 1972 Order †Cecropsidales Stubblefield 1969 Family †Cecropsidaceae Stubblefield 1969 Order †Protopityales Nemejc 1963 Family †Protopityaceae Solms-Laubach 1893 Class †Noeggerathiopsida Krysht. 1934 Order †Noeggerathiales Darrah 1939 Family †Noeggerathiaceae Göpp. ex von Eichwald 1854 Order †Discinitales Doweld 2001 Family †Discinitaceae Gao & Thomas 1994 Order †Tingiales Zimmermann 1959 Family †Tingiaceae Koidzumi 1938 [Tingiostachyaceae Gao 1987] Class †Aneurophytopsida Bierhorst ex Takhtajan 1978 [Protopteridiopsida] Order †Aneurophytales Kräusel [Protopteridiales Hoeg 1942] Family †Aneurophytaceae Kräusel & Weyland 1941 [Protopteridiaceae (Kräusel 1932) Kräusel & Weyland 1941] Family †Protokalonaceae Barnard & Long 1975 Class †Archaeopteridopsida Takhtajan 1978 Order †Archaeopteridales Zimmermann 1930 [Siderallales Nemejc 1963; Svalbardiales Nemejc 1963] Family †Archaeopteridaceae Schmalhausen 1894 [Siderallaceae Nemejc 1961; Svalbardiaceae (Zimmermann 1950) Novak 1961]

References[edit] ^ Stewart, W.N.; Rothwell, G.W. (1993). Paleobiology and the evolution of plants. Cambridge University Press. p. 521pp.  ^ Lang, W. H. (1925). "Contributions to the study of the Old Red Sandstone flora of Scotland. I. On plant-remains from the fish-beds of Cromarty. II. On a sporangium-bearing branch-system from the Stromness Beds." Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 54: 253-279. ^ Serlin, B. S. & Banks, H. P. (1978). "Morphology and anatomy of Aneurophyton, a progymnosperm from the Late Devonian of New York. Palaeontographica Americana, 8: 343-359. ^ Crane, P.R.; Herendeen, P. & Friis, E.M. (2004), "Fossils and plant phylogeny", American Journal of Botany, 91: 1683–99, doi:10.3732/ajb.91.10.1683, PMID 21652317  ^ Pelletier (2012). "Empire biota: taxonomy and evolution 2nd ed". 354. ISBN 1329874005.  ^ Novíkov & Barabaš-Krasni (2015). "Modern plant systematics". Liga-Pres: 685. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.4745.6164. ISBN 978-966-397-276-3.  ^ Anderson, Anderson & Cleal (2007). "Brief history of the gymnosperms: classification, biodiversity, phytogeography and ecology". Strelitzia. SANBI. 20: 280. ISBN 978-1-919976-39-6. 

External links[edit] Progymnospermophyta Botany: an introduction to plant biology This plant article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e This paleobotany-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e Retrieved from "" Categories: Middle Devonian first appearancesMiddle Devonian plantsMississippian plantsMississippian extinctionsLate Devonian plantsPlant stubsPaleobotany stubsHidden categories: Articles with 'species' microformatsAll stub articles

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages CatalàDeutschEspañolFrançaisItalianoNederlandsNorskPolskiPortuguêsSuomiTagalog中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 3 April 2017, at 16:30. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.508","walltime":"0.592","ppvisitednodes":{"value":14142,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":175314,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":61569,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":26,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":1,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 555.294 1 -total"," 75.37% 418.519 1 Template:Automatic_taxobox"," 74.20% 412.008 1 Template:Taxobox/core"," 36.76% 204.114 6 Template:Clade"," 27.39% 152.112 39 Template:Period_start"," 26.83% 148.963 1 Template:Geological_range"," 24.12% 133.913 1 Template:Phanerozoic_220px"," 20.16% 111.964 11 Template:Fossil_range/bar"," 18.84% 104.641 39 Template:Period_id"," 17.59% 97.687 1 Template:Taxobox/taxonomy"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.251","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":3218229,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1267","timestamp":"20180109104620","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":83,"wgHostname":"mw1270"});});

Progymnosperm - Photos and All Basic Informations

Progymnosperm More Links

PrecambrianCambrianOrdovicianSilurianDevonianCarboniferousPermianTriassicJurassicCretaceousPaleogeneNeogeneTaxonomy (biology)EPlantVascular PlantArchaeopteridalesTrimerophyteGymnospermsRank (botany)TetraxylopterisAneurophytonPteridospermLyginopteridalesArchaeopterisVascular CambiumXylemPhloemSeed PlantMonopodialHeterosporousHomosporousTracheophytaRhyniopsidaLycopodiophytaEophyllophytonTrimerophytaPolypodiophytaPerticaArchaeopteridalesSpermatophytaPerticaNoeggerathialesArchaeopteridalesArchaeopteridaceaeAneurophytonDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1329874005Digital Object IdentifierInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-966-397-276-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-919976-39-6PlantWikipedia:StubTemplate:Plant-stubTemplate Talk:Plant-stubPaleobotanyWikipedia:StubTemplate:Paleobotany-stubTemplate Talk:Paleobotany-stubHelp:CategoryCategory:Middle Devonian First AppearancesCategory:Middle Devonian PlantsCategory:Mississippian PlantsCategory:Mississippian ExtinctionsCategory:Late Devonian PlantsCategory:Plant StubsCategory:Paleobotany StubsCategory:Articles With 'species' MicroformatsCategory:All Stub ArticlesDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link