Contents 1 History 2 Editors 3 Peer review 4 Dual use papers and national security 5 Impact 6 PNAS Plus and significance statements 7 Sustainability science 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] PNAS was established by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in 1914, with its first issue published in 1915. The NAS itself had been founded in 1863 as a private institution, but chartered by the United States Congress, with the goal to "investigate, examine, experiment, and report upon any subject of science or art". By 1914 the Academy had been well established. Prior to the inception of PNAS, the National Academy of Sciences published three volumes of organizational transactions, consisting mostly of minutes of meetings and annual reports. In accordance with the guiding principles established by astronomer George Ellery Hale, the foreign secretary of NAS in 1914, PNAS publishes brief first announcements of Academy members' and foreign associates' more important contributions to research and of work that appears to a member to be of particular importance.[2]

Editors[edit] The following people have been editors-in-chief of the journal: 1914–1918: Arthur A. Noyes 1918–1940: Raymond Pearl 1940–1949: Robert A. Millikan 1950–1955: Linus Pauling 1955–1960: Wendell M. Stanley 1960–1968: Saunders Mac Lane 1968–1972: John T. Edsall 1972–1980: Robert Louis Sinsheimer 1980–1984: Daniel E. Koshland, Jr. 1985–1988: Maxine Singer 1988–1991: Igor B. Dawid 1991–1995: Lawrence Bogorad 1995–2006: Nicholas R. Cozzarelli 2006–2011: Randy Schekman 2011–2017: Inder Verma[3] 2018–present: Natasha Raikhel The first managing editor of the journal was mathematician Edwin Bidwell Wilson.

Peer review[edit] All research papers published in PNAS are peer-reviewed.[2] The standard mode is for papers to be submitted directly to PNAS rather than going through an Academy member. Members may handle the peer review process for up to 4 of their own papers per year—this is an open review process because the member selects and communicates directly with the referees. These submissions and reviews, like all for PNAS, are evaluated for publication by the PNAS Editorial Board. Until July 1, 2010, members were allowed to communicate up to 2 papers from non-members to PNAS every year. The review process for these papers was anonymous in that the identities of the referees were not revealed to the authors. Referees were selected by the NAS member.[2][4][5] PNAS eliminated communicated submissions through NAS members as of July 1, 2010, while continuing to make the final decision on all PNAS papers.[6]

Dual use papers and national security[edit] In 2003, PNAS issued an editorial stating its policy on publication of sensitive material in the life sciences.[7] PNAS stated that it would "continue to monitor submitted papers for material that may be deemed inappropriate and that could, if published, compromise the public welfare." This statement was in keeping with the efforts of several other journals.[8][9] In 2005 PNAS published an article titled "Analyzing a bioterror attack on the food supply: The case of botulinum toxin in milk"[10] despite objections raised by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.[11] The paper was published with a commentary by the president of the Academy at the time, Bruce Alberts, titled "Modeling attacks on the food supply".[12]

Impact[edit] PNAS is widely read by researchers, particularly those involved in basic sciences, around the world. PNAS Online receives over 21 million hits per month.[13] The journal is notable for its policy of making research articles freely available online to everyone six months after publication (delayed open access), or immediately if authors have chosen the "open access" option (hybrid open access). Immediately free online access (without the six-month delay) is available to more than 100 developing countries[14] and for some categories of papers such as colloquia. Abstracts, tables of contents, and online supporting information are free. Anyone can sign up to receive free tables of contents by email.[15] Because PNAS is self-sustaining and receives no direct funding from the U.S. government or the National Academy of Sciences, the journal charges authors publication fees and subscription fees to offset the cost of the editorial and publication process. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2015 impact factor of 9.423.[16] PNAS is the second most cited scientific journal, with nearly 1.4 million citations from 1999 to 2009 (the Journal of Biological Chemistry is the most cited journal over this period).[17] PNAS has received occasional criticism for releasing papers to science journalists as much as a week before making them available to the general public; this practice is known as a news embargo.[18] According to critics, this allows mainstream news outlets to misrepresent or exaggerate the implications of experimental findings before the scientific community is able to respond.[19][20] Science writer Ed Yong, on the other hand, has argued that the real problem is not embargoes themselves, but the press releases issued by research institutes and universities.[18]

PNAS Plus and significance statements[edit] In January 2011, PNAS started considering manuscripts for exclusive online publication, "PNAS Plus" papers.[21] These have a larger maximum page limit (10 rather than 6 pages). Accompanying these papers both online and in print was a one- to two-page summary description written by the authors for a broad readership. Since mid-October 2012, PNAS Plus authors no longer need to submit author summaries and are instead asked to submit a 120-word-maximum statement about the significance of their paper. The significance statement will appear both online and in print.[22] Since July 15, 2013, the significance statement is required for all research articles.

Sustainability science[edit] In 2006 PNAS launched a new section of the journal dedicated to sustainability science, an emerging field of research dealing with the interactions between natural and social systems, and with how those interactions affect the challenge of sustainability: meeting the needs of present and future generations while substantially reducing poverty and conserving the planet's life support systems. See the Sustainability Science portal here.

References[edit] ^ "08.2.2009 - Top Ten Most-Cited Journals (All Fields), 1999-2009". Thomson Reuters. 2 August 2009. Retrieved 2017-01-08.  ^ a b c Information for Authors ^ Robbins, Gary (December 28, 2017), "Renowned Salk Institute scientist loses a top post due to gender discrimination claims", Los Angeles Times  ^ Alan Fersht (May 3, 2005). "Editorial: How and why to publish in PNAS". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 102 (18): 6241–6242. doi:10.1073/pnas.0502713102. PMC 1088396 . PMID 16576766.  ^ Eugene Garfield (September 7, 1987). "Classic Papers from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences" (PDF). Essays of an Information Scientist. 10 (36): 247. Retrieved 2007-09-28.  ^ Schekman, Randy (2009). "PNAS will eliminate Communicated submissions in July 2010". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106 (37): 15518. doi:10.1073/pnas.0909515106.  ^ Cozzarelli, Nicholas R. (2003). "PNAS policy on publication of sensitive material in the life sciences". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 100 (4): 1463. doi:10.1073/pnas.0630514100. PMC 149849 . PMID 12590130.  ^ Harmon, Amy (February 16, 2003). "Journal Editors to Consider U.S. Security in Publishing". New York Times.  ^ Fauber, John (February 16, 2003). "Science articles to be censored in terror fight". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.  ^ Wein, L. M. (2005). "Analyzing a bioterror attack on the food supply: The case of botulinum toxin in milk". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 102 (28): 9984–9989. doi:10.1073/pnas.0408526102. PMC 1161865 . PMID 15985558.  ^ "Provocative report on bioterror online". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. June 29, 2005.  ^ Alberts, B. (2005). "Modeling attacks on the food supply". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 102 (28): 9737–9738. doi:10.1073/pnas.0504944102. PMC 1175018 . PMID 15985557.  ^ About PNAS ^ "Developing Countries Initiatives". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2016-04-01. Retrieved 2016-07-13.  ^ "PNAS electronic table of contents". PNAS website for signup and setting management.  ^ "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America". 2015 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2016.  ^ "Top Ten Most-Cited Journals (All Fields), 1999–2009". 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2012.  ^ a b Yong, Ed (2009-08-16). "Does Science Journalism Falter or Flourish Under Embargo?". NationalGeographic. Retrieved 2013-08-16.  ^ Liberman, Mark (April 22, 2009). "Debasing the Coinage of Rational Inquiry: a Case Study". Language Log. Retrieved April 22, 2009.  ^ Timmer, John (2009-04-16). "Social Media Threats Hyped by Science Reporting, Not Science". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2009-04-20.  ^ Schekman, R. (2010). "Editorial: Creating a new option for online-only research articles: PNAS Plus". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107 (35): 15309. doi:10.1073/pnas.1011179107.  ^ Verma, I. (2012). "PNAS Plus: Refining a successful experiment". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109: 13469. doi:10.1073/pnas.1212313109. PMC 3427102 . PMID 22872861. 

External links[edit] Official website Retrieved from "" Categories: Weekly journalsDelayed open access journalsHybrid open access journalsEnglish-language journalsPublications established in 1915Multidisciplinary scientific journalsUnited States National Academy of SciencesAcademic journals published by learned and professional societies of the United StatesHidden categories: Use mdy dates from February 2013Pages using deprecated image syntax

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikispecies Languages Bân-lâm-gúČeštinaDeutschEestiEspañolفارسیFrançaisItalianoעבריתNederlands日本語NorskPolskiPortuguêsRomânăРусскийСрпски / srpskiSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSuomiSvenskaதமிழ்Українська中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 12 January 2018, at 12:46. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.316","walltime":"0.382","ppvisitednodes":{"value":2063,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":57904,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":5944,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":13,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":3,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 346.136 1 -total"," 45.24% 156.599 1 Template:Reflist"," 30.14% 104.309 1 Template:Infobox_journal"," 18.89% 65.382 7 Template:Cite_web"," 17.16% 59.393 1 Template:Infobox"," 11.52% 39.890 9 Template:Cite_journal"," 8.34% 28.869 1 Template:Use_mdy_dates"," 7.93% 27.461 2 Template:Namespace_detect"," 7.55% 26.147 1 Template:Official_website"," 3.38% 11.702 1 Template:Infobox_journal/ISSN-eISSN"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.153","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":5126823,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1269","timestamp":"20180115193035","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":87,"wgHostname":"mw1329"});});

Proceedings_of_the_National_Academy_of_Sciences - Photos and All Basic Informations

Proceedings_of_the_National_Academy_of_Sciences More Links

ISO 4Outline Of Academic DisciplinesMultidisciplinarityNatasha RaikhelUnited States National Academy Of SciencesOpen Access JournalDelayed Open Access JournalImpact FactorInternational Standard Serial NumberLibrary Of Congress Control NumberCODENOCLCJSTORScientific JournalNational Academy Of SciencesNational Academy Of SciencesCongressional CharterUnited States CongressGeorge Ellery HaleEditors-in-chiefArthur Amos NoyesRaymond PearlRobert Andrews MillikanLinus PaulingWendell Meredith StanleySaunders Mac LaneJohn Tileston EdsallDaniel E. Koshland, Jr.Maxine SingerLawrence BogoradNicholas R. CozzarelliRandy SchekmanInder VermaNatasha RaikhelEdwin Bidwell WilsonPeer-reviewedUnited States Department Of Health And Human ServicesBruce AlbertsDelayed Open Access JournalHybrid Open Access JournalUnited States National Academy Of SciencesArticle Processing ChargeJournal Citation ReportsImpact FactorJournal Of Biological ChemistryScience JournalismNews EmbargoEd YongPress ReleaseSustainability ScienceLos Angeles TimesDigital Object IdentifierPubMed CentralPubMed IdentifierEugene GarfieldDigital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed CentralPubMed IdentifierThe New York TimesMilwaukee Journal SentinelDigital Object IdentifierPubMed CentralPubMed IdentifierThe Atlanta Journal-ConstitutionDigital Object IdentifierPubMed CentralPubMed IdentifierJournal Citation ReportsWeb Of ScienceThomson ReutersNational Geographic (magazine)Mark LibermanLanguage LogArs TechnicaDigital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed CentralPubMed IdentifierHelp:CategoryCategory:Weekly JournalsCategory:Delayed Open Access JournalsCategory:Hybrid Open Access JournalsCategory:English-language JournalsCategory:Publications Established In 1915Category:Multidisciplinary Scientific JournalsCategory:United States National Academy Of SciencesCategory:Academic Journals Published By Learned And Professional Societies Of The United StatesCategory:Use Mdy Dates From February 2013Category:Pages Using Deprecated Image SyntaxDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link