Contents 1 History of phycology 2 Notable phycologists 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History of phycology[edit] Main article: History of phycology While both the ancient Greeks and Romans knew of algae, and the ancient Chinese[1] even cultivated certain varieties as food, the scientific study of algae began in the late 18th century with the description and naming of Fucus maximus (now Ecklonia maxima) in 1757 by Pehr Osbeck. This was followed by the descriptive work of scholars such as Dawson Turner and Carl Adolph Agardh, but it wasn't until later in the 19th century that efforts were made by J.V. Lamouroux and William Henry Harvey to create significant groupings within the algae. Harvey has been called "the father of modern phycology"[2] in part for his division of the algae into four major divisions based upon their pigmentation. It was in the late 19th and early 20th century, that phycology became a recognized field of its own. Men such as Friedrich Traugott Kützing continued the descriptive work. In Japan, beginning in 1889, Kintarô Okamura not only provided detailed descriptions of Japanese coastal algae, he also provided comprehensive analysis of their distribution.[3] Although R. K. Greville published his Algae Britannicae as early as 1830, it was not until 1902 with the publication of A Catalogue of the British Marine Algae[4] by Edward Arthur Lionel Batters that the systematic correlation of records, extensive distribution mapping and the development of identification keys began in earnest. As early as 1803 Jean Pierre Étienne Vaucher had published on the isogamy (sexual conjugation) in the algae, but it was in the early 20th century that reproduction and development began to be extensively studied. The 1935 and 1945 comprehensive volumes of Felix Eugen Fritsch consolidated what was then known about the morphology and reproduction of the algae. This was followed in the 1950s by the development of area checklists, led by Mary W. Parke with her 1931 Manx Algae and followed in 1953 by her "A preliminary check-list of British marine algae"[5] Although Lily Newton's 1931 Handbook[6] provided the first identification key for the algae of the British Isles, it wasn't until the 1960s that the development of such keys became routine. The 1980s with the new emphasis on ecology[7] saw increased study of algal communities, and the place of algae in larger plant communities, and provided an additional tool for explaining geographical variation.[8][9] The continent with the richest diversity of seaweeds is Australia, which has 2,000 species.[10]

Notable phycologists[edit] M. O. P. Iyengar (1886-1963) Elsie M. Burrows (Dr.) (1913–1986) Blackler, Margaret Constance Helen (1902–1981) Elsie Conway (née) Phillips) FRSE (1902–1992) Visited University of British Columbia in 1969–1970 and researched there in 1972–1974. President of the British Phycological Society 1965–1967. Retired in 1969. Máirin de Valéra (1912–1984) Kathleen Mary Drew-Baker (Dr) (1901–1957) M. S. Balakrishnan (1917–1990) Dixon, Peter Stanley (1929–1993) Eifion Jones, William (1925–2004) Entwisle, Tim (Director and Chief Executive, Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne)[11] Irvine, David Edward Guthrie (1924–1995) Manton, Irene (1904–1988) Newton, Lily (née Batten) (1893–1981) Oswald, William J. (1919–2005) Papenfuss, George Frederik (1903–1981) Parke, Mary (1908–1989) Vasudeva Krishnamurthy (14 August 1921 – 9 May 2014) Taylor, William Randolph (1895–1990) Fernandez, Cindy Trono, Gavino Cajulao Jr.,[12] awarded as a National Scientist of the Philippines in 2014 for his research on seaweeds Sommerfeld, Milton (1940-2017)

See also[edit] Algaculture, the culture of algae Algae fuel History of phycology Phycological Society of America

References[edit] ^ Porterfield, William M. (1922) "References to the algae in the Chinese classics" Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 49: pp. 297–300 ^ "About Phycology" Lance Armstrong Foundation ^ Tokida, Jun and Hirose, Hiroyuki (1975) Advance of Phycology in Japan Junk, The Hague, Netherlands, page 241, ISBN 90-6193-026-X ^ Batters, Edward Arthur Lionel (1902) A catalogue of the British Marine Algae being a list of all the species of seaweeds known to occur on the shores of the British Islands, with the localities where they are found Newman, London, OCLC 600805992, published as a supplement to Journal of Botany, British and Foreign ^ Parke, Mary W. (1953) "A preliminary check-list of British marine algae" Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 32(2): pp. 497–520; revised and corrected through the third revision of 1976 ^ Newton, Lily (1931) A Handbook of the British Seaweeds British Museum, London ^ Walter, Heinrich and Breckle, Siegmar-Walter (1983) Ökologie der Erde: : Geo-Biosphäre: Band 1, Ökologische Grundlagen in globaler Sicht (Ecology of the Earth: the geobiosphere: Volume 1, Ecological principles in a global perspective) Fischer, Stuttgart, Germany, ISBN 3-437-20297-9; in German ^ Stevenson, R. Jan; Bothwell, Max L. and Lowe, Rex L. (1996) Algal ecology: freshwater benthic ecosystems Academic Press, San Diego, California, page 23, ISBN 0-12-668450-2 ^ Figueiras, F. G.; Picher, G. C. and Estrada, M. (2008) "Chapter 10: Harmful Algal Bloom Dynamics in Relation to Physical Processes" page 130 In Granéli, E. and Turner, J. T. (2008) Ecology of Harmful Algae Springer, Berlin, pp. 127–138, ISBN 3-540-74009-0 ^ "Marine algae". Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust. Retrieved 21 September 2014.  ^ RBG staff - Tim Entwisle ^ "Dr. Trono is the New National Scientist". Retrieved August 25, 2014. 

External links[edit] Algae: The World's Most Important "Plants" video lecture by Russell Chapman from 2006. British Phycological Society International Phycological Society Algological Studies is an international journal of phycology which publishes peer reviewed scientific papers of international significance from the entire field of algology (phycology) AlgaeBase Seaweed Site ANSP Phycology Section v t e Botany History of botany Subdisciplines Plant systematics Ethnobotany Paleobotany Plant anatomy Plant ecology Phytogeography Geobotany Flora Phytochemistry Plant pathology Bryology Phycology Floristics Dendrology Plant groups Algae Archaeplastida Bryophyte Non-vascular plants Vascular plants Spermatophytes Pteridophyte Gymnosperm Angiosperm Plant morphology (glossary) Plant cells Cell wall Phragmoplast Plastid Plasmodesma Vacuole Tissues Meristem Vascular tissue Vascular bundle Ground tissue Mesophyll Cork Wood Storage organs Vegetative Root Rhizoid Bulb Rhizome Shoot Stem Leaf Petiole Cataphyll Bud Sessility Reproductive (Flower) Flower development Inflorescence Umbel Raceme Bract Pedicellate Flower Whorl Floral symmetry Floral diagram Floral formula Receptacle Hypanthium (Floral cup) Perianth Tepal Petal Sepal Sporophyll Gynoecium Ovary Ovule Stigma Archegonium Androecium Stamen Staminode Pollen Tapetum Gynandrium Gametophyte Sporophyte Plant embryo Fruit Fruit anatomy Berry Capsule Seed Seed dispersal Endosperm Surface structures Epicuticular wax Plant cuticle Epidermis Stoma Nectary Trichome Prickle Plant physiology Materials Nutrition Photosynthesis Chlorophyll Plant hormone Transpiration Turgor pressure Bulk flow Aleurone Phytomelanin Sugar Sap Starch Cellulose Plant growth and habit Secondary growth Woody plants Herbaceous plants Habit Vines Lianas Shrubs Subshrubs Trees Succulent plants Reproduction Evolution Ecology Alternation of generations Sporangium Spore Microsporangia Microspore Megasporangium Megaspore Pollination Pollinators Pollen tube Double fertilization Germination Evolutionary development Evolutionary history timeline Hardiness zone Plant taxonomy History of plant systematics Herbarium Biological classification Botanical nomenclature Botanical name Correct name Author citation International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) - for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP) Taxonomic rank International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) Plant taxonomy systems Cultivated plant taxonomy Citrus taxonomy cultigen cultivar Group grex Practice Agronomy Floriculture Forestry Horticulture Lists Related topics Botanical terms Botanists by author abbreviation Botanical expedition Category Portal WikiProject Retrieved from "" Categories: PhycologyHidden categories: Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text

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