Contents 1 Summary 2 Reception 3 Publication 4 References 5 External links


Summary[edit] Lewontin, Rose and Kamin make a strong statement about the entanglement of science and politics: "Science is the ultimate legitimator of bourgeois ideology", and makes the following comparison "If biological determinism is a weapon in the struggle between classes, then the universities are weapons factories, and their teaching and research faculties are the engineers, designers, and production workers".[3] Lewontin, Rose and Kamin discuss and criticize the views of authors such as Edward O. Wilson, Richard Dawkins, and Donald Symons. They maintain that, like some other sociobiologists, Symons maintains that "the manifest trait is not itself coded by genes, but that a potential is coded and the trait only arises when the appropriate environmental cue is given." In their view, "Despite its superficial appearance of dependence on environment, this model is completely genetically determined, independent of the environment." They write that Symons' arguments in The Evolution of Human Sexuality (1979) provide examples "of how sociobiological theory can explain anything, no matter how contradictory, by a little mental gymnastics".[4]


Reception[edit] The ethologist Richard Dawkins reviewed Not in Our Genes in New Scientist, where in reply to Lewontin, Rose, and Kamin's criticism, he defended the "perfectly sensible belief" in reductionist arguments of viewing properties of the whole "in terms of its parts", which he saw in the book as (ironically) reduced to "an idiotic travesty", "that the properties of a complex whole are simply the sum of those same properties in the parts". He also accused the authors of giving "ideology priority over truth",[3] and of promoting a "bizarre conspiracy theory of science". Accusing them of lies and idiocy, he concluded that Not in Our Genes is "silly, pretentious, obscurantist and mendacious".[5] The psychologist David P. Barash wrote that Lewontin, Rose, and Kamin "unfairly lump sociobiology with racist eugenics and misguided Social Darwinism."[6] The biologist Dean Hamer, writing in The Science of Desire (1994), considered Not in Our Genes a political rather than a scientific book, and disliked its politics. Nevertheless, Hamer commented that the book taught him that the genetics of human behavior, especially of sexuality, is an emotionally charged topic, and partly motivated him to change fields from metallothionein research to the genetics of homosexuality.[7] Richard Webster, writing in Why Freud Was Wrong (1995), called Not in Our Genes, "a critique of sociobiology and genetic determinism which is, for the most part, much more subtle and valuable than the Marxism which frequently informs it."[1] The historian of science Roger Smith described Not in Our Genes as an accessible critique of sociobiology.[8] The psychologist Steven Pinker criticized Not in Our Genes in his How the Mind Works (1997), where he wrote that Lewontin, Rose and Kamin drop "innuendos about Donald Symons's sex life" and misquote Richard Dawkins,[9] and again in The Blank Slate (2002), where he wrote that they use words such as "determinism" and "reductionism" as "vague terms of abuse", and misrepresent the views of scientists such as Wilson and Dawkins, falsely ascribing ridiculous beliefs to them.[2]


Publication[edit] Not in Our Genes: Biology, Ideology and Human Nature ISBN 0-14-022605-2


References[edit] ^ a b c Webster, Richard (2005). Why Freud Was Wrong: Sin, Science and Psychoanalysis. Oxford: The Orwell Press. p. 611. ISBN 0-9515922-5-4.  ^ a b Pinker, Steven (2003). The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature. London: Penguin Books. pp. 112–113. ISBN 0-140-27605-X.  ^ a b Richard Dawkins, "Sociobiology: the debate continues", a review of Not in Our Genes: Biology, Ideology and Human Nature by Steven Rose, Leon J. Kamin and R.C.Lewontin (Pantheon Books, 1985), appeared in New Scientist 24 January 1985, web version ^ Lewontin, Richard; Rose, Steven; Kamin, Leon (1990). Not in Our Genes: Biology, Ideology and Human Nature. London: Penguin Books. pp. 74–5, 253, 259–6, 262. ISBN 0-14-013525-1.  ^ Dawkins, C.R. Critical review in New Scientist by Richard Dawkins. New Scientist 24 January 1985 ^ Barash, David P. (1988). The Hare and the Tortoise: Culture, Biology, and Human Nature. New York: Penguin Books. p. 329. ISBN 0-14-008748-6.  ^ Hamer, Dean; Copeland, Peter (1994). The Science of Desire: The Search for the Gay Gene and the Biology of Behavior. New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 25–26. ISBN 0-671-88724-6.  ^ Smith, Roger (1997). The Norton History of the Human Sciences. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 1006. ISBN 0-393-31733-1.  ^ Pinker, Steven (1997). How the Mind Works. London: Penguin Books. p. 45. ISBN 0-7139-9240-9. 


External links[edit] Critical review in New Scientist by Richard Dawkins. A short favourable review v t e Sociobiology Topics Behavioural genetics Challenge hypothesis Dual inheritance theory Ethology Evolutionary psychology Evolution of morality Evolutionary models of food sharing Group selection Kin recognition Kin selection Male Warrior hypothesis Reciprocal altruism Sexual selection in human evolution Sex and psychology Sociality (Eusociality, Evolution of eusociality, Presociality) Dunbar's number Supporters Anne Campbell Noam Chomsky Richard Dawkins Daniel Dennett Sarah Blaffer Hrdy Steven Pinker Frans de Waal E. O. Wilson Sociobiology: The New Synthesis Robert Wright Opponents Stephen Jay Gould Leon Kamin Richard Lewontin Steven Rose Not in Our Genes Evolutionary biology portal Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Not_in_Our_Genes&oldid=820863186" Categories: 1984 booksBiology booksBooks by Leon KaminBooks by Richard LewontinEnglish-language booksMarxist booksPantheon Books booksSociobiologyHidden categories: Pages to import images to Wikidata


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Richard LewontinSteven RoseLeon KaminSociobiologyHardcoverPaperbackInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-14-013525-1Richard LewontinSteven RoseLeon KaminSociobiologyGenetic DeterminismMarxismEdward O. WilsonRichard DawkinsDonald SymonsThe Evolution Of Human SexualityRichard DawkinsNew ScientistReductionismConspiracy TheoryObscurantistMendaciousDavid P. BarashEugenicsSocial DarwinismDean HamerThe Science Of DesireHomosexualityRichard Webster (British Author)Why Freud Was WrongSteven PinkerHow The Mind WorksThe Blank SlateInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-14-022605-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-9515922-5-4International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-140-27605-XNew ScientistInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-14-013525-1New ScientistRichard DawkinsInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-14-008748-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-671-88724-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-393-31733-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7139-9240-9New ScientistRichard DawkinsTemplate:SociobiologyTemplate Talk:SociobiologySociobiologyBehavioural GeneticsChallenge HypothesisDual Inheritance TheoryEthologyEvolutionary PsychologyEvolution Of MoralityEvolutionary Models Of Food SharingGroup SelectionKin RecognitionKin SelectionMale Warrior HypothesisReciprocal AltruismSexual Selection In Human EvolutionSex And PsychologySocialityEusocialityEvolution Of EusocialityPresocialityDunbar's NumberAnne Campbell (academic)Noam ChomskyRichard DawkinsDaniel DennettSarah Blaffer HrdySteven PinkerFrans De WaalE. O. WilsonSociobiology: The New SynthesisRobert Wright (journalist)Stephen Jay GouldLeon KaminRichard LewontinSteven RosePortal:Evolutionary BiologyHelp:CategoryCategory:1984 BooksCategory:Biology BooksCategory:Books By Leon KaminCategory:Books By Richard LewontinCategory:English-language BooksCategory:Marxist BooksCategory:Pantheon Books BooksCategory:SociobiologyCategory:Pages To Import Images To WikidataDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer