Contents 1 Description 1.1 Applicability 1.2 Compliance 2 Response 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Description[edit] The NIH Public Access Policy applies Division G, Title II, Section 218 of PL 110-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008) which states:[2] "The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, that the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law." The policy was initially implemented by the NIH as a voluntary policy in 2004.[3][4] Deposit was then mandated on January 11, 2008, effective April 7, 2008.[5][1] Later in 2008, the mandatory policy was codified into law as Division G, Title II, Section 218 of PL 110-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008).[6] Applicability[edit] The work must be: 1. Peer reviewed[2] 2. Published or approved for publication by a journal on or after April 7, 2008[2] 3. "And, arises from: Any direct funding from an NIH grant or cooperative agreement active in Fiscal Year 2008 or beyond, or; Any direct funding from an NIH contract signed on or after April 7, 2008, or; Any direct funding from the NIH Intramural Program, or; An NIH employee"[2] Compliance[edit] Authors hold copyright in their work, and are responsible for making sure that in any agreement with a publisher they keep the right to give PubMed Central a non-exclusive license to make a copy of the paper available.[7] Journals with agreements with NIH submit final published versions of papers. For other publishers, authors are required to submit papers when they are accepted for publication.[8] The NIH grant holder is responsible for ensuring this.[9] The author, publisher, or institution continues to hold the copyright as usual.[7] The author may choose to include the article in the Open Access Subset by using one of the Creative Commons licenses.[10] Publishers may require that "public access" be delayed up to 12 months after publication. Only the author's final draft needs to be published, not any contributions made by the publisher.[11] PubMed Central is the designated repository for papers submitted in accordance with the NIH Public Access Policy and for those that fall under similar policies from other funding agencies.[12] By April 2014, the NIH had increased enforcement of compliance with its Public Access Policy by delaying continuing grant payments for noncompliance.[13]

Response[edit] Peter Suber described the policy as "the first open access mandate for a major public funding agency in the United States; it is also the first one for a public funding agency anywhere in the world that was demanded by the national legislature rather than initiated and adopted independently by the agency."[14] In the first few years after the policy was introduced, there were two major legislative efforts to reverse it, primarily driven by some publishers' objections. According to Patrick Ross, the director of the Copyright Alliance: "The mere fact that a scientist accepts as part of her funding a federal grant should not enable the federal government to commandeer the resulting research paper and treat it as a public domain work."[15] The Fair Copyright in Research Works Act was a bill sponsored by John Conyers in 2008 and 2009 that sought to reverse the NIH policy.[16] It failed to leave committee either year.[17] In 2011 the Research Works Act was introduced to end the policy.[18] It died after protests from the academic community and science publisher Elsevier's withdrawal of support.[19] In 2013 a survey of persons receiving NIH funding and therefore subject to the NIH Public Access policy reported that among 94 respondents, 30% had little understanding of the NIH Public Access Policy and all but two of them said that they accepted the default terms of their copyright forms "as is".[20]

See also[edit] PubMed Central

References[edit] ^ a b National Institutes of Health, "Request for Information: NIH Public Access Policy", available at ("NIH implemented the Public Access Policy on January 11, 2008.") ^ a b c d "NIH Public Access Policy Details". National Institutes of Health. 25 March 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2017.  ^ "Enhanced public access to NIH research information" (Notice NOT-OD-04-064, NIH Guide to Grants and Contracts, 3 September 2004). ^ Zerhouni, E. A. (2004). "INFORMATION ACCESS: NIH Public Access Policy". Science. 306 (5703): 1895. doi:10.1126/science.1106929. PMC 1808281 . PMID 15591188.  ^ National Institutes of Health, "Policy on Enhancing Public Access to Archived Publications Resulting from NIH-Funded Research", Feb. 3, 2005, NIH Notice Number NOT-OD-05-022. ^ National Institutes of Health, "Revised Policy on Enhancing Public Access to Archived Publications Resulting from NIH-Funded Research", Notice No. NOT-OD-08-033. ^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions about the NIH Public Access Policy". National Institutes of Health. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2017.  ^ "How Papers Get Into PMC". National Institutes of Health. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2017.  ^ "Complying with the NIH Public Access Policy - Copyright Considerations and Options". The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition.  ^ "Open Access Subset". National Center for Biotechnology Information. 13 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2017.  ^ Willinsky, John (18 March 2009). "A (Publishing) House Divided: Scholarly Publishers in Support and Opposition to Public Access to Research". Slaw. Retrieved 8 January 2017.  ^ "NIH Public Access & PMC". National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2017.  ^ Van Noorden, Richard (9 April 2014). "Funders punish open-access dodgers". Nature. 508 (7495): 161–161. doi:10.1038/508161a. PMID 24717489.  ^ Suber, Peter (16 April 2008). "An open access mandate for the National Institutes of Health". Open Medicine. 2 (2): e14-16. PMC 3090178 . PMID 21602938.  ^ "Statement from Copyright Alliance Executive Director Patrick Ross re: Introduction of HR-6845, the Fair Copyright in Research Works Act". Copyright Alliance. 10 September 2008. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008.  ^ Suber, Peter (October 2008). "A bill to overturn the NIH policy". SPARC Open Access Newsletter.  ^ "Fair Copyright in Research Works Act (2009; 111th Congress H.R. 801)".  ^ Sporkin, Andi (December 23, 2011). "Publishers Applaud "Research Works Act," Bipartisan Legislation To End Government Mandates on Private-Sector Scholarly Publishing". Association of American Publishers. Archived from the original on January 6, 2012.  ^ Howard, Jennifer (27 February 2012). "Legislation to Bar Public-Access Requirement on Federal Research Is Dead". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved 28 February 2012.  ^ Charbonneau, D. H.; McGlone, J. (2013). "Faculty experiences with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) public access policy, compliance issues, and copyright practices". Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA. 101: 21–25. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.101.1.004. PMC 3543125 . PMID 23405043. 

Further reading[edit] Banks, M. A.; Persily, G. L. (2010). "Campus perspective on the National Institutes of Health public access policy: University of California, San Francisco, library experience". Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA. 98 (3): 256–259. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.98.3.015.  Barnett, M. C.; Keener, M. W. (2007). "Expanding medical library support in response to the National Institutes of Health Public Access Policy". Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA. 95 (4): 450–453. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.95.4.450. PMC 2000773 . PMID 17971895.  Poynder, Richard (18 May 2012). "Open and Shut?: Open Access Mandates: Ensuring Compliance". Retrieved 24 December 2013.  Zerhouni, E. A. (2004). "INFORMATION ACCESS: NIH Public Access Policy". Science. 306 (5703): 1895. doi:10.1126/science.1106929. PMC 1808281 . PMID 15591188. 

External links[edit] Official website v t e National Institutes of Health Institutes National Cancer Institute National Eye Institute National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute National Human Genome Research Institute National Institute on Aging National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering National Institute of Child Health and Human Development National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases National Institute on Drug Abuse National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences National Institute of General Medical Sciences National Institute of Mental Health National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke National Institute of Nursing Research National Library of Medicine Centers Center for Information Technology Center for Scientific Review John E. Fogarty International Center National Center for Complementary and Integrative Medicine National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences Vaccine Research Center National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Programs Visible Human Project National Diabetes Education Program Directors Joseph J. Kinyoun Milton J. Rosenau John F. Anderson George W. McCoy Lewis R. Thompson Rolla Dyer William H. Sebrell, Jr James Augustine Shannon Robert Q. Marston Robert Stone Donald S. Fredrickson James B. Wyngaarden Bernadine Healy Harold E. Varmus Elias Zerhouni Francis Collins Related NIH Record United States Public Health Service Division of Intramural Research National Institutes of Health campus National Institutes of Health Director's Pioneer Award NIH Public Access Policy National Center for Research Resources National Institutes of Health Police v t e Open access Concepts Free to read Gratis versus libre Subscription business model Paywall Copyright transfer agreement Academic journal Scientific journal Manuscript Preprint Article processing charge Predatory publishing Open access statements Budapest Open Access Initiative Berlin Declaration Bethesda Statement Durham Statement NIH Public Access Policy Research Works Act Strategies for implementing open access Open access journal ("gold OA") Self-archiving ("green OA") Open-access mandate Open access repository Hybrid open access journal Delayed open access journal Organizations associated with open access Creative Commons Directory of Open Access Journals Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association Open Archives Initiative Open Knowledge Open Society Foundations Public Library of Science Registry of Open Access Repositories Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition Sci-Hub List of open access projects Access to knowledge movement Access2Research List of open-access journals List of repositories Public Knowledge Project The Cost of Knowledge Retrieved from "" Categories: Internet accessOpen access (publishing)United States intellectual property lawNational Institutes of Health

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