Contents 1 History 2 Directors 3 Locations and campuses 4 Research 4.1 Intramural research 4.2 Public Access Policy 4.3 NIH Interagency Pain Research Coordinating Committee 4.4 Economic return 4.5 Notable discoveries and developments 4.5.1 NIH Toolbox 5 Funding 5.1 Budget and politics 5.1.1 Historical funding 5.2 Extramural research 5.3 Funding criteria 5.3.1 Gender and sex bias 5.4 Government shutdown 5.5 Stakeholders 5.5.1 General public 5.5.2 Extramural researchers and scientists 6 Commercial partnerships 7 Institutes and centers 8 See also 9 References 10 External links


History[edit] The Laboratory of Hygiene in 1887 Ida A. Bengtson, a bacteriologist who in 1916 was the first woman hired to work in the Hygienic Laboratory.[6] Dedication of first six NIH buildings by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940 NIH campus in Bethesda, Maryland, in 1945 NIH's roots extend back to a Marine Hospital Service in the late 1790s that provided medical relief to sick and disabled men in the U.S. Navy. By 1870, a network of marine hospitals had developed and was placed under the charge of a medical officer within the Bureau of the Treasury Department. In the late 1870s, Congress allocated funds to investigate the causes of epidemics like cholera and yellow fever, and it created the National Board of Health, making medical research an official government initiative.[7] In 1887, a laboratory for the study of bacteria, the Hygienic Laboratory, was established at the Marine Hospital in New York.[8][9] In the early 1900s, Congress began appropriating funds for the Marine Hospital Service. By 1922, this organization changed its name to Public Health Services and established a Special Cancer Investigations laboratory at Harvard Medical School. This marked the beginning of a partnership with universities. In 1930 the Hygienic Laboratory was re-designated as the National Institute of Health by the Ransdell Act and was given $750,000 to construct two NIH buildings. Over the next few decades, Congress would increase its funding tremendously to the NIH, and various institutes and centers within the NIH were created for specific research programs.[10] In 1944, the Public Health Service Act was approved, and National Cancer Institute became a division of NIH. In 1948, the name changed from National Institute of Health to National Institutes of Health. In the 1960s, virologist and cancer researcher Chester M. Southam injected HeLa cancer cells into patients at the Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital.[11]:130 When three doctors resigned after refusing to inject patients without their consent, the experiment gained considerable media attention.[11]:133 The NIH was a major source of funding for Southam’s research and had required all research involving human subjects to obtain their consent prior to any experimentation.[11]:135 Upon investigating all of their grantee institutions, the NIH discovered that the majority of them did not protect the rights of human subjects. From then on, the NIH has required all grantee institutions to approve any research proposals involving human experimentation with review boards.[11]:135 In 1967, the Division of Regional Medical Programs was created to administer grants for research for heart disease, cancer, and strokes. That same year, the NIH director lobbied the White House for increased federal funding in order to increase research and the speed with which health benefits could be brought to the people. An advisory committee was formed to oversee further development of the NIH and its research programs. By 1971 cancer research was in full force and President Nixon signed the National Cancer Act, initiating a National Cancer Program, President's Cancer Panel, National Cancer Advisory Board, and 15 new research, training, and demonstration centers.[12] Funding for the NIH has often been a source of contention in Congress, serving as a proxy for the political currents of the time. In 1992, the NIH encompassed nearly 1 percent of the federal government's operating budget and controlled more than 50 percent of all funding for health research, and 85 percent of all funding for health studies in universities.[13] While government funding for research in other disciplines has been increasing at a rate similar to inflation since the 1970s, research funding for the NIH nearly tripled through the 1990s and early 2000s, but has remained relatively stagnant since then.[14] By the 1990s, the NIH committee focus had shifted to DNA research, and launched the Human Genome Project.[citation needed] In 2001, President Bush instituted a ban on federal funding for stem-cell research, which was revoked by President Obama in 2009.[15]


Directors[edit] Joseph J. Kinyoun, served August 1887 - April 30, 1899 Milton J. Rosenau, served May 1, 1899 – September 30, 1909 John F. Anderson, served October 1, 1909 – November 19, 1915 George W. McCoy, served November 20, 1915 – January 31, 1937 Lewis R. Thompson, served February 1, 1937 – January 31, 1942 Rolla Dyer, served February 1, 1942 – September 30, 1950 William H. Sebrell, Jr, served October 1, 1950 – July 31, 1955 James Augustine Shannon, served August 1, 1955 – August 31, 1968 Robert Q. Marston, served September 1, 1968 – January 21, 1973 Robert Stone, served May 29, 1973 – January 31, 1975 Donald S. Fredrickson, served July 1, 1975 – June 30, 1981 James B. Wyngaarden, served April 29, 1982 – July 31, 1989 Bernadine Healy, served April 9, 1991 – June 30, 1993 Harold E. Varmus, served November 23, 1993 – December 31, 1999 Elias A. Zerhouni, served May 2, 2002 – October 31, 2008 Francis S. Collins, served August 17, 2009 – Present[16]


Locations and campuses[edit] Intramural research is primarily conducted at the main campus in Bethesda, Maryland and Rockville, Maryland, and the surrounding communities. The Bayview Campus in Baltimore, Maryland houses the research programs of the National Institute on Aging, National Institute on Drug Abuse, and National Human Genome Research Institute with nearly 1,000 scientists and support staff.[17] The Frederick National Laboratory in Frederick, MD and the nearby Riverside Research Park, houses many components of the National Cancer Institute, including the Center for Cancer Research, Office of Scientific Operations, Management Operations Support Branch, the division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics and the division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis.[18] The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences is located in the Research Triangle region of North Carolina. Other ICs have satellite locations in addition to operations at the main campus. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases maintains its Rocky Mountain Labs in Hamilton, Montana,[19] with an emphasis on BSL3 and BSL4 laboratory work. NIDKK operates the Phoenix Epidemiology and Clinical Research Branch in Phoenix, AZ.


Research[edit] Clinical Center – Building 10 As of 2017, 153 scientists receiving financial support from the NIH have been awarded a Nobel Prize and 195 have been awarded a Lasker Award.[20] Intramural research[edit] NIH devotes 10% of its funding to research within its own facilities (intramural research). The institution gives 80% of its funding in research grants to extramural (outside) researchers. Of this extramural funding, a certain percentage (2.8% in 2014) must be granted to small businesses under the SBIR/STTR program.[21] The extramural funding consists of about 50,000 grants to more than 325,000 researchers at more than 3000 institutions.[22] In FY 2010[update], NIH spent US$10.7bn (not including temporary funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009) on clinical research, US$7.4bn on genetics-related research, US$6.0bn on prevention research, US$5.8bn on cancer, and US$5.7bn on biotechnology.[23] Public Access Policy[edit] Main article: NIH Public Access Policy In 2008, a Congressional mandate called for investigators funded by the NIH to submit an electronic version of their final manuscripts to the National Library of Medicine's research repository, PubMed Central (PMC), no later than 12 months after the official date of publication.[24] The NIH Public Access Policy was the first public access mandate for a U.S. public funding agency.[25] NIH Interagency Pain Research Coordinating Committee[edit] On February 13, 2012, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced a new group of individuals assigned to research pain. This committee is composed of researchers from different organizations and will focus to "coordinate pain research activities across the federal government with the goals of stimulating pain research collaboration… and providing an important avenue for public involvement" ("Members of new," 2012). With a committee such as this research will not be conducted by each individual organization or person but instead a collaborating group which will increase the information available. With this hopefully more pain management will be available including techniques for arthritis sufferers.[citation needed] Economic return[edit] In 2000, the Joint Economic Committee of Congress reported NIH research, which was funded at $16 billion a year in 2000, that some econometric studies had given a rate of return of 25 to 40 percent per year by reducing the economic cost of illness in the US. It found that of the 21 drugs with the highest therapeutic impact on society introduced between 1965 and 1992, public funding was "instrumental" for 15.[26] As of 2011 NIH-supported research helped to discover 153 new FDA-approved drugs, vaccines, and new indications for drugs in the 40 years prior.[27] In 2015, the National Bureau of Economic Research estimated $10 million invested in research generated two to three new patents.[28] Notable discoveries and developments[edit] Since its inception, the NIH intramural research program has been a source of many pivotal scientific and medical discoveries. Some of these include: 1908 – George W. McCoy's discovery that rodents were a reservoir of bubonic plague. 1911 – George W. McCoy, Charles W. Chapin, William B. Wherry, and B. H. Lamb described the previously-unknown tularemia. 1924 – Roscoe R. Spencer and Ralph R. Parker developed a vaccine against Rocky Mountain spotted fever. 1930 – Sanford M. Rosenthal developed a treatment for mercury poisoning used widely before the development of dimercaptoethanol. 1943 – Wilton R. Earle pioneered the cell culture process and published a paper describing the production of malignancy in vitro, Katherine K. Sanford developed the first clone from an isolated cancer cell, and Virginia J. Evans devised a medium that supported growth of cells in vitro. 1940's-50's – Bernard Horecker and colleagues described the pentose phosphate pathway. 1950's – Julius Axelrod discovered a new class of enzymes, cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, a fundamental of drug metabolism. 1950 – Earl Stadtman discovered phosphotransacetylose, elucidating the role of acetyl CoA in fatty acid metabolism. 1960s – Discovered the first human slow virus disease, kuru, which is a degenerative, fatal infection of the central nervous system. This discovery of a new mechanism for infectious diseases revolutionized thinking in microbiology and neurology. 1960s – Defined the mechanisms that regulate noradrenaline, one of the most important neurotransmitters in the brain. 1960s – Developed the first licensed rubella vaccine and the first test for rubella antibodies for large scale testing. 1960s – Developed an effective combination drug regimen for Hodgkin's lymphoma. 1960s – Discovery that tooth decay is caused by bacteria. 1970s – Developed the assay for human chorionic gonadotropin that evolved into the home pregnancy tests. 1970s – Described the hormonal cycle involved in menstruation. 1980s – Determined the complete structure of the IgE receptor that is involved in allergic reactions. 1990s – First trial of gene therapy in humans. NIH Toolbox[edit] In September 2006, the NIH Blueprint for Neuroscience Research started a contract for the NIH Toolbox for the Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function to develop a set of state-of-the-art measurement tools to enhance collection of data in large cohort studies. Scientists from more than 100 institutions nationwide contributed. In September 2012, the NIH Toolbox was rolled out to the research community. NIH Toolbox assessments are based, where possible, on Item Response Theory and adapted for testing by computer.[citation needed]


Funding[edit] This article or section appears to be slanted towards recent events. Please try to keep recent events in historical perspective and add more content related to non-recent events. (December 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Budget and politics[edit] Historical NIH budget[29] Year Budget (millions) 1935 1940 0.7 1945 2.8 1950 52.7 1955 81.2 1960 399.4 1965 959.2 1970 1,061.0 1975 2,092.9 1980 3,428.9 1985 5,149.5 1990 7,567.4 1995 11,299.5 2000 17,840.5 2005 28,594.4 2010 31,238.0 2015 30,311.4 To allocate funds, the NIH must first obtain its budget from Congress. This process begins with institute and center (IC) leaders collaborating with scientists to determine the most important and promising research areas within their fields. IC leaders discuss research areas with NIH management who then develops a budget request for continuing projects, new research proposals, and new initiatives from the Director. NIH submits its budget request to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the HHS considers this request as a portion of its budget. Many adjustments and appeals occur between NIH and HHS before the agency submits NIH's budget request to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). OMB determines what amounts and research areas are approved for incorporation into the President's final budget. The President then sends NIH's budget request to Congress in February for the next fiscal year's allocations.[30] The House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees deliberate and by fall, Congress usually appropriates funding. This process takes approximately 18 months before the NIH can allocate any actual funds.[31] Historical funding[edit] Over the last century, the responsibility to allocate funding has shifted from the OD and Advisory Committee to the individual ICs and Congress increasingly set apart funding for particular causes. In the 1970s, Congress began to earmark funds specifically for cancer research, and in the 1980s there was a significant amount allocated for AIDS/HIV research.[32] Funding for the NIH has often been a source of contention in Congress, serving as a proxy for the political currents of the time. During the 1980s, President Reagan repeatedly tried to cut funding for research, only to see Congress partly restore funding. The political contention over NIH funding slowed the nation's response to the AIDS epidemic; while AIDS was reported in newspaper articles from 1981, no funding was provided for research on the disease. In 1984 National Cancer Institute scientists found implications that "variants of a human cancer virus called HTLV-III are the primary cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)," a new epidemic that gripped the nation.[33] In 1992, the NIH encompassed nearly 1 percent of the federal government's operating budget and controlled more than 50 percent of all funding for health research, and 85 percent of all funding for health studies in universities.[13] From 1993 to 2001 the NIH budget doubled. Since then, funding essentially remained flat, and during the decade following the financial crisis, the NIH budget struggled to keep up with inflation.[34] In 1999 Congress increased the NIH's budget by $2.3 billion[32] to $17.2 billion in 2000.[35] In 2009 Congress again increased the NIH budget to $31 billion in 2010.[35] In March 2017, President Trump proposed to cut the 2018 budget by 18.3%, or about $5.8 billion to $25.9 billion.[36]:26 Extramural research[edit] Main article: NIH grant Researchers at universities or other institutions outside of NIH can apply for research project grants (RPGs) from the NIH. There are numerous funding mechanisms for different project types (e.g., basic research, clinical research etc.) and career stages (e.g., early career, postdoc fellowships etc.). The NIH regularly issues "requests for applications" (RFAs), e.g., on timely medical problems (such as Zika virus research in early 2016). In addition, researchers can apply for "investigator-initiated grants" whose subject is determined by the scientist. The total number of applicants has increased substantially, from about 60,000 investigators who had applied during the period from 1999 to 2003 to slightly less than 90,000 in who had applied during the period from 2011 to 2015.[37] Due to this, the "cumulative investigator rate," that is, the likelihood that unique investigators are funded over a 5-year window, has declined from 43% to 31%.[37] R01 grants are the most common funding mechanism and include investigator-initiated projects. The roughly 27,000 to 29,000 R01 applications had a funding success of 17-19% during 2012 though 2014. Similarly, the 13,000 to 14,000 R21 applications had a funding success of 13-14% during the same period.[38] In FY 2016, the total number of grant applications received by the NIH was 54,220, with approximately 19% being awarded funding.[39] Institutes have varying funding rates. The National Cancer Institute awarded funding to 12% of applicants, while the National Institute for General Medical Science awarded funding to 30% of applicants.[39] Funding criteria[edit] NIH employs five broad decision criteria in its funding policy. First, ensure the highest quality of scientific research by employing an arduous peer review process. Second, seize opportunities that have the greatest potential to yield new knowledge and that will lead to better prevention and treatment of disease. Third, maintain a diverse research portfolio in order to capitalize on major discoveries in a variety of fields such as cell biology, genetics, physics, engineering, and computer science. Fourth, address public health needs according to the disease burden (e.g., prevalence and mortality). And fifth, construct and support the scientific infrastructure (e.g., well-equipped laboratories and safe research facilities) necessary to conduct research.[40] Advisory committee members advise the Institute on policy and procedures affecting the external research programs and provide a second level of review for all grant and cooperative agreement applications considered by the Institute for funding.[41] Gender and sex bias[edit] In 2014, it was announced that the NIH is directing scientists to perform their experiments with both female and male animals, or cells derived from females as well as males if they are studying cell cultures, and that the NIH would take the balance of each study design into consideration when awarding grants.[42] The announcement also stated that this rule would probably not apply when studying sex-specific diseases (for example, ovarian or testicular cancer).[42] Government shutdown[edit] When a government shutdown occurs, the NIH continues to treat people who are already enrolled in clinical trials, but does not start any new clinical trials and does not admit new patients who are not already enrolled in a clinical trial, except for the most critically ill,[43][44][45] as determined by the NIH Director.[46] Stakeholders[edit] Many groups are highly invested in NIH funding. General public[edit] One of the goals of the NIH is to "expand the base in medical and associated sciences in order to ensure a continued high return on the public investment in research."[47] Taxpayer dollars funding NIH are from the taxpayers, making them the primary beneficiaries of advances in research. Thus, the general public is a key stakeholder in the decisions resulting from the NIH funding policy.[48] However, some in the general public do not feel their interests are being represented, and individuals have formed patient advocacy groups to represent their own interests.[49] Extramural researchers and scientists[edit] Other important stakeholders of the NIH funding policy are researchers and scientists. Extramural researchers differ from intramural researchers in that they are not employed by the NIH but may apply for funding. Throughout the history of the NIH, the amount of funding received has increased, but the proportion to each IC remains relatively constant. The individual ICs then decide who will receive the grant money and how much will be allotted. Policy changes on who receives funding significantly affects researchers. For example, the NIH has recently attempted to approve more first-time NIH R01 applicants, or the research grant applications of young scientists. To encourage the participation of young scientists, the application process has been shortened and made easier.[50] In addition, first-time applicants are being offered more funding for their research grants than those who have received grants in the past.[51]


Commercial partnerships[edit] In 2011 and 2012 the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General published a series of audit reports revealing that throughout the fiscal years 2000–2010, institutes under the aegis of the NIH, did not comply with the time and amount requirements specified in appropriations statutes, in awarding federal contracts to commercial partners, committing the federal government to tens of millions of dollars of expenditure ahead of appropriation of funds from Congress.[52]


Institutes and centers[edit] Main article: List of NIH ICs The NIH is composed of 27 separate institutes and centers (ICs) that conduct and coordinate research across different disciplines of biomedical science. These are: National Cancer Institute National Eye Institute National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute National Human Genome Research Institute National Institute on Aging National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering National Institute of Child Health and Human Development National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases National Institute on Drug Abuse National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences National Institute of General Medical Sciences National Institute of Mental Health National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke National Institute of Nursing Research National Library of Medicine Center for Information Technology Center for Scientific Review Fogarty International Center National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health NIH Clinical Center In addition, the National Center for Research Resources operated from April 13, 1962 to December 23, 2011.


See also[edit] List of institutes and centers of the National Institutes of Health United States Public Health Service National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale Heads of International Research Organizations NIH Toolbox


References[edit] ^ Washington Examiner |url=http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/nih-plans-to-move-3000-employees-to-bethesda-campus/article/2511065 ^ "Appropriations (Section 2)". The NIH Almanac (Report). National Institutes of Health. February 25, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-26.  ^ "Organization and Leadership | NIH Intramural Research Program". Irp.nih.gov. Retrieved 2013-04-28.  ^ Osterweil, Neil (September 20, 2005). "Medical Research Spending Doubled Over Past Decade". MedPage Today. Retrieved 2015-09-15.  ^ NIH Sourcebook http://sourcebook.od.nih.gov/oir/IRP_transition.pdf ^ Harden, Victoria A. "WWI and the Ransdell Act of 1930". A Short History of the National Institutes of Health. Office Of History National Institutes Of Health, United States National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 2011-09-12.  ^ NIH Almanac 2011, History: Chronology of Events: 1800– ^ "A Short History of the National Institutes of Health (1 of 13)". history.nih.gov. Retrieved 2011-05-25.  ^ "SIC 9431 Administration of Public Health Programs". Referenceforbusiness.com. Retrieved 2011-05-25.  ^ NIH Almanac 2011, History: Chronology of Events: 1900– ^ a b c d Skloot, Rebecca (2010). The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. New York: Broadway Paperbacks.  ^ "History of the National Cancer Institute". National Cancer Institute – National Institutes of Health. Retrieved June 29, 2017.  ^ a b Laurie J. Price (1992). "A Medical Anthropologist's Ruminations on NIH Funding". Medical Anthropology Quarterly, New Series. pp. 128–146. JSTOR 649307.  Missing or empty |url= (help) ^ "Historical Trends in Federal R&D". AAAS - The World's Largest General Scientific Society. 11 June 2013.  ^ Murugan, Varnee (2009). "Embryonic Stem Cell Research: A Decade of Debate from Bush to Obama". The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. pp. 101–103.  ^ "The NIH Directors". National Institutes of Health.  ^ https://irp.nih.gov/about-us/research-campus-locations/bayview-campus ^ "NCI at Frederick: About the NCI at Frederick". ncifrederick.cancer.gov.  ^ "Division of Intramural Research Overview". National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. September 1, 2010. Retrieved 2015-09-15.  ^ "Lasker Awards". National Institutes of Health (NIH). 5 February 2016.  ^ Garland, Eva (2014). Winning SBIR/STTR Grants: A Ten Week Plan for Preparing Your NIH Phase I Application. ISBN 1494784440.  ^ "NIH Budget". National Institutes of Health. National Institutes of Health. May 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-26.  ^ "Estimates of Funding for Various Research, Condition, and Disease Categories (RCDC)". Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools. National Institutes of Health. March 15, 2011. Archived from the original on August 13, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-26.  ^ National Institutes of Health. "NIH Public Access Policy Details". National Institutes of Health. Retrieved January 30, 2014.  ^ Suber, Peter (April 16, 2008). "An open access mandate for the National Institutes of Health". Open Medicine. 2 (2): e14-16. PMC 3090178 . PMID 21602938.  ^ "The Benefits of Medical Research and the Role of the NIH" (PDF). U.S. Joint Economic Committee. May 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 12, 2015. Retrieved 2011-05-25.  ^ Stevens AJ, Jensen JJ, Wyller K, Kilgore PC, Chatterjee S, Rohrbaugh ML. The role of public-sector research in the discovery of drugs and vaccines. N Engl J Med. 2011;364:535-541 ^ Azoulay P, Graff Zivin JS, Li D, Sampat BN. Public R&D investments and private-sector patenting: evidence from NIH funding rules. NBER working paper no. 20889. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, January 2015. ^ "Appropriations (Section 2)". National Institutes of Health (NIH). 2015-03-25. Retrieved 2018-01-09.  ^ "Funding" (PDF).  ^ "Funding".  ^ a b NIH Almanac 2011, History: Legislative Chronology: Funding ^ NIH Almanac 2011, History: Chronology of Events: 1980– ^ NIH Appropriations (Section 1) and NIH Appropriations (Section 2) 7 April 2016, retrieved 4 May 2016, U.S. Department of Health and Human Service ^ a b "Funding" (PDF).  ^ Office of Management and Budget America First. A Budget Blueprint to Make America Great Again. Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2018. Government Publishing Office, March 16, 2017.65 pp ^ a b Lauer, Mike (31 May 2016). "How Many Researchers?". Open Mike. NIH. Retrieved 6 June 2016.  ^ Rockey, Sally (10 April 2015). "Looking at Recent Data on R21 and R01-equivalent Grants". Rock Talk. NIH. Retrieved 2 Oct 2016.  ^ a b "NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools (RePORT)". report.nih.gov.  ^ "Statement on Funding Allocation for Disease Research by Harold Varmus, M. D., Director, National Institutes of Health". Assistant Secretary for Legislation, Department of Health and Human Services. May 6, 1999.  ^ "National Advisory Neurological Disorders and Stroke Council (NANDSC)". Ninds.nih.gov. Retrieved 2013-04-28.  ^ a b Rabin, Roni Caryn (May 14, 2014). "Labs Are Told to Start Including a Neglected Variable: Females". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-09-10.  ^ Sabrina Tavernese (October 9, 2013). "Clinical Trials Continue, but Only at a Crawl". New York Times.  ^ Neergaard, Lauran (October 9, 2013). "NIH admits a dozen critically ill, making exceptions to no-new-patient policy during shutdown". Huffington Post. The Associated Press. Retrieved 2015-09-10.  ^ "Government slimdown blocks some seeking NIH research treatment". Fox News Channel. The Associated Press. October 2, 2013.  ^ "Department of Health and Human Services Fiscal Year 2014 Contingency Staffing Plan for Operations in the Absence of Enacted Annual Appropriations" (PDF). Archived from the original (pdf) on October 28, 2013.  ^ "Stakeholders".  ^ "Stakeholders". Archived from the original on November 14, 2011.  ^ "Stakeholders".  ^ Karp PD, Sherlock G, Gerlt JA, Sim I, Paulsen I, Babbitt PC, Laderoute K, Hunter L, Sternberg P, Wooley J, Bourne PE (2008). "Changes to NIH grant system may backfire". Science. 322 (5905): 1187–8. doi:10.1126/science.322.5905.1187c. PMID 19023064.  ^ Costello LC (May 2010). "Perspective: is NIH funding the "best science by the best scientists"? A critique of the NIH R01 research grant review policies". Acad Med. 85 (5): 775–9. doi:10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181d74256.  ^ "Appropriations Funding for National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Contract N01-AI-15416 With the University of California at San Francisco Audit (A-03-10-03120)" (PDF). June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-25.  "Appropriations Funding for National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Contract N01-AI-3-0052 With Avecia Biologics Limited" (PDF). September 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-09.  "Appropriations Funding for National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Contract HHSN266-2006-00015C With NexBio, Inc" (PDF). September 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-09.  "Appropriations Funding for National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Contract HHSN272-2008-00013C with the EMMES Corporation (A-03-10-03115)" (PDF). October 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-11.  "Appropriations Funding for Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Contract HHSN275-03-3345 With Westat, Inc. Audit (A-03-10-03106)" (PDF). October 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-20.  "Appropriations Funding for National Institute on Drug Abuse Contract HHSN271-2007-00009C with Charles River Laboratories, Inc. (A-03-10-03104)" (PDF). October 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-22.  "Appropriations Funding for National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Contract HHSN266-2005-00022C With PPD Development, LP (Audit A-03-10-03118)" (PDF). September 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-26.  "Appropriations Funding for National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Contract N01-AI-30068 With PPD Development, LP (Audit A-03-10-03116)" (PDF). September 2012. Retrieved 2011-09-26. 


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Institutes of Health. Official website National Institutes of Health in the Federal Register U.S. Scientific Grant Funding Database Regional Medical Programs Collection of information on NIH's Regional Medical Programs, from the National Library of Medicine Nice health tips for all age people v t e National Institutes of Health Institutes National Cancer Institute National Eye Institute National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute National Human Genome Research Institute National Institute on Aging National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering National Institute of Child Health and Human Development National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases National Institute on Drug Abuse National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences National Institute of General Medical Sciences National Institute of Mental Health National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke National Institute of Nursing Research National Library of Medicine Centers Center for Information Technology Center for Scientific Review John E. Fogarty International Center National Center for Complementary and Integrative Medicine National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences Vaccine Research Center National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Programs Visible Human Project National Diabetes Education Program Directors Joseph J. Kinyoun Milton J. Rosenau John F. Anderson George W. McCoy Lewis R. Thompson Rolla Dyer William H. Sebrell, Jr James Augustine Shannon Robert Q. Marston Robert Stone Donald S. Fredrickson James B. Wyngaarden Bernadine Healy Harold E. Varmus Elias Zerhouni Francis Collins Related NIH Record United States Public Health Service Division of Intramural Research National Institutes of Health campus National Institutes of Health Director's Pioneer Award NIH Public Access Policy National Center for Research Resources National Institutes of Health Police v t e Agencies of the United States Department of Health and Human Services Headquarters: Hubert H. Humphrey Building Eric Hargan, Acting Secretary of Health and Human Services and Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services Secretariate staff offices Office of the Secretary of Health and Human Services Office of the Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology Organizations directly under the Secretary of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living Organizations under the Assistant Secretary for Health Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health Public Health Service Public Health Service Commissioned Corps Surgeon General Office of Public Health and Science Administration for Children and Families Administration on Aging Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Food and Drug Administration Health Resources and Services Administration Indian Health Service National Institutes of Health Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality Programs Child Welfare Information Gateway National Toxicology Program v t e Research and development agencies of the federal government of the United States Independent agencies National Science Foundation (NSF) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) Smithsonian Institution research centers and programs Agriculture Agricultural Research Service (ARS) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) Economic Research Service (ERS) United States Forest Service Research and Development (R&D) Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Defense Air Force Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) Air Force Life Cycle Management Center (AFLCMC) Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center (NWC) Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) Army Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (RDECOM) U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command (ATEC) Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC) Army Research Lab (ARL) Navy Office of Naval Research (ONR) Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Naval Medical Research Center (NMRC) Naval Warfare Centers Air (NAWC) Surface (NSWC) Undersea (NUWC) Command, Control and Ocean Surveillance (NCCOSC) Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory (MCWL) Other Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) Education Institute of Education Sciences (IES) National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) Energy Office of Science (DOE SC) Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) National Laboratories Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Food and Drug Administration science and research programs Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) Homeland Security Directorate for Science and Technology (S&T) Coast Guard Research & Development Center (CG RDC) Interior United States Geological Survey (USGS) Justice National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Transportation Research and Innovative Technology Administration Federal Aviation Administration Research, Engineering, and Development Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology Veterans Affairs Veterans Health Administration Office of Research and Development (ORD) Multi-agency initiatives U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program (NITRD) National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Judicial branch Federal Judicial Center Policy-making bodies Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) (defunct) House Committee on Science, Space and Technology Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation v t e Hospitals in Maryland General/Acute/Emergency Adventist HealthCare - Shady Grove Adventist HealthCare - Washington Anne Arundel Medical Center Atlantic General Bon Secours Hospital Calvert Memorial Carroll Hospital Doctors Community Fort Washington Frederick Memorial Garrett Regional GBMC Holy Cross - Germantown Holy Cross - Silver Spring Howard County General Johns Hopkins Johns Hopkins Bayview McCready Memorial MedStar Franklin Square MedStar Good Samaritan MedStar Harbor MedStar Montgomery MedStar Southern Maryland MedStar St. Mary's MedStar Union Memorial Mercy Meritus Northwest Peninsula Regional Medical Center St. Agnes Sinai Suburban Union University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC) (R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center) UMMC Midtown UM Baltimore Washington Medical Center UM Charles Regional UM Harford Memorial UM Laurel Regional UM Prince George's UM Shore - Chestertown UM Shore - Dorchester UM Shore - Easton UM St. Joseph UM Upper Chesapeake Walter Reed NMMC Western Maryland Regional Medical Center Freestanding Emergency Centers Adventist HealthCare - Germantown EC UM Bowie Health Center EC UM Shore - Queenstown EC Long term/rehab/outpatient Adventist Rehabilitation Hospital of Maryland Brandenburg Center Deer's Head Center Gladys Spellman Specialty Hospital & Nursing Center Holly Center Kennedy Krieger Institute UM Rehab & Ortho Institute Levindale Hebrew Geriatric Center and Hospital Mt. Washington Pediatric Hospital VA Baltimore VA Perry Point Western Maryland Hospital Center Psychiatric Adventist Behavioral Health Eastern Shore Adventist Behavioral Health Rockville Brook Lane Clifton T. Perkins Eastern Shore Saint Luke Institute Sheppard Pratt Sheppard Pratt at Elkridge Sheppard Pratt at Ellicott City Spring Grove Springfield Thomas B. Finan Center Research/Teaching Johns Hopkins Hospital MedStar Union Memorial NIH St. Agnes Hospital University of Maryland Medical Center National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Walter Reed NMMC Defunct Baltimore General Dispensary Children's Hospital Church Home and Hospital Crownsville Hospital Center Fallston General Hospital Forest Haven Fort Howard Veterans Hospital Glenn Dale Hospital Henryton State Hospital Jarvis Hospital Laurel Sanitarium Lutheran Hospital Memorial of Cumberland Pine Bluff State Hospital Provident Hospital Rosewood Center Sydenham Sacred Heart University Specialty Hospital Walter P Carter Center Washington County Hospital Women's Hospital Italics denote designated Trauma Centers Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 269519564 LCCN: n78085445 ISNI: 0000 0001 1942 0345 GND: 43109-6 SUDOC: 027215156 BNF: cb119305763 (data) NLA: 36075808 NKC: nlk20020125344 BNE: XX114439 Coordinates: 39°00′07″N 77°06′14″W / 39.002°N 77.104°W / 39.002; -77.104 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=National_Institutes_of_Health&oldid=819679048" Categories: National Institutes of HealthUnited States Department of Health and Human Services agenciesInternational research institutesBuildings and structures in Bethesda, MarylandCancer researchGovernment agencies established in 18871887 establishments in MarylandNursing researchTourist attractions in Montgomery County, MarylandLife sciences industryHidden categories: Pages using web citations with no URLUse mdy dates from September 2015Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010All articles containing potentially dated statementsArticles containing potentially dated statements from 2013All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from January 2018Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017Articles slanted towards recent events from December 2014Official website different in Wikidata and WikipediaWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with NLA identifiersCoordinates not on Wikidata


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia CommonsWikisource Languages العربيةБългарскиCatalàDanskDeutschΕλληνικάEspañolفارسیFrançais한국어Bahasa IndonesiaItalianoעבריתNederlands日本語NorskPolskiPortuguêsРусскийSimple EnglishSlovenščinaСрпски / srpskiSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSuomiSvenskaதமிழ்ไทยУкраїнська中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 10 January 2018, at 18:38. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.832","walltime":"0.969","ppvisitednodes":{"value":4382,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":200335,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":5498,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":16,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":7,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 813.973 1 -total"," 44.49% 362.159 1 Template:Reflist"," 21.83% 177.694 37 Template:Cite_web"," 12.14% 98.819 1 Template:Infobox_Government_agency"," 10.19% 82.972 3 Template:Citation_needed"," 9.74% 79.258 1 Template:Infobox"," 9.46% 76.992 3 Template:Fix"," 5.65% 45.981 1 Template:Cite_report"," 4.95% 40.287 6 Template:Category_handler"," 4.34% 35.290 1 Template:Commons_category"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.416","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":6144169,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1210","timestamp":"20180115165851","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":100,"wgHostname":"mw1262"});});


NIH - Photos and All Basic Informations

NIH More Links

NIH (disambiguation)Bethesda, MarylandMarylandFrancis S. CollinsDepartment Of Health & Human ServicesNational Cancer InstituteNational Institute Of Allergy And Infectious DiseasesNational Institute Of Diabetes And Digestive And Kidney DiseasesNational Heart, Lung, And Blood InstituteNational Library Of MedicineUnited States GovernmentBiomedicalPublic HealthUnited States Department Of Health And Human ServicesBethesda, MarylandNIH Intramural Research ProgramPrincipal InvestigatorPostdoctoralList Of Institutes And Centers Of The National Institutes Of HealthTooth DecayLithiumBipolar DisorderHepatitisHaemophilus InfluenzaeHuman PapillomavirusEnlargeEnlargeIda A. BengtsonBacteriologistEnlargeFranklin D. RooseveltEnlargeHarvard Medical SchoolRansdell ActPublic Health Service ActNational Cancer InstituteChester M. SouthamHeLaHuman Genome ProjectWikipedia:Citation NeededJoseph J. KinyounJohn Fleetezelle AndersonRolla DyerJames Augustine ShannonRobert Q. MarstonRobert Stone (scientist)Donald S. FredricksonJames B. WyngaardenBernadine HealyHarold E. VarmusElias A. ZerhouniFrancis S. CollinsNational Institutes Of Health CampusBethesda, MarylandRockville, MarylandBaltimoreNational Institute On AgingNational Institute On Drug AbuseNational Human Genome Research InstituteFrederick National LaboratoryFrederick, MDNational Cancer InstituteNational Institute Of Environmental Health SciencesResearch TriangleNorth CarolinaNational Institute Of Allergy And Infectious DiseasesHamilton, MontanaBiosafety LevelPhoenix, AZEnlargeNobel PrizeLasker AwardResearch GrantSmall Business Innovation ResearchFiscal YearAmerican Recovery And Reinvestment Act Of 2009Clinical ResearchGeneticsBiotechnologyNIH Public Access PolicyNational Library Of MedicinePubMed CentralNIH Public Access PolicyWikipedia:Citation NeededNational Bureau Of Economic ResearchBubonic PlagueTularemiaRocky Mountain Spotted FeverMercury PoisoningCell CulturePentose Phosphate PathwayJulius AxelrodCytochrome P450Earl Reece StadtmanAcetyl CoAFatty Acid MetabolismHodgkin's LymphomaHuman Chorionic GonadotropinIgE ReceptorGene TherapyNIH ToolboxItem Response TheoryWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:RecentismHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalDepartment Of Health And Human ServicesOffice Of Management And BudgetNIH GrantNIH GrantsZika VirusGovernment Shutdown In The United StatesClinical TrialList Of NIH ICsNational Cancer InstituteNational Eye InstituteNational Heart, Lung, And Blood InstituteNational Human Genome Research InstituteNational Institute On AgingNational Institute On Alcohol Abuse And AlcoholismNational Institute Of Allergy And Infectious DiseasesNational Institute Of Arthritis And Musculoskeletal And Skin DiseasesNational Institute Of Biomedical Imaging And BioengineeringNational Institute Of Child Health And Human DevelopmentNational Institute On Deafness And Other Communication DisordersNational Institute Of Dental And Craniofacial ResearchNational Institute Of Diabetes And Digestive And Kidney DiseasesNational Institute On Drug AbuseNational Institute Of Environmental Health SciencesNational Institute Of General Medical SciencesNational Institute Of Mental HealthNational Institute On Minority Health And Health DisparitiesNational Institute Of Neurological Disorders And StrokeNational Institute Of Nursing ResearchNational Library Of MedicineCenter For Information TechnologyCenter For Scientific ReviewFogarty International CenterNational Center For Advancing Translational SciencesNational Center For Complementary And Integrative HealthNIH Clinical CenterNational Center For Research ResourcesList Of Institutes And Centers Of The National Institutes Of HealthUnited States Public Health ServiceNational Institutes Of Health Stroke ScaleHeads Of International Research OrganizationsNIH ToolboxJSTORHelp:CS1 ErrorsInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1494784440PubMed CentralPubMed IdentifierThe New York TimesThe Associated PressFox News ChannelDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierFederal RegisterTemplate:National Institutes Of HealthTemplate Talk:National Institutes Of HealthNational Cancer InstituteNational Eye InstituteNational Heart, Lung, And Blood InstituteNational Human Genome Research InstituteNational Institute On AgingNational Institute On Alcohol Abuse And AlcoholismNational Institute Of Allergy And Infectious DiseasesNational Institute Of Arthritis And Musculoskeletal And Skin DiseasesNational Institute Of Biomedical Imaging And BioengineeringNational Institute Of Child Health And Human DevelopmentNational Institute On Deafness And Other Communication DisordersNational Institute Of Dental And Craniofacial ResearchNational Institute Of Diabetes And Digestive And Kidney DiseasesNational Institute On Drug AbuseNational Institute Of Environmental Health SciencesNational Institute Of General Medical SciencesNational Institute Of Mental HealthNational Institute On Minority Health And Health DisparitiesNational Institute Of Neurological Disorders And StrokeNational Institute Of Nursing ResearchUnited States National Library Of MedicineCenter For Information TechnologyCenter For Scientific ReviewJohn E. Fogarty International CenterNational Center For Complementary And Alternative MedicineNational Center For Advancing Translational SciencesVaccine Research CenterNational Institutes Of Health Clinical CenterVisible Human ProjectNational Diabetes Education ProgramJoseph J. KinyounJohn Fleetezelle AndersonRolla DyerJames Augustine ShannonRobert Q. MarstonRobert Stone (scientist)Donald S. FredricksonJames B. WyngaardenBernadine HealyHarold E. VarmusElias ZerhouniFrancis CollinsNIH RecordUnited States Public Health ServiceNIH Intramural Research ProgramNational Institutes Of Health CampusNational Institutes Of Health Director's Pioneer AwardNIH Public Access PolicyNational Center For Research ResourcesNational Institutes Of Health PoliceTemplate:United States Department Of Health And Human ServicesTemplate Talk:United States Department Of Health And Human ServicesUnited States Department Of Health And Human ServicesHubert H. Humphrey BuildingEric HarganUnited States Secretary Of Health And Human ServicesUnited States Deputy Secretary Of Health And Human ServicesOffice Of Inspector General, U.S. Department Of Health And Human ServicesOffice Of The National Coordinator For Health Information TechnologyAdministration For Community LivingUnited States Assistant Secretary For HealthUnited States Assistant Secretary For HealthUnited States Public Health ServiceUnited States Public Health Service Commissioned CorpsSurgeon General Of The United StatesOffice Of Public Health And ScienceAdministration For Children And FamiliesAdministration On AgingAgency For Healthcare Research And QualityAgency For Toxic Substances And Disease RegistryCenters For Disease Control And PreventionCenters For Medicare And Medicaid ServicesFood And Drug AdministrationHealth Resources And Services AdministrationIndian Health ServiceSubstance Abuse And Mental Health Services AdministrationCenter For Behavioral Health Statistics And QualityChild Welfare Information GatewayNational Toxicology ProgramTemplate:United States Research AgenciesTemplate Talk:United States Research AgenciesScience Policy Of The United StatesGovernment Of The United StatesNational Science FoundationNASAEnvironmental Protection AgencyIntelligence Advanced Research Projects ActivitySmithsonian InstitutionUnited States Department Of AgricultureAgricultural Research ServiceNational Institute Of Food And AgricultureEconomic Research ServiceUnited States Forest ServiceUnited States Department Of CommerceNational Institute Of Standards And TechnologyNational Oceanic And Atmospheric AdministrationUnited States Department Of DefenseUnited States Department Of The Air ForceAir Force Research LaboratoryAir Force Life Cycle Management CenterAir Force Nuclear Weapons CenterAir Force Institute Of TechnologyUnited States Department Of The ArmyUnited States Army Research, Development And Engineering CommandU.S. Army Test And Evaluation CommandUnited States Army Medical Research And Materiel CommandEngineer Research And Development CenterArmy Research LabUnited States Department Of The NavyOffice Of Naval ResearchUnited States Naval Research LaboratoryNaval Medical Research CenterNaval Air Warfare CenterNaval Surface Warfare CenterNaval Undersea Warfare CenterNaval Command, Control And Ocean Surveillance CenterNaval Postgraduate SchoolUnited States Marine Corps Warfighting LaboratoryDARPAUniformed Services University Of The Health SciencesUnited States Department Of EducationInstitute Of Education SciencesNational Institute On Disability And Rehabilitation ResearchUnited States Department Of EnergyOffice Of ScienceARPA-EUnited States Department Of Energy National LaboratoriesUnited States Department Of Health And Human ServicesNational Institute For Occupational Safety And HealthFood And Drug AdministrationAgency For Healthcare Research And QualityBiomedical Advanced Research And Development AuthorityUnited States Department Of Homeland SecurityDHS Directorate For Science And TechnologyUnited States Coast Guard Research & Development CenterUnited States Department Of The InteriorUnited States Geological SurveyUnited States Department Of JusticeNational Institute Of JusticeUnited States Department Of TransportationResearch And Innovative Technology AdministrationFederal Aviation AdministrationFederal Highway AdministrationUnited States Department Of Veterans AffairsVeterans Health Administration Office Of Research And DevelopmentU.S. Global Change Research ProgramNetworking And Information Technology Research And DevelopmentNational Nanotechnology InitiativeFederal Judiciary Of The United StatesFederal Judicial CenterOffice Of Science And Technology PolicyOffice Of Technology AssessmentUnited States House Committee On Science, Space And TechnologyUnited States Senate Committee On Commerce, Science, And TransportationTemplate:Hospitals In MarylandTemplate Talk:Hospitals In MarylandAdventist HealthCare Shady Grove Medical CenterAdventist HealthCare Washington Adventist HospitalAnne Arundel Medical CenterAtlantic General HospitalBon Secours Hospital (Baltimore)Calvert Memorial HospitalCarroll HospitalFrederick Memorial HospitalGreater Baltimore Medical CenterHoly Cross Hospital (Silver Spring)Howard County General HospitalJohns Hopkins HospitalJohns Hopkins Bayview Medical CenterMedStar Franklin Square Medical CenterMedStar Good Samaritan HospitalMedStar Harbor HospitalMedStar Montgomery Medical CenterMedStar Union Memorial HospitalMercy Medical Center (Baltimore, Maryland)Northwest Hospital (Randallstown, Maryland)Peninsula Regional Medical CenterSt. Agnes Hospital (Baltimore)Sinai HospitalSuburban HospitalUniversity Of Maryland Medical CenterR Adams Cowley Shock Trauma CenterUniversity Of Maryland Medical Center Midtown CampusUniversity Of Maryland Baltimore Washington Medical CenterUniversity Of Maryland Charles Regional Medical CenterUniversity Of Maryland Laurel Regional HospitalUniversity Of Maryland Shore Medical Center At ChestertownUniversity Of Maryland Shore Medical Center At DorchesterUniversity Of Maryland Shore Medical Center At EastonUniversity Of Maryland St. Joseph Medical CenterWalter Reed National Military Medical CenterWestern Maryland Regional Medical CenterUniversity Of Maryland Shore Emergency Center At QueenstownKennedy Krieger InstituteUniversity Of Maryland Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic InstituteLifeBridge HealthMt. Washington Pediatric HospitalClifton T. Perkins Hospital CenterEastern Shore Hospital CenterSaint Luke InstituteSheppard And Enoch Pratt HospitalSheppard Pratt At ElkridgeSheppard Pratt At Ellicott CitySpring Grove Hospital CenterSpringfield Hospital CenterThomas B. Finan CenterJohns Hopkins HospitalMedStar Union Memorial HospitalSt. Agnes Hospital (Baltimore)University Of Maryland Medical CenterNational Institutes Of Health Clinical CenterWalter Reed National Military Medical CenterBaltimore General DispensaryChurch Home And HospitalCrownsville Hospital CenterForest HavenFort Howard Veterans HospitalGlenn Dale HospitalHenryton State HospitalJarvis HospitalLaurel SanitariumMemorial Hospital (Cumberland)Pine Bluff State HospitalProvident Hospital (Baltimore)Rosewood CenterSydenham Hospital For Communicable DiseasesWMHS Braddock Campus (Cumberland, Maryland)Walter P Carter CenterGreater Baltimore Medical CenterTrauma CenterHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationBibliothèque Nationale De FranceNational Library Of AustraliaNational Library Of The Czech RepublicBiblioteca Nacional De EspañaGeographic Coordinate SystemHelp:CategoryCategory:National Institutes Of HealthCategory:United States Department Of Health And Human Services AgenciesCategory:International Research InstitutesCategory:Buildings And Structures In Bethesda, MarylandCategory:Cancer ResearchCategory:Government Agencies Established In 1887Category:1887 Establishments In MarylandCategory:Nursing ResearchCategory:Tourist Attractions In Montgomery County, MarylandCategory:Life Sciences IndustryCategory:Pages Using Web Citations With No URLCategory:Use Mdy Dates From September 2015Category:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From 2010Category:All Articles Containing Potentially Dated StatementsCategory:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From 2013Category:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From January 2018Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From May 2017Category:Articles Slanted Towards Recent Events From December 2014Category:Official Website Different In Wikidata And WikipediaCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BNF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With NLA IdentifiersCategory:Coordinates Not On WikidataDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link