Contents 1 Early life and education 2 Career 2.1 Northern Rock, 1994–2007 2.2 Journalism 2.3 Business 3 Patronage 3.1 Northumberlandia 4 Publications 5 Political and scientific views 5.1 Role of government regulation 5.2 Climate change scepticism 5.3 Shale gas and fracking 5.4 Euroscepticism 6 Honours, awards and titles 6.1 Styles of address 6.2 Arms 7 Personal life 8 References 9 External links


Early life and education[edit] Ridley was born to Matthew White Ridley, 4th Viscount Ridley (1925–2012), and Lady Anne Katharine Gabrielle Lumley (1928–2006), daughter of Lawrence Roger Lumley, 11th Earl of Scarbrough.[12] He attended Eton College from 1970–1975 and then went on to Magdalen College, Oxford, to study zoology.[1] He obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree with First Class Honours and continued with research on the mating system of the common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) supervised by Chris Perrins for his DPhil in 1983.[4]


Career[edit] Ridley joined The Economist in 1984, first working as a science editor until 1987, then as Washington, D.C. correspondent from 1987 to 1989 and as American editor from 1990 to 1992.[13][14] He was a columnist for Daily Telegraph and Sunday Telegraph and an editor of The Best American Science Writing 2002.[15] Northern Rock, 1994–2007[edit] In 1994 Ridley became a boardmember of the UK bank Northern Rock after his father had been a boardmember for 30 years and chairman from 1987 to 1992. Ridley became chairman in 2004.[16] In September 2007, Northern Rock became the first British bank since 1878 to suffer a run on its finances at the start of the Financial crisis of 2007–2010. The bank applied to the Bank of England for emergency liquidity funding at the beginning of the financial crisis of 2007–08.[17] but failed and Northern Rock was nationalized. A parliamentary committee criticised Ridley for not recognising the risks of the bank's financial strategy and "harming the reputation of the British banking industry."[11] He resigned as chairman in October 2007.[1][11] Journalism[edit] From 2010 to 2013, Ridley wrote the weekly "Mind and Matter" column for the Wall Street Journal, which "explores the science of human nature and its implications".[18] Since 2013 Ridley has written a weekly column for The Times on science, the environment, and economics.[10][19] Ridley wrote the majority of the main article of the August 2017 BBC Focus edition[20]. The article explains his scepticism regarding Resource depletion, challenging the widespread belief that resource depletion is an important issue. He cites various previous resource scares as his evidence. Business[edit] From July 2000 to June 2008, Ridley was a non-executive director of PA Holdings Limited.[21] From 1996 to 2003, Ridley served as founding chairman of the International Centre for Life, which opened in 2000 as a non-profit science centre in Newcastle, UK; he is honorary life president.[22] He had been[when?] a governor of the Ditchley Foundation, which organises conferences to further education and understanding of Britons and North Americans.[23] He participated in a February 2000 Ditchley conference.[24]


Patronage[edit] He is a patron of the British Humanist Association.[25] Northumberlandia[edit] The Banks Group and Blagdon estate developed and sponsored the construction of Northumberlandia, or the Lady of the North, a huge land sculpture in the shape of a reclining female figure, which was part-commissioned and sponsored by Ridley.[26] Now run by a charity group called the Land Trust,[27] it is the largest landform in the world depicting the human form, and, through private funding, cost £3m to build.[28][29] Attracting over 100,000 people per year, the Northumberland art project, tourism and cultural landmark has won a global landscape architecture award and has been named ‘Miss World’.[30]


Publications[edit] Ridley is the author of several books of popular science which have sold more than a million copies and have been translated into 30 languages.[19] 1993 The Red Queen: Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature In Lewis Carroll’s Through the Looking-Glass, Alice meets the Red Queen who stays in the same place no matter how fast she runs. This book champions a Red Queen theory for the evolution of sexual reproduction: that it evolved so that the resultant genetic variation would thwart constantly mutating parasites. 1996 The Origins of Virtue: Human Instincts and the Evolution of Cooperation. In an interview with Foreign Policy magazine, former US President Bill Clinton named this book as one which had influenced his thinking.[31] 1999 Genome: The Autobiography of a Species in 23 Chapters This book examines one newly discovered gene from each of the 23 human chromosomes. This was shortlisted for the Samuel Johnson Prize in 2000.[32] 2003 Nature via Nurture: Genes, Experience, & What Makes Us Human, also later released under the title The Agile Gene: How Nature Turns on Nurture in 2004 This book discusses reasons why humans can be considered to be simultaneously free-willed and motivated by instinct and culture. 2004 The Agile Gene: How Nature Turns on Nurture 2006 Francis Crick: Discoverer of the Genetic Code Ridley's biography of Francis Crick won the Davis Prize for the history of science from the US History of Science Society. In 2006, Ridley contributed a chapter to Richard Dawkins: How a Scientist Changed the Way We Think, a collection of essays in honour of his friend Richard Dawkins (edited by his near-namesake Mark Ridley). 2010 The Rational Optimist: How Prosperity Evolves The Rational Optimist primarily focuses on the benefits of the innate human tendency to trade goods and services. Ridley argues that this trait is the source of human prosperity, and that as people increasingly specialize in their skill sets, we will have increased trade and even more prosperity.[33] This was shortlisted for the 2011 BBC Samuel Johnson Prize.[34] 2010 TED conference talk, "When Ideas Have Sex", received over 2 million views.[35] Ridley argues that exchange and specialisation are the features of human society that lead to the development of new ideas, and that human society is therefore a "collective brain".[36] 2015 The Evolution of Everything: How Ideas Emerge[37][38][39][40][41] In The Evolution of Everything, Ridley "makes the case for evolution, rather than design, as the force that has shaped much of culture, technology and society, and that even now is shaping our future.” He argues that "Change in technology, language, mortality and society is incremental, inexorable, gradual and spontaneous…Much of the human world is the result of human action, but not of human design; it emerges from the interactions of millions, not from the plans of a few."[42] The science writer Peter Forbes, writing in The Independent, describes the book as "Ridley's magnum opus, ... decades in the making." Forbes states that Ridley was inspired by the Roman poet Lucretius's long work on "atheistical atomism", De rerum natura, whose "arguments seem uncannily modern: like those of a Richard Dawkins 2000 years avant la lettre." Forbes found the chapter on technology to be "utterly convincing", the most satisfying in the book. But he finds the "sustained polemic on behalf of libertarian anti-State ideas not a million miles from those of the US Republican Tea Party." Forbes calls Ridley "a heretic on most counts", stating that the book has many excesses. All the same, he considers the book necessary reading.[43]


Political and scientific views[edit] Role of government regulation[edit] In a 2006 edition of the on-line magazine Edge – the third culture, Ridley wrote a response to the question "What's your dangerous idea?" which was entitled "Government is the problem not the solution",[44] in which he describes his attitude to government regulation: "In every age and at every time there have been people who say we need more regulation, more government. Sometimes, they say we need it to protect exchange from corruption, to set the standards and police the rules, in which case they have a point, though often they exaggerate it... The dangerous idea we all need to learn is that the more we limit the growth of government, the better off we will all be." In 2007, the environmentalist George Monbiot wrote an article in The Guardian connecting Ridley's libertarian economic philosophy and the £27 billion failure of Northern Rock.[45] On 1 June 2010 Monbiot followed up his previous article in the context of Matt Ridley's book The Rational Optimist, which had just been published. Monbiot took the view that Ridley had failed to learn from the collapse of Northern Rock.[46] Ridley has responded to Monbiot on his website, stating "George Monbiot’s recent attack on me in the Guardian is misleading. I do not hate the state. In fact, my views are much more balanced than Monbiot's selective quotations imply."[47] On 19 June 2010, Monbiot countered with another article on the Guardian website, further questioning Ridley's claims and his response.[48] Ridley was then defended by Terence Kealey in a further article published on the Guardian website.[49] In November 2010, the Wall Street Journal published a lengthy exchange between Ridley and the Microsoft founder Bill Gates on topics discussed in Ridley's book The Rational Optimist.[50][51] Gates said that "What Mr. Ridley fails to see is that worrying about the worst case—being pessimistic, to a degree—can actually help to drive a solution"; Ridley said "I am certainly not saying, 'Don't worry, be happy.' Rather, I'm saying, 'Don't despair, be ambitious.'" Ridley summarised his own views on his political philosophy during the 2011 Hayek Lecture: "[T]hat the individual is not – and had not been for 120,000 years – able to support his lifestyle; that the key feature of trade is that it enables us to work for each other not just for ourselves; that there is nothing so anti-social (or impoverishing) as the pursuit of self sufficiency; and that authoritarian, top-down rule is not the source of order or progress."[52] In an email exchange, Ridley responded to the environmental activist Mark Lynas' repeated charges of a right-wing agenda with the following reply: On the topic of labels, you repeatedly call me a member of "the right". Again, on what grounds? I am not a reactionary in the sense of not wanting social change: I make this abundantly clear throughout my book. I am not a hierarchy lover in the sense of trusting the central authority of the state: quite the opposite. I am not a conservative who defends large monopolies, public or private: I celebrate the way competition causes creative destruction that benefits the consumer against the interest of entrenched producers. I do not preach what the rich want to hear—the rich want to hear the gospel of Monbiot, that technological change is bad, that the hoi polloi should stop clogging up airports, that expensive home-grown organic food is the way to go, that big business and big civil service should be in charge. So in what sense am I on the right? I am a social and economic liberal: I believe that economic liberty leads to greater opportunities for the poor to become less poor, which is why I am in favour of it. Market liberalism and social liberalism go hand in hand in my view.[53] Ridley argues that the capacity of humans for change and social progress is underestimated, and denies what he sees as overly pessimistic views of global climate change[54] and Western birthrate decline. Climate change scepticism[edit] Ridley has long argued for a "lukewarm" view of climate change and against renewable energy policies that he considers damaging to the economy as well as the environment. In a report for the Global Warming Policy Foundation in 2013 he wrote: I have written about climate change and energy policy for more than 25 years. I have come to the conclusion that current energy and climate policy is probably more dangerous, both economically and ecologically, than climate change itself. This is not the same as arguing that climate has not changed or that mankind is not partly responsible. That the climate has changed because of man-made carbon dioxide I fully accept. What I do not accept is that the change is or will be damaging, or that current policy would prevent it.[55] Ridley has consistently argued that the evidence suggests that carbon dioxide emissions are currently doing more good than harm, largely because of the CO2 fertilisation effect, which boosts crop growth and the growth of forests and wild vegetation, and that the best evidence suggests this will continue to be the case for many decades. In 2015 he wrote about a report by the independent scientist Indur Goklany as follows: As Goklany demonstrates, the assessments used by policy makers have overestimated warming so far, underestimated the direct benefits of carbon dioxide, overestimated the harms from climate change, and underestimated the human capacity to adapt.[56] In 2014, a Wall Street Journal op-ed written by Ridley was sharply challenged by Jeffrey Sachs of Columbia University's Earth Institute. Sachs termed "absurd" Ridley's characterization of a paper in Science magazine by two scientists Xianyao Chen and Ka-Kit Tung. Sachs cited the data from the Science article to rebut Ridley's contentions, and stated that the "paper's conclusions are the very opposite of Ridley's".[57][58] Ridley replied that 'it is ludicrous, nasty and false to accuse me of lying or "totally misrepresenting the science..I have asked Mr. Sachs to withdraw the charges more than once now on Twitter. He has refused to do so ...."'[59] He gave the 2016 Global Warming Policy Foundation annual lecture on “Global warming versus global greening”, in which he said: I published an article in the Wall Street Journal in January 2013 on these various lines of evidence, including Myneni’s satellite analysis, pointing to the increase in green vegetation. This was probably the very first article in the mainstream media on the satellite evidence for global greening.[60] Ridleys views on climate change have been criticised by Friends of the Earth because he has connections to the coal industry. He is the owner of land in the north east of England on which the Shotton Surface coal mine operates, and receives payments for the mine. In 2016 he was accused of lobbying for the coal industry.[61] This was summarily dismissed by the Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards.[62] Shale gas and fracking[edit] Ridley was one of the earliest commentators to spot the economic significance of shale gas. In his 2011 report, "The Shale Gas Shock", for the Global Warming Policy Foundation, he wrote that: shale gas will undoubtedly prove to be a significant new force in the world energy scene, with far-reaching consequences.[63] Ridley is a forthright proponent of fracking.[64] However he has been found to have breached the Parliamentary Code of Conduct by the House of Lords Commissioner for Standards for not orally disclosing in debates on the subject personal interests worth at least £50,000 in Weir Group,[65] which has been described as, 'the world's largest provider of special equipment used in the process' of fracking.[66] Euroscepticism[edit] Ridley is a Eurosceptic and advocated for the withdrawal (Brexit) of the UK from the European Union, during the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016.[67] He appeared in Brexit: The Movie, arguing for Britain to recapture the spirit of free trade said to be characteristic of its 19th-century industrial past.[68]


Honours, awards and titles[edit] In 1996, he was a visiting professor at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York,[15] and in 2006 was awarded an honorary degree.[69] In 2003 he received an honorary Doctor of Science from Buckingham University[70] and in 2007, an honorary DCL from Newcastle University.[71] In 2010, his book The Rational Optimist (reviewed in Nature[72] ) was shortlisted for the 2011 BBC Samuel Johnson Prize.[73] In 2011, the Manhattan Institute awarded Ridley their $50,000 Hayek Prize for his book, The Rational Optimist. In his acceptance speech, Ridley said: "As Hayek understood, it is human collaboration that is necessary for society to work... the key feature of trade is that it enables us to work for each other not just for ourselves; that attempts at self-sufficiency are the true form of selfishness as well as the quick road to poverty; and that authoritarian, top-down rule is not the source of order or progress."[74] In 2011, Ridley gave the Angus Millar Lecture on "scientific heresy" at the Royal Society of Arts (RSA) .[75] In 2012, Ridley became the 5th Viscount Ridley and Baron Wensleydale on the death of his father.[1] He is also the 9th Baronet Ridley.[76] In 2013, he was elected as hereditary peer in the House of Lords as a member of the Conservative Party.[77] In 2013, he was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences,[78] and won the Julian L. Simon award in March 2012.[79] In 2014 he won the free enterprise award from the Institute of Economic Affairs.[80] His nomination to become a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences (FMedSci) reads: “ Dr Mathew Ridley has made major contributions to public engagement with the biological sciences. He was one the founders and the first chairman of the Centre for Life in Newcastle which combines research, commercial application, schools education, ethical debate and a pioneering interactive life-science exhibition, The Centre has attracted over half a million visitors since it opened in 2000 and has given more than 30,000 school children a taste of biology in “Lifelab”, its school-age teaching lab. It has recently achieved a landmark with the creation of the first embryonic stem cell line. Ridely is well known for his popular books and extensive writings about biological sciences. His book “Genome: the autobiography of a species in 23 chapters” had sold over half a million copies and his “Nature via Nurture: genes, experience and what make us human” recasts the nature-nuture debate and argues that nurture works through genes as much as nature does. He is a profound influence on biomedical science and society.[3] ” Styles of address[edit] 1958–1964: Mr Matthew White Ridley 1964–1999: The Honourable Matthew White Ridley 1999–2012: The Honourable Matthew White Ridley FRSL 2012– : The Right Honourable The Viscount Ridley FRSL[a] ^ Although The Viscount Ridley is the 9th Ridley Baronet of Blagdon, by custom the post-nominal of Bt is omitted, since Peers of the Realm do not list subsidiary hereditary titles. Arms[edit] Coat of arms of Matt Ridley Coronet A Coronet of a Viscount Crest A Bull passant the tail turned over the back Gules Escutcheon Gules on a Chevron Argent between three Falcons proper, as many Pellets Supporters On either side a Bull Gules gorged with a Collar Gemelle Or and charged on the shoulder with three Mullets pierced Argent Motto Constans Fidei (Constant in loyalty)


Personal life[edit] When his father died in 2012, Ridley succeeded him as the 5th Viscount Ridley, having taken over the running of the family estate of Blagdon Hall, near Stannington, Northumberland, some years before.[citation needed] In 1989, Ridley married Anya Hurlbert, a Professor of Neuroscience at Newcastle University; they live in northern England and have a son and a daughter.[1][14] In 1980, his sister Rose married the British Conservative Party politician Owen Paterson, who held the posts of Secretary of State for Northern Ireland and Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs until July 2014.[81] During this time Ridley was described as 'in many ways Paterson's personal think tank'.[82] In 2015 Ridley's team won the celebrity Christmas special[83] of University Challenge representing Magdalen College, Oxford, the year after the team of his son, also Matthew, had won the student version[84] representing Trinity College, Cambridge. Ancestors of Matt Ridley                                     16. Matthew White Ridley, 1st Viscount Ridley               8. Matthew White Ridley, 2nd Viscount Ridley                       17. Hon. Mary Georgiana Marjoribanks               4. Matthew White Ridley, 3rd Viscount Ridley                             18. Ivor Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne               9. Hon. Rosamond Cornelia Guest                       19. Lady Cornelia Spencer-Churchill               2. Matthew White Ridley, 4th Viscount Ridley                                   20. Capt. Charles Augustus Lutyens               10. Sir Edwin Lutyens                       21. Mary Theresa Gallwey               5. Ursula Lutyens                             22. Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton               11. Lady Emily Bulwer-Lytton                       23. Edith Villiers               1. Matthew White Ridley, 5th Viscount Ridley                                         24. Richard Lumley, 9th Earl of Scarbrough               12. Brig. Gen. Osbert Lumley                       25. Frederica Drummond               6. Roger Lumley, 11th Earl of Scarbrough                             26. Eustace Wilson-Patten               13. Constance Patten                       27. Hon. Emily Thynne               3. Lady Anne Katharine Lumley                                   28. Rev. John McEwen               14. Robert McEwen of Marchmont and Bardrochat                       29. Isabella Finnie               7. Katherine Isobel McEwen                             30. Henry Robert Dundas               15. Mary Frances Dundas                       31. Hon. Catherine Anne Napier            


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BBC News. 14 December 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2015.  ^ Leigh, Chris (2016). "Matt Ridley: The Scientific Case for Brexit". scientistsforbritain.uk. Archived from the original on 2016-07-14.  ^ Brexit The Movie (full film) on YouTube ^ [8] ^ [9] ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 March 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2016.  ^ Shermer, Michael (2010). "Science, freedom and trade". Nature. 465 (7296): 294–95. Bibcode:2010Natur.465..294S. doi:10.1038/465294a.  ^ "BBC 2 - The Culture Show: The Rational Optimist: How Prosperity Evolves by Matt Ridley".  ^ "Hayek Lecture 2011". Archived from the original on 28 January 2012.  ^ "Angus Millar Lecture 2011". Archived from the original on 19 January 2012.  ^ "Official Roll of the Baronetage". Standing Council of the Baronetage. Archived from the original on 6 March 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2016. Sir Matthew White Ridley, 9th Baronet; 5th Viscount Ridley.  ^ Beamish, David (6 February 2013). "Conservative Hereditary Peers' By-election, February 2013: Result" (PDF). Retrieved 6 February 2013.  ^ "2012 Fellows" (PDF). The American Academy of Arts and Sciences.  ^ "Past Winners". Julian L. Simon Memorial Award.  ^ "Matt Ridley wins IEA Free Enterprise Award". Institute of Economic Affairs. 2014-07-22.  ^ "Owen Paterson, his sceptic brother-in-law, and how Defra went cold on climate change".  ^ Owen Paterson more than meets the two criteria for a good Cabinet minister June 2013, The Conservative Home. ^ [10] ^ [11]


External links[edit] Personal webpage Matt Ridley's blog The Viscount Ridley on parliament.uk Treasury – Minutes of Evidence: Examination of Witnesses: Dr Matt Ridley, Chairman, Northern Rock Ridley interviewed for Massive Change Radio in January 2004 Biography page on Edge.org Appearances on C-SPAN Matt Ridley at Goodreads Matt Ridley, "We've never had it so good – and it's all thanks to science," The Guardian, 3 April 2003 Matt Ridley, "What's your dangerous idea?", The Edge On-line magazine 2006 Matt Ridley, "Darwin's Legacy", National Geographic, February 2009. Matt Ridley, "Putting Darwin in Genes", Thinking Digital, May 2009. Matt Ridley, 'When Ideas Have Sex', a video of his TED talk Roberts, Russ (18 October 2010). "Ridley on Trade, Growth, and the Rational Optimist". EconTalk. Library of Economics and Liberty.  Peerage of the United Kingdom Preceded by Matthew White Ridley Viscount Ridley 2012–present Incumbent Baron Wensleydale 2012–present Baronetage of Great Britain Preceded by Matthew White Ridley Baronet(of Blagdon) 2012–present Incumbent v t e British viscounts* In the peerages of England, Scotland and Great Britain Hereford Falkland Arbuthnott Oxfuird Bolingbroke & St John Cobham Falmouth Torrington Hood In the peerage of Ireland (pre-1801) Gormanston Mountgarret Valentia Dillon Massereene & Ferrard Charlemont Downe Molesworth Chetwynd Midleton Boyne Gage Galway Powerscourt Ashbrook Southwell de Vesci Lifford Bangor Doneraile Harberton Hawarden In the peerages of United Kingdom & Ireland (post-1801) Monck St Vincent Melville Sidmouth Gort Exmouth Combermere Hill Hardinge Gough Bridport Portman Hampden Hambleden Knutsford Esher Goschen Ridley Colville of Culross Selby Knollys Allendale Chilston Scarsdale Mersey Cowdray Devonport Astor Wimborne St Davids Rothermere Allenby Chelmsford Long Ullswater Younger of Leckie Bearsted Craigavon Bridgeman Hailsham Brentford Buckmaster Bledisloe Hanworth Trenchard Samuel Runciman of Doxford Davidson Weir Caldecote Simon Camrose Stansgate Margesson Daventry Addison Kemsley Marchwood Alanbrooke Montgomery of Alamein Waverley Thurso Brookeborough Norwich Leathers Soulbury Chandos Malvern De L'Isle Monckton of Brenchley Tenby Mackintosh of Halifax Dunrossil Stuart of Findhorn Rochdale Slim Head Boyd of Merton Mills Blakenham Eccles Dilhorne *Current substantive viscounts, listed by precedence, from highest to lowest Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 19819147 ISNI: 0000 0001 1468 6427 GND: 120398648 SUDOC: 035336293 BNF: cb131825248 (data) NDL: 00515790 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Matt_Ridley&oldid=819681212" Categories: 1958 birthsLiving peopleBritish people of English descentScience journalistsEnglish male journalistsEnglish science writersHuman evolution theoristsWriters from Newcastle upon TyneDeputy Lieutenants of NorthumberlandPeople educated at Eton CollegeAlumni of Magdalen College, OxfordThe Economist peopleEnglish atheistsEnglish libertariansFellows of the Royal Society of LiteratureEnglish bankersNorthern RockRidley familyViscounts in the Peerage of the United KingdomFellows of the American Academy of Arts and SciencesConservative Party (UK) hereditary peersBritish EuroscepticsHidden categories: Pages containing links to subscription-only contentUse British English from March 2014Use dmy dates from September 2013Articles with hCardsAll articles with vague or ambiguous timeVague or ambiguous time from August 2016All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from October 2015Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiers


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The Right HonourableDeputy LieutenantFellow Of The Royal Society Of LiteratureFellow Of The Academy Of Medical SciencesMembers Of The House Of LordsHouse Of LordsLords TemporalIncumbentHereditary PeerRobert Shirley, 13th Earl FerrersNorthern RockSir John Riddell, 13th BaronetNorthumberlandConservative Party (United Kingdom)Matthew White Ridley, 4th Viscount RidleyBlagdon HallAlma MaterEton CollegeUniversity Of OxfordThe Red Queen: Sex And The Evolution Of Human NatureGenome (book)The Rational Optimist: How Prosperity EvolvesNorthumberlandiaDeputy LieutenantFellow Of The Royal Society Of LiteratureFellow Of The Academy Of Medical SciencesThe EconomistCentre For LifeNorthern RockThesisDoctoral AdvisorChris PerrinsDeputy LieutenantFellow Of The Royal Society Of LiteratureFellow Of The Academy Of Medical SciencesThe Red Queen: Sex And The Evolution Of Human NatureGenome (book)The Rational Optimist: How Prosperity EvolvesThe TimesLibertarianBrexitConservative Party (UK)Hereditary PeerHouse Of LordsNorthern RockBank RunNationalisation Of Northern RockMatthew White Ridley, 4th Viscount RidleyLawrence Roger Lumley, 11th Earl Of ScarbroughEton CollegeMagdalen College, OxfordBachelor Of ArtsFirst Class HonoursMating SystemPheasantChris PerrinsDPhilThe EconomistWashington, D.C.Northern RockFinancial Crisis Of 2007–2010Bank Of EnglandFinancial Crisis Of 2007–08Nationalisation Of Northern RockBritish Banking IndustryWall Street JournalThe TimesBBC FocusResource DepletionCentre For LifeScience CentreNewcastle, UKWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Dates And NumbersDitchley FoundationBritish Humanist AssociationBanks GroupNorthumberlandiaPopular ScienceThe Red Queen: Sex And The Evolution Of Human NatureLewis CarrollThrough The Looking-GlassRed Queen's HypothesisSexual ReproductionParasiteThe Origins Of Virtue: Human Instincts And The Evolution Of CooperationForeign PolicyBill ClintonGenome (book)Human ChromosomesNature Via Nurture: Genes, Experience, & What Makes Us HumanFrancis CrickHistory Of Science SocietyRichard Dawkins: How A Scientist Changed The Way We ThinkRichard DawkinsMark Ridley (zoologist)The Rational Optimist: How Prosperity EvolvesBBC Samuel Johnson PrizeTED ConferenceThe IndependentMagnum OpusLucretiusDe Rerum NaturaEdge – The Third CultureGeorge MonbiotThe GuardianTerence KealeyMicrosoftBill GatesHayek LectureMark LynasClimate ChangeWestern Birthrate DeclineGlobal Warming Policy FoundationCO2 Fertilization EffectJeffrey SachsColumbia UniversityFriends Of The EarthCoal IndustryShotton Surface MineCoal MineLobbyingShale GasFrackingHouse Of Lords Commissioner For StandardsWeir GroupFrackingEuroscepticBrexitEuropean UnionUnited Kingdom European Union Membership Referendum, 2016Brexit: The MovieCold Spring Harbor LaboratoryThe Rational Optimist: How Prosperity EvolvesSamuel Johnson PrizeManhattan InstituteRoyal Society Of ArtsHereditary PeerConservative Party (UK)American Academy Of Arts And SciencesJulian L. SimonInstitute Of Economic AffairsFellow Of The Academy Of Medical SciencesNature Versus NurtureBaronetCoronetViscount RidleyBlagdon HallStannington, NorthumberlandWikipedia:Citation NeededNewcastle UniversityConservative Party (UK)Owen PatersonSecretary Of State For Northern IrelandSecretary Of State For Environment, Food And Rural AffairsUniversity ChallengeMagdalen College, OxfordTrinity College, CambridgeMatthew White Ridley, 1st Viscount RidleyMatthew White Ridley, 2nd Viscount RidleyMatthew White Ridley, 3rd Viscount RidleyIvor Guest, 1st Baron WimborneMatthew White Ridley, 4th Viscount RidleySir Edwin LutyensRobert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl Of LyttonEdith VilliersRoger Lumley, 11th Earl Of ScarbroughWho's Who (UK)Oxford University PressClosed Access Publication – Behind PaywallNorthumberland County CouncilOCLCThe TimesSimon FisherBibcodeDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierCold Spring Harbor LaboratoryThe TimesThe TimesInternational Standard Serial NumberBritish Humanist 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