Contents 1 Domestic animals 2 Semidomesticated, routinely captive-bred, or domestication status unclear 3 Taxonomical groupings 4 References


Domestic animals[edit] Species and subspecies Wild ancestor Date Location of origin Purpose Image Degree and type of domestication Extent in wild vs captivity Taxon group Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) Extinct Pleistocene population of Gray wolf (Canis lupus)[3] 13000 BCE[4][5] Europe[5] Pets, hunting, herding, guarding, pest control, transportation, draft, working, show, racing, sport, rescuing, guiding, servicing, fighting, meat, research, patrol, fibre Tame (with exceptions),[6] significant physical changes, probably significant behavioral changes Domestic and feral dogs both very common,[6] ancestor or nearest wild relative less common but not rare 1c Carnivora Goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) Bezoar ibex (Capra aegagrus aegagrus) 10000 BCE[7][8] Iran milk, meat, fibre, skin, show, racing, fighting, clearing land, pets, horns Slight physical changes Common in captivity, threatened in wild, feral goats common 1b Bovidae Domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) Anatolian boar (Sus scrofa libycus),[9] Northern Chinese boar (Sus scrofa moupinensis)[10] 9000 BCE[11][12][13] Near East, China meat, leather, research, show, racing, fighting, truffles, pets, tusks Some physical changes Common in the wild. Much more common in captivity. Feral animals common in some areas. 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae Sheep (Ovis aries) Unknown ancestor,[14] possibly Armenian mouflon (Ovis orientalis gmelini) 9000 BCE to 8500 BCE[15] Anatolia, Zagros mountains fibre, meat, milk, leather, pelt, vellum, pets, show, racing, research, guarding, fighting, ornamental, horns, lawn mowing Some physical changes Common in captivity, threatened in the wild 1b Bovidae Cattle (Bos taurus) Eurasian aurochs (Bos primigenius primigenius) (extinct) 8000 BCE[16][17] Near East meat, milk, leather, hides, working, plowing, draft, vellum, blood, transportation, soil fertilization, fighting, show, racing, pets, horns, guarding Some physical changes Very common in captivity, wild relatives extinct, feral cattle fairly common 1b Bovidae Zebu (Bos primigenius indicus) Indian aurochs (Bos primigenius namadicus) (extinct) 8000 BCE India meat, milk, leather, hides, working, plowing, draft, vellum, blood, transportation, soil fertilization, fighting, show, racing, pets, horns Considerable physical changes Wild relatives extinct, common in captivity 1b Bovidae Cat (Felis catus) African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica) 8000 BC to 7500 BCE[18][19][20][21] Near East pets, pest control, show, pelt, research Tame, some physical changes Very abundant in captivity, true wildcats less abundant though not rare. Feral populations very common. 1c Carnivora Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) Red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) with some contribution from the Grey junglefowl (Gallus sonneratii) 6000 BCE[22] India and Southeast Asia meat, eggs, feathers, leather, show, racing, ornamental, fighting, pest control, pets, guarding Some physical changes, considerable reproductive changes Very common in captivity and the wild 2b Galliformes Domestic guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) Montane guinea pig (Cavia tschudii) 5000 BCE[23] Peru pets, show, racing, research, meat, lawn mowing Tame, slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity and the wild 1d Rodentia Donkey (Equus africanus asinus) Nubian wild ass (Equus africanus africanus), Somali wild ass (Equus africanus somaliensis)[24] 5000 BCE[25][26] Egypt transportation, working, plowing, draft, mount, meat, milk, pets, racing, guarding, lawn mowing, patrol Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity and as feral animals, wild animals critically endangered, 1e Other mammals Domestic duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) Mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos) 4000 BCE China meat, feathers, eggs, pets, show, racing, ornamental, guarding, pest control Considerable physical changes Common in captivity, but more abundant in the wild 2a Anseriformes Water buffalo, including "river buffalo" (Bubalus bubalis bubalis) and "swamp buffalo" (Bubalus bubalis carabenesis) Wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) 4000 BCE India, China, Philippines working, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, meat, show, racing, milk, pets, horns, patrol Mainly unchanged from wild animal Common in captivity, endangered in the wild 1b Bovidae Western honey bee (Apis mellifera), including subspecies Italian bee (A. mellifera ligustica), European dark bee (A. mellifera mellifera), Carniolan honey bee (A. mellifera carnica) and Caucasian honey bee (A. mellifera caucasia), Greek bee (A. mellifera cecropia) Western honey bee (Apis mellifera), Italian bee (A. mellifera ligustica), European dark bee (A. mellifera mellifera), Carniolan honey bee (A. mellifera carnica) and Caucasian honey bee (A. mellifera caucasia), Greek bee (A. mellifera cecropia) 4000 BCE (1880s for A.m. ligustica, modern for A.m. mellifera, uncertain for A.m. carnica, A.m. caucasia and A.m. cecropia) Europe, Asia and Africa honey, wax, pollination Some physical and behavioral changes. Domestication status is a point of contention. See Western honey bee for details. Very common in captivity, feral populations common, wild status unclear[27] 6a Hymenoptera Dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) Thomas' camel (Camelus thomasi) (extinct)[28] 4000 BCE Arabia transportation, working, hunting, plowing, draft, mount, show, racing, fighting, milk, meat, pets, patrol Tame, few physical changes Moderately common in captivity, small feral population in original range, significant feral population in Australia, true wild dromedaries may be extinct 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae Horse (Equus ferus caballus) Extinct unknown population of Wild horse[29] 3500 BCE[30] Kazakhstan transportation, milk, meat, working, guiding, servicing, hunting, execution, plowing, draft, mount, patrol fighting, show, racing, pets Tame, some physical changes mainly in coloration Common in captivity, very rare in wild, feral populations common 1e Other mammals Domestic silkmoth (Bombyx mori) Wild silkmoth (Bombyx mandarina) 3000 BCE China silk, animal feed, pets, meat Tame/held captive, some physical changes Fairly common in captivity, wild extent unclear 6b Other insects Domestic pigeon (Columba livia domestica) Rock dove (Columba livia) 3000 BCE Mediterranean Basin show, ornamental, messenger, meat, racing, pets Artificially selected into many varieties, including meat breeds, racing/messenger breeds, and fancy plumage breeds Relatively common in captivity, very common in the wild, feral pigeons extremely abundant 2c Columbiformes Domestic goose (Anser anser domesticus and Anser cygnoides domesticus) Greylag goose (Anser anser) and Swan goose (A. cygnoides domesticus) 3000 BCE for A. anser, date uncertain for A. cygnoides.[31] Egypt (A. anser), China (A. cygnoides) meat, feathers, eggs, show, guarding, pest control, pets Considerable physical changes Common in captivity and the wild 2a Anseriformes Yak (Bos grunniens) Wild yak (Bos mutus) 2500 BCE Tibet, Nepal milk, transportation, working, plowing, mount, racing, fighting, meat, fibre, guarding, pets, horns, patrol Tame, slight physical changes Fairly common in captivity; threatened in the wild. 1b Bovidae Domestic Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) Wild Bactrian camel (Camelus ferus) 2500 BCE Central Asia (Afghanistan) milk, transportation, working, hunting, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, show, racing, meat, hair, pets Tame, few physical changes Moderately common in captivity, critically endangered in the wild 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae Llama (Lama glama) Guanaco (Lama guanicoe cacsilensis)[32] 2400 BCE[33] Peru, Bolivia transportation, working, draft, pack, meat, show, racing, pets, guarding Slight physical changes Fairly common in captivity and the wild 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) Vicuña (Vicugna vicugna mensalis)[32] 2400 BCE[33] Peru, Bolivia fibre, meat, show, pets, guarding, milk, lawn mowing Considerable physical changes Fairly common in captivity and the wild 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae Domestic guineafowl (Numida meleagris) Helmeted guineafowl (Numida meleagris) 2400 BCE[34] Africa meat, eggs, pest control, show, alarming, pets, guarding Mainly unaltered from wild population Somewhat common in captivity and in the wild 2b Galliformes Fuegian dog (Lycalopex culpaeus) (extinct) Culpeo (Lycalopex culpaeus) Date uncertain Chile hunting, pets, warmth, guarding Extinct in captivity 1c Carnivora Ferret (Mustela putorius furo) European polecat (Mustela putorius) 1500 BCE[35] Europe pets, hunting, pest control, show, racing Tame, slight physical changes Common in captivity, somewhat common in the wild. Feral ferrets rare 1c Carnivora Domestic muscovy duck (Cairina moschata domestica) Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) 700–600 BCE[33] South America meat, feathers, eggs, show, pets, guarding, pest control Tame, some physical changes Common in captivity, feral populations are rare 2a Anseriformes Barbary dove (Streptopelia risoria) African collared dove (Streptopelia roseogrisea) 500 BCE North Africa show, pets, meat Slight physical changes Common in captivity and feral populations 2c Columbiformes Bali cattle (Bos javanicus domesticus) Javan banteng (Bos javanicus javanicus) Date uncertain Southeast Asia, Bali meat, milk, show, racing, working, plowing, draft Slight physical changes Common in captivity, endangered in the wild 1b Bovidae Gayal (Bos frontalis) Gaur (Bos gaurus) Date uncertain Southeast Asia, Northeast India meat, milk Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity, threatened in the wild 1b Bovidae Domestic turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) South Mexican wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo gallopavo) 180 CE[33] Mexico meat, feathers, eggs, show, pets, pest control, guarding Considerable physical changes Common in captivity and wild 2b Galliformes Goldfish (Carassius auratus) Prussian carp (Carassius gibelio) 300 CE to 400 CE China pets, show, racing, ornamental Tame/held captive, significant physical changes Very common and abundant in captivity, wild extent is unclear 5a Cyprinidae Domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) Iberian rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus huxleyi)[36] 600 CE[37] Europe pelt, fibre, pets, show, racing, research, meat, lawn mowing Tame, significant physical changes Common in captivity, rare in native habitat, common in introduced range 1e Other mammals Koi (Cyprinus rubrofuscus) Amur carp (Cyprinus rubrofuscus) 11th Century CE Japan ornamental, show, pets Tame/held captive, considerable physical changes Fairly common in captivity, threatened in the wild 5a Cyprinidae Domestic canary (Serinus canaria domestica) Atlantic canary (Serinus canaria) 15th century CE Canary Islands, Europe pets, research, show, mining, fighting Slight physical changes Common in captivity and wild 2d Passeriformes Scaly-breasted munia (Lonchura punctulata) Scaly-breasted munia (Lonchura punctulata) date uncertain Southeast Asia pets, research Slight physical changes Fairly common in captivity and the wild 2d Passeriformes Society finch (Lonchura striata domestica) White-rumped munia (Lonchura striata) unknown, may have been introduced to Japan sometime around the early 18th century CE[38] Japan pets, research Slight physical changes Fairly common in captivity and the wild 2d Passeriformes Fancy mouse and laboratory mouse House mouse (Mus musculus) 1100 BCE (China), then 17th century CE (Europe)[39] China pets, research, racing, animal feed Tame, significant physical changes Common in captivity and in the wild 1d Rodentia Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens) Uncertain species of the genus Betta 19th century CE Thailand fighting, pets Tame/held captive, very significant physical and slight behavioral changes 5b Other fish Fancy rat and laboratory rat Brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) 19th century CE[40] United Kingdom pets, research, show Tame, some physical and psychological changes Common in captivity and in the wild 1d Rodentia Domestic mink (Neovison vison) [41] American mink (Neovison vison) 19th century CE North America fur, hunting, pest control, pets Some physical and psychological changes Somewhat common in captivity and in the wild 1c Carnivora Domesticated red fox (Vulpes vulpes) Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) 1950s CE Soviet Union, Russia pelt, research, pets Tame, some physical changes Very small domestic population, wild relatives fairly common 1c Carnivora Domestic hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) Four-toed hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) 1980s CE Central and Eastern Africa pets Slight physical changes Common in the wild. Somewhat rare in captivity 1e Other mammals Guppy (Poecilia reticulata some strains)[42] Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) Date uncertain Barbados, Brazil, Guyana pets Held/tame in captivity, significant physical changes Common in captivity 5b Other fish


Semidomesticated, routinely captive-bred, or domestication status unclear[edit] Due to the somewhat unclear outlines of what, precisely, constitutes domestication, there are some species that may or may not be fully domesticated. There are also species that are extensively used or kept as pets by humans, but are not significantly altered from wild-type animals. Most animals on this second table are at least somewhat altered from wild animals by their extensive interactions with humans. Many could not be released into the wild, or are in some way dependent on humans. Species and subspecies Wild ancestor Date Location of origin Purpose Image Degree and type of domestication Extent in wild vs captivity Taxon group Semi-domesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) 3000 BC Fennoscandia, Western Russia (possibly Eastern Russia)[43] meat, milk, transportation, working, draft, mount, hides, racing, leather, antlers, pets Semidomesticated 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) 2500 BC Egypt meat, horns, leather, skin, sacrifice Held/tame in captivity Small captive population, but endangered in the wild 1b Bovidae Gemsbok (Oryx gazella) Gemsbok (Oryx gazella) Date uncertain Southern Africa meat, hides, horns Held/tame in captivity 1b Bovidae Scimitar oryx (Oryx dammah) Scimitar oryx (Oryx dammah) 2320-2150 BC Egypt meat, hides, horns, sacrifice Held/tame in captivity Small captive population, but nearly extinct in wild 1b Bovidae Bubal hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus buselaphus) (extinct) Bubal hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus buselaphus) (extinct) Date uncertain Egypt meat, hides, horns, sacrifice Extinct in captivity and in the wild 1b Bovidae Syrian wild ass (Equus hemionus hemippus) (extinct) Syrian wild ass (Equus hemionus hemippus) (extinct) [44] Date uncertain Mesopotamia draught Extinct in captivity and in the wild 1e Other mammals Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) 2000 BC Indus Valley Civilization working, transportation, hunting, show, racing, fighting, worship, patrol Semidomesticated (Captured from wild and tamed) 1e Other mammals Wood duck (Aix sponsa) Wood duck (Aix sponsa) Date uncertain North America meat, ornamental, pets, pest control Held/tame in captivity 2a Anseriformes Mandarin duck (Aix galericulata) Mandarin duck (Aix galericulata) Pre-modern China (date uncertain) China ornamental, pets, pest control Held/tame in captivity 2a Anseriformes Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) Date uncertain Egypt meat, eggs, ornamental, guarding, pets, feathers Held/tame in captivity common in captivity, feral populations very common 2a Anseriformes Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) Ancient Egypt (Date uncertain) Egypt pest control, pets Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora Leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) Leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis)[45] 5000 BC China pest control, pets Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora Common genet (Genetta genetta) Common genet (Genetta genetta)[46] Date uncertain Africa pest control, pets Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora Asiatic honey bee (Apis cerana), including subspecies Indian honey bee (Apis cerana indica) and Japanese honey bee (Apis cerana japonica) Asiatic honey bee (Apis cerana), and appropriate subspecies Date uncertain South Asia, Southeast Asia, Japan honey, pollination Held/tame in captivity 6a Hymenoptera Fallow deer (Dama dama) Fallow deer (Dama dama) 1000 BC Mediterranean Basin meat, hides, antlers Semidomesticated 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae European medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) European medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) 800 BC Europe, Asia bloodletting, surgery 7 Other animals Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) 700–500 BC[33] Chile, Peru, Mexico dye Held/tame in captivity Very common in the wild 6b Other insects Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) 500 BC India show, feathers, meat, ornamental, pets, guarding, pest control Held/tame in captivity Fairly common in the wild 2b Galliformes Common hill myna (Gracula religiosa) Common hill myna (Gracula religiosa) kept in Ancient Greece, date of captive breeding uncertain Greece pets, talking bird Held/tame in captivity 2d Passeriformes Rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) Rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) Classical antiquity (Date uncertain) Africa, Asia pets, talking bird Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Red deer (Cervus elaphus) Red deer (Cervus elaphus) ~0 AD China, Russia, Europe, United Kingdom meat, velvet, hides, leather, antlers Captive bred 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae Roman snail (Helix pomatia) Roman snail (Helix pomatia) 100 AD Europe meat, pets 7 Other animals Stingless bees (Melipona beecheii), (M. scutellaris), (M. bicolor), (M. quadrifasciata) and (M. subnitida) Stingless bees (Melipona beecheii), (M. scutellaris), (M. bicolor), (M. quadrifasciata) and (M. subnitida) 180 AD Mexico, Amazon basin honey, pollination Semidomesticated 6a Hymenoptera White cockatoo (Cacatua alba) White cockatoo (Cacatua alba) Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD) China, Indonesia pets, show Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Sulphur-crested cockatoo (Cacatua galerita) Sulphur-crested cockatoo (Cacatua galerita) Australia pets, show Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Yellow-crested cockatoo & Citron-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea & C. S. citrinocristata) Sulphur-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea & C. S. citrinocristata) Sulawesi, Masalembu Islands, Tukangbesi Islands, Tanah Jampea, Sumbawa, Komodo, Flores, Timor, Lesser Sundas, Sumba pets Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Japanese and great cormorants (Phalacrocorax capillatus & P. carbo) Japanese and great cormorants (Phalacrocorax capillatus & P. carbo) 960 AD Japan, China fishing Held/tame in captivity 2f Other birds Whooper swan (Cygnus cygnus) Whooper swan (Cygnus cygnus) Date uncertain Eurasia meat, ornamental, feathers Semidomesticated 2a Anseriformes Mute swan (Cygnus olor) Mute swan (Cygnus olor) 1000-1500 Europe meat, ornamental, feathers, guarding Semidomesticated 2a Anseriformes House cricket (Acheta domesticus) House cricket (Acheta domesticus) 12th century Southwestern Asia, China, Japan animal feed, meat, fighting, pets Held in captivity Somewhat common in captivity, very common in wild 6b Other insects Common (Coturnix coturnix) and Japanese quail (C. japonica) Common (Coturnix coturnix) and Japanese quail (C. japonica) 1100–1900 Eurasia, Japan meat, eggs, pets Domesticated in captivity 2b Galliformes Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) 1200–1500 Europe, Asia meat Held/tame in captivity 5a Cyprinidae Java sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora) Java sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora) Ming Dynasty (1368–1644 AD) China pets Non-wild coloration pied and fancy colored Javas from long Asian captivity lines are hand tamable Threatened in wild 2d Passeriformes Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) Date uncertain United States meat, eggs, pets Captive bred Plumage changes 2b Galliformes European goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) European goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) Date uncertain Europe pets, singing Captive bred 2d Passeriformes Pekin robin (Leiothrix lutea) Red-billed leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea) Date uncertain China, Japan pets, singing Captive bred 2d Passeriformes Indian gray mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii) Indian gray mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii) Date uncertain India fighting, pest control, pets Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) Date uncertain Brazil meat, pelt, pets, lawn mowing Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia Gambian pouched rat (Cricetomys gambianus) Gambian pouched rat (Cricetomys gambianus) At least 1997 [47] but possibly early 1990s Sub-Saharan Africa meat, pets, landmine detection, TB detection, pest control Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia Indian palm squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) Indian palm squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) Date uncertain India pets Easy to tame 1d Rodentia Black and Grey francolin (Francolinus francolinus and F. pondicerianus) Black and Grey francolin (Francolinus francolinus and F. pondicerianus) Date uncertain India, Pakistan meat, pets, fighting Held/tame in captivity 2b Galliformes Golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) Golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) Date uncertain China ornamental, pets, pest control Held/tame in captivity 2b Galliformes Common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) and Green pheasant (P. versicolor) Common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) and Green pheasant (P. versicolor) Date uncertain Asia, Japan meat, eggs, pets, pest control Held/tame in captivity 2b Galliformes Sika deer (Cervus nippon) Sika deer (Cervus nippon) Date uncertain Japan, China meat, antlers Held/tame in captivity 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae Common eland (Taurotragus oryx) Common eland (Taurotragus oryx) Date uncertain Zimbabwe, South Africa, Kenya meat, milk, leather, hides, horns Held/tame in captivity 1b Bovidae American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis), American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) Date uncertain United States pets, meat, hides once uncommon in the wild, captive breeding has led to the species recovering across much of its range 3c Other reptiles Moose (Alces alces) Moose (Alces alces) Date uncertain Russia, Finland, Sweden research, milk, antlers, mount, draft, transportation, working, meat Held/tame in captivity 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae North African ostrich (Struthio camelus camelus) and Masai ostrich (S. c. massaicus) North African ostrich (Struthio camelus camelus) and Masai ostrich (S. c. massaicus) Date uncertain North Africa, West Africa; East Africa meat, eggs, feathers, leather, oil, mount, racing, guarding, pets Semidomesticated 2f Other birds South African ostrich (Struthio camelus australis) South African ostrich (Struthio camelus australis) 19th century South Africa meat, eggs, feathers, leather, oil, mount, racing, guarding, pets Semidomesticated 2f Other birds Somali ostrich (Struthio molybdophanes) Somali ostrich (Struthio molybdophanes) Date uncertain Kenya meat, eggs, feathers, mount, racing, guarding, pets Semidomesticated 2f Other birds Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) 1850s Australia pets, show, talking bird Plumage changes, some breeds are physically larger Fairly common in the wild and in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) 1870s Australia pets, show, talking bird Held/tame in captivity Common in the wild and in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Major Mitchell's cockatoo (Lophochroa leadbeateri) Major Mitchell's cockatoo (Lophochroa leadbeateri) Australia pets, show Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Elk (Cervus canadensis) including subspecies Rocky Mountain elk (C. c. nelsoni), Roosevelt elk (C. c. roosevelti), Tule elk (C. c. nannodes), Manitoban elk (C. c. manitobensis) Elk (Cervus canadensis), Rocky Mountain elk (C. c. nelsoni), Roosevelt elk (C. c. roosevelti), Tule elk (C. c. nannodes), Manitoban elk (C. c. manitobensis) late 1800s North America meat, velvet, hides, leather, antlers Captive bred 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae Stoat (Mustela erminea) Stoat (Mustela erminea) 1800s Eurasia fur, pest control, pets Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora European mink (Mustela lutreola) European mink (Mustela lutreola) 1800s Europe fur Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora Coypu (Myocastor coypus) Coypu (Myocastor coypus) late 19th to early 20th century Argentina fur, meat, aquatic weed control, pets Captive bred 1d Rodentia Domestic skunk (Mephitis mephitis) Striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis) 19th century North America pets, pest control Tame when captive-bred 1c Carnivora Common fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) Common fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) 1910s Australia, South Africa research, animal feed 6b Other insects Chinese hamster (Cricetulus griseus) Chinese hamster (Cricetulus griseus) 1920s China research, biotechnology, pets Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia Rosy-faced, yellow-collared, and Fischer's lovebirds (Agapornis roseicollis, A. personatus & A. fischeri) Rosy-faced, yellow-collared and Fischer's lovebirds (Agapornis roseicollis, A. personatus & A. fischeri) 1920s Africa pets Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Rainbowfish (Melanotaeniidae) Various rainbowfish spp. (Melanotaeniidae spp.) 1920s northern and eastern Australia, New Guinea, islands in Cenderawasih Bay, and the Raja Ampat Islands in Indonesia pets, pest control Held/tame in captivity 5b Other fish Golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) Golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) 1930s Syria, Turkey pets, research Domesticated 1d Rodentia Turkish hamster (Mesocricetus brandti) Turkish hamster (Mesocricetus brandti) 20th century Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey pets, research Domesticated 1d Rodentia European water vole (Arvicola amphibius) European water vole (Arvicola amphibius) 20th century Europe, Russia, West Asia and Kazakhstan pets Domesticated 1d Rodentia Common vole (Microtus arvalis) Common vole (Microtus arvalis) 20th century Eurasia pets Domesticated 1d Rodentia Long-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) Long-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) 1930s Andes pets, fur, research Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia Short-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla chinchilla) Short-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla chinchilla) 1930s Andes fur Raised in captivity Critically endangered in the wild 1d Rodentia Water flea (Daphnia magna) Water flea (Daphnia magna) 1930s North America, Eurasia, Africa research, animal feed Held/tame in captivity 6c Other arthropods African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) 1950s South Africa pets, research 4a Anura Sea-monkey (Artemia nyos) Brine shrimp (Artemia spp., esp. A. salina) 1950s United States pets Domesticated 6c Other arthropods Ball python (Python regius) Ball python (Python regius) 1960s Africa pets Captive bred 3a Serpentes Dwarf hamsters (Phodopus spp.) Campbell's dwarf, Djungarian and Roborovski hamsters (Phodopus campbelli, P. sungorus and P. roborovskii) 1960s Europe pets, research Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia Zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) Zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) 20th century Australia pets, show Plumage changes, some breeds are physically larger 2d Passeriformes Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) Axolotl 20th century Mexico research, pets Slight physical changes Critically endangered in the wild 4b Other amphibians Palm cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus) Palm cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus) Australia pets Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) Leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) 20th century Pakistan pets Slight physical modification Somewhat common in captivity 3b Lacertilia American bison (Bison bison) American bison (Bison bison) 20th century North America meat, leather, hides, horns, guarding Semidomesticated 1b Bovidae Companion parrot (Order Psittaciformes) Many species (Order Psittaciformes) 1980s and 1990s Australia, Europe, Africa, Asia, North America, South America, New Zealand pets, companion, talking bird, ornamental, guarding Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Turquoise parrot (Neophema pulchella) Turquoise parrot (Neophema pulchella) 20th century Australia pets, show Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Dyeing dart frog (Dendrobates tinctorius) Dyeing dart frog (Dendrobates tinctorius) Mid-to-late 20th century Guyana, Suriname, Brazil, French Guiana pets Slight physical changes; loss of toxicity 4a Anura Green and black poison dart frog (Dendrobates auratus) Green and black poison dart frog (Dendrobates auratus) Mid-to-late 20th century Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia pets Slight physical changes; loss of toxicity 4a Anura Diamond dove (Geopelia cuneata) Diamond dove (Geopelia cuneata) Date uncertain Australia pets Held/tame in captivity 2c Columbiformes Common kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula) Common kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula) Date uncertain Texas, New Mexico, Chihuahua pets Held/tame in captivity 3a Serpentes Milk snake (Lampropeltis triangulum ) Milk snake (Lampropeltis triangulum ) Date uncertain Texas, New Mexico, Chihuahua pets Held/tame in captivity 3a Serpentes Grey-banded kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna) Grey-banded kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna) Date uncertain Texas, New Mexico, Chihuahua pets Held/tame in captivity 3a Serpentes Corn snake (Pantherophis gutttatus) Corn snake (Pantherophis guttatus) 1960s United States pets Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity, common in the wild 3a Serpentes Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) 1960s United States wool, meat, milk Held/tame in captivity 1b Bovidae Madagascar hissing cockroach (Gromphadorhina portentosa) Madagascar hissing cockroach (Gromphadorhina portentosa) 1960s Madagascar pets 6b Other insects Eastern bearded dragon (Pogona barbata) Eastern bearded dragon (Pogona barbata) Date uncertain Australia pets Slight physical changes 3b Lacertilia Central bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) Central bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) 1970s Australia pets Slight physical changes 3b Lacertilia Eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus) Eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus) 1980s Australia, Indonesia, New Guinea, Solomon Islands pets Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Salmon-crested cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) Salmon-crested cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) 1980s Maluku Islands pets, show, talking bird Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Yellow-bellied glider (Petaurus australis) Yellow-bellied glider (Petaurus australis) Date uncertain Australia pets 1e Other mammals Sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps) Sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps) 1980s Australia pets 1e Other mammals Lawson's dragon (Pogona henrylawsoni) Lawson's dragon (Pogona henrylawsoni) 1980s Australia pets Held/tame in captivity 3b Lacertilia Buff-tailed bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) Buff-tailed bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) 1980s Europe wax, pollination Held/tame in captivity 6a Hymenoptera Greater rhea (Rhea americana) Greater rhea (Rhea americana) 1990s South America meat, eggs, feathers, leather, oil, pets Semidomesticated 2f Other birds Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) 1990s Australia meat, eggs, feathers, leather, oil, guarding, pets Semidomesticated 2f Other birds Giant eland (Taurotragus derbianus) Giant eland (Taurotragus derbianus) Date uncertain West Africa meat, leather, hides, horns, milk Held/tame in captivity 1b Bovidae Fringe-eared oryx (Oryx beisa callotis) and Common beisa oryx (O. b. beisa) Fringe-eared oryx (Oryx beisa callotis) and Common beisa oryx (O. b. beisa) Date uncertain Kenya meat, leather, hides, horns Held/tame in captivity 1b Bovidae Common degu (Octodon degus) Common degu (Octodon degus) 1990s Chilean Andes pets, research 1d Rodentia Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) et al. Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) and others of the genus 1990s Mongolia pets, research Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia Green iguana (Iguana iguana) Green iguana (Iguana iguana) 1990s South America pets, meat, leather Captive bred 3b Lacertilia Carpet python (Morelia spilota) Carpet python (Morelia spilota) Date uncertain New Guinea, Indonesia, Australia pets Captive bred 3a Serpentes Green tree python (Morelia viridis) Green tree python (Morelia viridis) mid-1990s New Guinea, Indonesia, Australia pets Captive bred 3a Serpentes Red-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) Red-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) late 1990s Australia pets Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes Pin-tailed parrotfinch (Erythrura prasina) Pin-tailed parrotfinch (Erythrura prasina) date uncertain Malaysia, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand pets Held/tame in captivity 2d Passeriformes Gouldian finch (Erythrura gouldiae) Gouldian finch (Erythrura gouldiae) late 1990s Australia pets, show Held/tame in captivity 2d Passeriformes Australian green tree frog (Litoria caerulea) Australian green tree frog late 20th century Australia pets 4a Anura Argentine and Cranwell's horned frogs (Ceratophrys ornata & C. cranwelli) Argentine and Cranwell's horned frogs (Ceratophrys ornata & C. cranwelli) late 20th century Argentina pets 4a Anura Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) 2000s England, Russia meat, pets Domesticated 5a Cyprinidae King quail (Excalfactoria chinensis) King quail (Excalfactoria chinensis) Date uncertain Asia, Australia pets Held/tame in captivity 2b Galliformes Small-billed tinamou (Crypturellus parvirostris) Small-billed tinamou (Crypturellus parvirostris) Date uncertain South America meat, eggs Held/tame in captivity 2f Other birds Southern screamer (Chauna torquata) and Northern screamer (C. chavaria) Southern screamer (Chauna torquata) and Northern screamer (C. chavaria) Date uncertain South America guarding Held/tame in captivity 2a Anseriformes Horned screamer (Anhima cornuta) Horned screamer (Anhima cornuta) Date uncertain South America guarding Held/tame in captivity 2a Anseriformes Red-legged seriema (Cariama cristata) Red-legged seriema (Cariama cristata) Date uncertain South America guarding Held/tame in captivity 2f Other birds Black-legged seriema (Chunga burmeisteri) Black-legged seriema (Chunga burmeisteri) Date uncertain South America guarding Held/tame in captivity 2f Other birds Secretarybird (Sagittarius serpentarius) Secretarybird (Sagittarius serpentarius)[48] Date uncertain South Africa pest control Held/tame in captivity 2f Other birds Glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) Glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) Date uncertain Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Atlantic and Caribbean regions of the Americas meat, eggs, pest control Held/tame in captivity 2f Other birds Puna ibis (Plegadis ridgwayi) Puna ibis (Plegadis ridgwayi) Date uncertain Peru meat, eggs, pest control Held/tame in captivity 2f Other birds Red-necked wallaby (Macropus rufogriseus) Red-necked wallaby (Macropus rufogriseus)[49] 2000s Tasmania lawn mowing, pets Held/tame in captivity 1e Other mammals Smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) Smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata)[50] Date uncertain Bangladesh fishing, pets Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora Lowland paca (Cuniculus paca), Mountain paca (C. taczanowskii) Lowland paca (Cuniculus paca), Mountain paca (C. taczanowskii) Date uncertain Mexico, Argentina, Ecuador meat, pets Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia Malayan porcupine (Hystrix brachyura) Malayan porcupine (Hystrix brachyura)[51] Date uncertain Vietnam meat, quills, pets Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia Chinese bamboo rat (Rhizomys sinensis) Chinese bamboo rat (Rhizomys sinensis)[52] Date uncertain China meat, pets Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia Desmarest's hutia (Capromys pilorides) Desmarest's hutia (Capromys pilorides) Date uncertain Cuba meat, pest control, pets Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia Steppe lemming (Lagurus lagurus) Steppe lemming (Lagurus lagurus) Date uncertain Eurasian Steppe pets 1d Rodentia Norway lemming (Lemmus lemmus) Norway lemming (Lemmus lemmus) 20th century Northern Fennoscandia pets 1d Rodentia Pale and lesser gerbils (Gerbillus perpallidus, G. gerbillus) Pale and lesser gerbils (Gerbillus perpallidus, G. gerbillus) Date uncertain Egypt pets 1d Rodentia Northeastern spinytail iguana (Ctenosaura acanthura) Northeastern spinytail iguana (Ctenosaura acanthura) Date uncertain Mexico pets Captive bred 3b Lacertilia Black spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura similis) Black spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura similis) Date uncertain Central America pets, meat Captive bred 3b Lacertilia Mexican spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura pectinata) Mexican spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura pectinata) Date uncertain Mexico pets, meat Captive bred 3b Lacertilia Crimson, Eastern, Western, Green, Pale-headed and Northern rosellas (Platycercus elegans, P. eximius, P. icterotis, P. caledonicus, P. adscitus & P. venustus) Crimson, Eastern, Western, Green, Pale-headed and Northern rosellas (Platycercus elegans, P. eximius, P. icterotis, P. caledonicus, P. adscitus & P. venustus) Date uncertain Australia pets Semidomesticated 2e Psittaciformes Red-eared, yellow-bellied, and Cumberland sliders (Trachemys scripta elegans, T. s. scripta, T. s. troostii) Red-eared, yellow-bellied, and Cumberland sliders (Trachemys scripta elegans, T. s. scripta, T. s. troostii) Date uncertain United States, especially the southeastern United States pets, meat Easy to domesticate Fairly common in captivity, common in the wild 3c Other reptiles Crimson finch (Neochmia phaeton) Crimson finch (Neochmia phaeton) Date uncertain New Guinea and northern Australia pets, show 2d Passeriformes Star finch (Neochmia ruficauda) Star finch (Neochmia ruficauda) Date uncertain Australia pets, show Held/tame in captivity 2d Passeriformes Edible-nest swiftlet (Aerodramus fuciphagus) Edible-nest swiftlet (Aerodramus fuciphagus)[53] Date uncertain Indonesia nests Held/tame in captivity 2f Other birds Tarantula (Brachypelma spp. et al.) Mexican redknee tarantula (Brachypelma smithi) and others Date uncertain Mexico pets, research Common in captivity, getting rare in the wild. 6c Other arthropods Crested gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus) Crested gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus) Date uncertain New Caledonia pets Captive bred Somewhat common in captivity, nearly extinct in wild 3b Lacertilia African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), African forest elephant (L. cyclotis) African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana),[54] African forest elephant (L. cyclotis)[55] Date uncertain South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, Congo Basin mount, tourism, mine detection, patrol, work Semidomesticated (Captured from wild and tamed) 1e Other mammals Southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum) Southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum)[56] Date uncertain South Africa horns Held/tame in captivity 1e Other mammals Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis)[57] Date uncertain South Africa horns Held/tame in captivity 1e Other mammals Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus)[58] Date uncertain India pest control, pets Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora Crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous) Crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous)[59] Date uncertain South America pest control, pets Easy to domesticate 1c Carnivora Dingo (Canis lupus dingo) Dingo (Canis lupus dingo)[60] Date uncertain Australia guarding, pest control, warmth, hunting, pets Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora Common kusimanse (Crossarchus obscurus) Common kusimanse (Crossarchus obscurus) Date uncertain West Africa pets, pest control Captive bred 1c Carnivora Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii) Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii) Date uncertain Thailand, Indonesia meat, pets Domesticated 5b Other fish Piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri and P. piraya) Red-bellied piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri) and San Francisco piranha (P. piraya) Date uncertain South America meat, pets, research, teeth Semidomesticated Fairly common in captivity, common in the wild 5b Other fish Sugarbag bee (Tetragonula carbonaria) Sugarbag bee (Tetragonula carbonaria) Date uncertain Australia honey, pollination Held/tame in captivity 6a Hymenoptera Dubia roach (Blaptica dubia) Dubia roach (Blaptica dubia) Date uncertain Central and South America animal feed, pets 6b Other insects Mealworm and Superworm (Tenebrio molitor and Zophobas morio) Larvae of darkling beetles (Tenebrio molitor and Zophobas morio) Date uncertain Europe animal feed, meat Captive bred 6b Other insects Red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum) Red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum) Date uncertain United States research Captive bred 6b Other insects Waxworm (Achroia grisella and Galleria mellonella) Larvae of lesser and greater wax moths (Achroia grisella and Galleria mellonella) Date uncertain Europe ? animal feed, bait, research, meat Captive bred 6b Other insects


Taxonomical groupings[edit] The categories used in Taxon group column are: 1a: Artiodactyla except Bovidae, 1b: Bovidae, 1c: Carnivora, 1d: Rodentia, 1e: Other mammals 2a: Anseriformes, 2b: Galliformes, 2c: Columbiformes, 2d: Passeriformes, 2e: Psittaciformes, 2f: Other birds 3a: Serpentes, 3b: Lacertilia, 3c: Other reptiles 4a: Anura, 4b: Other amphibians 5a: Cyprinidae, 5b: Other fish 6a: Hymenoptera, 6b: Other insects, 6c: Other arthropods 7: Other animals


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PMID 19265018.  see also Domestication of the horse ^ Buckland, R., & Guy, G. (2002). Goose Production. Chapter 1: Origins and Breeds of Domestic Geese. FAO Agriculture Department. ^ a b A. Rosati, C. Mosoni and A. Tewolde. [2] ^ a b c d e D.L Johnson and B.K. Swartz, Jr. Evidence for Pre-Columbian Animal Domestication in the New World ^ Guinea Fowl ^ Glover, James. "The Ancestry Of The Domestic Ferret". PetPeoplesPlace.com. Retrieved 2006-09-12.  ^ "New study reveals how wild rabbits were genetically transformed into tame rabbits". Phys. August 28, 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2017.  ^ Interesting Rabbit Domestication History ^ Towards a cultural history of the Bengalese Finch (Lonchura domestica) ^ Royer, Nichole. "The History of Fancy Mice". American Fancy Rat and Mouse Association. AFRMA.org. Retrieved on 2015-12-25. ^ Royer, Nichole. "The History of Fancy Rats". American Fancy Rat & Mouse Association.  ^ Decuypere. "Is the Mink Domesticated?" (PDF).  ^ Guideon, Khoo; Kok Fang Lim; Damien K. Y.; Fan Chen; Woon Kiong Chan; Tit Meng Lim; Violet P. E. Fang (2002). "Genetic Diversity within and Among Feral Populations and Domesticated Strains of the Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) in Singapore" Check |url= value (help). Marine Biotechnology. 4 (4): 367–378. doi:10.1007/s10126-002-0007-z. PMID 14961248. Retrieved 3 October 2012. [permanent dead link] ^ Roed, K. H; Flagstad, O.; Nieminen, M.; Holand, O.; Dwyer, M. J; Rov, N.; Vila, C. (2008). "Genetic analyses reveal independent domestication origins of Eurasian reindeer". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 275 (1645): 1849–1855. doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.0332. PMC 2593925 . PMID 18460427.  ^ "History: Bronze Age Sumerians and Akkadians". Warlord Games. January 17, 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2017.  ^ "Farmers in China domesticated Asian Leopard Cats 5,000 Years Ago". Ancient Origins. February 7, 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2017.  ^ "Search for the Common Genet (Genetta genetta) in Southern France". Rewilding Foundation. August 31, 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2017.  ^ User, Super. "We train rats to save lives". APOPO - we train rats to save lives. Retrieved 2017-07-21.  ^ "SECRETARY BIRD: Might". Nature: Observations and Meanings. July 23, 2010. Retrieved 30 July 2017.  ^ "Meet the lawnmower on legs: Why wallabies are taking over England's gardens in leaps and bounds". Daily Mail. May 15, 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Feeroz, M. M., Begum, S. and Hasan, M. K. (2011). "Fishing with Otters: a Traditional Conservation Practice in Bangladesh". Proceedings of XIth International Otter Colloquium. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin (28A): 14–21. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "Porcupines Expose Pitfalls of Wildlife Farming". ScienceLine. December 16, 2010. Retrieved 14 January 2018.  ^ "Inside China's bizarre Bamboo Rat farms". Daily mail. December 19, 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2018.  ^ "Bird's nest boom". Inside Indonesia. April 18, 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2017.  ^ "Elephants can smell land mines, scientists find". The Independent. March 13, 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2017.  ^ "African Elephant Domestication #2". Buckles Blog. June 18, 2008. Retrieved 24 September 2017.  ^ "Farming rhinos and legalising sale of their horns worth more than gold 'will save them from extinction', claims farmer". Daily Mail. August 30, 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2017.  ^ "An Inside Look at the World's Biggest Rhino Farm". National Geographic. January 22, 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2017.  ^ http://www.knowyourcat.info/lib/rusty.htm ^ "Thursday [Wednesday] Woof - Cerdocyon thous Edition". Observation Deck. October 10, 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2017.  ^ "Dingoes: a farmer's new best friend?". Starfish Initiatives. July 16, 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  v t e Domestication of animals Vertebrates Dog Cat Sheep Pig Cattle Goat Horse Rabbit Chicken Mouse Carp Goldfish Koi Rose-ringed parakeet Invertebrates Honey bee Silkworm History Cats in ancient Egypt Origin of the domestic dog Domestication of the horse theories Domestication of the Syrian hamster Related topics List of domesticated animals Selective breeding Self-domestication The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication Genomics of domestication Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_domesticated_animals&oldid=820482372" Categories: Domesticated animalsLists of domesticated animalsLists of superlativesOriginsHidden categories: CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors listArticles with French-language external linksPages with URL errorsAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from December 2017Articles with permanently dead external links


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List_of_domesticated_animals - Photos and All Basic Informations

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ElephantAfrican Forest ElephantSouth AfricaZimbabweZambiaNamibiaBotswanaCongo BasinSouthern White RhinocerosSouth AfricaBlack RhinocerosSouth AfricaRusty-spotted CatIndiaCrab-eating FoxSouth AmericaDingoAustraliaCommon KusimanseWest AfricaKissing GouramiThailandIndonesiaPiranhaRed-bellied PiranhaPygocentrus PirayaSouth AmericaSugarbag BeeAustraliaDubia RoachMealwormZophobas MorioDarkling BeetleEuropeRed Flour BeetleUnited StatesWaxwormEuropeEdit Section: Taxonomical GroupingsEven-toed UngulateBovidaeBovidaeCarnivoraRodentMammalsAnseriformesGalliformesColumbidaePasserineParrotBirdsSnakeLizardReptilesFrogAmphibiansCyprinidaeFishHymenopteraInsectsArthropodsDigital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-684-85530-5Digital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierThoughtCoPubMed CentralPubMed IdentifierBibcodeDigital Object 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