Contents 1 Early life and education 2 Career 2.1 Criticism 3 Bibliography 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links


Early life and education[edit] Born in Taunton, Massachusetts, Kamin studied psychology at Harvard. While a graduate student, Kamin was subpoenaed by the McCarthy Committee, where he refused to name names. As a result, Kamin was convicted of contempt of the Senate during the McCarthy era[1] and had to find employment in Canada, where he chaired the Psychology Department at McMaster University in Hamilton, Canada (1957–58). In 1968 he returned to the U.S. and chaired Princeton University's Department of Psychology and later the Psychology Department at Northeastern University in Boston, Massachusetts.


Career[edit] Kamin's most well-known contribution to learning theory was his discovery and analysis of the "blocking effect" (1969). He showed that conditioning an animal to associate a salient conditioned stimulus (CSb), such as a bright light, with a salient unconditioned stimulus (US), like a shock, is "blocked" when CSb is presented simultaneously with another conditioned stimulus (CSa) that was already conditioned to the US. (Kamin used rats in most of his research, but the effect has been found in many animals). The blocking effect is one of the hallmark effects in the study of associative learning in animals, including humans.[according to whom?] However, subsequent research suggests it is not as robust as previously thought.[2] Kamin has long opposed the idea that significant personal traits are largely heritable. He became skeptical of the claims of Cyril Burt regarding the heritability of IQ, and published his opinions in a 1974 book, The Science and Politics of IQ. He co-authored the controversial book Not in Our Genes (1984) with geneticist Richard Lewontin and neurobiologist Steven Rose. This book, championing the "radical science movement", criticized sociobiology and evolutionary psychology. Kamin is known in some circles for his speculation that the heritability of IQ could be "zero" (Mackintosh, 1998) He is honorary professor of psychology at the University of Cape Town in South Africa. Criticism[edit] In Race Differences in Intelligence (1974), Loehlin, Lindzey & Spuhler wrote (p. 85): Kamin's more radical assertion of zero heritability, if substantiated, might not render the present book entirely meaningless, but it would certainly require a considerable revision of its language and point of view. In Appendix H we have taken a second look in the light of Kamin's critique at some of the data that provide the main focus for his misgivings, namely the studies of adoptive families and separated identical twins. We do not find these data to be quite as fragile as does Kamin, and we find Kamin's analysis to suffer from a number of statistical and logical problems. and also (p. 299): On the whole, then, although Kamin's critique emphasizes some methodological points worthy of attention in conducting and evaluating studies in this area, it does not, in our view, constitute an unbiased survey of the data, and it suffers from enough logical and statistical difficulties that Kamin's "reasonably prudent man" will want to think twice before accepting his conclusions.


Bibliography[edit] The Science and Politics of IQ (1974) Hans Jürgen Eysenck and Leon J. Kamin (1981). Intelligence: the Battle for the Mind. MacMillan. ISBN 0-330-26399-4.  Richard Lewontin, Steven Rose and Leon J. Kamin (1984). Not in Our Genes. 


Notes[edit] ^ (Kamin, 2005) ^ Maes E., Boddez Y., Alfei Palloni J., Krypotos A., D'Hooge R., De Houwer J., Beckers T. 2016. The elusive nature of the blocking effect: 15 failures to replicate. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. (in press)


References[edit] Kamin, L. J. (1969). Predictability, surprise, attention, and conditioning. In B. A. Campbell & R. M . Church (Eds.), Punishment and aversive behavior (pp. 279–296). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. Kamin, L.J. (2005). Letter to the Editor, New York Review of Books, May 26. Mackintosh, N. (1998). IQ and Human Intelligence. Oxford: University Press. pp. 78–79. Loehlin, Lindzey & Spuhler (Freeman, 1975). Race Differences in Intelligence (ISBN 0-7167-0754-3)


External links[edit] Profile at Human Intelligence Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 108250898 LCCN: n81003520 ISNI: 0000 0001 0930 974X GND: 1056079142 SUDOC: 028588355 BNF: cb12039398m (data) IATH: w60k3v3h Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leon_Kamin&oldid=819021387" Categories: 1927 birthsLiving peopleAmerican psychologistsHarvard University alumniIntelligence researchersJewish American scientistsNortheastern University facultyPeople from Taunton, MassachusettsRace and intelligence controversyUniversity of Cape Town academicsPrinceton University facultyHidden categories: All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrasesArticles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2017Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages ČeštinaDeutschItalianoSlovenščina Edit links This page was last edited on 6 January 2018, at 23:17. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.124","walltime":"0.178","ppvisitednodes":{"value":563,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":10569,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":1219,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":15,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":1,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 159.228 1 -total"," 34.43% 54.829 1 Template:Says_who?"," 23.95% 38.130 2 Template:Cite_book"," 22.41% 35.683 1 Template:Fix-span"," 21.71% 34.565 1 Template:Authority_control"," 15.43% 24.567 1 Template:Category_handler"," 13.99% 22.271 1 Template:ISBN"," 5.84% 9.299 1 Template:Catalog_lookup_link"," 5.10% 8.124 1 Template:Reflist"," 3.26% 5.193 1 Template:Error-small"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.058","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":2371178,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1214","timestamp":"20180115201920","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":287,"wgHostname":"mw1214"});});


Leon_Kamin - Photos and All Basic Informations

Leon_Kamin More Links

Heritability Of IQBlocking EffectTaunton, MassachusettsPrinceton UniversityPrinceton University Department Of PsychologyNortheastern UniversityBlocking EffectHallmarkAssociative LearningWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchSkepticalCyril BurtHeritabilityIQThe Science And Politics Of IQNot In Our GenesDick LewontinSteven RoseSociobiologyEvolutionary PsychologyUniversity Of Cape TownSouth AfricaHans Jürgen EysenckLeon J. KaminMacmillan PublishersInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-330-26399-4Richard LewontinSteven RoseLeon J. KaminNot In Our GenesInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7167-0754-3Help:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationBibliothèque Nationale De FranceInstitute For Advanced Technology In The HumanitiesHelp:CategoryCategory:1927 BirthsCategory:Living PeopleCategory:American PsychologistsCategory:Harvard University AlumniCategory:Intelligence ResearchersCategory:Jewish American ScientistsCategory:Northeastern University FacultyCategory:People From Taunton, MassachusettsCategory:Race And Intelligence ControversyCategory:University Of Cape Town AcademicsCategory:Princeton University FacultyCategory:All Articles With Specifically Marked Weasel-worded PhrasesCategory:Articles With Specifically Marked Weasel-worded Phrases From May 2017Category:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BNF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link