Contents 1 History of LGBT-related laws 1.1 Ancient Celts 1.2 Ancient India 1.3 Ancient West Asia 1.3.1 Ancient Israel 1.3.2 Ancient Persia 1.3.3 Ancient Mesopotamia 1.4 Ancient Rome 1.5 Congo 1.6 Feudal Japan 1.7 Lesotho 1.8 Papua New Guinea 2 Global LGBT rights maps 3 LGBT-related laws by country or territory 3.1 Africa 3.1.1 Northern Africa 3.1.2 Western Africa 3.1.3 Central Africa 3.1.4 Southeast Africa 3.1.5 Horn of Africa 3.1.6 Indian Ocean States 3.1.7 Southern Africa 3.2 Americas 3.2.1 North America 3.2.2 Central America 3.2.3 Caribbean 3.2.4 South America 3.3 Asia 3.3.1 Central Asia 3.3.2 Eurasia 3.3.3 West Asia 3.3.4 South Asia 3.3.5 East Asia 3.3.6 Southeast Asia 3.4 Europe 3.4.1 European Union 3.4.2 Central Europe 3.4.3 Eastern Europe 3.4.4 Northern Europe 3.4.5 Southern Europe 3.4.6 Western Europe 3.5 Oceania 3.5.1 Australasia 3.5.2 Melanesia 3.5.3 Micronesia 3.5.4 Polynesia 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links


History of LGBT-related laws See also: LGBT history, Timeline of LGBT history, LGBT social movements, History of homosexuality, and Sodomy law § History Part of a series on Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights Laws around the world LGBT parenting adoption Immigration issues Intersex rights Military service Recognition of relationships Same-sex marriage Transgender rights LGBT rights organizations Opposition Violence against LGBT people LGBT portal v t e Part of a series on Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people Sexual orientation Homosexuality Bisexuality pansexuality polysexuality Demographics Biology Environment History Timeline Social movements LGBT and intersex LGBT and people of color Culture LGBT community Coming out Pride Slang Symbols Gay village Same-sex relationship Rights Laws around the world Marriage Union Adoption LGBT parenting Military service Transgender rights Intersex human rights Social attitudes Heteronormativity LGBT stereotypes Queer Sexual diversity Homosexuality and religion Transgender people and religion Prejudice, violence AIDS stigma Anti-intersex Biphobia Gay bashing Genderism Heterosexism Homophobia Lesbophobia Binarism Sexualism Suicide among LGBT youth Transphobia Violence against LGBT people Closeted Outing Domestic violence in same-sex relationships Academic fields and discourse Queer studies Lesbian feminism Queer theory Transfeminism Lavender linguistics LGBT portal v t e Ancient Celts According to Aristotle, although most "belligerent nations" were strongly influenced by their women, the Celts were unusual because their men openly preferred male lovers (Politics II 1269b).[4][5] H. D. Rankin in Celts and the Classical World notes that "Athenaeus echoes this comment (603a) and so does Ammianus (30.9). It seems to be the general opinion of antiquity."[5] In book XIII of his Deipnosophists, the Roman Greek rhetorician and grammarian Athenaeus, repeating assertions made by Diodorus Siculus in the 1st century BC (Bibliotheca historica 5:32), wrote that Celtic women were beautiful but that the men preferred to sleep together. Diodorus went further, stating that "the young men will offer themselves to strangers and are insulted if the offer is refused". Rankin argues that the ultimate source of these assertions is likely to be Poseidonius and speculates that these authors may be recording "some kind of bonding ritual ... which requires abstinence from women at certain times".[5] Ancient India Throughout Hindu and Vedic texts there are many descriptions of saints, demigods, and even the Supreme Lord transcending gender norms and manifesting multiple combinations of sex and gender.[6] There are several instances in ancient Indian epic poetry of same sex depictions and unions by gods and goddesses. There are several stories depicting love between those of the same sex, especially among kings and queens. Kamasutra, the ancient Indian treatise on love talks about feelings for same sexes. Transsexuals are also venerated e.g. Lord Vishnu as Mohini and Lord Shiva as Ardhanarishwara (which means half woman).[7] Ancient West Asia Ancient Israel The ancient Law of Moses (the Torah) forbids men lying with men (intercourse) in Leviticus 18 and gives a story of attempted homosexual rape in Genesis in the story of Sodom and Gomorrah, the cities being soon destroyed after that. The death penalty was prescribed. In Deuteronomy 22:5, cross-dressing is condemned as being "abominable". Ancient Persia In Persia homosexuality and homoerotic expressions were tolerated in numerous public places, from monasteries and seminaries to taverns, military camps, bathhouses, and coffee houses. In the early Safavid era (1501–1723), male houses of prostitution (amrad khane) were legally recognized and paid taxes. Persian poets, such as Sa’di (d. 1291), Hafiz (d. 1389), and Jami (d. 1492), wrote poems replete with homoerotic allusions. The two most commonly documented forms were commercial sex with transgender young males or males enacting transgender roles exemplified by the köçeks and Sufi spiritual practices in which the practitioner admired the form of a beautiful boy in order to enter ecstatic states and glimpse the beauty of God. Ancient Mesopotamia In Assyrian society, sex crimes were punished identically whether they were homosexual or heterosexual.[8] An individual faced no punishment for penetrating someone of equal social class, a cult prostitute, or with someone whose gender roles were not considered solidly masculine.[8][9] Such sexual relations were even seen as good fortune.[10] However, homosexual relationships with fellow soldiers, slaves, royal attendants, or those where a social better was submissive or penetrated, were treated as bad omens.[11][12] Middle Assyrian Law Codes dating 1075 BC has a particularly harsh law for homosexuality in the military, which reads: "If a man have intercourse with his brother-in-arms, they shall turn him into a eunuch."[13][14][15] Ancient Rome The "conquest mentality" of the ancient Romans shaped Roman homosexual practices.[16] In the Roman Republic, a citizen's political liberty was defined in part by the right to preserve his body from physical compulsion or use by others;[17] for the male citizen to submit his body to the giving of pleasure was considered servile.[18] As long as a man played the penetrative role, it was socially acceptable and considered natural for him to have same-sex relations, without a perceived loss of his masculinity or social standing.[19] The bodies of citizen youths were strictly off-limits, and the Lex Scantinia imposed penalites on those who committed a sex crime (stuprum) against a freeborn male minor.[20] Acceptable same-sex partners were males excluded from legal protections as citizens: slaves, male prostitutes, and the infames, entertainers or others who might be technically free but whose lifestyles set them outside the law. "Homosexual" and "heterosexual" were thus not categories of Roman sexuality, and no words exist in Latin that would precisely translate these concepts.[21] A male citizen who willingly performed oral sex or received anal sex was disparaged, but there is only limited evidence of legal penalties against these men, who were presumably "homosexual" in the modern sense.[22] In courtroom and political rhetoric, charges of effeminacy and passive sexual behaviors were directed particularly at "democratic" politicians (populares) such as Julius Caesar and Mark Antony.[23] Roman law addressed the rape of a male citizen as early as the 2nd century BC, when a ruling was issued in a case that may have involved a man of same-sex orientation. It was ruled that even a man who was "disreputable and questionable" had the same right as other citizens not to have his body subjected to forced sex.[24] A law probably dating to the dictatorship of Julius Caesar defined rape as forced sex against "boy, woman, or anyone"; the rapist was subject to execution, a rare penalty in Roman law.[25] A male classified as infamis, such as a prostitute or actor, could not as a matter of law be raped, nor could a slave, who was legally classified as property; the slave's owner, however, could prosecute the rapist for property damage.[26] In the Roman army of the Republic, sex among fellow soldiers violated the decorum against intercourse with citizens and was subject to harsh penalties, including death,[27] as a violation of military discipline.[28] The Greek historian Polybius (2nd century BC) lists deserters, thieves, perjurers, and "those who in youth have abused their persons" as subject to the fustuarium, clubbing to death.[29] Ancient sources are most concerned with the effects of sexual harassment by officers, but the young soldier who brought an accusation against his superior needed to show that he had not willingly taken the passive role or prostituted himself.[30] Soldiers were free to have relations with their male slaves;[31] the use of a fellow citizen-soldier's body was prohibited, not homosexual behaviors per se.[32] By the late Republic and throughout the Imperial period, there is increasing evidence that men whose lifestyle marked them as "homosexual" in the modern sense served openly.[33] Although Roman law did not recognize marriage between men, and in general Romans regarded marriage as a heterosexual union with the primary purpose of producing children, in the early Imperial period some male couples were celebrating traditional marriage rites. Juvenal remarks with disapproval that his friends often attended such ceremonies.[34] The emperor Nero had two marriages to men, once as the bride (with a freedman Pythagoras) and once as the groom. His consort Sporus appeared in public as Nero's wife wearing the regalia that was customary for the Roman empress.[35] Apart from measures to protect the prerogatives of citizens, the prosecution of homosexuality as a general crime began in the 3rd century of the Christian era when male prostitution was banned by Philip the Arab. By the end of the 4th century, after the Roman Empire had come under Christian rule, passive homosexuality was punishable by burning.[36] "Death by sword" was the punishment for a "man coupling like a woman" under the Theodosian Code.[37] Under Justinian, all same-sex acts, passive or active, no matter who the partners, were declared contrary to nature and punishable by death.[38] Congo E. E. Evans-Pritchard recorded that in the past male Azande warriors in the northern Congo routinely took on young male lovers between the ages of twelve and twenty, who helped with household tasks and participated in intercrural sex with their older husbands. The practice had died out by the early 20th century, after Europeans had gained control of African countries, but was recounted to Evans-Pritchard by the elders to whom he spoke.[39] Feudal Japan In feudal Japan, homosexuality was recognized, between equals (bi-do), in terms of pederasty (wakashudo), and in terms of prostitution. The younger partner in a pederastic relationship often was expected to make the first move; the opposite was true in ancient Greece. In religious circles, same-sex love spread to the warrior (samurai) class, where it was customary for a boy in the wakashū age category to undergo training in the martial arts by apprenticing to a more experienced adult man. The man was permitted, if the boy agreed, to take the boy as his lover until he came of age; this relationship, often formalized in a "brotherhood contract",[40] was expected to be exclusive, with both partners swearing to take no other (male) lovers. The Samurai period was one in which homosexuality was seen as particularly positive. Later when Japanese society became pacified, the middle classes adopted many of the practices of the warrior class. Lesotho Anthropologists Stephen Murray and Will Roscoe reported that women in Lesotho engaged in socially sanctioned "long term, erotic relationships" called motsoalle.[41] Papua New Guinea In Papua New Guinea, same-sex relationships were an integral part of the culture of certain tribes until the middle of the last century. The Etoro and Marind-anim for example, even viewed heterosexuality as wasteful and celebrated homosexuality instead. They believed that in sharing semen, they are sharing their life force, yet women simply wasted this force any time they didn't get pregnant after sex. In many traditional Melanesian cultures a prepubertal boy would be paired with an older adolescent who would become his mentor and who would "inseminate" him (orally, anally, or topically, depending on the tribe) over a number of years in order for the younger to also reach puberty.[42]


Global LGBT rights maps Laws regarding same-sex sexuality by country or territory. Laws regarding same-sex sexuality by country or territory   Same-sex marriage   Other type of partnership (or unregistered cohabitation)   Foreign same-sex marriages recognized   No recognition of same-sex couples   Laws restricting freedom of expression and association   De jure penalty that is de facto not enforced   Imprisonment   Imprisonment (up to life sentence)   Up to death LGBT rights at the United Nations   Support Countries which have signed a General Assembly declaration of LGBT rights and/or sponsored the Human Rights Council's 2011 resolution on LGBT rights (96 members)   Oppose Countries which signed a 2008 statement opposing LGBT rights (initially 57 members, now 54 members)   Neither Countries which, as regards the UN, have expressed neither official support nor opposition to LGBT rights (44 members) Homosexual "propaganda" and "morality" laws by country or territory Homosexual "propaganda" and "morality" laws by country or territory   Countries or territories that don't have homosexual "propaganda" or "morality" laws   Fine[43]   Unknown punishment   Imprisonment Decriminalization of same-sex sexual intercourse by country or territory   Same-sex sexual intercourse always legal   1791–1800   1801–1810   1811–1820   1821–1830   1831–1840   1841–1850   1851–1860   1861–1870   1871–1880   1881–1890   1891–1900   1901–1910   1911–1920   1921–1930   1931–1940   1941–1950   1951–1960   1961–1970   1971–1980   1981–1990   1991–2000   2001–2010   2011–2020   Unknown date of legalization of same-sex intercourse   Male same-sex sexual intercourse illegal   Same-sex sexual intercourse illegal Equalization of age of consent laws for same-sex couples by country or territory   1790–1829   1830–1839   1840–1859   1860–1869   1870–1879   1880–1889   1890–1929   1930–1939   1940–19491   1950–1959   1960–1969   1970–1979   1980–1989   1990–1999   2000–2009   2010-present   Unknown date for equal age of consent laws for opposite and same-sex couples   No consent laws/equal age of consent laws always equal for opposite and same-sex couples   Unequal age of consent laws for same-sex couples   Same-sex sexual intercourse illegal 1During World War II, Nazi Germany annexed territory or established reichskommissariats which extended Germany's laws against same-sex sexual intercourse to those territories and reichskommissariats. Age of consent was previously equalized for same-sex couples in the following countries or territories before German annexation or establishment of reichskommissariats: Belluno (legal in 1890), Friuli-Venezia Giulia (legal in 1890), Poland (legal in 1932), and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol (legal in 1890). All countries and territories listed that where annexed or established into reichskommissariats by Nazi Germany during World War II where restored as independent countries or reincorporated into their previous countries during or after the war and thus re-legalized equal age of consent laws for same-sex couples in those areas. Legal status of adoption by same-sex couples by country or territory   Joint adoption allowed1   Second-parent adoption allowed2   No laws allowing adoption by same-sex couples 1In Finland a law will come into force in 2017 LGBT service in national militaries by country or territory   All LGBT people can serve   GBT men can serve   LGB people can serve   GB men can serve   Ambiguous/unknown policy   LGBT people are banned from serving   No military Employment discrimination laws by sexual orientation and/or gender identity by country or territory   Sexual orientation and gender identity: all employment   Sexual orientation with anti–employment discrimination ordinance and gender identity solely in public employment   Sexual orientation: all employment   Gender identity: all employment   Sexual orientation and gender identity: federal public employment and federal contractors   Sexual orientation and gender identity: public employment   Sexual orientation: public employment   No national-level employment laws covering sexual orientation and/or gender identity Anti-discrimination laws covering goods and services by sexual orientation and/or gender identity by country or territory Countries and territories with LGBT anti-discrimination laws in goods and services   Sexual orientation and gender identity covered   Sexual orientation covered   Gender identity covered   No national or local level anti-discrimination laws covering sexual orientation and/or gender identity in goods and services Constitutional discrimination laws by sexual orientation and/or gender identity by country or territory   Sexual orientation and gender identity covered   Sexual orientation covered   Gender identity covered   No national or local level constitutional discrimination laws covering sexual orientation and/or gender identity LGBT hate crime laws by country or territory   Sexual orientation and gender identity hate crime laws   Sexual orientation hate crime laws   No LGBT hate crime laws Incitement to hatred based on sexual orientation and gender identity prohibited by country or territory   Incitement to hatred based on sexual orientation and gender identity prohibited   Incitement to hatred based on sexual orientation prohibited   No prohibition on incitement to hatred based on sexual orientation and gender identity Ban on conversion therapy for minors on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity by country or territory   Ban on conversion therapy for minors on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity   No prohibition on conversion therapy for minors on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity LGBT immigration equality by country or territory   Recognition of same-sex couples in national immigration laws   Unknown/ambiguous Bans on same-sex unions by country or territory   No specific prohibition of same-sex marriages or unions   Constitution bans same-sex marriage Blood donation policies for men who have sex with men by country or territory   Men who have sex with men may donate blood; No deferral   Men who have sex with men may donate blood; No deferral, except for blood transfusions1   Men who have sex with men may donate blood; Temporary deferral1   Men who have sex with men may not donate blood; Permanent deferral1   No Data 1No restriction in Israel, Belgium and the United States of America if last MSM activity was before 1977. Blood donation policies for female sex partners of men who have sex with men by country or territory   Female sex partners of men who have sex with men may donate blood; No deferral   Female sex partners of men who have sex with men may donate blood; Temporary deferral   Female sex partners of men who have sex with men may not donate blood; Permanent deferral   No Data Laws concerning gender identity-expression by country or territory   Legal identity change   No legal identity change   Unknown/Ambiguous Legal recognition of non-binary genders and third gender   Nonbinary / third gender available as voluntary opt-in   Opt-in for intersex people only   Mandatory for some born intersex   Nonbinary / third gender not legally recognized / no data


LGBT-related laws by country or territory Africa Main article: LGBT rights in Africa List of countries or territories by LGBT rights in Africa This table: view talk edit Northern Africa LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Algeria Illegal since 1966 Penalty: Fine and up to 2 years imprisonment.[1][44] Canary Islands (Autonomous community of Spain) Legal since 1979 + UN decl. sign.[1] De facto unions legal since 2003[45] Legal since 2005[46] Legal since 2005[47] (+automatic co-parent recognition)[48] Spain responsible for defence Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Since 2007, all documents can be amended to the recognised gender[50] Ceuta (Autonomous city of Spain) Legal since 1979 + UN decl. sign.[1] De facto union since 1998[51] Legal since 2005[52] Legal since 2005[53] Spain responsible for defence Bans all anti-gay discrimination[54] Since 2007, all documents can be amended to the recognised gender[50] Egypt Male de facto illegal since 2000 Penalty: Up to 17 years imprisonment with or without hard labour and with or without fines under broadly-written morality laws Female uncertain.[1][55] Libya Illegal since 1953[56] Madeira (Autonomous region of Portugal) Legal since 1983 + UN decl. sign.[1] De facto union since 2001[57][58] Legal since 2010[59] Legal since 2016 (+automatic co-parent recognition)[60][61][62] Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[49] Since 2011. All documents can be amended to the recognised gender.[63] Melilla (Autonomous city of Spain) Legal since 1979 + UN decl. sign.[1] De facto union since 2008[64] Legal since 2005[52] Legal since 2005[53] Spain responsible for defence Bans all anti-gay discrimination[54] Since 2007, all documents can be amended to the recognised gender[50] Morocco (Including Southern Provinces) Illegal since 1962 Penalty: Up to 3 years imprisonment.[1][65] Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Excluding Southern Provinces) Illegal since 1944 (as part of the Overseas Province of Spanish Sahara) Penalty: Up to 3 years imprisonment[1][66][67] South Sudan Illegal since 1899 (as Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) Penalty: Up to 10 years imprisonment.[1][44] Constitutional ban since 2011. Sudan Illegal since 1899 (as Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) Penalty: Death penalty on third offense for men and on fourth offense for women.[1] Tunisia Illegal since 1913 (as the French protectorate of Tunisia) Penalty: 3 years imprisonment.[1][68] Western Africa LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Benin Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1][69] (Age of consent discrepancy)[1] Burkina Faso Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1] Constitutional ban since 1991. Cape Verde Legal since 2004 + UN decl. sign.[1] Bans some anti-gay discrimination.[1] Gambia Illegal since 1888 (as Gambia Colony and Protectorate) Penalty: Up to Iife imprisonment.[1][70][44] Ghana Male illegal since 1860s (as Gold Coast) Penalty: 10 years imprisonment or more Female always legal.[1][71][44] Guinea Illegal since 1988 Penalty: 6 months to 3 years imprisonment.[1][72] Guinea-Bissau Legal since 1993[1] + UN decl. sign. Ivory Coast Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). (Age of consent discrepancy)[1] Liberia Illegal since 1976 Penalty: 1 year imprisonment.[1][73] Mali Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1] Mauritania Illegal since 1983 Penalty: Death by stoning[1][74] Niger Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). (Age of consent discrepancy)[1] Nigeria Illegal under federal law since 1901 (as Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate) Penalty: Up to 14 years imprisonment Illegal in the states of Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, Sokoto, Yobe, and Zamfara Penalty: Death penalty for men. Whipping and/or imprisonment for women.[1][75][44] Senegal Illegal since 1966 Penalty: 1 to 5 years imprisonment.[1][76] Sierra Leone Male illegal since 1861 (as Sierra Leone Colony and Protectorate) Penalty: Up to life imprisonment (Not enforced) Female always legal + UN decl. sign.[1] Togo Illegal since 1884 (as Togoland) Penalty: Fine and 3 years imprisonment.[1][44] Central Africa LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Cameroon Illegal since 1972 Penalty: Fines to 5 years imprisonment.[1][44] Central African Republic Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). + UN decl. sign.[1] Chad Illegal since 2017 Penalty: 3 months to 2 years imprisonment. Democratic Republic of the Congo Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1] Constitutional ban since 2005. Equatorial Guinea Legal since 1968.[1][77] Gabon Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country) + UN decl. sign. Republic of the Congo Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). (Age of consent discrepancy)[1] Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 2001 + UN decl. sign.[1] Legal since 2017[78][79] Since 2000. UK responsible for defence. Constitutional ban all anti-gay on discrimination. Since 2013. São Tomé and Príncipe Legal since 2012 + UN decl. sign.[1] Southeast Africa LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Burundi Illegal since 2009 Penalty: 3 months to 2 years imprisonment.[1][80] Constitutional ban since 2005. Kenya Illegal since 1897 (as East Africa Protectorate) Penalty: up to 14 years imprisonment.[1][44] Constitutional ban since 2010.[81] Rwanda Legal since 1980[1][82] + UN decl. sign. Constitutional ban since 2003. Uganda Male illegal since 1894 Penalty: Up to life imprisonment[83] or vigilante execution.[83] Female uncertain. Constitutional ban since 2005. Tanzania Illegal since 1864 (only Zanzibar) Illegal since 1899 Penalty: Up to life imprisonment.[1][44] Horn of Africa LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Djibouti Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1] Eritrea Illegal since 1957 (as part of the Federation of Ethiopia and Eritrea) Penalty: Up to 3 years imprisonment[1][84] Ethiopia Illegal Penalty: 10 years imprisonment or more[1] Somalia Illegal since 1962 Penalty: Up to death[85] Somaliland Illegal Penalty: Up to death[85] Indian Ocean States LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression British Indian Ocean Territory (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 2001 + UN decl. sign.[1] Since 2014, UK Military Personnel only. Since 2014, UK Military Personnel only. Since 2000. UK responsible for defence. Comoros Illegal since 1982 Penalty: 5 years imprisonment & fines[1][86] French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Overseas territory of France) Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the department).[1] Civil solidarity pact since 1999 Legal since 2013 Legal since 2013 Bans all anti-gay discrimination Under French law since 2017, sterilization was abolished for gender transitioning. Madagascar Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). (Age of consent discrepancy)[1] Mauritius Male illegal since 1838 (as part of British Mauritius) Penalty: Up to 5 years imprisonment Female always legal[87] + UN decl. sign.[1][88] Bans some anti-gay discrimination[89][90] Mayotte (Overseas department of France) Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the department).[1] Civil solidarity pact since 1999 Legal since 2013 Legal since 2013 Bans all anti-gay discrimination Under French law since 2017, sterilization was abolished for gender transitioning. Réunion (Overseas department of France) Legal since 1791[1] Civil solidarity pact since 1999 Legal since 2013 Legal since 2013 Bans all anti-gay discrimination Under French law since 2017, sterilization was abolished for gender transitioning. Seychelles Legal since 2016[91] + UN decl. sign. Bans all anti-gay discrimination[1] Southern Africa LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Angola De facto illegal since 1886 (as part of the Province of Angola) Penalty: Fines, restrictions or penal labor (Not enforced)[1][92] (decriminalization pending)[93][94] Bans some anti-gay discrimination Botswana Illegal since 1885 (as part of the Bechuanaland Protectorate) Penalty: Fine to up to 7 years imprisonment (Not enforced)[1][44] Bans some anti-gay discrimination Legal gender and name change is allowed since 2017. Judicial permission required. Lesotho Male legal since 2012 Female always legal[1] Malawi Illegal since 1891 (as part of the Shire Highlands Protectorate and the Nyasaland Districts Protectorate) Penalty: Up to 14 years imprisonment & whippings (Law suspended from usage since 2012)[1][95][44] Mozambique Legal since 2015[96][97] Bans some anti-gay discrimination[1][89] Namibia Male illegal since 1920 (as part of South-West Africa; not enforced)[44] Female always legal[1][98][99] South Africa Male legal since 1998 Female always legal + UN decl. sign.[1] Limited recognition of unregistered partnerships since 1998; Same-sex marriage since 2006. Legal since 2006 Legal since 2002 Since 1998 Bans all anti-gay discrimination Anti-discrimination laws are interpreted to include gender identity; legal gender may be changed after surgical or medical treatment. Swaziland Male illegal since the 1880s Female always legal[1][44] Zambia Illegal since 1911 (as part of the British South Africa Company rule of Rhodesia) Penalty: up to 14 years imprisonment[1][44] Zimbabwe Male illegal since 1891 (as part of the British South Africa Company rule of Rhodesia) Female legal[1][44] Constitutional ban since 2013 Americas Main article: LGBT rights in the Americas List of countries or territories by LGBT rights in the Americas Tables: view talk edit North America LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT people allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Bermuda (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 1994 (age of consent discrepancy) + UN decl. sign.[1] / Legal since 2017.[100] Bill to end same sex marriage is waiting royal assent.[101] Legal since 2015[102] UK responsible for defense. Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[103] Canada Legal since 1969 + UN decl. sign.[1][104] Domestic partnership in Nova Scotia (2001)[105]; Civil union in Quebec (2002)[106]; Adult interdependent relationship in Alberta (2003)[107]; Common-law relationship in Manitoba (2004)[108] Legal in some provinces and territories since 2003, nationwide since 2005.[109] Legal in some provinces and territories since 1996, nationwide since 2010.[110] Since 1992[111] Bans all anti-gay discrimination, and hate speech. Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation by mental health professionals illegal in Manitoba and Ontario since 2015 (proposed in other jurisdictions). Transgender persons can change their gender identity or expression and name without completion of medical intervention and human rights protections explicitly includes gender identity or expression protections within all of Canada since 2017.[112][113][114][115] Greenland (Constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark) Legal since 1933 + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered partnership since 1996[116] Legal since 2016 Step-child adoption since 2009.[117] Joint adoption since 2016.[118] Since 1978 (Denmark responsible for defense) Bans some anti-gay discrimination.[1] Mexico Legal since 1871 + UN decl. sign.[1] / Civil union in Mexico City (2007), Coahuila (2007),[119] Colima (2013),[120] Campeche (2013),[121] Jalisco (2014)[122] / Legal in Mexico City (2010),[123] Quintana Roo (2012),[124] Coahuila (2014), Chihuahua (2015), Guerrero (2015), Nayarit (2015), Jalisco (2016), Campeche (2016), Michoacán (2016), Colima (2016), Morelos (2016), Chiapas (2017), Puebla (2017), Baja California (2017). All states are obliged to honour same-sex marriages performed in states where it is legal.[123] (Proposed nationwide).[125][126] The Supreme Court has declared that it is unconstitutional to deny marriage licenses to same-sex couples in all states,[127] but as state constitutions were not invalidated, individual injunctions must still be obtained from the court.[128][129] / Explicitly legal in Mexico City (2010)[130], Coahuila (2014), Michoacán (2016), Colima (2016). [131] Nationwide, married same-sex couples may adopt.[132] Constitutional ban on all anti-gay discrimination.[133] Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name in Mexico City since 2008.[134] Mexico adopted a legal protocol for gender identity and sexual orientation in 2014 based upon constitutional provisions to equally protect the rights of all citizens.[135] Saint Pierre et Miquelon (Overseas collectivity of France) Legal since 1791 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil solidarity pact since 1999[136] Legal since 2013[137] Legal since 2013[138] Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[54] Under French law since 2017, sterilization was abolished for gender transitioning.[139] United States Legal in some states since 1962, nationwide since 2003.[1] Domestic partnership in California (1999),[140] the District of Columbia (2002),[141] Maine (2004),[142] Oregon (2008),[143] Maryland (2008),[144] Wisconsin (2009)[145] and Nevada (2009)[146]; Civil union in New Jersey (2007),[147] Illinois (2011),[148] Hawaii (2012),[149] and Colorado (2013)[150] Legal in some states since 2004, nationwide since 2015.[151] Legal in some states since 1993, nationwide since 2015.[152] "Don't ask, don't tell" policy was abolished by president Barack Obama in 2011, meaning that since then LGB people have been allowed to serve openly in the military.[153] Despite U.S. president Donald Trump's opposition,[154] transgender people have been allowed to serve in the military since January 1, 2018 according to a ruling by a federal judge.[155][156] / Federal executive order prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation for employees in the federal civilian workforce, along with the government employment in the District of Columbia, and the United States Postal Service, since 1998 (see Executive Order 12968 and Executive Order 13087). Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation with minors by mental health professionals illegal in some states. (Banned in California, Connecticut, Illinois, New Mexico, Vermont, New York, Nevada, New Jersey, Oregon, Rhode Island, the District of Columbia and some cities such as Miami Beach, Cincinnati, Pittsburgh and Seattle). Included in the federal hate crimes law since 2009. (Sexual orientation discrimination in public and private employment) / Gender identity discrimination in employment and healthcare insurance banned since 2012.[157][158] Included in the federal hate crimes law since 2009. Employment discrimination based on sexual orientation banned since 2015.[159] (Gender identity discrimination in public and private employment) Central America LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT people allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Belize Legal since 2016[160] Section 16(3) of the constitution bans discrimination on the basis of sex, race, place of origin, political opinions, colour or creed[161] The ruling overturning Section 53 of the criminal code specifically stated "sex" as mentioned in Section 16(3) of the constitution, includes sexual orientation.[162][163] Transgender persons can change their legal name without surgeries. Gender change is not allowed.[164] Costa Rica Legal since 1971 + UN decl. sign.[1] Unregistered cohabitation since 2014; (De facto union pending)[165][166] (Court decision pending) (Court decision pending) LGBT individuals may adopt.[167] Has no military. Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[1] Transgender persons can change their legal name without surgeries. Judicial permission required. Gender change is not allowed. El Salvador Legal since the 1800s + UN decl. sign.[1] (Constitutional ban pending) [168] (Constitutional ban pending) [169] [170] Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[170] Bans hate crimes based on gender identity.[171][172] Transgender persons can change their legal name. Judicial permission required. Gender change is not allowed.[173] Guatemala Legal since 1800's + UN decl. sign.[1] The only exception to this is the Código de la Niñez y la Juventud (Code on Childhood and Youth), approved in 1997, which protects children and youth from experiencing discrimination based on a variety of factors, including their own sexual orientation and that of their parents. Transgender persons can change their legal name without surgeries. Judicial permission required.[174] Gender change is not allowed. Honduras Legal since 1899 + UN decl. sign.[1] Constitutional ban since 2005.[175][176] Constitutional ban since 2005.[177][178] Bans all anti-gay discrimination, including hate speech.[179] Bans hate crimes based on gender identity.[1] Nicaragua Legal since 2008 + UN decl. sign.[1] Bans some anti-gay discrimination.[1] Panama Legal since 2008 + UN decl. sign.[1] (Court decision pending) (Court decision pending) Has no military. Bans some anti-gay discrimination.[180] (Anti-discrimination law proposed).[181] Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name after completion of medical intervention since 2006.[182] Legal name change, without surgeries, is allowed since 2016.[183] Caribbean LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT people allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Anguilla (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 2001 + UN decl. sign.[1] UK responsible for defense. Antigua and Barbuda Illegal Penalty: 15-year prison sentence (not enforced).[1] Aruba (Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Legal + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil Unions since 2016[184] (Proposed)/[citation needed] Same-sex marriages performed in the Netherlands recognized.[185] (Proposed) The Netherlands responsible for defense. Bahamas Legal since 1991 (age of consent discrepancy) + UN decl. sign.[1] [1] Barbados Illegal Penalty: Life imprisonment (not enforced) (Proposed) .[1] British Virgin Islands (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 2001 + UN decl. sign.[1] UK responsible for defense. Constitutional ban on all anti-gay discrimination.[186] Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, Saba; Special municipalities of the Netherlands) Legal + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered partnership since 2012[187] Legal since 2012[188] [189] The Netherlands responsible for defense. Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[190] [191] Cayman Islands (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 2001 (age of consent discrepancy)[1] + UN decl. sign. / Same-sex marriage not expressly prohibited under Cayman Islands law, but Constitutional right of a man and a woman to marry a person of the opposite sex since 2009.[192] Same-sex marriages performed in a foreign country are now recognized for immigration purposes. [193] UK responsible for defense. Cuba Legal since 1979 + UN decl. sign.[1] (Proposed) Constitutional ban since 1976. [1] Bans some anti-gay discrimination.[194][195] [196] Curaçao (Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Legal + UN decl. sign.[1] (Proposed)[citation needed] (Proposed)/ Same-sex marriages performed in the Netherlands recognized.[185] (Proposed) The Netherlands responsible for defense. Dominica Illegal Penalty: 10-year prison sentence or incarceration in a psychiatric institution (Not enforced) + UN decl. sign.[1] Dominican Republic Legal since 1822 + UN decl. sign.[1] Constitutional ban since 2010.[197] [198] Grenada Male illegal Penalty: 10-year prison sentence Female always legal.[1] Has no military. Guadeloupe (Overseas department of France) Legal since 1791 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil solidarity pact since 1999[136] Legal since 2013[137] Legal since 2013[138] Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[54] Under French law since 2017, sterilization was abolished for gender transitioning.[139] Guantanamo Bay Naval Base (Extraterritorial jurisdiction of the United States) Legal since 1903[citation needed] Legal Legal USA responsible for defense.[153][156] [199] [200] Haiti Legal since 1986[1] Has no military. Jamaica Male illegal Penalty: 10 years hard labor (not enforced) Female always legal.[1] (Constitutional ban since 1962) Martinique (Overseas department of France) Legal since 1791 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil solidarity pact since 1999[136] Legal since 2013[137] Legal since 2013[138] Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[54] Under French law since 2017, sterilization was abolished for gender transitioning.[139] Montserrat (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 2001 + UN decl. sign.[1] Constitutional ban since 2010.[201] UK responsible for defense. Constitutional ban on all anti-gay discrimination.[202] Puerto Rico (Commonwealth of the United States) Legal since 2003 Since 2015 Legal since 2015[203] Legal since 2015 USA responsible for defense.[153][156] Bans hate crimes since 2002 and anti–employment discrimination since 2013. US hate crime laws also apply. Bans hate crimes since 2002 and anti–employment discrimination since 2013. US hate crime laws also apply. Saint Barthélemy (Overseas collectivity of France since 2007) Legal since 1791 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil solidarity pact since 1999[136] Legal since 2013[137] Legal since 2013[138] Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[54] Under French law since 2017, sterilization was abolished for gender transitioning.[139] Saint Kitts and Nevis Male illegal Penalty: 10 years (not enforced). Female always legal.[1] Saint Lucia Male illegal Penalty: fine and/or 10-year prison sentence Female always legal.[1] Has no military. Saint Martin (Overseas collectivity of France since 2007) Legal since 1791 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil solidarity pact since 1999[136] Legal since 2013[137] Legal since 2013[138] Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[54] Under French law since 2017, sterilization was abolished for gender transitioning.[139] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Illegal Penalty: fine and/or 10-year prison sentence.[1] Has no military. Sint Maarten (Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Legal + UN decl. sign.[1] (Proposed)[citation needed] (Proposed)/ Same-sex marriages performed in the Netherlands recognized.[185] (Proposed) The Netherlands responsible for defense. Trinidad and Tobago Illegal Penalty: 25-year prison sentence (not enforced).[1] Turks and Caicos Islands (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 2001 + UN decl. sign.[1] Constitutional ban since 2011.[204] UK responsible for defense. Constitutional ban on all anti-gay discrimination.[1] United States Minor Outlying Islands (Unincorporated organized territory of the United States) Legal Legal Legal USA responsible for defense.[153][156] United States Virgin Islands (Insular area of the United States) Legal since 1985 Since 2015[152] Legal since 2015[152] Legal since 2015[152] USA responsible for defense.[153][156] The US hate crime laws also apply to all US external territories as well. The US hate crime laws also apply to all US external territories as well. South America LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT people allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Argentina Legal since 1887 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil union in Buenos Aires (2003)[205] and Rio Negro (2003)[206] Cohabitation union nationwide since 2015[207] Legal since 2010.[208] Legal since 2010 Since 2009[209] / Legal protection in some provinces (federal law pending). Since 2012 is a hate crime killing due to sexual orientation.[210] Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name without surgeries or judicial permission since 2012.[211] Since 2012 is a hate crime killing due to gender identity or expression.[210] Bolivia Legal + UN decl. sign.[1] Constitutional ban on free unions.[212] (Family life agreement pending)[213] Constitutional ban since 2009.[214] LGBT individuals may adopt.[215] [216][217][218] Bans all anti-gay discrimination, including hate speech.[1] Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name without surgeries or judicial permission since 2016.[219][220][221][222] Brazil Legal since 1831 + UN decl. sign.[1] "Stable unions" legal in some states since 2004. All rights as recognized family entities available nationwide since 2011.[223][224] Legal in some states since 2012, nationwide since 2013.[225][226] Legal since 2010[227] Since 1969[228] / All state-sanctioned social discrimination of citizens since 1988. Legal protection for sexual orientation in many jurisdictions (expansion of anti-discrimination (all) national Constitutional amendment discussed in the Senate).[229] Pathologization or attempted treatment of sexual orientation by mental health professionals illegal since 1999.[230][231] Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name after completion of medical intervention since 2009.[232][233][234] Chile Legal since 1999 (age of consent discrepancy) + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil union agreement since 2015.[235] (Pending).[236] / (Pending) Same-sex couples may adopt, although only one is recognized as legal parent. LGBT individuals may adopt (Joint and step-child adoption pending).[237] Since 2012.[238] Bans all anti-gay discrimination since 2012.[239] Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name after completion of medical intervention since 2007. Judicial permission required.[240] Currently, a broader gender identity law (which would not require any surgeries or judicial permission) is being discussed by the congress.[241][242] Colombia Legal since 1981 + UN decl. sign.[1] De facto marital union since 2007.[243] Legal since 2016.[244] Step-child adoption since 2014.[245] Joint adoption since 2015.[246] Since 1999. Since 2009 the military special social security system can be used by same sex couples in the army.[1] Bans all anti-gay discrimination including hate speech since 2011.[247] Since 2015, transgender persons can change their legal gender and name manifesting their solemn will before a notar, no surgeries or judicial order required.[248] Ecuador Legal since 1997 + UN decl. sign.[1] De facto union since 2009.[249][250] Constitutional ban since 2009.[251] LGBT individuals may adopt.[252] [253] Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[254] Since 2016, transgender persons are allowed to change their birth name and gender identity (instead of the sex assigned at birth) on legal documents. No surgeries or judicial order required.[255][256][257] Falkland Islands (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 1989 + UN decl. sign.[1] Legal since 2017.[258] Legal since 2017.[258] Legal since 2017. UK responsible for defense. Constitutional ban on all anti-gay discrimination.[259] French Guiana (Overseas department of France) Legal since 1791 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil solidarity pact since 1999.[136] Legal since 2013.[137] Legal since 2013.[138] Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[54] Under French law since 2017, sterilization was abolished for gender transitioning.[139] Guyana Illegal Penalty: Up to life imprisonment (not enforced).[1] [260] [261] Paraguay Legal since 1880 (age of consent discrepancy) + UN decl. sign.[1] Constitutional ban since 1992.[262] Constitutional ban since 1992.[263] (Proposed).[264] Peru Legal since 1836-1837 + UN decl. sign.[1] (Pending)[265] Since 2009.[266] [267][268][269][270] Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name after completion of medical intervention since 2016. Judicial permission required.[271][272] South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal UK responsible for defense Bans some anti-gay discrimination Suriname Legal since 1869 (age of consent discrepancy) + UN decl. Bans some anti-gay discrimination, including hate speech since 2015.[273] (Court decision pending).[274][275] Uruguay Legal since 1934 + UN decl. sign.[1] Concubinage union since 2008.[276] Legal since 2013[277] Legal since 2009[278] Since 2009.[279] Bans all anti-gay discrimination since 2004.[280] Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name since 2009.[281] Venezuela Legal since 1997 + UN decl. sign.[1] (Proposed) (Proposed).[282] (Proposed) Bans some anti-gay discrimination.[1] Asia Main article: LGBT rights in Asia List of countries or territories by LGBT rights in Asia This table: view talk edit Central Asia LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Kyrgyzstan Legal since 1998[1] Constitutionally banned since 2016.[283] [284] Tajikistan Legal since 1998[1] [284] Turkmenistan Male illegal Penalty: up to 2-year prison sentence Female always legal[1] Uzbekistan Male illegal Penalty: up to 3-year prison sentence Female always legal[1] Eurasia LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Abkhazia Legal after 1991 Akrotiri and Dhekelia (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 2000 + UN decl. sign.[1] Since 2005 Legal since 2014 Britain responsible for defence Bans some anti-gay discrimination[285] Armenia Legal since 2003 + UN decl. sign.[1] / Constitutionally banned since 2015.[286][287] Marriages performed abroad recognized since 2017.[288] / No explicit ban. However, LGBT persons have been reportedly discharged because of their sexual orientation.[289] Artsakh Legal since 2000 Constitutionally banned since 2006 [290] Azerbaijan Legal since 2000[1] [291] (Requires sterilization for change).[292] Cyprus Legal since 1998 + UN decl. sign.[1] Since 2015 (only EU country to ban LGBT people from militry service) Bans all anti-gay discrimination[293] Forbids discrimination based on gender identity. Gender change is not legal. Georgia Legal since 2000 + UN decl. sign.[1] (Constitutional ban proposed) Bans all anti-gay discrimination[294] (Requires sterilization for change)[292] Kazakhstan Legal since 1998[1] [295] [284] Northern Cyprus Legal since 2014[296][297][1] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[296][297] Discrimination or hate speech banned since 2014.[296][297] Unknown if gender change is legal. Russia Male legal since 1993 Female always legal[298][1] Illegal in practice in Chechnya, where homosexuals are abducted and sent to concentration camps based on their perceived sexual orientation. See Gay concentration camps in Chechnya for more information. (Constitutional ban proposed)[299] (Requires sterilization for change)[292] South Ossetia Legal after 1991 Turkey Legal since 1858[1] (Proposed)[300] (Proposed)[300] (Legal since 1988, Requires sterilisation for change[301]) West Asia LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Bahrain Legal since 1976 (Age of consent discrepancy)[1] Iran Illegal Penalty: For men 74 lashes for immature men and death penalty for mature men (although there are recorded cases of minors who were executed because of their sexual orientation[302]). For women 50 lashes for women of mature sound mind and if consenting. Death penalty offense after fourth conviction.[1] Legal gender recognition in Iran is legal if accompanied by a medical intervention.[303] Iraq Legal since 2003[304] Vigilante executions are common. The government and citizens both ignore the legality of same sex relations. Israel Legal since 1963 (de facto), 1988 (de jure)[305] + UN decl. sign.[1][306] Unregistered cohabitation since 1994. / There are no civil marriages available in Israel for same-sex or opposite sex couples, and any non-religious marriage is unrecognized if performed in country. However, foreign same-sex marriages are recognized by the government and recorded in the population registry of the Ministry of the Interior. The country is de-facto preventing adoption by same-sex couples.[307] Since 1993 Bans some anti-gay discrimination;[308][309] Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty applies to homosexuals and bisexuals.[310] Full recognition of gender's ID without a surgery or medical intervention;[311] equal employment opportunity law bars discrimination based on gender identity;[312][313] Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty applies to transgender individuals.[312][314] Jordan Legal since 1951[1] Legal since 2014[315] Kuwait Male illegal Penalty: Fines or up to 6-year prison sentence Female always legal[1][316] Lebanon Legal since 2014[317] Legal gender change allowed Oman Illegal Penalty: Fines and prison sentence up to 3 years (Only enforced when dealing with "public scandal")[1] Palestinian Territories (Gaza Strip) West Bank: Legal since 1951 (As part of Jordan)[1] Gaza: Male illegal Penalty: (de facto) Death/ Extra judicial Execution, (de jure) Up to 10 years imprisonment Female always legal[1] Qatar Illegal Penalty: Fines, prison sentence up to 7 years[1] or death penalty[318]. Saudi Arabia Illegal Penalty: Prison sentences of several months to life, fines and/or whipping/flogging, castration, torture or death can be sentenced on first conviction. A second conviction merits execution.[1] Syria Illegal Penalty: Prison sentence up to 3 years (Law in de-facto suspended)[319][1] Transsexuals allowed to change legal gender United Arab Emirates Illegal under federal law Penalty: deportation, fines, prison sentences or death penalty[318] Illegal in the emirate of Dubai Penalty: Up to 14 years imprisonment Illegal in the emirate of Abu Dhabi Penalty: Up to 10 years imprisonment[1] Sex reassignment surgery for people whose gender is unclear or whose physical features do not match their physiological, biological and genetic characteristics.[320][321][322] Yemen Illegal Penalty: Unmarried men punished with 100 lashes of the whip or a maximum of one year of imprisonment, married men with death by stoning. Women punished up to three years of imprisonment; where the offense has been committed under duress, the punishment is up to seven years detention.[1] South Asia LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Afghanistan Illegal Penalty: Long imprisonment or death penalty (No known cases of death sentences have been handed out for same-sex sexual activity after the end of Taliban rule)[1] Constitutionally banned since 1971 Bangladesh Illegal Penalty: 10 years to life imprisonment[1] A third option (hijra) beside male and female[323] Bhutan Illegal Penalty: Prison sentence up to 1 year (Not enforced)[1] India Illegal under section 377 of the Indian Penal Code. Penalty: Up to life imprisonment[324][325][326] as well as torture, vigilante executions and fines[327] [328] [329] No explicit recognition. No explicit recognition.[330] [331] laws not enforced / "Third gender" allowed in Kerala and Tamil Nadu only Maldives Illegal Penalty: For men the punishment is banishment for nine months to one year or a whipping of 10 to 30 strokes. For women is house arrest for nine months to one year.[1] [citation needed] Nepal Legal since 2007 + UN decl. sign.[1] (Proposed: By Supreme Court in 2008) (Proposed: By Supreme Court in 2008) Under consideration Constitution bans all anti-gay discrimination since 2015. Gender change is legal since 2007. Constitution bans all discrimination.[332] Pakistan Illegal Penalty: 2 years to life sentence[1] Right to change gender; transgender and intersex citizens have protection form all discrimination and harassment.[333] Sri Lanka Illegal (Decriminalization proposed) [citation needed] (proposed)[334][335] Transgender persons can change their legal gender and name after completion of medical intervention since 2016.[336][337] East Asia LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of relationships Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression China (People's Republic of) Legal since 1997[1] Transgender people allowed to change legal gender, but only after sex reassignment surgery. Hong Kong (Special administrative region of China) Legal since 1991[1] LGBT individuals may adopt.[338] The People's Republic of China is in charge of Hong Kong's defence affairs. Regardless of sexual orientation, military personnel are not recruited from Hong Kong.[citation needed] / Government employment, goods and services only. Transgender people allowed to change legal gender, but only after sex reassignment surgery. Macau (Special administrative region of China) Legal since 1996[1] The People's Republic of China is in charge of Macau's defence affairs. Regardless of sexual orientation, military personnel are not recruited from Macau. Bans some anti-gay discrimination Japan Legal since 1880 + UN decl. sign.[1] / Non-legally binding partnerships in 6 municipal jurisdictions (Shibuya, Setagaya, Iga, Takaraduka, Naha, Sapporo) / No nationwide protections, but some cities ban some anti-gay discriminations[1] (Nationalwide workplace protections pending) / Transgender people allowed to change legal gender, but only after sex reassignment surgery and in case that the individual has no child under 20 years old. Mongolia Legal since 1961 + UN decl. sign.[1] Due to conscription. Bans some anti-gay discrimination. Transgender people allowed to change legal gender North Korea Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity has ever existed in the country)[1] Unknown although there are heavily obeyed gender roles for both male and female. See Let's trim our hair in accordance with the socialist lifestyle South Korea Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity has ever existed in the country) + UN decl. sign.[1] (Life partnership proposed) Transgender people allowed to change legal gender Taiwan, Republic of China Legal since 1895[339] Since July 3, 2017.[340] /(Legal since May 24, 2019[341]) (Pending. LGBT individuals may adopt.) Due to military draft Bans some anti-gay discrimination (in work and education) Transgender people allowed to change legal gender. Surgery no longer a requirement beginning in 2015[342] Southeast Asia LGBT rights in Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of relationships Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Brunei Illegal Penalty: Fines and imprisonment up to 10 years or death by stoning[1] Myanmar (Burma) Illegal Penalty: Up to life sentence (Not enforced) [1] Cambodia Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity has ever existed in the country)[1] There has been at least one recorded case of a legally registered and recognized same-sex marriage. [citation needed] East Timor Legal since 1975 + UN decl. sign.[1] Bans hate crimes based on sexual orientation. Indonesia Legal nationwide, except; Illegal in the provinces of Aceh and South Sumatra and the city of Palembang (Applies only to Muslims)[343][344][1] (Age of consent discrepancy) [345] Laos Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity has ever existed in the country)[1] Malaysia Male illegal Penalty: fines, prison sentence (2-20 years), or whippings Female always legal[1] [346] Philippines Legal nationwide since 1933 [347][1][348] (Pending)[347] (Pending)[349] LGBT individuals may adopt.[350] Since 2009 /[351] Cebu[352] Quezon City, Davao[353] and Albay have anti-discrimination ordinances[354] (National bill pending but still not made into law) (Pending)[355] Singapore Male illegal Penalty: up to 2 years prison sentence (Not enforced since 1999) Female legal since 2007[1] / Due to conscription, but gays are not allowed to go to command school or serve in sensitive units. Transsexuals allowed to change legal gender, but only after sex reassignment surgery. Thailand Legal since 1956 + UN decl. sign.[1] (Proposed)[356] Since 2005 Bans all anti-gay discrimination. Transsexuals may change their legal name after having a sex change operation.[357] Vietnam Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity has ever existed in the country)[1] + UN decl. sign.[1] Sex-change recognized and legalized by the National Assembly after the Civil Code amended in November 24, 2015 and officially practised from 2017[358][359]. Before 2017, sex-change were only legalized for persons of congenital sex defects and unidentifiable sex. Europe Main article: LGBT rights in Europe List of countries or territories by LGBT rights in Europe Tables: view talk edit European Union Main article: LGBT rights in the European Union LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression European Union Legal in all 28 member states.[360] / Legal in 22/28 member states. / Legal in 13/28 member states. / Step-child adoption legal in 18/28 member states. Joint adoption legal in 14/28 member states. / Legal in 27/28 member states. Membership requires a state to ban anti-gay discrimination in employment. 3/28 states ban some anti-gay discrimination. 25/28 states ban all anti-gay discrimination. / Legal in 26/28 member states.[361] Central Europe LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Austria Legal since 1971[1] + UN decl. sign. Registered partnership since 2010[362] / (Legal from January 2019)[363] Step-child adoption since 2013. Joint adoption since 2016.[364][365] (+automatic co-parent recognition)[366] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Gender change is legal.[292] Croatia Legal since 1977 (As part of Yugoslavia) + UN decl. sign.[1] Life partnership since 2014[367] Constitutionally banned since a 2013 referendum.[368] / Partner-guardianship since 2014 (parental responsibility and a permanent next-of-kins relationship between a life partner and their partner's child which is registered in the child's birth certificate) Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49][369] Act on the elimination of discrimination bans all types discrimination based on both gender identity and gender expression. Gender change is regulated by special policy issued by Ministry of Health.[370] Czech Republic Legal since 1962 (As part of Czechoslovakia) + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered partnership since 2006[371] LGBT individuals in a registered partnership may adopt;[372] step-child adoption pending[373] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Legal recognition is granted and birth certificate is amended[not in citation given] after reassignment surgery (with mandatory sterilisation).[374] Germany Legal in East Germany since 1968 Legal in West Berlin and West Germany since 1969 + UN decl. sign.[1][375] Registered life partnership from 2001 to 2017 (existing partnerships and new foreign partnerships still recognised)[376][377] Legal since 2017.[378] Legal since 2017.[378] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[379][380] Gender change is legal.[381] Hungary Legal since 1962 + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered partnership since 2009[382] [383][384] Constitutionally banned since 2012.[385][386] LGBT individuals may adopt; (Joint and step-child adoption pending)[384] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] No legal recognition.[374] Liechtenstein Legal since 1989 + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered partnership since 2011[387] LGBT individuals may adopt.[388] Has no military Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Gender change is not legal.[374] Poland Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity has ever existed in the country) + UN decl. sign.[1] Constitutionally banned since 1997.[389] LGBT individuals may adopt, joint adoption forbidden.[390] Bans some anti-gay discrimination[49] Slovakia Legal since 1962 (As part of Czechoslovakia) + UN decl. sign.[1] (Proposed)[391] Constitutionally banned since 2014[392] LGBT individuals may adopt.[393] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[394][395] (Requires sterilisation for change[374]) Slovenia Legal since 1977 (As part of Yugoslavia) + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered partnership since 2006[396]; Unregistered cohabitation since 2017[397] / Step-child adoption since 2011[398] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Gender change is legal.[399] Switzerland Legal nationwide since 1942 Legal in the cantons of Geneva (as part of France), Ticino, Valais, and Vaud since 1798 + UN decl. sign.[1][400] Registered partnership in Geneva (2001),[401] Zurich (2003),[402] Neuchâtel (2004)[403] and Fribourg (2004)[403] Nationwide since 2007[404] (Pending)[405] / Step-child adoption since 2018[406] Bans some anti-gay discrimination. (Banning all anti-gay discrimination pending)[407] Legal documents can be issued based on a person's new gender identity. Sterilisation is technically required but has not been enforced since 2012. Registered Partnership can become Marriage between the new opposite-sex couple.[408] Eastern Europe LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Abkhazia Legal after 1991 Armenia Legal since 2003 + UN decl. sign.[1] / Constitutionally banned since 2015.[409][410] Marriages performed abroad recognized since 2017.[411] / No explicit ban. However, LGBT persons have been reportedly discharged because of their sexual orientation.[412] Artsakh Legal since 2000 Constitutionally banned since 2006[413] Azerbaijan Legal since 2000[1] [414] (Requires sterilisation for change[374]) Belarus Legal since 1994[1] Constitutionally banned since 1994[415] / Banned from military service during peacetime, but during wartime homosexuals are permitted to enlist as partially able.[416] Georgia Legal since 2000 + UN decl. sign.[1] (Constitutionally banned from 2018) Bans all anti-gay discrimination[417] (Requires sterilisation for change[374]) Kazakhstan Legal since 1998[1] [284] Moldova Legal since 1995 + UN decl. sign.[1] Constitutionally banned since 1994[418] Bans some anti-gay discrimination[49] (Requires sterilisation for change[374]) Romania Legal since 1996 + UN decl. sign.[1] LGBT individuals may adopt.[419] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Legal recognition and birth certificates amended[not in citation given] after reassignment surgery (sterilisation mandatory)[374] Russia Male legal since 1993 Female always legal[420][1] Illegal in practice in Chechnya, where homosexuals are abducted and sent to concentration camps based on their perceived sexual orientation. See Gay concentration camps in Chechnya for more information. (Constitutional ban proposed)[421] (Requires sterilisation for change[374]) South Ossetia Legal after 1991 Transnistria Legal since 2002[422] (Proposed)[423] Ukraine Legal since 1991 + UN decl. sign.[1] Constitutionally banned since 1996[424] LGBT individuals may adopt.[425] / Policies depend on the regional commissioners.[426] Bans some anti-gay discrimination[427] (Requires sterilisation for change[374]) Northern Europe LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Denmark Legal since 1933 + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered partnership from 1989 to 2012 (Existing partnerships are still recognised.)[428] Legal since 2012[429][430] Step-child adoption since 1999. Joint adoption since 2010.[431] (+automatic co-parent recognition)[432] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Legal gender change and recognition possible without surgery or hormone therapy.[433] Estonia Legal since 1992 + UN decl. sign.[1] Cohabitation agreement since 2016[434] / Marriage performed abroad recognized since 2016[435] / Step-child adoption since 2016. Couples where both partners are infertile may also jointly adopt non-biological children since 2016 Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Gender reassignment legal.[374] Faroe Islands (Constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark) Legal since 1933 + UN decl. sign.[1] Marriage since 2017 Legal since 2017[436][437] (For married couples) (Denmark responsible for defence) Bans some anti-gay discrimination[438][439] [440] Finland (includes Åland Islands) Legal since 1971 + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered partnership from 2002 to 2017 (Existing partnerships are still recognised.)[441] Legal since 2017[442] Step-child adoption since 2009. Joint adoption since 2017. Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Legal change and recognition is possible only with sterilisation.[443] Iceland Legal since 1940 (As part of Denmark) + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered cohabitation since 2006[444]; Registered partnership from 1996 to 2010 (Existing partnerships are still recognised.)[445] Legal since 2010[446][447] Legal since 2006[448] (+automatic co-parent recognition)[449] Has no military Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Documents can be amended to the recognised gender.[450][374] Latvia Legal since 1992 + UN decl. sign.[1] Constitutionally banned since 2006[451] LGBT individuals may adopt.[452] Bans some anti-gay discrimination[49] Documents are amended accordingly, no medical intervention required.[453] Lithuania Legal since 1993 + UN decl. sign.[1] (Cohabitation agreement pending)[454] Constitutionally banned since 1992[455] Only married couples can adopt.[456] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Gender change is legal since 2003.[457] Norway Legal since 1972 + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered partnership from 1993 to 2009 (Existing partnerships are still recognised.)[458] Legal since 2009[459][460] Legal since 2009[461] (+automatic co-parent recognition)[462] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] All documents can be amended to the recognised gender.[292] Sweden Legal since 1944 + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered partnership from 1995 to 2009 (Existing partnerships are still recognised.)[463] Legal since 2009[464] Legal since 2003[465] (+automatic co-parent recognition)[466] [467] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] [468] Southern Europe LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Akrotiri and Dhekelia (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 2000 + UN decl. sign.[1][469][470] (for members of British forces)[471] (for members of British forces)[472] UK responsible for defence Bans all[citation needed] anti-gay discrimination[473] Albania Legal since 1995 + UN decl. sign.[1] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Forbids discrimination based on gender identity.[474] No legal recognition.[374] Andorra Legal since 1990 + UN decl. sign.[1] Stable union since 2005[475]; Civil union since 2014.[83] Legal since 2014[476][83][477] Has no military Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] No legal recognition.[374] Bosnia and Herzegovina Legal since 1998 in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska since 2000 and Brcko District since 2001 + UN decl. sign.[1] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Protected in hate crime legislation, but requires surgery for change.[478] Bulgaria Legal since 1968 + UN decl. sign.[1] Constitutionally banned since 1991[479] LGBT individuals may adopt.[480] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Forbids discrimination based on gender identity, but requires sterilisation for change[481][482] Cyprus Legal since 1998 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil cohabitation since 2015[483] (The only EU country to ban LGBT people in the military, not enforced)[484] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Forbids discrimination based on gender identity.[485] Gender change is not legal. Gibraltar (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 1993 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil partnership since 2014[486] Legal since 2016[487] Legal since 2014 UK responsible for defence Bans some anti-gay discrimination (Banning all anti-gay discrimination pending)[488] (Pending)[489] Greece Legal since 1951 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil union since 2015[490] LGBT individuals may adopt. Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Legal since 2017.[491][492] Italy Legal since 1890 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil union since 2016[493][494] /(Pending)[495][496][497][498][499] / Stepchild adoption admitted by the Court of Cassation[500][501]. The Florence Court for Minors has recognised a foreign joint adoption by a gay couple[502] Bans some anti-gay discrimination[49] Since 1982 legal recognition and documents can be amended to the recognised gender.[503] The Court of Cassation decided in 2015 that sterilisation is not required.[504] Kosovo Legal since 1994 (as part of Yugoslavia)[1] [505] LGBT individuals may adopt.[506][507] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[508] No legal recognition.[374] Macedonia Legal since 1996 + UN decl. sign.[1] Malta Legal since 1973 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil union since 2014[509] Legal since 2017 Legal since 2014 Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[49] Conversion therapy banned since 2016. Surgery not required since 2015.[510] Montenegro Legal since 1977 (As part of Yugoslavia) + UN decl. sign.[1] Constitutionally banned since 2007[511][512] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Forbids discrimination based on gender identity, but requires sterilisation for change[292][374] Northern Cyprus Legal since 2014[296][297][1] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[296][297] Discrimination or hate speech banned since 2014.[296][297] Unknown if gender change is legal. Portugal Legal since 1983 + UN decl. sign.[1] De facto union since 2001[513][514] Legal since 2010[515] Legal since 2016 (+automatic co-parent recognition)[516][517][518] Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[49] Since 2011. All documents can be amended to the recognised gender.[519] San Marino Legal since 1865 + UN decl. sign.[1] / Unregistered cohabitation since 2012 (Only for one entitlement); civil unions proposed[520][521] Stepchild adoption proposed[522] Bans some anti-gay discrimination No legal recognition.[292] Serbia Legal from 1858, when nominally a vassal of Ottoman Empire to 1860[523] and again since 1994 (As part of Yugoslavia) + UN decl. sign.[1] Proposed by new family law in 2017 Constitutionally banned since 2006[524] LGBT individuals may adopt Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] No legal recognition.[525] Spain Legal since 1979 + UN decl. sign.[1] De facto union in Catalonia (1998),[45] Aragon (1999),[45] Navarre (2000),[45] Castile-La Mancha (2000),[45] Valencia (2001),[526] the Balearic Islands (2001),[527] Madrid (2001),[45] Asturias (2002),[528] Castile and León (2002),[529] Andalusia (2002),[45] the Canary Islands (2003),[45] Extremadura (2003),[45] Basque Country (2003),[45] Cantabria (2005),[530] Galicia (2008)[531] and La Rioja (2010)[532] Legal since 2005[533] Legal since 2005[534] (+automatic co-parent recognition)[535] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Since 2007, all documents can be amended to the recognised gender[536] Turkey Legal since 1858[1] (Proposed)[300] (Proposed)[300] (Legal since 1988, Requires sterilisation for change[537]) Vatican City Legal since 1890 (As part of Italy)[1] Has no military Western Europe LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Belgium Legal nationwide since 1795 + UN decl. sign.[1] Legal cohabitation since 2000[538] Legal since 2003[539][540][541] Legal since 2006[542] (+automatic co-parent recognition)[543] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Since 2018, name changes does not require sex changes and (legal and physical) sex changes does not require sterilisation[544]. France Legal nationwide since 1791 Legal in Savoy since 1792 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil solidarity pact since 1999[545] Legal since 2013[546] Legal since 2013[547] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Since 2017, sex changes no longer requires sterilisation.[548] Guernsey (Crown dependency of the United Kingdom) Legal since 1983 + UN decl. sign.[549][550][1] / Civil Partnership performed in UK abroad recognised for succession purposes in inheritance and other matters respecting interests in property since 2012. Civil unions performed abroad recognised since 2017 (does not apply in Sark)[551][552][553] Legal since 2017 (within Alderney and Guernsey only)[554] Does not apply in Sark[not in citation given][citation needed] Legal since 2017[555] UK responsible for defence Bans some anti-gay discrimination[556] 2004 anti-discrimination law. Legal gender change since 2007: Case law only. Only allows a new birth certificate to be issued. Does not amend or remove records of existing birth certificates, extension to Alderney and Sark unclear, does extend to Herm.[556][557] Ireland Male legal since 1993 Female always legal + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil partnership from 2011 to 2015. (Existing partnerships are still recognised.)[558] Legal since 2015 after a constitutional referendum.[559] Joint adoption since 2017.[560][561][562][563][564] (+automatic co-parent recognition)[565] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[566][567][568] Gender Recognition Act 2015[569] Isle of Man (Crown dependency of the United Kingdom) Legal since 1992 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil partnership since 2011[570] Legal since 2016[571] Legal since 2011 UK responsible for defence Bans some anti-gay discrimination[572] Transsexual persons are allowed to change their legal gender and to have their new gender recognised as a result of the Gender Recognition Act 2009 (c.11).[573][574] Jersey (Crown dependency of the United Kingdom) Legal since 1990 + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil partnership since 2012[575] (Proposed)[576] Legal since 2012 UK responsible for defence Bans all anti-gay discrimination[577] Gender Recognition (Jersey) Law 2010[578] Luxembourg Legal since 1795 + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered Partnership since 2004[579] Legal since 2015[580][581] Legal since 2015[582] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[583] (Requires sterilisation for change[374]) Monaco Legal since 1793 + UN decl. sign.[1] (Pending)[584] France responsible for defence Bans some anti-gay discrimination[1] Netherlands Legal since 1811 + UN decl. sign.[1] Registered partnership since 1998[585] Legal since 2001[586] Legal since 2001[587] (+automatic co-parent recognition)[588] Bans all anti-gay discrimination[589] [590] United Kingdom Male legal in England and Wales since 1967, in Scotland since 1981, and in Northern Ireland since 1982 Female always legal + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil partnership since 2005[591] Legal in England, Wales and Scotland since 2014.[592][593] Not performed in Northern Ireland, recognised as Civil Partnership. Legal in England and Wales since 2005, in Scotland since 2009 and Northern Ireland since 2013[594][595] (+automatic co-parent recognition)[596] Since 2000 Bans all anti-gay discrimination[597][1] Gender Recognition Act 2004. Oceania Main article: LGBT rights in Oceania List of countries or territories by LGBT rights in Oceania Tables: view talk edit Australasia LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Australia (including territories of  Christmas Island,  Cocos (Keeling) Islands and  Norfolk Island) Legal in South Australia since 1972, in Victoria since 1981, New South Wales since 1983, the Northern Territory since 1984, the Australian Capital Territory since 1985, Western Australia since 1990, Queensland since 1991, Norfolk Island since 1993 and Tasmania since 1997 Legal in Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands + UN decl. sign.[1] Unregistered cohabitation nationally since 2009 Domestic partnership in Tasmania (2004),[598] South Australia (2007),[599] Victoria (2008),[600] New South Wales (2010)[601] and Queensland (2012)[602]; Civil union in the Australian Capital Territory (2012)[603] Legal since 2017[604] Joint adoption legal in Western Australia (2002), the Australian Capital Territory (2004), New South Wales (2010), Tasmania (2013), Victoria (2016), Queensland (2016) [605] and South Australia (2017).[606] Bill pending within the Northern Territory only. (+automatic co-parent recognition) Since 1992[607] Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[608] [608] Under state/territory laws the ACT, SA does not require divorce and sexual reassignment surgery to change sex on documents; However the NT, NSW, QLD, TAS, VIC and WA requires both divorce and sexual reassignment surgery to change sex on documents.[609][610] Under federal law, 6/8 state/territory forced divorce laws on transgender people within Australia expire on 9 December, 2018. New Zealand Legal since 1986 + UN decl. sign.[1] Unregistered cohabitation since 2002; Civil union since 2005. Legal since 2013[611] Legal since 2013[611] (+automatic co-parent recognition) Since 1993 Bans all anti-gay discrimination Covered under the "sex discrimination" provision of the Human Rights Act 1993 since 2006. Melanesia LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Fiji Legal since 2010 + UN decl. sign.[612][1] Bans some anti-gay discrimination[1] New Caledonia (overseas collectivity of France) Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity has ever existed in the collectivity) + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil solidarity pact since 2009 Legal since 2013 Legal since 2013 French responsibility Bans all anti-gay discrimination Since 2017, gender changes do not require sterilisation. Papua New Guinea Male illegal Penalty: 3 to 14 years imprisonment (Not enforced) Female always legal[1] Solomon Islands Illegal Penalty: Up to 14 years imprisonment.[1] Has no military The latest draft of the Constitution (expected to factually replace the existing Constitution by late 2016) explicitly allows for discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation, and also allows for the advocacy of hatred (and incitement to cause harm) on the basis of sexual orientation.[613] Vanuatu Legal since 2007 + UN decl. sign.[1] Bans some anti-gay discrimination. Micronesia LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression Guam (Unincorporated territory of the United States) Legal since 1978 Since 2015 Legal since 2015 Legal since 2002 USA responsible for defense.[153][156] Bans some anti-gay discrimination. The US hate crime laws apply to all US external territories as well Bans some discrimination relating to gender identity or expression. The US hate crime laws also apply to all US external territories as well Federated States of Micronesia Legal + UN decl. sign.[1] Has no military Kiribati Male illegal Penalty: 5-14 years imprisonment Female legal[1] Has no military Bans some anti-gay discrimination. Marshall Islands Legal since 2005 + UN decl. sign.[1] Has no military Nauru Legal since 2016[614][615] + UN decl. sign. Has no military Northern Mariana Islands (Unincorporated territory of the United States) Legal since 1983 Since 2015 Legal since 2015 Legal since 2015 USA responsible for defense.[153][156] The US hate crime laws also apply to all US external territories as well The US hate crime laws also apply to all US external territories as well Palau Legal since 2014 + UN decl. sign.[616] Constitutional ban since 2008 Has no military United States Minor Outlying Islands (Unincorporated organized territory of the United States) Legal Legal Legal USA responsible for defense.[153][156] Polynesia LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression American Samoa (Unincorporated territory of the United States)[617] Legal since 1980 [618] USA responsible for defense.[153][156] The US hate crime laws also apply to all US external territories as well The US hate crime laws also apply to all US external territories as well Easter Island (Special territory of Chile) Legal since 1999 (Age of consent discrepancy) + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil union since 2015. LGBT individuals may adopt (Pending) Chile responsible for defence. Bans all anti-gay discrimination Since 2007. Cook Islands (Part of the Realm of New Zealand) Male illegal Penalty: 5-14 years imprisonment (Not enforced) pending new crimes bill which will fully decriminalise [619] Female legal + UN decl. sign.[1] New Zealand's responsibility Bans some anti-gay discrimination[620] French Polynesia (Overseas collectivity of France) Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity has ever existed in the collectivity) + UN decl. sign.[1] Since 2013 Legal since 2013 Legal since 2013 French responsibility Bans all anti-gay discrimination Since 2017, gender changes do not require sterilisation. Niue (Part of the Realm of New Zealand) Legal since 2007 + UN decl. sign.[1] New Zealand's responsibility Pitcairn Islands (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Legal since 2001 + UN decl. sign.[1] Since 2015 Legal since 2015[621] Legal since 2015[622] UK responsible for defence Constitutional ban on discrimination.[623] Samoa Male illegal Penalty: 5-7 years imprisonment (Not enforced) Female always legal + UN decl. sign.[1] Has no military Bans some anti-gay discrimination[624] Samoa has a large transgender or "third-gender" community called the Fa'afafine. This is a recognized part of traditional Samoan customs, and usually refers to trans women. Tokelau (Part of the Realm of New Zealand) Legal since 2007 + UN decl. sign.[1] New Zealand's responsibility Tonga Male illegal Penalty: Up to 10 years imprisonment and whipping (Not enforced) Female always legal[1] Tuvalu Male illegal Penalty: Up to 14 years imprisonment Female legal + UN decl. sign.[1] Has no military United States Minor Outlying Islands (Unincorporated organized territory of the United States) Legal Legal Legal USA responsible for defense.[153][156] Wallis and Futuna (Overseas collectivity of France) Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity has ever existed in the collectivity) + UN decl. sign.[1] Civil solidarity pact since 2009 Legal since 2013 Legal since 2013 French responsibility Bans all anti-gay discrimination Since 2017, gender changes do not require sterilisation.


See also LGBT portal Human rights portal Geography portal Buggery Civil union Heterosexism Homophobia Intersex human rights Movements for civil rights Transphobia List of human rights articles by country List of LGBT rights articles by region List of transgender-rights organizations LGBT people in prison Religion and homosexuality Same-sex marriage Sexual revolution Socialism and LGBT rights Societal attitudes toward homosexuality Status of same-sex marriage Yogyakarta Principles


Notes ^ Excluding Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten ^ Excluding Niue, Tokelau and the Cook Islands ^ Excluding Northern Ireland, some of the Crown dependencies and some of the British Overseas Territories. ^ Excluding most Native American tribes. (Same-sex marriage is legal in at least 24 of them). Application to American Samoa unclear. ^ Countries with same-sex marriage recognized nationwide are: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands,[a] New Zealand,[b] Norway, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom,[c] the United States [d] and Uruguay. ^ These four sub-national jurisdictions are: the provinces of Aceh and South Sumatra (Indonesia), the Cook Islands (New Zealand) and Gaza (Palestine).


References ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix "State Sponsored Homophobia 2016: A world survey of sexual orientation laws: criminalisation, protection and recognition" (PDF). International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. 17 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ILGA" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ILGA" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ILGA" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ILGA" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ILGA" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). ^ Jordans, Frank (17 June 2011). "U.N. Gay Rights Protection Resolution Passes, Hailed As 'Historic Moment'". Associated Press.  ^ "UN issues first report on human rights of gay and lesbian people". United Nations. 15 December 2011.  ^ Percy, William A. (1996). Pederasty and Pedagogy in Archaic Greece. University of Illinois Press. p. 18. ISBN 0-252-06740-1. Retrieved 2009-09-18.  ^ a b c Rankin, David; Ranking, H.D. (1996). Celts and the Classical World. Psychology Press. pp. 55 and 78. ISBN 978-0-4151-5090-3.  ^ ritiya-Prakriti: People of the Third Sex, p. 40 ^ "Gay and Lesbian Vaishnava Association, Inc". The Gay and Lesbian Vaishnava Association. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.  ^ a b Homoeroticism in the Biblical World: A Historical Perspective, by Martti Nissinen, Fortress Press, 2004, p. 24–28 ^ The Origins and Role of Same-Sex Relations in Human Societies, by James Neill, McFarland, 27 Oct 2008, p.83 ^ "Homosexuality in the Ancient Near East, beyond Egypt by Bruce Gerig in the Ancient Near East, beyond Egypt". epistle.us.  ^ Pritchard, p. 181. ^ Gay Rights Or Wrongs: A Christian's Guide to Homosexual Issues and Ministry, by Mike Mazzalonga, 1996, p.11 ^ Halsall, Paul. "The Code of the Assura". Internet History Sourcebooks Project. Fordham University. Archived from the original on 11 September 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2015.  ^ The Nature Of Homosexuality, Erik Holland, page 334, 2004 ^ "Tritiya-Prakriti: People of the Third Sex".  ^ Eva Cantarella, Bisexuality in the Ancient World (Yale University Press, 1992, 2002, originally published 1988 in Italian), p. xi; Marilyn B. Skinner, introduction to Roman Sexualities (Princeton University Press, 1997), p. 11. ^ Thomas A.J. McGinn, Prostitution, Sexuality and the Law in Ancient Rome (Oxford University Press, 1998), p. 326. ^ Catharine Edwards, "Unspeakable Professions: Public Performance and Prostitution in Ancient Rome," in Roman Sexualities, pp. 67–68. ^ Amy Richlin, The Garden of Priapus: Sexuality and Aggression in Roman Humor (Oxford University Press, 1983, 1992), p. 225, and "Not before Homosexuality: The Materiality of the cinaedus and the Roman Law against Love between Men," Journal of the History of Sexuality 3.4 (1993), p. 525. ^ Plutarch, Moralia 288a; Thomas Habinek, "The Invention of Sexuality in the World-City of Rome," in The Roman Cultural Revolution (Cambridge University Press, 1997), p. 39; Richlin, "Not before Homosexuality," pp. 545–546. Scholars disagree as to whether the Lex Scantinia imposed the death penalty or a hefty fine. ^ Craig Williams, Roman Homosexuality (Oxford University Press, 1999, 2010), p. 304, citing Saara Lilja, Homosexuality in Republican and Augustan Rome (Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 1983), p. 122. ^ Williams, Roman Homosexuality, pp. 214–215; Richlin, "Not before Homosexuality," passim. ^ Catharine Edwards, The Politics of Immorality in Ancient Rome (Cambridge University Press, 1993), pp. 63–64. ^ As recorded in a fragment of the speech De Re Floria by Cato the Elder (frg. 57 Jordan = Aulus Gellius 9.12.7), noted and discussed by Richlin, "Not before Homosexuality," p. 561. ^ Richlin, "Not before Homosexuality," pp. 562–563. See also Digest 48.5.35 [34] on legal definitions of rape that included boys. ^ Under the Lex Aquilia. 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Repubblica.  ^ https://www.thelocal.it/20170309/italy-recognizes-first-adoption-by-two-gay-men ^ (in Italian) "Legge 14 Aprile 1982, n. 164 (GU n. 106 del 19/04/1982) Norme in Materia di Rettificazione di Attribuzione di Sesso". Archived from the original on 23 May 2007.  ^ Court of Cassation judgment of 21 May 2015 ^ "FAMILY LAW OF KOSOVO - Law Nr.2004/32". childhub.org.  ^ "Adoption Laws in Kosovo: Unmarried persons". State portal of the Republic of Kosovo. Constitution of Kosovo.  ^ "Adoption in Kosovo (Report) - Page 6". OSCE Mission in Kosovo.  ^ "Constitution of Kosovo; discrimination".  ^ AN ACT to regulate civil unions and to provide for matters connected therewith or ancillary thereto ^ Gender Identity, Gender Expression and Sex Characteristics Bill ^ "THE CONSTITUTION OF MONTENEGRO and THE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONSTITUTION OF MONTENEGRO ADOPTED ON 19 OCTOBER 2007" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-01-05.  ^ "Information on the rights of minority groups in Montenegro" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-01-05.  ^ (in Portuguese) Law no. 7/2001, from 11 May (specifically Article 1, no. 1). ^ (in Portuguese) AR altera lei das uniões de facto ^ Law no. 9/2010, from 30th May. ^ (in Portuguese) Lei 17/2016 de 20 de junho ^ (in Portuguese) Lei que alarga a procriação medicamente assistida publicada em Diário da República ^ (in Portuguese) Todas as mulheres com acesso à PMA a 1 de Agosto ^ http://www.lgbt-ep.eu/press-releases/meps-welcome-new-gender-change-law-in-portugal-concerned-about-lithuania/ ^ Gessa, Daniele Guido (June 27, 2012). "San Marino axes medieval law to let gay couples live together". GayStarNews. Retrieved September 10, 2012.  ^ (in Italian) San Marino. Unioni civili, presto sul tavolo tre bozze di legge ^ (in Italian) San Marino. Unioni civili, presto sul tavolo tre bozze di legge ^ First post-Mediaeval criminal code in the Principality of Serbia, named "Kaznitelni zakon" (Law of Penalties), adopted in 1860, punishes sexual intercourse "against the order of nature" between males with 6 months to 4 years imprisonment. V. Para # 206, p. 82 of the "Kaznitelni zakon 1860" in Slavo-Serbian orthography (PDF) ^ "Constitution of Serbia". Serbian Government. Retrieved 8 November 2006.  ^ "Rainbow Europe: Serbia". Retrieved 8 December 2017.  ^ "Ley 1/2001, de 6 de abril, por la que se regulan las uniones de hecho". Noticias Juridicas. Retrieved April 18, 2015.  ^ "Llei 18/2001 de 19 de desembre, de parelles estables" (in Catalan). Govern de les Illes Balears. Retrieved November 6, 2015.  ^ "LEY 4/2002, de 23 de mayo, de Parejas Estables" (PDF) (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado. Retrieved November 6, 2015.  ^ "DECRETO 117/2002, de 24 de octubre, por el que se crea el Registro de Uniones de Hecho en Castilla y León y se regula su funcionamiento" (PDF) (in Spanish). Junta de Castilla y León. Retrieved November 6, 2015.  ^ "Ley de Cantabria 1/2005, de 16 de mayo, de Parejas de Hecho de la Comunidad Autónoma de Cantabria" (in Spanish). Noticias Juridicas. Retrieved November 6, 2015.  ^ "Decreto 248/2007, de 20 de diciembre, por el que se crea y se regula el Registro de Parejas de Hecho de Galicia" (in Spanish). Noticias Juridicas. Retrieved November 6, 2015.  ^ "Decreto 30/2010, de 14 de mayo, por el que se crea el Registro de Parejas de Hecho de La Rioja" (in Spanish). El Gobierno de La Rioja. Retrieved November 6, 2015.  ^ "Spain approves liberal gay marriage law". St. Petersburg Times. 2005-07-01. Retrieved 2007-01-08.  ^ http://travel.state.gov/content/adoptionsabroad/en/country-information/learn-about-a-country/spain.html ^ (in Spanish) Boletín Oficial del Estado Ley 14/2006, de 26 de mayo, sobre técnicas de reproducción humana asistida (see Article 7) ^ (in Spanish) Ley 3/2007, de 15 de marzo, reguladora de la rectificación registral de la mención relativa al sexo de las personas ^ http://ijg.sagepub.com/content/18/1/77.abstract ^ (in German) Gesetz zur Einführung des gesetzlichen Zusammenwohnens ^ "Belgium to follow Holland on gay marriage". RTÉ News. 29 November 2002.  ^ "Belgium legalizes gay marriage". UPI. 31 January 2003.  ^ "Belgium approves same-sex marriage". PlanetOut. 30 January 2003.  ^ http://travel.state.gov/content/adoptionsabroad/en/country-information/learn-about-a-country/belgium.html ^ (in French)(in Dutch) Belgian Official Gazette Loi du 5 mai 2014 portant établissement de la filiation de la coparente, as amended by loi du 18 décembre 2014 modifiant le Code civil, le code de droit international privé, le Code consulaire, la loi du 5 mai 2014 portant établissement de la filiation de la coparente et la loi du 8 mai 2014 modifiant le Code civil en vue d’instaurer l’égalité de l’homme et de la femme dans le mode de transmission du nom à l’enfant et à l’adopté ^ (in French) (in Dutch) Loi du 25 juin 2017 réformant des régimes relatifs aux personnes transgenres en ce qui concerne la mention d’une modification de du sexe dans les actes de l’état civil et ses effets/Wet van 25 juni 2017 tot hervorming van regelingen inzake transgenders wat de vermelding van een aanpassing van de registratie van het geslacht in de akten van de burgerlijke stand en de gevolgen hiervan betreft ^ (in French) Loi n° 99-944 du 15 novembre 1999 relative au pacte civil de solidarité ^ Erlanger, Steven (18 May 2013). "Hollande Signs French Gay Marriage Law". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 July 2015.  ^ http://travel.state.gov/content/adoptionsabroad/en/country-information/learn-about-a-country/france.html ^ [13] ^ "Sexual Offences (Bailiwick of Guernsey) (Amendment) Law, 2011". guernseylegalresources.gg.  ^ "JURIST - Homosexual Offenses and Human Rights in Guernsey". jurist.org.  ^ http://www.gov.gg/CHttpHandler.ashx?id=98634&p=0 ^ http://www.gov.gg/CHttpHandler.ashx?id=98636&p=0 ^ "Union civile, Green, marriage, Liberate « Guernsey Press". guernseypress.com.  ^ "Guernsey votes to legalise same-sex marriage". Gay Times Magazine.  ^ "Guernsey law change allows same-sex couples to adopt". BBC News.  ^ a b "The Prevention of Discrimination (Enabling Provisions) (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law, 2004". Guernsey Legal Resources. Retrieved 31 May 2014.  ^ "Legal Resources: Legal Resources Navigation List: Guernsey Law Reports 2007–08 GLR 161". guernseylegalresources.gg.  ^ "Civil Partnership and Certain Rights and Obligations of Cohabitants Act 2010". irishstatutebook.ie.  ^ Thirty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution (Marriage Equality) Bill 2015 ^ [14] ^ "Gay adoption law due before same-sex marriage referendum". The Irish Times. 21 January 2015.  ^ "FAQs". The Adoption Authority of Ireland.  ^ http://rainbow-europe.org/#8639/0/0 ^ http://www.irishtimes.com/news/ireland/irish-news/change-sought-to-anomaly-in-adoption-law-1.1848049 ^ Oireachtas Children and Family Relationships Act 2015 ^ "Employment Equality Act, 1998". Irishstatutebook.ie. 18 June 1998. Retrieved 11 July 2010.  ^ "Equal Status Act, 2000". Irishstatutebook.ie. 26 April 2000. Retrieved 11 July 2010.  ^ "Prohibition of Incitement To Hatred Act, 1989". irishstatutebook.ie.  ^ http://www.thejournal.ie/ireland-transgender-recognition-bill-2218956-Jul2015/ ^ "Civil Partnership Act 2011" (PDF). legislation.gov.im.  ^ "Same-sex Manx marriages can go ahead after Royal Assent". BBC. 19 July 2016. Archived from the original on 19 July 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2016.  ^ EMPLOYMENT ACT 2006 ^ "GENDER RECOGNITION ACT 2009" (PDF). legislation.gov.im.  ^ "Gender recognition bill to provide protection to Isle of Man trans residents". PinkNews.  ^ "Civil Partnership (Jersey) Law 2012" (PDF). jerseylaw.je.  ^ Equal Marriage and Partnership Options Paper Report ^ http://www.statesassembly.gov.je/AssemblyPropositions/2015/P.40-2015.pdf ^ GENDER RECOGNITION (JERSEY) LAW 2010 ^ (in French) Loi du 9 juillet 2004 relative aux effets légaux de certains partenariats ^ Same-sex marriages from January 1 ^ Same-Sex Marriage in Luxembourg from 1 January 2015 ^ http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2014/0125/a125.pdf ^ (in French) Mémorial A n° 207 de 2006 ^ n°207 - Proposition de loi relative au Pacte de vie commune ^ Waaldijk, Kees. "Major legal consequences of marriage, cohabitation and registered partnership for different-sex and same-sex partners in the Netherlands" (PDF). INED. Retrieved October 27, 2013.  ^ "Gay Marriage Goes Dutch". CBS News. Associated Press. 1 April 2001. Retrieved 21 January 2010.  ^ ttp://travel.state.gov/content/adoptionsabroad/en/country-information/learn-about-a-country/netherlands.html ^ (in Dutch) Staatsblad Wet van 25 november 2013 tot wijziging van Boek 1 van het Burgerlijk Wetboek in verband met het juridisch ouderschap van de vrouwelijke partner van de moeder anders dan door adoptie ^ https://www.government.nl/topics/discrimination/contents/prohibition-of-discrimination ^ https://www.buzzfeed.com/lesterfeder/the-netherlands-passes-landmark-gender-identity-law ^ "Civil Partnership Act 2004". legislation.gov.uk.  ^ "Same-sex marriage now legal as first couples wed". BBC News. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014.  ^ "Same-sex marriage now legal as first couples wed". BBC News. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014.  ^ Thomas, Ellen (20 September 2009). "New legislation sees gay Scottish couples win right to adopt children". The Herald. Retrieved 23 September 2009.  ^ http://travel.state.gov/content/adoptionsabroad/en/country-information/learn-about-a-country/united-kingdom.html ^ legislation.gov.uk Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008: Cases in which woman to be other parent ^ Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c. 4) ^ "Relationships Act 2003". Tasmanian Legislation. Retrieved September 14, 2012.  ^ "South Australia gays get new rights by Tony Grew (7 December 2006)". pinknews.com.au. Retrieved 2007-09-03.  ^ Relationships Act 2008 (Vic) ^ "Massive support for register". Star Observer. May 13, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2012.  ^ Agius, Kym (December 1, 2011). "Bligh asks ALP to support gay marriage". Retrieved September 14, 2012.  ^ "Civil Unions Bill 2011". ACT Government. Retrieved September 14, 2012.  ^ Chang, Charis (8 December 2017). "Same-sex marriage is now legal in Australia". news.com.au. Retrieved 8 December 2017.  ^ Burke, Gail (November 2, 2016). "Adoption laws in Queensland changed to allow same-sex couples to become parents".  ^ Leighton-Dore, Samuel (December 7, 2016). "South Australian Same Sex Couples Can Now Adopt". Retrieved September 14, 2012.  ^ "Australia Ends a Prohibition On Homosexuals in Military", New York Times, November 24, 1992 ^ a b Sex Discrimination Amendment (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Intersex Status) Bill 2013 ^ [15] ^ [16] ^ a b Marriage equality Bill officially signed into law, GayNZ.com, Retrieved 19 April 2013 ^ Chand, Shalveen (26 February 2010). "Same sex law decriminalised". Fiji Times. Archived from the original on 22 August 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2011.  ^ Verheyen, Vincent. "Sexual orientation [LGBTQ+] and the draft of the new Solomon Islands Constitution". Retrieved 3 March 2016.  ^ Nauru decriminalises homosexuality ^ Crimes Act 2016 ^ Palau decriminalises sex between men ^ "Sodomy Laws American Samoa". Sodomylaws.org. 28 March 2004. Archived from the original on 2012-02-19. Retrieved 21 December 2008.  ^ Sagapolutele, Fili. "gay marriage illegal in American Samoa". USNews. Retrieved July 10, 2015.  ^ http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2017/08/03/this-island-nation-is-set-to-decriminalise-homosexuality/ ^ Employment Relations Act 2012 ^ Pitcairn Island: Same Sex Marriage and Civil Partnership Ordinance 2015 ^ Laws - PITCAIRN ^ The Pitcairn Constitution Order 2010 ^ Labour and Employment Relations Act 2013


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E. Evans-PritchardAzandeDemocratic Republic Of The CongoIntercrural SexJapanPederastySamuraiWakashūSamuraiStephen O. 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AfricaTemplate Talk:LGBT Rights Table AfricaAlgeriaLGBT Rights In AlgeriaNoNoNoNoNoNoNoCanary IslandsCanary IslandsAutonomous Communities Of SpainSpainYesYesYesYesYesYesYesCeutaCeutaAutonomous Communities Of SpainSpainYesYesYesYesYesYesYesEgyptLGBT Rights In EgyptNoDe FactoNoNoNoNoNoNoLibyaLGBT Rights In LibyaNoNoNoNoNoNoNoMadeiraMadeiraPortugalYesYesDe Facto Union In PortugalYesYesYesYesYesMelillaLGBT Rights In SpainAutonomous Communities Of SpainSpainYesYesYesYesYesYesYesMoroccoLGBT Rights In MoroccoSouthern ProvincesNoNoNoNoNoNoSahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicLGBT Rights In The Sahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicSouthern ProvincesNoSpanish SaharaNoNoNoNoNoNoSouth SudanLGBT Rights In South SudanNoAnglo-Egyptian SudanNoNoNoNoNoNoSudanLGBT Rights In SudanNoNoAnglo-Egyptian SudanNoNoNoNoNoNoTunisiaLGBT Rights In TunisiaNoFrench Protectorate Of TunisiaNoNoNoNoNoBeninLGBT Rights In BeninYesNoNoNoNoBurkina FasoLGBT Rights In Burkina FasoYesNoNoNoNoCape VerdeLGBT Rights In Cape VerdeYesNoNoNoYesThe GambiaLGBT Rights In The GambiaNoGambia Colony And ProtectorateNoNoNoNoNoNoGhanaLGBT Rights In GhanaNoGold Coast (British Colony)YesNoNoNoNoNoGuineaLGBT Rights In GuineaNoNoNoNoNoNoGuinea-BissauLGBT Rights In Guinea-BissauYesNoNoNoNoIvory CoastLGBT Rights In Ivory CoastYesNoNoNoNoLiberiaLGBT Rights In LiberiaNoNoNoNoNoNoMaliLGBT Rights In MaliYesNoNoNoNoMauritaniaLGBT Rights In MauritaniaNoNoStoningNoNoNoNoNoNoNigerLGBT Rights In NigerYesNoNoNoNoNigeriaLGBT Rights In NigeriaNoNorthern Nigeria ProtectorateSouthern Nigeria ProtectorateNoNoBauchi StateBorno StateGombe StateJigawa StateKaduna StateKano StateKatsina StateKebbi StateNiger StateSokoto StateYobe StateZamfara StateNoNoNoNoNoSenegalLGBT Rights In SenegalNoNoNoNoNoNoSierra LeoneLGBT Rights In Sierra LeoneNoSierra Leone Colony And ProtectorateYesNoNoNoNoNoTogoLGBT Rights In TogoNoTogolandNoNoNoNoNoCameroonLGBT Rights In CameroonNoNoNoNoNoNoCentral African RepublicLGBT Rights In The Central African RepublicYesNoNoNoNoChadLGBT Rights In ChadNoNoNoNoNoDemocratic Republic Of The CongoLGBT Rights In The Democratic Republic Of The CongoYesNoNoNoNoEquatorial GuineaLGBT Rights In Equatorial GuineaYesNoNoNoNoGabonLGBT Rights In GabonYesNoNoNoNoRepublic Of The CongoLGBT Rights In The Republic Of The CongoYesNoNoNoNoSaint HelenaLGBT Rights In Saint Helena, Ascension And Tristan Da CunhaBritish Overseas TerritoryUnited KingdomYesYesYesYesYesSão Tomé And PríncipeLGBT Rights In São Tomé And PríncipeYesNoNoNoNoBurundiLGBT Rights In BurundiNoNoNoNoNoNoKenyaLGBT Rights In KenyaNoEast Africa ProtectorateNoNoNoNoNoNoRwandaLGBT Rights In RwandaYesNoNoNoNoUgandaLGBT Rights In UgandaNoNoNoNoNoNoNoTanzaniaLGBT Rights In TanzaniaNoZanzibarNoNoNoNoNoDjiboutiLGBT Rights In DjiboutiYesNoNoNoNoEritreaLGBT Rights In EritreaNoFederation Of Ethiopia And EritreaNoNoNoNoNoEthiopiaLGBT Rights In EthiopiaNoNoNoNoNoNoSomaliaLGBT Rights In SomaliaNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoSomalilandLGBT Rights In SomalilandNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryLGBT Rights In The British Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Overseas TerritoryUnited KingdomYesYesYesYesComorosLGBT Rights In ComorosNoNoNoNoNoNoFrench Southern And Antarctic LandsLGBT Rights In FranceLGBT Rights In FranceYesYesCivil Solidarity PactYesYesYesYesYesMadagascarLGBT Rights In MadagascarYesNoNoNoNoMauritiusLGBT Rights In MauritiusNoBritish MauritiusYesNoNoNoYesMayotteLGBT Rights In MayotteLGBT Rights In FranceYesYesCivil Solidarity PactYesYesYesYesYesRéunionLGBT Rights In RéunionLGBT Rights In FranceYesYesCivil Solidarity PactYesYesYesYesYesSeychellesLGBT Rights In SeychellesYesNoNoNoYesAngolaLGBT Rights In AngolaNoDe FactoPortuguese AngolaNoNoNoYesNoBotswanaLGBT Rights In BotswanaNoBechuanaland ProtectorateNoNoNoYesYesLesothoLGBT Rights In LesothoYesNoNoNoNoMalawiLGBT Rights In MalawiNoNoNoNoNoNoMozambiqueLGBT Rights In MozambiqueYesNoNoNoNoYesNamibiaLGBT Rights In NamibiaNoSouth-West AfricaYesNoNoNoNoNoSouth AfricaLGBT Rights In South AfricaYesYesYesSame-sex Marriage In South AfricaYesDu Toit V Minister Of Welfare And Population DevelopmentYesYesYesAlteration Of Sex Description And Sex Status Act, 2003SwazilandLGBT Rights In SwazilandNoYesNoNoNoNoNoZambiaLGBT Rights In ZambiaNoCompany Rule In RhodesiaNoNoNoNoNoZimbabweLGBT Rights In ZimbabweNoCompany Rule In RhodesiaYesNoNoNoNoNoLGBT Rights In The AmericasTemplate:LGBT Rights Table AmericasTemplate Talk:LGBT Rights Table AmericasBermudaLGBT Rights In BermudaBritish Overseas TerritoryUnited KingdomYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoCanadaLGBT Rights In CanadaYesYesDomestic Partnership In Nova ScotiaCivil Unions In QuebecAdult Interdependent Relationship In AlbertaCommon-law Relationships In ManitobaYesSame-sex Marriage In CanadaYesYesYesHate SpeechSexual Orientation Change EffortsYesSex Reassignment SurgeryGreenlandLGBT Rights In GreenlandDanish RealmYesYesYesYesYesYesNoMexicoLGBT Rights In MexicoYesYesNoRecognition Of Same-sex Unions In MexicoSame-sex Marriage In Mexico CityYesNoSame-sex Marriage In Mexico CitySame-sex Marriage In Quintana RooSame-sex Marriage In CoahuilaSame-sex Marriage In ChihuahuaSame-sex Marriage In GuerreroSame-sex Marriage In NayaritSame-sex Marriage In JaliscoSame-sex Marriage In CampecheSame-sex Marriage In MichoacánSame-sex Marriage In ColimaSame-sex Marriage In MorelosSame-sex Marriage In ChiapasSame-sex Marriage In PueblaSame-sex Marriage In Baja CaliforniaYesNoYesYesYesLGBT Rights In Saint Pierre Et MiquelonLGBT Rights In FranceYesYesCivil Solidarity PactYesYesYesYesYesUnited StatesLGBT Rights In The United StatesYesSodomy Laws In The United StatesYesDomestic Partnership In CaliforniaSame-sex Marriage In The District Of ColumbiaDomestic Partnership In MaineDomestic Partnership In OregonSame-sex Marriage In MarylandDomestic Partnership In WisconsinSame-sex Marriage In NevadaSame-sex Marriage In New JerseySame-sex Marriage In IllinoisSame-sex Marriage In HawaiiRecognition Of Same-sex Unions In ColoradoYesSame-sex Marriage In The United StatesYesYesDon't Ask, Don't TellBarack ObamaDonald TrumpYesNoUnited States Office Of Personnel ManagementDistrict Of ColumbiaUnited States Postal ServiceExecutive Order 12968Executive Order 13087Sexual Orientation Change EffortsLGBT Rights In CaliforniaLGBT Rights In ConnecticutLGBT Rights In IllinoisLGBT Rights In New MexicoLGBT Rights In VermontLGBT Rights In New YorkLGBT Rights In NevadaLGBT Rights In New JerseyLGBT Rights In OregonLGBT Rights In Rhode IslandLGBT Rights In The District Of ColumbiaMiami BeachCincinnatiPittsburghSeattleMatthew Shepard ActLGBT Employment Discrimination In The United StatesYesNoMatthew Shepard ActLGBT Employment Discrimination In The United StatesBelizeLGBT Rights In BelizeYesNoNoNoNoYesYesNoCosta RicaLGBT Rights In Costa RicaYesYesNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesYesYesNoEl SalvadorLGBT Rights In El SalvadorYesNoNoNoYesYesYesYesNoGuatemalaLGBT Rights In GuatemalaYesNoNoNoYesYesNoHondurasLGBT Rights In HondurasYesNoNoNoNoYesHate SpeechYesNicaraguaLGBT Rights In NicaraguaYesNoNoNoYesNoPanamaLGBT Rights In PanamaYesNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesYesYesSex Reassignment SurgeryAnguillaAnguillaBritish Overseas TerritoryUnited KingdomYesNoNoNoYesNoNoAntigua And BarbudaLGBT Rights In Antigua And BarbudaNoNoNoNoNoNoNoArubaLGBT Rights In ArubaKingdom Of The NetherlandsYesYesNoYesWikipedia:Citation NeededNetherlandsNoYesNetherlandsNoNoThe BahamasLGBT Rights In The BahamasYesNoNoNoYesNoNoBarbadosLGBT Rights In BarbadosNoNoNoNoNoNoNoBritish Virgin IslandsLGBT Rights In The British Virgin IslandsBritish Overseas TerritoryUnited KingdomYesNoNoNoYesYesNoCaribbean NetherlandsLGBT Rights In The NetherlandsBonaireSint EustatiusSabaNetherlandsYesYesYesYesYesNetherlandsYesYesCayman IslandsLGBT Rights In The Cayman IslandsBritish Overseas TerritoryUnited KingdomYesNoNoYesNoYesNoNoCubaLGBT Rights In CubaYesNoNoNoYesYesYesCuraçaoLGBT Rights In CuraçaoKingdom Of The NetherlandsYesNoWikipedia:Citation NeededNoYesNetherlandsNoYesNetherlandsNoNoDominicaLGBT Rights In DominicaNoNoNoNoNoNoNoDominican RepublicLGBT Rights In The Dominican RepublicYesNoNoNoNoNoNoGrenadaLGBT Rights In GrenadaNoYesNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesNoNoGuadeloupeLGBT Rights In GuadeloupeLGBT Rights In FranceYesYesCivil Solidarity PactYesYesYesYesYesUnited StatesGuantanamo Bay Naval BaseUnited StatesYesWikipedia:Citation NeededYesYesYesYesYesYesHaitiLGBT Rights In HaitiYesNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesNoNoJamaicaLGBT Rights In JamaicaNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoMartiniqueLGBT Rights In MartiniqueLGBT Rights In FranceYesYesCivil Solidarity PactYesYesYesYesYesMontserratLGBT Rights In MontserratBritish Overseas TerritoryUnited KingdomYesNoNoNoYesYesNoPuerto RicoLGBT Rights In Puerto RicoCommonwealth (United States Insular Area)LGBT Rights In The United StatesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesSaint BarthélemyLGBT Rights In FranceYesYesCivil Solidarity PactYesYesYesYesYesSaint Kitts And NevisLGBT Rights In Saint Kitts And NevisNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoSaint LuciaLGBT Rights In Saint LuciaNoYesNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesNoNoSaint MartinLGBT Rights In FranceYesYesCivil Solidarity PactYesYesYesYesYesSaint Vincent And The GrenadinesLGBT Rights In Saint Vincent And The GrenadinesNoNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesNoNoSint MaartenLGBT Rights In Sint MaartenKingdom Of The NetherlandsYesNoWikipedia:Citation NeededNoYesNetherlandsNoYesNetherlandsNoNoTrinidad And TobagoLGBT Rights In Trinidad And TobagoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoTurks And Caicos IslandsLGBT Rights In The Turks And Caicos IslandsBritish Overseas TerritoryUnited KingdomYesNoNoNoYesYesNoUnited StatesUnited States Minor Outlying IslandsUnincorporated Territories Of The United StatesUnited StatesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoUnited States Virgin IslandsLGBT Rights In The United States Virgin IslandsLGBT Rights In The United StatesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesArgentinaLGBT Rights In ArgentinaYesYesYesSame-sex Marriage In ArgentinaYesYesYesNoYesBoliviaLGBT Rights In BoliviaYesNoNoNoYesHate SpeechYesBrazilLGBT Rights In BrazilYesYesYesSame-sex Marriage In BrazilYesSame-sex Adoption In BrazilYesLGBT Rights In BrazilYesNoAnti-discrimination Laws In BrazilSexual Orientation Change EffortsYesChanging Legal Gender Assignment In BrazilSex Reassignment SurgeryChileLGBT Rights In ChileYesYesRecognition Of Same-sex Unions In ChileNoNoYesYesYesYesSex Reassignment SurgeryColombiaLGBT Rights In ColombiaYesYesRecognition Of Same-sex Unions In ColombiaYesYesYesYesHate SpeechYesEcuadorLGBT Rights In EcuadorYesYesRecognition Of Same-sex Unions In EcuadorNoNoYesYesFalkland IslandsLGBT Rights In The Falkland IslandsBritish Overseas TerritoryUnited KingdomYesYesYesYesYesYesNoFrench GuianaLGBT Rights In French GuianaLGBT Rights In FranceYesYesCivil Solidarity PactYesYesYesYesYesGuyanaLGBT Rights In GuyanaNoNoNoYesNoNoParaguayLGBT Rights In ParaguayYesNoNoNoNoNoPeruLGBT Rights In PeruYesNoNoNoYesNoYesSex Reassignment SurgerySouth Georgia And The South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia And The South Sandwich IslandsBritish Overseas TerritoryUnited KingdomYesNoNoYesYesYesNoSurinameLGBT Rights In SurinameYesNoNoNoYesHate SpeechNoUruguayLGBT Rights In UruguayYesYesYesSame-sex Marriage In UruguayYesYesYesYesVenezuelaLGBT Rights In VenezuelaYesNoNoNoNoYesNoLGBT Rights In AsiaTemplate:LGBT Rights Table AsiaTemplate Talk:LGBT Rights Table AsiaKyrgyzstanLGBT Rights In KyrgyzstanYesNoNoNoNoYesTajikistanLGBT Rights In TajikistanYesNoNoNoNoYesTurkmenistanLGBT Rights In TurkmenistanNoYesNoNoNoNoNoUzbekistanLGBT Rights In UzbekistanNoYesNoNoNoNoNoAbkhaziaAbkhaziaYesNoNoNoNoAkrotiri And DhekeliaLGBT Rights In The UKBritish Overseas TerritoriesUnited KingdomYesYesYesYesYesArmeniaLGBT Rights In ArmeniaYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoRepublic Of ArtsakhRepublic Of ArtsakhYesNoNoNoNoAzerbaijanLGBT Rights In AzerbaijanYesNoNoNoYesNoYesCyprusLGBT Rights In CyprusYesYesNoNoNoEUYesYesNoGeorgia (country)LGBT Rights In Georgia (country)YesNoNoNoYesYesKazakhstanLGBT Rights In KazakhstanYesNoNoNoNoNoYesNorthern CyprusLGBT Rights In Northern CyprusYesNoNoNoNoYesYesRussiaLGBT Rights In RussiaYesNoChechnyaGay Concentration Camps In ChechnyaNoNoNoNoNoYesSouth OssetiaSouth OssetiaYesNoNoNoNoTurkeyLGBT Rights In TurkeyYesNoNoNoNoNoYesBahrainLGBT Rights In BahrainYesNoNoNoNoNoNoIranLGBT Rights In IranNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesSex Reassignment SurgeryIraqLGBT Rights In IraqYesNoNoNoNoNoNoIsraelLGBT Rights In IsraelYesYesUnregistered Cohabitation In IsraelNoYesSame-sex Marriage In IsraelNoYesYesBasic Law: Human Dignity And LibertyYesBasic Law: Human Dignity And LibertyJordanLGBT Rights In JordanYesNoNoNoNoYesKuwaitLGBT Rights In KuwaitNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoLebanonLGBT Rights In LebanonYesNoNoNoNoNoYesOmanLGBT Rights In OmanNoNoNoNoNoNoNoState Of PalestineLGBT Rights In The Palestinian TerritoriesYesJordanNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoQatarLGBT Rights In QatarNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoSaudi ArabiaLGBT Rights In Saudi ArabiaNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoSyriaLGBT Rights In SyriaNoDe-factoNoNoNoNoNoYesUnited Arab EmiratesLGBT Rights In The United Arab EmiratesNoNoEmirates Of The United Arab EmiratesNoNoNoNoNoYesSex Reassignment SurgeryYemenLGBT Rights In YemenNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoAfghanistanLGBT Rights In AfghanistanNoNoTalibanNoNoNoNoNoNoBangladeshLGBT Rights In BangladeshNoNoNoNoNoNoYesBhutanLGBT Rights In BhutanNoNoNoNoNoNoNoIndiaLGBT Rights In IndiaNoSection 377 Of The Indian Penal CodeNoNoNoNoNoNoYesMaldivesLGBT Rights In The MaldivesNoNoNoNoNoWikipedia:Citation NeededNoNoNepalLGBT Rights In NepalYesNoNoNoYesYesYesPakistanLGBT Rights In PakistanNoNoNoNoNoNoYesSri LankaLGBT Rights In Sri LankaNoNoNoNoNoWikipedia:Citation NeededNoYesSex Reassignment SurgeryChinaLGBT Rights In ChinaYesNoNoNoNoYesSex Reassignment SurgeryHong KongLGBT Rights In Hong KongSpecial Administrative RegionHomosexuality In ChinaYesNoNoNoWikipedia:Citation NeededNoYesYesSex Reassignment SurgeryMacauLGBT Rights In MacauSpecial Administrative RegionHomosexuality In ChinaYesNoNoNoYesJapanLGBT Rights In JapanYesNoYesNoNoYesNoYesNoYesSex Reassignment SurgeryMongoliaLGBT Rights In MongoliaYesNoNoNoYesYesYesNorth KoreaLGBT Rights In North KoreaYesNoNoNoNoLet's Trim Our Hair In Accordance With The Socialist LifestyleSouth KoreaLGBT Rights In South KoreaYesNoNoNoNoNoYesTaiwanLGBT Rights In TaiwanYesNoNoYesYesYesBruneiLGBT Rights In BruneiNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoMyanmarLGBT Rights In MyanmarNoNoNoNoNoNoNoCambodiaLGBT Rights In CambodiaYesNoNoNoWikipedia:Citation NeededNoEast TimorLGBT Rights In East TimorYesNoNoNoYesIndonesiaLGBT Rights In IndonesiaYesNoProvinces Of IndonesiaAcehSouth SumatraPalembangMuslimsNoNoNoNoNoNoLaosLGBT Rights In LaosYesNoNoNoNoMalaysiaLGBT Rights In MalaysiaNoYesNoNoNoNoNoYesPhilippinesLGBT Rights In The PhilippinesYesNoNoNoYesNoYesNoSingaporeLGBT Rights In SingaporeNoYesNoNoNoNoYesNoYesSex Reassignment SurgeryThailandLGBT Rights In ThailandYesNoNoNoYesYesYesVietnamLGBT Rights In VietnamYesNoNoNoNoYesLGBT Rights In EuropeTemplate:LGBT Rights Table EuropeTemplate Talk:LGBT Rights Table EuropeLGBT Rights In The European UnionEuropean UnionLGBT Rights In The European UnionYesYesNoYesNoYesNoYesNoYesYesNoAustriaLGBT Rights In AustriaYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYesCroatiaLGBT Rights In CroatiaYesSocialist Federal Republic Of YugoslaviaYesNoCroatian Constitutional Referendum, 2013NoYesYesYesYesCzech RepublicLGBT Rights In The Czech RepublicYesCzechoslovak Socialist RepublicYesNoNoYesYesYesWikipedia:VerifiabilityGermanyLGBT Rights In GermanyYesEast GermanyWest BerlinWest GermanyYesYesYesYesYesYesHungaryLGBT Rights In HungaryYesYesNoNoYesYesNoLiechtensteinLGBT Rights In LiechtensteinYesYesNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesYesNoPolandLGBT Rights In PolandYesNoNoNoYesYesYesSlovakiaLGBT Rights In SlovakiaYesCzechoslovak Socialist RepublicNoNoNoYesYesYesSloveniaLGBT Rights In SloveniaYesSocialist Federal Republic Of YugoslaviaYesNoNoYesYesYesYesSwitzerlandLGBT Rights In SwitzerlandYesCantons Of SwitzerlandCanton Of GenevaFrench First RepublicTicinoValaisVaudYesCanton Of ZurichCanton Of NeuchâtelCanton Of FribourgNoNoYesYesYesYesAbkhaziaAbkhaziaYesNoNoNoNoArmeniaLGBT Rights In ArmeniaYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoRepublic Of ArtsakhRepublic Of ArtsakhYesNoNoNoNoAzerbaijanLGBT Rights In AzerbaijanYesNoNoNoYesNoYesBelarusLGBT Rights In BelarusYesNoNoNoNoYesNoYesGeorgia (country)LGBT Rights In Georgia (country)YesNoNoNoYesYesKazakhstanLGBT Rights In KazakhstanYesNoNoNoNoNoYesMoldovaLGBT Rights In MoldovaYesNoNoNoYesYesYesRomaniaLGBT Rights In RomaniaYesNoNoNoYesYesYesWikipedia:VerifiabilityRussiaLGBT Rights In RussiaYesNoChechnyaGay Concentration Camps In ChechnyaNoNoNoNoNoYesSouth OssetiaSouth OssetiaYesNoNoNoNoTransnistriaLGBT Rights In TransnistriaYesNoNoNoNoUkraineLGBT Rights In UkraineYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYesDenmarkLGBT Rights In DenmarkYesYesYesYesYesYesYesEstoniaLGBT Rights In EstoniaYesYesYesNoYesNoYesYesYesFaroe IslandsLGBT Rights In The Faroe IslandsDenmarkYesYesYesYesYesYesNoFinlandLGBT Rights In FinlandÅland IslandsÅland IslandsYesYesYesYesYesYesYesCompulsory SterilizationIcelandLGBT Rights In IcelandYesKingdom Of IcelandYesYesYesList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesYesYesLatviaLGBT Rights In LatviaYesNoNoNoYesYesYesLithuaniaLGBT Rights In LithuaniaYesNoNoNoYesYesYesNorwayLGBT Rights In NorwayYesYesYesYesYesYesYesSwedenLGBT Rights In SwedenYesYesYesYesYesYesYesAkrotiri And DhekeliaLGBT Rights In Akrotiri And DhekeliaUnited KingdomYesYesYesYesYesWikipedia:Citation NeededAlbaniaLGBT Rights In AlbaniaYesNoNoNoYesYesYesNoAndorraLGBT Rights In AndorraYesYesNoYesList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesYesNoBosnia And HerzegovinaLGBT Rights In Bosnia And HerzegovinaYesFederation Of Bosnia And HerzegovinaRepublika SrpskaBrcko DistrictNoNoNoYesYesYesBulgariaLGBT Rights In BulgariaYesNoNoNoYesYesYesCyprusLGBT Rights In CyprusYesYesNoNoNoYesYesNoGibraltarLGBT Rights In GibraltarUnited KingdomYesYesYesYesYesYesGreeceLGBT Rights In GreeceYesYesNoNoYesYesYesItalyLGBT Rights In ItalyYesYesYesNoYesNoSupreme Court Of Cassation (Italy)YesYesYesKosovoLGBT Rights In KosovoYesFederal Republic Of YugoslaviaNoNoNoYesYesNoRepublic Of MacedoniaLGBT Rights In The Republic Of MacedoniaYesNoNoNoYesNoNoMaltaLGBT Rights In MaltaYesYesYesYesYesYesConversion TherapyYesMontenegroLGBT Rights In MontenegroYesSocialist Federal Republic Of YugoslaviaNoNoNoYesYesYesNorthern CyprusLGBT Rights In Northern CyprusYesNoNoNoNoYesYesPortugalLGBT Rights In PortugalYesYesDe Facto Union In PortugalYesYesYesYesYesSan MarinoLGBT Rights In San MarinoYesYesNoNoNoYesNoSerbiaLGBT Rights In SerbiaYesOttoman EmpireFederal Republic Of YugoslaviaNoNoNoYesYesNoSpainLGBT Rights In SpainYesYesCataloniaAragonNavarreCastile-La ManchaValenciaBalearic IslandsCommunity Of MadridAsturiasCastile And LeónAndalusiaCanary IslandsExtremaduraBasque Country (autonomous Community)CantabriaGalicia (Spain)La Rioja (Spain)YesYesYesYesYesTurkeyLGBT Rights In TurkeyYesNoNoNoNoNoYesVatican CityLGBT Rights In Vatican CityYesKingdom Of ItalyNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesNoBelgiumLGBT Rights In BelgiumYesYesYesYesYesYesYesFranceLGBT Rights In FranceYesSavoyYesYesYesYesYesYesGuernseyLGBT Rights In GuernseyCrown DependencyUnited KingdomYesNoYesYesNoWikipedia:VerifiabilityWikipedia:Citation NeededYesYesYesYesRepublic Of IrelandLGBT Rights In The Republic Of IrelandYesYesYesThirty-fourth Amendment Of The Constitution Of IrelandYesYesYesYesIsle Of ManLGBT Rights In The Isle Of ManCrown DependencyUnited KingdomYesYesYesYesYesYesYesTranssexualJerseyLGBT Rights In JerseyCrown DependencyUnited KingdomYesYesNoYesYesYesYesLuxembourgLGBT Rights In LuxembourgYesYesYesYesYesYesYesMonacoLGBT Rights In MonacoYesNoNoNoYesYesNetherlandsLGBT Rights In The NetherlandsYesYesYesYesYesYesYesUnited KingdomLGBT Rights In The United KingdomYesEnglandWalesScotlandNorthern IrelandYesYesNoYesYesYesYesGender Recognition Act 2004LGBT Rights In OceaniaTemplate:LGBT Rights Table OceaniaTemplate Talk:LGBT Rights Table OceaniaAustraliaLGBT Rights In AustraliaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsNorfolk IslandYesSouth AustraliaVictoria (Australia)New South WalesNorthern TerritoryAustralian Capital TerritoryWestern AustraliaQueenslandNorfolk IslandTasmaniaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsYesRecognition Of Same-sex Unions In AustraliaLGBT Rights In TasmaniaLGBT Rights In South AustraliaLGBT Rights In Victoria (Australia)LGBT Rights In New South WalesLGBT Rights In QueenslandLGBT Rights In The Australian Capital TerritoryYesYesWestern AustraliaAustralian Capital TerritoryNew South WalesTasmaniaVictoria (Australia)QueenslandSouth AustraliaNoNorthern TerritoryYesYesYesDivorceSexual Reassignment SurgeryNoDivorceSexual Reassignment SurgeryNew ZealandLGBT Rights In New ZealandYesHomosexual Law Reform Act 1986YesCivil Union In New ZealandYesYesYesYesYesNew Zealand Human Rights Act 1993FijiLGBT Rights In FijiYesNoNoNoYesNew CaledoniaLGBT Rights In New CaledoniaOverseas CollectivityFranceYesYesYesYesYesYesYesPapua New GuineaLGBT Rights In Papua New GuineaNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoSolomon IslandsLGBT Rights In The Solomon IslandsNoNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesNoNoVanuatuLGBT Rights In VanuatuYesNoNoNoYesNoGuamLGBT Rights In GuamTerritories Of The United StatesUnited States Of AmericaYesYesYesYesYesYesYesFederated States Of MicronesiaLGBT Rights In The Federated States Of MicronesiaYesNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesKiribatiLGBT Rights In KiribatiNoYesNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesYesNoMarshall IslandsLGBT Rights In The Marshall IslandsYesNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesNoNauruLGBT Rights In NauruYesNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesNoNoNorthern Mariana IslandsLGBT Rights In The Northern Mariana IslandsTerritories Of The United StatesUnited States Of AmericaYesYesYesYesYesYesYesPalauLGBT Rights In PalauYesNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesNoNoUnited StatesUnited States Minor Outlying IslandsUnincorporated Territories Of The United StatesUnited StatesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoAmerican SamoaLGBT Rights In American SamoaTerritories Of The United StatesUnited States Of AmericaYesNoNoNoYesYesYesEaster IslandLGBT Rights In ChileChileYesYesRecognition Of Same-sex Unions In ChileNoNoYesYesYesCook IslandsLGBT Rights In The Cook IslandsRealm Of New ZealandNoYesNoNoNoYesYesNoFrench PolynesiaLGBT Rights In French PolynesiaOverseas CollectivityFranceYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNiueLGBT Rights In NiueRealm Of New ZealandYesNoNoNoYesPitcairn IslandsLGBT Rights In The Pitcairn IslandsBritish Overseas TerritoriesUnited KingdomYesYesYesYesYesYesSamoaLGBT Rights In SamoaNoYesNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesYesYesFa'afafineTrans WomanTokelauLGBT Rights In TokelauRealm Of New ZealandYesNoNoNoYesNoNoTongaLGBT Rights In TongaNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoTuvaluLGBT Rights In TuvaluNoYesNoNoNoList Of Countries Without Armed ForcesNoUnited StatesUnited States Minor Outlying IslandsUnincorporated Territories Of The United StatesUnited StatesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoWallis And FutunaLGBT Rights In Wallis And FutunaOverseas CollectivityFranceYesYesYesYesYesYesYesPortal:LGBTPortal:Human RightsPortal:GeographyBuggeryCivil UnionHeterosexismHomophobiaIntersex Human RightsMovements For Civil RightsTransphobiaList Of Human Rights Articles By CountryList Of LGBT Rights Articles By RegionList Of Transgender-rights OrganizationsLGBT People In PrisonReligion And HomosexualitySame-sex MarriageSexual RevolutionSocialism And LGBT RightsSocietal Attitudes Toward HomosexualityStatus Of Same-sex MarriageYogyakarta PrinciplesSame-sex Marriage Under United States Tribal JurisdictionsInternational Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans And Intersex AssociationHelp:Cite Errors/Cite Error References Duplicate KeyHelp:Cite Errors/Cite Error References Duplicate KeyHelp:Cite Errors/Cite Error References Duplicate KeyHelp:Cite Errors/Cite Error References Duplicate KeyHelp:Cite Errors/Cite Error References Duplicate KeyInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-252-06740-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-4151-5090-3The Gay And Lesbian Vaishnava AssociationInternet History Sourcebooks ProjectFordham UniversityEva CantarellaPlutarchCato The ElderAulus GelliusLex AquiliaPolybiusThe Histories (Polybius)BastinadoSuetoniusE. E. Evans-PritchardDigital Object IdentifierInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-20909-5Stephen O. MurrayWill RoscoeSt. Martin's PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-312-23829-0Category:CS1 Maint: Extra Text: Authors ListInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-08096-3Russian Gay Propaganda LawSt. Petersburg TimesSt. Petersburg TimesHelp:Cite Errors/Cite Error References Duplicate KeyILGA-EuropeILGA-EuropeILGA-EuropeILGA-EuropeILGA-EuropeILGA-EuropeHelp:Cite Errors/Cite Error References Duplicate KeyGovernment Of MauritiusThe Royal Gazette (Bermuda)CBC NewsEl Universal (Mexico City)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-607-96207-3-8The Washington PostABC NewsCabinet Of The NetherlandsGovernment Of MontserratGovernment Of MontserratBBC MundoPágina/12Radio Free Europe/Radio LibertyHelp:Cite Errors/Cite Error References Duplicate KeyHelp:Cite Errors/Cite Error References No TextWayback MachineThe Straits TimesInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1843534371Mladá Fronta DNESInternational Standard Serial NumberFederal Department Of Justice And PoliceCOWIJyllands-PostenRiigikoguSupreme Court Of Cassation (Italy)Principality Of SerbiaSlavo-SerbianSt. Petersburg TimesNews.com.auFiji TimesDMOZInternational Commission Of JuristsUnited NationsHuman Rights CouncilThe United NationsTemplate:LGBTTemplate Talk:LGBTLesbianGayBisexualityTransgenderLGBTList Of Academic DisciplinesDiscourseLGBT Topics In EducationGender StudiesLavender LinguisticsLesbian FeminismLGBT LiteratureQueer StudiesQueer TheoryTransfeminismLGBT CommunityLGBT CultureGay AnthemGay BarBisexual CommunityComing OutLGBT Community CentreCross-dressingDrag KingDrag QueenTemplate:LGBT FictionGay FriendlyGay IconLesbian UtopiaLGBT LiteratureLGBT MusicGay VillageList Of LGBT-related OrganizationsList Of LGBT PeriodicalsGay PridePride ParadeLGBT-affirming Religious GroupsGay RodeoSame-sex RelationshipLGBT SlangList Of LGBT Slang TermsLGBT SlogansHomosexuality In SportsLGBT SymbolsLGBT TourismCategory:LGBT CultureGender IdentitySexual 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