Contents 1 Brief history 2 Name examples 3 Trade designations 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links


Brief history[edit] Main article: Cultivated plant taxonomy The first edition of the ICNCP, which was agreed in 1952 in Wageningen and published in 1953, has been followed by seven subsequent editions - in 1958 (Utrecht), 1961 (update of 1958), 1969 (Edinburgh), 1980 (Seattle), 1995 (Edinburgh), 2004 (Toronto) and 2009 (Wageningen).[4] The ninth (most recent) edition was published in 2016.[5] William Stearn has outlined the origins of ICNCP, tracing it back to the International Horticultural Congress of Brussels in 1864, when a letter from Alphonse de Candolle to Edouard Morren was tabled. This set out de Candolle's view that Latin names should be reserved for species and varieties found in the wild, with non-Latin or "fancy" names used for garden forms. Karl Koch supported this position at the 1865 International Botanical and Horticultural Congress and at the 1866 International Botanical Congress, where he suggested that future congresses should deal with nomenclatural matters. De Candolle, who had a legal background, drew up the Lois de la Nomenclature botanique (rules of botanical nomenclature). When adopted by the International Botanical Congress of Paris in 1867, this became the first version of today's International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN).[6][7] Article 40 of the Lois de la Nomenclature botanique dealt with the names of plants of horticultural origin: Among cultivated plants, seedlings, crosses [métis] of uncertain origin and sports, receive fancy names in common language, as distinct as possible from the Latin names of species or varieties. When they can be traced back to a botanical species, subspecies or variety, this is indicated by a sequence of names (Pelargonium zonale Mistress-Pollock).[a] This Article survived redrafting of the International Rules of Botanical Nomenclature until 1935 and its core sentiments remain in the present-day ICNCP of 2009. The first version (1953) was published by the Royal Horticultural Society as a 29 page booklet, edited by William Stearn.[9] Following the structure of the Botanical Code, the ICNCP is set out in the form of an initial set of Principles followed by Rules and Recommendations that are subdivided into Articles. Amendments to the ICNCP are prompted by international symposia for cultivated plant taxonomy which allow for rulings made by the International Commission on the Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. Each new version includes a summary of the changes made to the previous version; the changes have also been summarised for the period 1953 to 1995.[10]


Name examples[edit] Further information: Cultigen, Cultivar, Group, Grex The ICNCP operates within the framework of the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants which regulates the scientific names of plants. The following are some examples of names governed by the ICNCP: Clematis alpina 'Ruby': a cultivar within a species; the cultivar epithet is in single quotes and capitalized. Magnolia 'Elizabeth': a cultivar within a hybrid between two or more species. Rhododendron boothii Mishmiense Group: a cultivar group name; both the name of the cultivar group and the word "Group" are capitalized and not enclosed in quotes. Paphiopedilum Sorel grex: a grex name; the name of the grex is capitalized but the word "grex" (or abbreviation "gx") is not, and quotes are not used. Apple 'Jonathan': permitted use of an unambiguous common name with a cultivar epithet. +Crataegomespilus: a graft-chimera of Crataegus and Mespilus Note that the ICNCP does not regulate trademarks for plants: trademarks are regulated by the law of the land involved. Nor does the ICNCP regulate the naming of plant varieties in the legal sense of that term.


Trade designations[edit] Many plants have "selling names" or "marketing names" as well as a cultivar name; the ICNCP refers to these as "trade designations". Only the cultivar name is governed by the ICNCP. It is required to be unique; in accordance with the principle of priority, it will be the first name that is published or that is registered by the discoverer or breeder of the cultivar.[11] Trade designations are not regulated by the ICNCP;[12] they may be different in different countries. Thus the German rose breeder Reimer Kordes registered a white rose in 1958 as the cultivar 'KORbin'. This is sold in the United Kingdom under the selling name "Iceberg", in France as "Fée des Neiges" and in Germany as "Schneewittchen".[13] Trade designations are not enclosed in single quotes. The ICNCP states that "trade designations must always be distinguished typographically from cultivar, Group and grex epithets."[14] It uses small capitals for this purpose, thus Syringa vulgaris Ludwig Spaeth (trade designation) is distinguished from S. vulgaris 'Andenken an Ludwig Späth' (cultivar name).[15] Other sources, including the Royal Horticultural Society, instead use a different font for selling names, e.g. Rosa Iceberg 'KORbin'.[13]


See also[edit] Cultivated plant taxonomy International Cultivar Registration Authority Cultigen International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants


Notes[edit] ^ "Dans les plantes cultivées, les semis, les métis d'origin obscure et les sports, reçoivent des noms de fantaisie, en langue vulgaire, aussi différents que possible des noms latins d'espèces ou de variétés. Quand on peut les rattacher à une espèce, à une sous espèce ou une variété botanique, on l'indique par la succession des noms (Pelargonium zonale Mistress-Pollock)."[8] In the modern style the species name would be italicized and the cultivar name (fancy name) put in quotes, e.g. Pelargonium zonale 'Mistress Pollock'.


References[edit] ^ Spencer & Cross 2007. ^ Brickell (2009), p. xi, Preface ^ Brickell (2009), p. 5, Article 1.2 ^ Brickell (2009) ^ Brickell (2016) ^ Stearn 1952. ^ Stearn 1952a. ^ de Candolle (1867), p. 24 ^ Brickell (2009), p. xix, Previous editions ^ Trehane (2004), pp. 17–27 ^ Brickell (2009), p. 3, Principle 3 ^ Brickell (2009), p. 4, Principle 6 ^ a b Beales (2011), p. 41 ^ Brickell (2009), p. 21, Article 17.3 ^ Brickell (2009), p. 17


Bibliography[edit] Beales, Peter (October 2011). "Last of the Roses". The Garden. 136 (10).  Brickell, C.D. et al. (eds) (2009). "International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants" (PDF). Scripta Horticulturae (8th ed.). International Society of Horticultural Science. 10: 1–184. ISBN 978-0-643-09440-6. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Brickell, C.D. et al. (eds) (2016). "International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants" (PDF). Scripta Horticulturae (9th ed.). International Society of Horticultural Science. 18. ISBN 978-94-6261-116-0. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) de Candolle, Alphonse (1867). Lois de la nomenclature botanique adoptées par le Congrès international de botanique, tenu à Paris en août 1867; suivies d'une 2e édition de l'introduction historique et du commentaire qui accompagnaient la rédaction préparatoire présentée au Congrès. Geneva and Basle: H. Georg. OCLC 17409844. Retrieved 2011-11-11.  Fletcher, H. R. (January–February 1957). "The International Commission for the Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants of the International Union of Biological Sciences, Report of the Inaugural Meeting at Utrecht from 21st-23rd November, 1". Taxon. 6 (1): 13–17. JSTOR 1217864.  Spencer, R.D.; Cross, R.G. (2007). "The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN), the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP), and the cultigen". Taxon. 56 (3): 938–940. doi:10.2307/25065875.  Stearn, William T. (1952). "Proposed International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants. Historical Introduction". Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society. 77: 157–173.  Stearn, W. T. (7 September 1952a). International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (Speech). Opening of the 13th International Horticultural Congress of London in September 1952. Bromeliad Society International. London. Retrieved 2 January 2017.  Trehane, P. (2004). "50 years of the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants: Future prospects for the Code". Acta Horticulturae. 634.  Wyman, Donald (26 December 1956). "The new International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants" (PDF). Arnoldia. 18 (12): 63–68. 


External links[edit] Adams, Denise (2000) "Language of Horticulture" Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University from Web Archive International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants Dutch version 1953 The International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP) at Biocyclopedia v t e Botany History of botany Subdisciplines Plant systematics Ethnobotany Paleobotany Plant anatomy Plant ecology Phytogeography Geobotany Flora Phytochemistry Plant pathology Bryology Phycology Floristics Dendrology Plant groups Algae Archaeplastida Bryophyte Non-vascular plants Vascular plants Spermatophytes Pteridophyte Gymnosperm Angiosperm Plant morphology (glossary) Plant cells Cell wall Phragmoplast Plastid Plasmodesma Vacuole Tissues Meristem Vascular tissue Vascular bundle Ground tissue Mesophyll Cork Wood Storage organs Vegetative Root Rhizoid Bulb Rhizome Shoot Stem Leaf Petiole Cataphyll Bud Sessility Reproductive (Flower) Flower development Inflorescence Umbel Raceme Bract Pedicellate Flower Whorl Floral symmetry Floral diagram Floral formula Receptacle Hypanthium (Floral cup) Perianth Tepal Petal Sepal Sporophyll Gynoecium Ovary Ovule Stigma Archegonium Androecium Stamen Staminode Pollen Tapetum Gynandrium Gametophyte Sporophyte Plant embryo Fruit Fruit anatomy Berry Capsule Seed Seed dispersal Endosperm Surface structures Epicuticular wax Plant cuticle Epidermis Stoma Nectary Trichome Prickle Plant physiology Materials Nutrition Photosynthesis Chlorophyll Plant hormone Transpiration Turgor pressure Bulk flow Aleurone Phytomelanin Sugar Sap Starch Cellulose Plant growth and habit Secondary growth Woody plants Herbaceous plants Habit Vines Lianas Shrubs Subshrubs Trees Succulent plants Reproduction Evolution Ecology Alternation of generations Sporangium Spore Microsporangia Microspore Megasporangium Megaspore Pollination Pollinators Pollen tube Double fertilization Germination Evolutionary development Evolutionary history timeline Hardiness zone Plant taxonomy History of plant systematics Herbarium Biological classification Botanical nomenclature Botanical name Correct name Author citation International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) - for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP) Taxonomic rank International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) Plant taxonomy systems Cultivated plant taxonomy Citrus taxonomy cultigen cultivar Group grex Practice Agronomy Floriculture Forestry Horticulture Lists Related topics Botanical terms Botanists by author abbreviation Botanical expedition Category Portal WikiProject Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=International_Code_of_Nomenclature_for_Cultivated_Plants&oldid=795589584" Categories: Botanical nomenclatureCultivarsPlant taxonomyHidden categories: Articles containing French-language textBooks with missing coverArticles containing German-language textCS1 maint: Extra text: authors list


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