Contents 1 History 2 Recent developments 3 Approaches 4 EVOLANG Conference 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links


History[edit] Inspired by the natural sciences, especially by biology, August Schleicher (1821–1868) became the first to compare changing languages to evolving species.[2] He introduced the representation of language families as an evolutionary tree (Stammbaumtheorie) in articles published in 1853.[3] Stammbaumtheorie proved very productive for comparative linguistics, but did not solve the major problem of studying the origin of language: the lack of fossil records. Some scholars abandoned the question of the origin of language as unsolvable. Famously, the Société Linguistique de Paris in 1866 refused to admit any further papers on the subject. Joseph Jastrow published a gestural theory of the evolution of language in the seventh volume of Science, 1886.[4] The field re-appeared in 1988 in the Linguistic Bibliography as a subfield of psycholinguistics. In 1990, Steven Pinker and Paul Bloom published their paper "Natural Language and Natural Selection"[5] which strongly argued for an adaptationist approach to language origins. Development strengthened further with the establishment (in 1996) of a series of conferences on the Evolution of Language (subsequently known as "Evolang"), promoting a scientific, multi-disciplinary approach to the issue, and interest from major academic publishers (e.g., the Studies in the Evolution of Language series has appeared with Oxford University Press since 2001)[6] and from scientific journals.


Recent developments[edit] Evolutionary linguistics as a field is rapidly emerging as a result of developments in neighboring disciplines. To what extent language's features are determined by genes, a hotly debated dichotomy in linguistics, has had new light shed upon it by the discovery of the FOXP2 gene.[7][8] An English family with a severe, heritable language dysfunction was found to have a defective copy of this gene.[9][10] Mutations of the corresponding gene in mice (FOXP2 is fairly well conserved; modern humans share the same allele as Neanderthals)[11][12] cause reductions in size and vocalization rate. If both copies are damaged, the Purkinje layer (a part of the cerebellum that contains better-connected neurons than any other) develops abnormally, runting is more common, and pups die within weeks due to inadequate lung development.[13] Additionally, higher presence of FOXP2 in songbirds is correlated to song changes, with downregulation causing incomplete and inaccurate song imitation in zebra finches. In general, evidence suggests that the protein is vital to neuroplasticity. There is little support, however, for the idea that FOXP2 is 'the grammar gene' or that it had much to do with the relatively recent emergence of syntactical speech.[14] Another controversial dichotomy is the question of whether human language is solely human or on a continuum with (admittedly far removed) animal communication systems. Studies in ethology have forced researchers to reassess many claims of uniquely human abilities for language and speech. For instance, Tecumseh Fitch has argued that the descended larynx is not unique to humans. Similarly, once held uniquely human traits such as formant perception, combinatorial phonology and compositional semantics are now thought to be shared with at least some nonhuman animal species. Conversely, Derek Bickerton and others argue that the advent of abstract words provided a mental basis for analyzing higher-order relations, and that any communication system that remotely resembles human language utterly relies on cognitive architecture that co-evolved alongside language. As it leaves no fossils, language's form and even its presence are extremely hard or impossible to deduce from physical evidence. Computational modeling is now widely accepted as an approach to assure the internal consistency of language-evolution scenarios. Approximately one-third of all papers presented at the 2010 Evolution of Language conference[15] rely at least in part on computer simulations.


Approaches[edit] One original researcher in the field is Luc Steels, head of the research units of Sony CSL in Paris and the AI Lab at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. He and his team are currently investigating ways in which artificial agents self-organize languages with natural-like properties and how meaning can co-evolve with language. Their research is based on the hypothesis that language is a complex adaptive system that emerges through adaptive interactions between agents and continues to evolve in order to remain adapted to the needs and capabilities of the agents. This research has been implemented in fluid construction grammar (FCG), a formalism for construction grammars that has been specially designed for the origins and evolution of language. The approach of computational modeling and the use of robotic agents grounded in real life is claimed to be theory independent. It enables the researcher to find out exactly what cognitive capacities are needed for certain language phenomena to emerge. It also focuses the researcher in formulating hypotheses in a precise and exact manner, whereas theoretical models often stay very vague. Some linguists, such as John McWhorter, have analyzed the evolution and construction of basic communication methods such as pidginization and creolization.[16] "Nativist" models of "universal grammar" are informed by linguistic universals such as the existence of pronouns and demonstratives, and the similarities in each language's process of nominalization (the process of verbs becoming nouns) as well as the reverse, the process of turning nouns into verbs.[17] This is a purely descriptive approach to what we mean by "natural language" without attempting to address its emergence. Finally there are those archaeologists and evolutionary anthropologists—among them Ian Watts,[18] Camilla Power[19] and Chris Knight (co-founder with James Hurford of the EVOLANG series of conferences)—who argue that 'the origin of language' is probably an insoluble problem. In agreement with Amotz Zahavi,[20] Knight argues that language—being a realm of patent fictions—is a theoretical impossibility in a Darwinian world, where signals must be intrinsically reliable. If we are going to explain language's evolution, according to this view, we must tackle it as part of a wider one—the evolutionary emergence of symbolic culture as such.[21]


EVOLANG Conference[edit] The Evolution of Language International Conferences[22] have been held biennially since 1996. 1996 Edinburgh:[23][24] 1998 London:[25][26] 2000 Paris:[27][28] 2002 Boston:[29][30] 2004 Leipzig[31] 2006 Rome:[32][33] 2008 Barcelona:[34][35] 2010 Utrecht:[36][37] 2012 Kyoto:[38][39] 2014 Vienna[40][41] 2016 New Orleans[42][43]


See also[edit] Evolutionary biology portal Biolinguistics Evolutionary psychology of language FOXP2 and human evolution Origin of language Historical linguistics Phylogenetic tree Universal Darwinism


References[edit] ^ Croft, William (October 2008). "Evolutionary Linguistics". Annual Review of Anthropology. Annual Reviews. 37: 219–234. doi:10.1146/annurev.anthro.37.081407.085156.  ^ Taub, Liba. Evolutionary Ideas and "Empirical" Methods: The Analogy Between Language and Species in the Works of Lyell and Schleicher. British Journal for the History of Science 26, pages 171–193 (1993) ^ Schleicher, August (1869). "Darwinism tested by the science of language : Free Download". Internet Archive. Retrieved 11 December 2013.  ^ Jastrow J (1886). "The Evolution of Language". Science. 7 (176S): 555–557. doi:10.1126/science.ns-7.176S.555. JSTOR 1761264. PMID 17778380.  ^ Pinker, Steven; Bloom, Paul (2011). "Natural language and natural selection" (PDF). Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 13 (4): 707–727. doi:10.1017/S0140525X00081061.  ^ "Oxford Studies in the Evolution of Language". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 11 December 2013.  ^ Scharff C, Haesler S; Haesler (December 2005). "An evolutionary perspective on FoxP2: strictly for the birds?". Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 15 (6): 694–703. doi:10.1016/j.conb.2005.10.004. PMID 16266802.  ^ Scharff C, Petri J; Petri (July 2011). "Evo-devo, deep homology and FoxP2: implications for the evolution of speech and language". Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 366 (1574): 2124–40. doi:10.1098/rstb.2011.0001. PMC 3130369 . PMID 21690130.  ^ Vargha-Khadem, Faraneh; Liegeois, Frederique (2007). Stein Braten, eds. From speech to gene: The KE family and the FOXP2. On Being Moved : From Mirror Neurons to Empathy. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. pp. 137–146. ISBN 9789027252043. OCLC 643718628. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) ^ Vargha-Khadem F, Watkins K, Alcock K, Fletcher P, Passingham R; Watkins; Alcock; Fletcher; Passingham (January 1995). "Praxic and nonverbal cognitive deficits in a large family with a genetically transmitted speech and language disorder". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92 (3): 930–3. doi:10.1073/pnas.92.3.930. PMC 42734 . PMID 7846081. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Krause J, Lalueza-Fox C, Orlando L, et al. (November 2007). "The derived FOXP2 variant of modern humans was shared with Neandertals". Curr. Biol. 17 (21): 1908–12. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.10.008. PMID 17949978.  ^ Rizzi E, Lari M, Gigli E, De Bellis G, Caramelli D; Lari; Gigli; De Bellis; Caramelli (2012). "Ancient DNA studies: new perspectives on old samples". Genet. Sel. Evol. 44: 21. doi:10.1186/1297-9686-44-21. PMC 3390907 . PMID 22697611. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Shu W, Lu MM, Zhang Y, Tucker PW, Zhou D, Morrisey EE; Lu; Zhang; Tucker; Zhou; Morrisey (May 2007). "Foxp2 and Foxp1 cooperatively regulate lung and esophagus development". Development. 134 (10): 1991–2000. doi:10.1242/dev.02846. PMID 17428829. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Diller, Karl C.; Cann, Rebecca L. (2009). Rudolf Botha and Chris Knight, eds. Evidence Against a Genetic-Based Revolution in Language 50,000 Years Ago. The Cradle of Language. Oxford Series in the Evolution of Language. Oxford.: Oxford University Press. pp. 135–149. ISBN 978-0-19-954586-5. OCLC 804498749. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) ^ "Evolang8 - Program". 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2013.  ^ McWhorter, John H. (2001). The power of Babel : a natural history of language. New York: Times Books. ISBN 978-0-7167-4473-3. OCLC 46564796.  ^ Deutscher, Guy (2005). The unfolding of language : an evolutionary tour of mankind's greatest invention. New York: Metropolitan Books. ISBN 978-0-8050-7907-4. OCLC 57311730.  ^ Watts, Ian (2009). Rudolf Botha and Chris Knight, eds. Red Ochre, Body Painting, and Language: Interpreting the Blombos Ochre. The Cradle of Language. Oxford Series in the Evolution of Language. Oxford.: Oxford University Press. pp. 62–92. ISBN 978-0-19-954586-5. OCLC 804498749. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) ^ Power, Camilla (2009). Rudolf Botha and Chris Knight, eds. Sexual Selection Models for the Emergence of Symbolic Communication: Why They Should be Reversed. The Cradle of Language. Oxford Series in the Evolution of Language. Oxford.: Oxford University Press. pp. 257–280. ISBN 978-0-19-954586-5. OCLC 804498749. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) ^ Zahavi A (May 1993). "The fallacy of conventional signalling". Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 340 (1292): 227–30. doi:10.1098/rstb.1993.0061. PMID 8101657.  ^ Knight, Chris (2010). Ulrich J Frey; Charlotte Störmer; Kai P Willführ, eds. The origins of symbolic culture (PDF). Homo novus : a human without illusion. Berlin ; New York: Springer. pp. 193–211. ISBN 978-3-642-12141-8. OCLC 639461749. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) ^ "Evolution of Language International Conferences - Conference Details". evolang. Retrieved 11 December 2013.  ^ "Volume issued after the Edinburgh Conference (1996)". Retrieved 11 December 2013.  ^ Hurford, James R.; Studdert-Kennedy, Michael.; Knight, Chris (1998). Approaches to the evolution of language : social and cognitive base. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-63964-4. OCLC 37742390.  ^ "Volume issued after the London Conference (1998)". Retrieved 12 December 2013.  ^ Knight, Chris; Studdert-Kennedy, Michael.; Hurford, James R. (2000). The Evolutionary emergence of language : social function and the origins of linguistic form. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-78157-2. OCLC 807262339.  ^ "3rd International Conference on the Evolution of Language - Paris - France". Retrieved 11 December 2013.  ^ Wray, Alison (2002). The transition to language. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-925066-0. OCLC 48532303.  ^ "Evolution of Language: Fourth International Conference, 2002". Retrieved 11 December 2013.  ^ Tallerman, Maggie (2005). Language Origins: Perspectives on Evolution. Oxford, UK; New York, NY: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-927904-7. OCLC 60607214.  ^ "Evolution of Language: Fifth International Conference". 200. Retrieved 11 December 2013.  ^ "The Sixth International Conference on the Evolution of Language (Evolang6)". Retrieved 12 December 2013.  ^ Cangelosi, Angelo.; Smith, Andrew D. M.; Smith, Kenny. (2006). The evolution of language : proceedings of the 6th international conference (EVOLANG6) , Rome, Italy, 12–15 April 200. New Jersey: World Scientific. ISBN 9789812566560. OCLC 70797781.  ^ "Evolang Barcelona". 2008. Retrieved 11 December 2013.  ^ Smith, Andrew D. M.; Smith, Kenny; Ferrer i Cancho, Ramon. (2008). The evolution of language : proceedings of the 7th International Conference (EVOLANG7), Barcelona, Spain, 12–15 March 200. [Hacksensack], N.J.: World Scientific. ISBN 978-981-277-611-2. OCLC 804269343.  ^ "History - Evolang8". The Utrecht Institute of Linguistics OTS (UiL OTS) of Utrecht University. Retrieved 11 December 2013.  ^ International Conference on the Evolution of Language (8th : 2010 : Utrecht, Netherlands); Smith, Andrew D. M. (2010). The evolution of language : proceedings of the 8th International Conference (EVOLANG8), Utrecht, Netherlands, 14–17 April 201. Singapore ; Hackensack, NJ: World Scientific. ISBN 978-981-4295-21-5. OCLC 712021789.  ^ "Evolang IX Kyoto - The 9th Evolution of Language Conference". Evolang IX Kyoto. 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2013.  ^ International Conference on the Evolution of Language (9th : 2012 : Kyoto, Japan); Scott-Phillips, Thomas C. (2012). The evolution of language : proceedings of the 9th International Conference (EVOLANG9), Kyoto, Japan, 13–16 March 201. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing. ISBN 978-981-4401-49-4. OCLC 804806330.  ^ "Evolang X Vienna - The 10th Evolution of Language Conference". Evolang X Vienna. 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2017.  ^ Cartmill, Erica A.; Roberts, Sean G.; Lyn, Heidi; Cornish, Hannah (2014). The evolution of language : proceedings of the 10th International Conference (EVOLANG10), Vienna, Austria, 14–17 April 201. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing. ISBN 978-981-4603-62-1.  ^ "Evolang XI New Orleans - The 11th Evolution of Language Conference: Online proceedings". Evolang XI New Orleans. 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2017.  ^ Roberts, Sean G.; Cuskley, Christine; McCrohon, Luke; Barceló-Coblijn, Lluis; Feher, Olga; Verhoef, Tessa (2016). The evolution of language : proceedings of the 11th International Conference (EVOLANG11), New Orleans, USA, 21–24 March 201. EvoLang Committee. doi:10.17617/2.2248195. ISBN 978-1-326-61450-8. 


Further reading[edit] Atkinson QD, Meade A, Venditti C, Greenhill SJ, Pagel M; Meade; Venditti; Greenhill; Pagel (2008). "Languages evolve in punctuational bursts". Science. 319 (5863): 588. doi:10.1126/science.1149683. PMID 18239118. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Botha, R; Knight, C., [editors] (2009). The Cradle of Language. Oxford Series in the Evolution of Language. Oxford.: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-954586-5. OCLC 804498749. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Diller, Karl C.; Cann, Rebecca L. (2009). Rudolf Botha and Chris Knight, eds. Evidence Against a Genetic-Based Revolution in Language 50,000 Years Ago. The Cradle of Language. Oxford Series in the Evolution of Language. Oxford.: Oxford University Press. pp. 135–149. ISBN 978-0-19-954586-5. OCLC 804498749. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Power, Camilla (2009). Rudolf Botha and Chris Knight, eds. Sexual Selection Models for the Emergence of Symbolic Communication: Why They Should be Reversed. The Cradle of Language. Oxford Series in the Evolution of Language. Oxford.: Oxford University Press. pp. 257–280. ISBN 978-0-19-954586-5. OCLC 804498749. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Watts, Ian (2009). Rudolf Botha and Chris Knight, eds. Red Ochre, Body Painting, and Language: Interpreting the Blombos Ochre. The Cradle of Language. Oxford Series in the Evolution of Language. Oxford.: Oxford University Press. pp. 62–92. ISBN 978-0-19-954586-5. OCLC 804498749. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Cangelosi, A.; Harnad, S. (2001). "The adaptive advantage of symbolic theft over sensorimotor toil: Grounding language in perceptual categories". Evolution of Communication. 4 (1): 117–142. doi:10.1075/eoc.4.1.07can.  Carstairs-McCarthy, Andrew (2007). "Language evolution: What linguists can contribute". Lingua. 117 (3): 503–509. doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2005.07.004.  Christiansen, Morten H. (2013). Rudolf P Botha and Martin Everaert, eds. Language has evolved to depend on multiple-cue integration. The evolutionary emergence of language : evidence and inferenc. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-965484-0. OCLC 828055639. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Christiansen, Morten H.; Kirby, Simon. (2003). Language evolution. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-924484-3. OCLC 51235137.  Bickerton, Derek (2003). Morten H. Christiansen and Simon Kirby, eds. Symbol and Structure: A Comprehensive Framework for Language Evolution. Language evolution. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 77–93. ISBN 978-0-19-924484-3. OCLC 51235137. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Hurford, James R. (2003). Morten H. Christiansen and Simon Kirby, eds. The Language Mosaic and Its Evolution. Language evolution. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 38–57. ISBN 978-0-19-924484-3. OCLC 51235137. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Lieberman, Philip (2003). Morten H. Christiansen and Simon Kirby, eds. Motor Control, Speech, and the Evolution of Language. Language evolution. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 252–271. ISBN 978-0-19-924484-3. OCLC 51235137. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Deacon, Terrence William (1997). The symbolic species : the co-evolution of language and the brain. New York: W.W. Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-03838-5. OCLC 490308871.  Dor, Daniel; Jablonka, Eva (2001). Jürgen Trabant and Sean Ward, eds. How language changed the genes: toward an explicit account of the evolution of language (PDF). New essays on the origin of language. Berlin ; N.Y.: Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 149–175. ISBN 978-3-11-017025-2. OCLC 46935997. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Dor, Daniel; Jablonka, Eva (2000). "From Cultural Selection to Genetic Selection: A Framework for the Evolution of Language" (PDF). Selection 1. Retrieved 10 December 2013.  Elvira, Javier (2009). Evolución lingüística y cambio sintáctico. Fondo Hispánico de Lingüística y Filología. Bern et al.: Peter Lang. ISBN 978-3-0343-0323-1. OCLC 475438932.  Fitch, W. Tecumseh (2010). The Evolution of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge. ISBN 978-0-521-67736-3. OCLC 428024376.  Hauser, Marc D. (1996). The evolution of communication. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-08250-1. OCLC 750525164.  Harnad, Stevan R.; Steklis, Horst D.; Lancaster, Jane, [editors] (1976). Origins and Evolution of Language and Speech. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, v. 280. New York: New York Academy of Sciences. ISBN 0-89072-026-6. OCLC 2493424. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Steklis, Horst D.; Harnad, Stevan R. (1976). Stevan R Harnad; Horst D Steklis; Jane Beckman Lancaster, eds. From hand to mouth : some critical stages in the evolution of language. Origins and Evolution of Language and Speech. New York: New York Academy of Sciences. ISBN 978-0-89072-026-4. OCLC 2493424. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Hauser MD, Chomsky N, Fitch WT; Chomsky; Fitch (2002). "The faculty of language: what is it, who has it, and how did it evolve?" (PDF). Science. 298 (5598): 1569–79. doi:10.1126/science.298.5598.1569. PMID 12446899. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Heine, Bernd; Kuteva, Tania (2007). The genesis of grammar : a reconstructio. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-922777-8. OCLC 849464326.  Hurford, James R. (2007). The origins of meaning. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-920785-5. OCLC 263645256.  Jackendoff, Ray (2002). Foundations of language : brain, meaning, grammar, evolution. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-827012-6. OCLC 48053881.  Johanson, Donald C.; Edgar, Blake (2006). From Lucy to Language (Revised, updated, and expanded ed.). New York, NY: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-8064-4. OCLC 72440476.  Johansson, Sverker (2005). Origins of language : constraints on hypothese. Amsterdam ; Philadelphia: John Benjamins Pub. ISBN 978-90-272-3891-7. OCLC 803876944.  Kenneally, Christine (2007). The First Word: The Search for the Origins of Language. New York, NY: Viking. ISBN 978-0-670-03490-1. OCLC 80460757.  Knight, Chris (2010). Ulrich J Frey; Charlotte Störmer; Kai P Willführ, eds. The origins of symbolic culture (PDF). Homo novus : a human without illusion. Berlin ; New York: Springer. pp. 193–211. ISBN 978-3-642-12141-8. OCLC 639461749. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Komarova, Natalia L. (2006). Leonid Grinin, Victor C. de Munck and Andrey Korotayev, eds. Language and Mathematics: An evolutionary model of grammatical communication. History & mathematics : Analyzing and modeling global development. [Moskva]: URSS. pp. 164–179. ISBN 978-5-484-01001-1. OCLC 182730511. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Mithen, Steven J. (2005). The singing Neanderthals : the origins of music, language, mind and body. London: Weidenfeld Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-64317-3. OCLC 58052344.  Niyogi, Partha (2006). The computational nature of language learning and evolution. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-14094-2. OCLC 704652476.  Nowak, M.A.; Komarova, N.L. (2001). "Towards an evolutionary theory of language". Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 5 (7): 288–295. doi:10.1016/S1364-6613(00)01683-1. PMID 11425617.  Pinker, Steven (1994). The language instinct. New York: W. Morrow and Co. ISBN 978-0-688-12141-9. OCLC 28723210.  Pinker, S.; Bloom, P. (1990). "Natural language and natural selection". Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 13 (4): 707–784. doi:10.1017/S0140525X00081061.  Sampson, Geoffrey (1996). Evolutionary language understanding. London ; New York: Cassell. ISBN 978-0-304-33650-0. OCLC 832369870.  Steels, Luc (2002). Angelo Cangelosi and Domenico Parisi, eds. Grounding symbols through evolutionary language games. Simulating the evolution of language. London ; New York: Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-428-4. OCLC 47824669. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link)


External links[edit] Agent-Based Models of Language Evolution ARTI Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Vrije Universiteit Brussel Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory Computerized comparative linguistics Fluid Construction Grammar Language Evolution and Computation Bibliography Language Evolution and Computation Research Unit, University of Edinburgh v t e Animal communication Concepts Animal training Animal language Animal cognition Bioacoustics Deception in animals Ethology Evolutionary linguistics FOXP2 FOXP2 and human evolution Talking animals Origin of language Human–animal communication Animal-specific Bird vocalization Talking birds Alex Great ape language (Yerkish) Whale song Dog communication Cat communication Related topics Category:Talking birds Category:Apes from language studies v t e Evolutionary psychology Processes Altruism Group selection Kin selection Sexual selection Sociobiology Coevolution Evolutionarily stable strategy Areas Psychological development Morality Religion Depression Developmental psychopathology Educational psychology Evolutionary aesthetics Music Darwinian literary studies Evolution of emotion Biologists/ Neuroscientists John Crook Charles Darwin Richard Dawkins Jared Diamond W. D. Hamilton Peter Kropotkin Gordon Orians Jaak Panksepp Margie Profet Giacomo Rizzolatti Randy Thornhill Robert Trivers Carel van Schaik Claus Wedekind Wolfgang Wickler David Sloan Wilson E. O. Wilson George C. Williams Anthropologists Jerome H. Barkow Robert Boyd Robin Dunbar Daniel Fessler Mark Flinn Joseph Henrich Ruth Mace Daniel Nettle Frank Salter Stephen Shennan Donald Symons John Tooby Behavioral economists/ Political scientists Samuel Bowles Ernst Fehr Herbert Gintis Dominic D. P. Johnson Gad Saad Literary theory/ Aesthetics Joseph Carroll Denis Dutton Psychologists/ Cognitive scientists Simon Baron-Cohen Justin L. Barrett Jay Belsky David F. Bjorklund Paul Bloom Pascal Boyer Joseph Bulbulia David Buss Josep Call Anne Campbell Leda Cosmides Martin Daly Daniel Dennett Paul Ekman Anne Fernald David C. Geary Gerd Gigerenzer Jonathan Haidt Judith Rich Harris Aurelio José Figueredo Stephen Kaplan Douglas T. Kenrick Simon M. Kirby Robert Kurzban Michael T. McGuire Geoffrey Miller Randolph M. Nesse Steven Neuberg David Perrett Steven Pinker Paul Rozin Mark Schaller David P. Schmitt Todd K. Shackelford Roger Shepard Peter K. Smith Dan Sperber Anthony Stevens Frank Sulloway Michael Tomasello Mark van Vugt Glenn Wilson Margo Wilson Related subjects and articles The Adapted Mind The Evolution of Human Sexuality Evolutionary Psychology Evolution and Human Behavior Memetics Sociobiology Evolutionary neuroscience Human evolution Sociocultural evolution Evolutionary anthropology Evolutionary medicine Evolutionary linguistics Evolutionary psychology and culture Biosocial criminology Criticism of evolutionary psychology Lists Evolutionary psychologists Evolutionary psychology research groups and centers Bibliography of evolution and human behavior Evolutionary psychology Psychology portal Evolutionary biology portal Language portal Linguistics portal Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Evolutionary_linguistics&oldid=811979291" Categories: Evolution of languageApplied linguisticsHidden categories: CS1 maint: Uses editors parameterCS1 maint: Multiple names: authors listAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from October 2017Pages using div col without cols and colwidth parametersPages using Columns-list with deprecated parametersCS1 maint: Extra text: authors list


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages العربيةCatalàDeutschΕλληνικάEspañolעבריתLatinaNederlandsPortuguêsРусскийاردو中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 25 November 2017, at 05:04. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.596","walltime":"0.670","ppvisitednodes":{"value":3599,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":220926,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":6679,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":11,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":1,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 546.264 1 -total"," 43.40% 237.071 1 Template:Reflist"," 30.71% 167.744 46 Template:Cite_book"," 19.78% 108.073 16 Template:Cite_journal"," 10.30% 56.263 16 Template:Cite_web"," 7.52% 41.093 1 Template:Citation_needed"," 6.78% 37.032 1 Template:Fix"," 6.40% 34.940 1 Template:Linguistics"," 5.95% 32.508 1 Template:Sidebar"," 4.90% 26.769 1 Template:Evolutionary_biology"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.346","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":5489977,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1320","timestamp":"20180115175443","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":84,"wgHostname":"mw1327"});});


Evolutionary_linguistics - Photos and All Basic Informations

Evolutionary_linguistics More Links

LinguisticsTheoretical LinguisticsCognitive LinguisticsConstraint-based GrammarGenerative GrammarStructural LinguisticsQuantitative LinguisticsFunctional Theories Of GrammarPhonologyMorphology (linguistics)MorphophonologySyntaxLexis (linguistics)SemanticsPragmaticsGraphemicsOrthographySemioticsLinguistic DescriptionAnthropological LinguisticsComparative LinguisticsHistorical LinguisticsEtymologyGrapheticsPhoneticsSociolinguisticsCherologyApplied LinguisticsComputational LinguisticsContrastive LinguisticsForensic LinguisticsInternet LinguisticsLanguage AcquisitionSecond-language AcquisitionLanguage AssessmentLanguage DevelopmentLanguage EducationLinguistic AnthropologyNeurolinguisticsPsycholinguisticsHistory Of LinguisticsLinguistic PrescriptionList Of LinguistsList Of Unsolved Problems In LinguisticsOrigin Of LanguageOrigin Of SpeechPortal:LinguisticsTemplate:LinguisticsTemplate Talk:LinguisticsEvolutionGenetic DivergenceTaxonomy (biology)Common DescentIntroduction To EvolutionCommon DescentEvidence Of Common DescentPopulation GeneticsGenetic VariationGenetic DiversityMutationNatural SelectionAdaptationPolymorphism (biology)Genetic DriftGene FlowSpeciationAdaptive RadiationCo-operation (evolution)CoevolutionDivergent EvolutionConvergent EvolutionParallel EvolutionExtinctionAbiogenesisEvolutionary History Of LifeTimeline Of Evolutionary History Of LifeHuman EvolutionPhylogenetic TreeBiodiversityBiogeographyTaxonomy (biology)Evolutionary TaxonomyCladisticsTransitional FossilExtinction EventHistory Of Evolutionary ThoughtEvolutionary Ideas Of The Renaissance And EnlightenmentTransmutation Of SpeciesCharles DarwinOn The Origin Of SpeciesThe Eclipse Of DarwinismModern Synthesis (20th Century)History Of Molecular EvolutionEvolutionary Developmental BiologyEvolutionary BiologyHistory Of PaleontologyTimeline Of PaleontologyApplications Of EvolutionBiosocial CriminologyEcological GeneticsEvolutionary AestheticsEvolutionary AnthropologyEvolutionary ComputationEvolutionary EcologyEvolutionary EconomicsEvolutionary EpistemologyEvolutionary EthicsEvolutionary Game TheoryEvolutionary MedicineEvolutionary NeuroscienceEvolutionary PhysiologyEvolutionary PsychologyExperimental EvolutionPhylogeneticsPaleontologySelective BreedingSociobiologySystematicsUniversal DarwinismEvolution As Fact And TheorySocial Effects Of Evolutionary TheoryCreation–evolution ControversyObjections To EvolutionLevel Of Support For EvolutionPortal:Evolutionary BiologyCategory:Evolutionary BiologyBook:EvolutionIndex Of Evolutionary Biology ArticlesTemplate:Evolutionary BiologyTemplate Talk:Evolutionary BiologyPsycholinguisticsOrigin Of LanguageLinguistic UniversalLanguageHistorical LinguisticsWikipedia:Citation NeededBiolinguisticsPsycholinguisticsNeurolinguisticsEvolutionary AnthropologyEvolutionary PsychologyUniversal GrammarCognitive ScienceBiologyAugust SchleicherSpeciesComparative LinguisticsOrigin Of LanguageFossilSociété Linguistique De ParisJoseph JastrowScience (journal)Linguistic BibliographyPsycholinguisticsSteven PinkerPaul Bloom (psychologist)AdaptationistOxford University PressFOXP2GeneKE FamilyDevelopmental Verbal DyspraxiaNeanderthalPurkinje LayerCerebellumRuntDownregulation And UpregulationZebra FinchAnimal CommunicationEthologyTecumseh FitchLarynxDerek BickertonLuc SteelsParisVrije Universiteit BrusselComplex Adaptive SystemFluid Construction GrammarJohn McWhorterCommunicationPidginCreolizationUniversal GrammarLinguistic UniversalsPronounDemonstrativeNominalizationVerbNounNatural LanguageChris Knight (anthropologist)James HurfordAmotz ZahaviSymbolic CultureEdinburgh UniversityLondonÉcole Normale SupérieureHarvard UniversityMax Planck Institute For Evolutionary AnthropologyUniversity Of Rome La SapienzaUniversity Of BarcelonaUtrecht UniversityKyotoViennaUniversity Of Southern MississippiPortal:Evolutionary BiologyBiolinguisticsEvolutionary Psychology Of LanguageFOXP2 And Human EvolutionOrigin Of LanguageHistorical LinguisticsPhylogenetic TreeUniversal DarwinismDigital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierJSTORPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed CentralPubMed IdentifierInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9789027252043OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterDigital Object IdentifierPubMed CentralPubMed IdentifierCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed CentralPubMed IdentifierCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-954586-5OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-7167-4473-3OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-8050-7907-4OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-954586-5OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-954586-5OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-3-642-12141-8OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-521-63964-4OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-521-78157-2OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-925066-0OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-19-927904-7OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9789812566560OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-981-277-611-2OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-981-4295-21-5OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-981-4401-49-4OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-981-4603-62-1Digital Object IdentifierInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-326-61450-8Digital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-954586-5OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListCategory:CS1 Maint: Extra Text: Authors ListInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-954586-5OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-954586-5OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-954586-5OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterStevan HarnadDigital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierMorten H. ChristiansenInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-965484-0OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-924484-3OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-924484-3OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-924484-3OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-924484-3OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterTerrence DeaconInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-393-03838-5OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-3-11-017025-2OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-3-0343-0323-1OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-521-67736-3OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-262-08250-1OCLCStevan HarnadInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-89072-026-6OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListCategory:CS1 Maint: Extra Text: Authors ListInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-89072-026-4OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-922777-8OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-920785-5OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-827012-6OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7432-8064-4OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-90-272-3891-7OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-670-03490-1OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-3-642-12141-8OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-5-484-01001-1OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-297-64317-3OCLCPartha NiyogiInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-262-14094-2OCLCDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierSteven PinkerInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-688-12141-9OCLCDigital Object IdentifierGeoffrey SampsonInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-304-33650-0OCLCLuc SteelsInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-85233-428-4OCLCCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterTemplate:Animal CommunicationTemplate Talk:Animal CommunicationAnimal CommunicationAnimal TrainingAnimal LanguageAnimal CognitionBioacousticsDeception In AnimalsEthologyFOXP2FOXP2 And Human EvolutionTalking AnimalOrigin Of LanguageHuman–animal CommunicationBird VocalizationTalking BirdAlex (parrot)Great Ape LanguageYerkishWhale SoundDog CommunicationCat CommunicationCategory:Talking BirdsCategory:Apes From Language StudiesTemplate:Evolutionary PsychologyTemplate Talk:Evolutionary PsychologyEvolutionary PsychologyReciprocal AltruismGroup SelectionKin SelectionSexual Selection In HumansSociobiologyCoevolutionEvolutionarily Stable StrategyEvolutionary Developmental PsychologyEvolution Of MoralityEvolutionary Psychology Of ReligionEvolutionary Approaches To DepressionEvolutionary Developmental PsychopathologyEvolutionary Educational PsychologyEvolutionary AestheticsEvolutionary MusicologyDarwinian Literary StudiesEvolution Of EmotionBiologyNeuroscienceJohn Crook (ethologist)Charles DarwinRichard DawkinsJared DiamondW. D. HamiltonPeter KropotkinGordon OriansJaak PankseppMargie ProfetGiacomo RizzolattiRandy ThornhillRobert TriversCarel Van SchaikClaus WedekindWolfgang WicklerDavid Sloan WilsonE. O. WilsonGeorge C. Williams (biologist)AnthropologyJerome H. BarkowRobert Boyd (anthropologist)Robin DunbarDaniel FesslerMark FlinnJoseph HenrichRuth MaceDaniel NettleFrank SalterStephen ShennanDonald SymonsJohn ToobyBehavioral EconomicsPolitical ScienceSamuel Bowles (economist)Ernst FehrHerbert GintisDominic D. P. JohnsonGad SaadLiterary TheoryAestheticsJoseph Carroll (scholar)Denis DuttonPsychologyCognitive ScienceSimon Baron-CohenJustin L. BarrettJay BelskyDavid F. BjorklundPaul Bloom (psychologist)Pascal BoyerJoseph BulbuliaDavid BussJosep CallAnne Campbell (academic)Leda CosmidesMartin DalyDaniel DennettPaul EkmanAnne FernaldDavid C. GearyGerd GigerenzerJonathan HaidtJudith Rich HarrisAurelio José FigueredoRachel And Stephen KaplanDouglas T. KenrickSimon M. KirbyRobert KurzbanMichael T. McGuireGeoffrey Miller (psychologist)Randolph M. NesseSteven NeubergDavid PerrettSteven PinkerPaul RozinMark SchallerDavid P. SchmittTodd K. ShackelfordRoger ShepardPeter K. SmithDan SperberAnthony Stevens (Jungian Analyst)Frank SullowayMichael TomaselloMark Van VugtGlenn Wilson (psychologist)Margo WilsonThe Adapted MindThe Evolution Of Human SexualityEvolutionary Psychology (journal)Evolution And Human BehaviorMemeticsSociobiologyEvolutionary NeuroscienceHuman EvolutionSociocultural EvolutionEvolutionary AnthropologyEvolutionary MedicineEvolutionary Psychology And CultureBiosocial CriminologyCriticism Of Evolutionary PsychologyList Of Evolutionary PsychologistsEvolutionary Psychology Research Groups And CentersEvolutionary PsychologyCategory:Evolutionary PsychologyPortal:PsychologyPortal:Evolutionary BiologyPortal:LanguagePortal:LinguisticsHelp:CategoryCategory:Evolution Of LanguageCategory:Applied LinguisticsCategory:CS1 Maint: Uses Editors ParameterCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From October 2017Category:Pages Using Div Col Without Cols And Colwidth ParametersCategory:Pages Using Columns-list With Deprecated ParametersCategory:CS1 Maint: Extra Text: Authors ListDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link