Contents 1 Early life 2 Education 3 Career 4 Retirement 5 Work 5.1 Sociobiology: The New Synthesis, 1975 5.1.1 Reception 5.2 On Human Nature, 1978 5.3 The Ants, 1990 5.4 Consilience, 1998 6 Spiritual and political beliefs 6.1 Scientific humanism 6.2 God and religion 6.3 Ecology 7 Awards and honors 8 Main works 8.1 Edited works 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Wilson was born in Birmingham, Alabama. According to his autobiography Naturalist, he grew up mostly around Washington, D.C. and in the countryside around Mobile, Alabama.[10] From an early age, he was interested in natural history. His parents, Edward and Inez Wilson, divorced when he was seven. The young naturalist grew up in several cities and towns, moving around with his father and his stepmother. In the same year that his parents divorced, Wilson blinded himself in one eye in a fishing accident. He suffered for hours, but he continued fishing.[10] He did not complain because he was anxious to stay outdoors. He did not seek medical treatment.[10] Several months later, his right pupil clouded over with a cataract.[10] He was admitted to Pensacola Hospital to have the lens removed.[10] Wilson writes, in his autobiography, that the "surgery was a terrifying [19th] century ordeal".[10] Wilson was left with full sight in his left eye, with a vision of 20/10.[10] The 20/10 vision prompted him to focus on "little things": "I noticed butterflies and ants more than other kids did, and took an interest in them automatically."[11] Although he had lost his stereoscopic vision, he could still see fine print and the hairs on the bodies of small insects.[10] His reduced ability to observe mammals and birds led him to concentrate on insects. At nine, Wilson undertook his first expeditions at the Rock Creek Park in Washington, DC. He began to collect insects and he gained a passion for butterflies. He would capture them using nets made with brooms, coat hangers, and cheesecloth bags.[10] Going on these expeditions led to Wilson's fascination with ants. He describes in his autobiography how one day he pulled the bark of a rotting tree away and discovered citronella ants underneath.[10] The worker ants he found were "short, fat, brilliant yellow, and emitted a strong lemony odor".[10] Wilson said the event left a "vivid and lasting impression on [him]".[10] He also earned the Eagle Scout award and served as Nature Director of his Boy Scout summer camp. At the age of 18, intent on becoming an entomologist, he began by collecting flies, but the shortage of insect pins caused by World War II caused him to switch to ants, which could be stored in vials. With the encouragement of Marion R. Smith, a myrmecologist from the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, Wilson began a survey of all the ants of Alabama. This study led him to report the first colony of fire ants in the US, near the port of Mobile.[12]

Education[edit] Concerned that he might not be able to afford to go to a university, Wilson tried to enlist in the United States Army. He planned to earn U.S. government financial support for his education, but failed the Army medical examination due to his impaired eyesight.[citation needed] Wilson was able to afford to enroll in the University of Alabama after all, earning his B.S. and M.S. degrees in biology there in 1950. In 1952 he transferred to Harvard University.[citation needed] Appointed to the Harvard Society of Fellows, he could travel on overseas expeditions, collecting ant species of Cuba and Mexico and travel the South Pacific, including Australia, New Guinea, Fiji, New Caledonia and Sri Lanka. In 1955, he received his Ph.D. and married Irene Kelley.[13]

Career[edit] From 1956 until 1996 Wilson was part of the faculty of Harvard. He began as an ant taxonomist and worked on understanding their evolution, how they developed into new species by escaping environmental disadvantages and moving into new habitats. He developed a theory of the "taxon cycle".[13] He collaborated with mathematician William Bossert, and discovered the chemical nature of ant communication, via pheromones. In the 1960s he collaborated with mathematician and ecologist Robert MacArthur. Together, they tested the theory of species equilibrium on a tiny island in the Florida Keys. He eradicated all insect species and observed the re-population by new species. A book The Theory of Island Biogeography about this experiment became a standard ecology text.[13] In 1971, he published the book The Insect Societies about the biology of social insects like ants, bees, wasps and termites. In 1973, Wilson was appointed 'Curator of Insects' at the Museum of Comparative Zoology. In 1975, he published the book Sociobiology: The New Synthesis applying his theories of insect behavior to vertebrates, and in the last chapter, humans. He speculated that evolved and inherited tendencies were responsible for hierarchical social organisation among humans. In 1978 he published On Human Nature, which dealt with the role of biology in the evolution of human culture and won a Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction.[13] In 1981 after collaborating with Charles Lumsden, he published Genes, Mind and Culture, a theory of gene-culture coevolution. In 1990 he published The Ants, co-written with Bert Hölldobler, his second Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction.[13] In the 1990s, he published The Diversity of Life (1992) an autobiography, Naturalist (1994), and Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge (1998) about the unity of the natural and social sciences.[13]

Retirement[edit] In 1996, Wilson officially retired from Harvard University, where he continues to hold the positions of Professor Emeritus and Honorary Curator in Entomology. He founded the E.O. Wilson Biodiversity Foundation, which finances the PEN/E. O. Wilson Literary Science Writing Award and is an "independent foundation" at the Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University. Wilson became a special lecturer at Duke University as part of the agreement.[14] Wilson has published 14 books during the new millennium: The Future of Life, 2002, Pheidole in the New World: A Dominant, Hyperdiverse Ant Genus, 2003, From So Simple a Beginning: Darwin's Four Great Books, 2005, The Creation: An Appeal to Save Life on Earth, September 2006, Nature Revealed: Selected Writings 1949–2006, The Superorganism: The Beauty, Elegance, and Strangeness of Insect Societies, 2009, Anthill: A Novel April 2010, Kingdom of Ants: Jose Celestino Mutis and the Dawn of Natural History in the New World, 2010, The Leafcutter Ants: Civilization by Instinct, 2011, The Social Conquest of Earth, 2012, Half-Earth: Our Planet's Fight for Life, 2016. He published 3 books in 2014 alone: Letters to a Young Scientist, A Window on Eternity: A Biologist's Walk Through Gorongosa National Park, and The Meaning of Human Existence. He and his wife Irene reside in Lexington, Massachusetts. His daughter, Catherine, and her husband Jonathan, reside in nearby Stow, Massachusetts.[13]

Work[edit] Sociobiology: The New Synthesis, 1975[edit] Main article: Sociobiology: The New Synthesis Wilson used sociobiology and evolutionary principles to explain the behavior of social insects and then to understand the social behavior of other animals, including humans, thus established sociobiology as a new scientific field. He argued that all animal behavior, including that of humans, is the product of heredity, environmental stimuli, and past experiences, and that free will is an illusion. He has referred to the biological basis of behaviour as the "genetic leash".[15]:127–128 The sociobiological view is that all animal social behavior is governed by epigenetic rules worked out by the laws of evolution. This theory and research proved to be seminal, controversial, and influential.[16]:210ff Wilson has argued that the unit of selection is a gene, the basic element of heredity. The target of selection is normally the individual who carries an ensemble of genes of certain kinds. With regard to the use of kin selection in explaining the behavior of eusocial insects, the "new view that I'm proposing is that it was group selection all along, an idea first roughly formulated by Darwin."[17] Sociobiological research was at the time particularly controversial with regard to its application to humans.[18] The theory established a scientific argument for rejecting the common doctrine of tabula rasa, which holds that human beings are born without any innate mental content and that culture functions to increase human knowledge and aid in survival and success.[19] In the final chapter of the book Sociobiology Wilson argues that the human mind is shaped as much by genetic inheritance as it is by culture if not more. There are, Wilson suggests in the chapter, limits on just how much influence social and environmental factors can have in altering human behavior.[20] Reception[edit] Sociobiology was initially met with substantial criticism. Several of Wilson's colleagues at Harvard,[21] such as Richard Lewontin and Stephen Jay Gould, were strongly opposed to his ideas regarding sociobiology. Gould, Lewontin, and others from the Sociobiology Study Group from the Boston area wrote "Against 'Sociobiology'" in an open letter criticizing Wilson's "deterministic view of human society and human action".[22] Although attributed to members of the Sociobiology Study Group, it seems that Lewontin was the main author.[10] In a 2011 interview, Wilson said, "I believe Gould was a charlatan. I believe that he was ... seeking reputation and credibility as a scientist and writer, and he did it consistently by distorting what other scientists were saying and devising arguments based upon that distortion."[23] Marshall Sahlins's 1976 work The Use and Abuse of Biology was a direct criticism of Wilson's theories.[24] There was also political opposition. Sociobiology re-ignited the nature and nurture debate. Wilson was accused of racism, misogyny, and sympathy to eugenics.[25] In one incident in November 1978, his lecture was attacked by the International Committee Against Racism, a front group of the Marxist Progressive Labor Party, where one member poured a pitcher of water on Wilson's head and chanted "Wilson, you're all wet" at an AAAS conference.[26] Wilson later spoke of the incident as a source of pride: "I believe...I was the only scientist in modern times to be physically attacked for an idea."[27] Objections from evangelical Christians included those of Paul E. Rothrock in 1987: "... sociobiology has the potential of becoming a religion of scientific materialism."[28] Philosopher Mary Midgley encountered Sociobiology in the process of writing Beast and Man (1996) [29] and significantly rewrote the book to offer a critique of Wilson's views. Midgley praised the book for the study of animal behavior, clarity, scholarship, and encyclopedic scope, but extensively critiqued Wilson for conceptual confusion, scientism, and anthropomorphism of genetics.[30] The book and its reception were mentioned in Jonathan Haidt’s book The Righteous Mind[31]. On Human Nature, 1978[edit] Wilson wrote in his 1978 book On Human Nature, "The evolutionary epic is probably the best myth we will ever have." Wilson's use of the word "myth" provides people with meaningful placement in time celebrating shared heritage.[32] Wilson's fame prompted use of the morphed phrase epic of evolution.[5] The book won the Pulitzer Prize in 2011. [33] The Ants, 1990[edit] Wilson, along with Bert Hölldobler, carried out a systematic study of ants and ant behavior,[34] culminating in the 1990 encyclopedic work The Ants. Because much self-sacrificing behavior on the part of individual ants can be explained on the basis of their genetic interests in the survival of the sisters, with whom they share 75% of their genes (though the actual case is some species' queens mate with multiple males and therefore some workers in a colony would only be 25% related), Wilson argued for a sociobiological explanation for all social behavior on the model of the behavior of the social insects. Wilson has said in reference to ants "Karl Marx was right, socialism works, it is just that he had the wrong species".[35] He meant that while ants and other eusocial species appear to live in communist-like societies, they only do so because they are forced to do so from their basic biology, as they lack reproductive independence: worker ants, being sterile, need their ant-queen in order to survive as a colony and a species, and individual ants cannot reproduce without a queen and are thus forced to live in centralised societies. Humans, however, do possess reproductive independence so they can give birth to offspring without the need of a "queen", and in fact humans enjoy their maximum level of Darwinian fitness only when they look after themselves and their offspring, while finding innovative ways to use the societies they live in for their own benefit.[36] Consilience, 1998[edit] In his 1998 book Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge, Wilson discussed methods that have been used to unite the sciences, and might be able to unite the sciences with the humanities. Wilson used the term "consilience" to describe the synthesis of knowledge from different specialized fields of human endeavor. He defined human nature as a collection of epigenetic rules, the genetic patterns of mental development. He argued that culture and rituals are products, not parts, of human nature. He said art is not part of human nature, but our appreciation of art is. He suggested that concepts such as art appreciation, fear of snakes, or the incest taboo (Westermarck effect) could be studied by scientific methods of the natural sciences and be part of interdisciplinary research. The book was mentioned in Jonathan Haidt’s book The Righteous Mind[31].

Spiritual and political beliefs[edit] Scientific humanism[edit] Wilson coined the phrase scientific humanism as "the only worldview compatible with science's growing knowledge of the real world and the laws of nature".[37][full citation needed] Wilson argued that it is best suited to improve the human condition. In 2003, he was one of the signers of the Humanist Manifesto.[38] God and religion[edit] In a New Scientist interview published on 21 January 2015, Wilson said that "Religion 'is dragging us down' and must be eliminated 'for the sake of human progress'", and "So I would say that for the sake of human progress, the best thing we could possibly do would be to diminish, to the point of eliminating, religious faiths."[39][40] On the question of God, Wilson has described his position as provisional deism[41] and explicitly denied the label of "atheist", preferring "agnostic".[42] He has explained his faith as a trajectory away from traditional beliefs: "I drifted away from the church, not definitively agnostic or atheistic, just Baptist & Christian no more."[15] Wilson argues that the belief in God and rituals of religion are products of evolution.[43] He argues that they should not be rejected or dismissed, but further investigated by science to better understand their significance to human nature. In his book The Creation, Wilson suggests that scientists ought to "offer the hand of friendship" to religious leaders and build an alliance with them, stating that "Science and religion are two of the most potent forces on Earth and they should come together to save the creation."[44] Wilson made an appeal to the religious community on the lecture circuit at Midland College, Texas, for example, and that "the appeal received a 'massive reply'", that a covenant had been written and that a "partnership will work to a substantial degree as time goes on".[45] Ecology[edit] Wilson has said that, if he could start his life over he would work in microbial ecology, when discussing the reinvigoration of his original fields of study since the 1960s.[46] He studied the mass extinctions of the 20th century and their relationship to modern society, and in 1998 argued for an ecological approach at the Capitol: Now when you cut a forest, an ancient forest in particular, you are not just removing a lot of big trees and a few birds fluttering around in the canopy. You are drastically imperiling a vast array of species within a few square miles of you. The number of these species may go to tens of thousands. ... Many of them are still unknown to science, and science has not yet discovered the key role undoubtedly played in the maintenance of that ecosystem, as in the case of fungi, microorganisms, and many of the insects.[47] Wilson has been part of the international conservation movement, as a consultant to Columbia University's Earth Institute, as a director of the American Museum of Natural History, Conservation International, The Nature Conservancy and the World Wildlife Fund.[13] Understanding the scale of the extinction crisis has led him to advocate for forest protection,[47] including the "Act to Save America's Forests", first introduced in 1998, until 2008, but never passed.[48] The Forests Now Declaration calls for new markets-based mechanisms to protect tropical forests.[citation needed] In 2014, Wilson called for setting aside 50% of the earth's surface for other species to thrive in as the only possible strategy to solve the extinction crisis.[49]

Awards and honors[edit] Wilson at a "fireside chat" during which he received the Addison Emery Verrill Medal in 2007 Dr. E.O. Wilson addresses the audience at the dedication of the E.O. Wilson Biophilia Center at Nokuse Plantation in Walton County, Florida. Wilson's scientific and conservation honors include: Member, National Academy of Sciences, 1969 U.S. National Medal of Science, 1976 Leidy Award, 1979, from the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia[50] Pulitzer Prize for On Human Nature, 1979 [51] Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement, 1984 ECI Prize, International Ecology Institute, terrestrial ecology, 1987 Honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Mathematics and Science at Uppsala University, Sweden, 1987[52] Academy of Achievement Golden Plate Award, 1988 Crafoord Prize, 1990, a prize awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences [53] Pulitzer Prize for The Ants (with Bert Hölldobler), 1991 International Prize for Biology, 1993 Carl Sagan Award for Public Understanding of Science, 1994 The National Audubon Society's Audubon Medal, 1995 Time Magazine's 25 Most Influential People in America, 1995 Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences of the American Philosophical Society, 1998.[54] American Humanist Association's 1999 Humanist of the Year Lewis Thomas Prize for Writing about Science, 2000 Nierenberg Prize, 2001 Distinguished Eagle Scout Award 2004 Dauphin Island Sea Lab christened its newest research vessel the R/V E.O. Wilson in 2005. Linnean Tercentenary Silver Medal, 2006 Addison Emery Verrill Medal from the Peabody Museum of Natural History, 2007 TED Prize 2007[55] given yearly to honor a maximum of three individuals who have shown that they can, in some way, positively impact life on this planet. XIX Premi Internacional Catalunya 2007[56] Member of the World Knowledge Dialogue[57] Honorary Board, and Scientist in Residence for the 2008 symposium organized in Crans-Montana (Switzerland). Distinguished Lecturer, University of Iowa, 2008–2009 E.O. Wilson Biophilia Center[58] on Nokuse Plantation in Walton County, Florida 2009 video[59] Explorers Club Medal, 2009 2010 BBVA Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Ecology and Conservation Biology Category[60] Thomas Jefferson Medal in Architecture, 2010 2010 Heartland Prize for fiction for his first novel Anthill: A Novel[61] EarthSky Science Communicator of the Year, 2010

Main works[edit] "Character displacement". Systematic Zoology. 5 (2): 49–64. 1956. doi:10.2307/2411924. JSTOR 2411924. , coauthored with William Brown Jr.; paper honored in 1986 as a Science Citation Classic, i.e., as one of the most frequently cited scientific papers of all time.[62][63] The Theory of Island Biogeography, 1967, Princeton University Press (2001 reprint), ISBN 0-691-08836-5, with Robert H. MacArthur The Insect Societies, 1971, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-45490-1 Sociobiology: The New Synthesis 1975, Harvard University Press, (Twenty-fifth Anniversary Edition, 2000 ISBN 0-674-00089-7) On Human Nature, 1979, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-01638-6, winner of the 1979 Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction. Genes, Mind and Culture: The Coevolutionary Process, 1981, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-34475-8 Promethean Fire: Reflections on the Origin of Mind, 1983, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-71445-8 Biophilia, 1984, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-07441-6 Success and Dominance in Ecosystems: The Case of the Social Insects, 1990, Inter-Research, ISSN 0932-2205 The Ants, 1990, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-04075-9, Winner of the 1991 Pulitzer Prize, with Bert Hölldobler The Diversity of Life, 1992, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-21298-3, The Diversity of Life: Special Edition, ISBN 0-674-21299-1 The Biophilia Hypothesis, 1993, Shearwater Books, ISBN 1-55963-148-1, with Stephen R. Kellert Journey to the Ants: A Story of Scientific Exploration, 1994, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-48525-4, with Bert Hölldobler Naturalist, 1994, Shearwater Books, ISBN 1-55963-288-7 In Search of Nature, 1996, Shearwater Books, ISBN 1-55963-215-1, with Laura Simonds Southworth Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge, 1998, Knopf, ISBN 0-679-45077-7 The Future of Life, 2002, Knopf, ISBN 0-679-45078-5 Pheidole in the New World: A Dominant, Hyperdiverse Ant Genus, 2003, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-00293-8 From So Simple a Beginning: Darwin's Four Great Books. 2005, W. W. Norton. The Creation: An Appeal to Save Life on Earth, September 2006, W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-06217-5 Nature Revealed: Selected Writings 1949–2006, ISBN 0-8018-8329-6 The Superorganism: The Beauty, Elegance, and Strangeness of Insect Societies, 2009, W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-06704-0, with Bert Hölldobler Anthill: A Novel, April 2010, W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-07119-1 Kingdom of Ants: Jose Celestino Mutis and the Dawn of Natural History in the New World, 2010, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, with José María Gómez Durán The Leafcutter Ants: Civilization by Instinct, 2011, W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-33868-3, with Bert Hölldobler The Social Conquest of Earth, 2012, Liveright Publishing Corporation, New York, ISBN 0871403633 Letters to a Young Scientist, 2014, Liveright, ISBN 0871403854 A Window on Eternity: A Biologist's Walk Through Gorongosa National Park, 2014, Simon & Schuster, ISBN 1476747415 The Meaning of Human Existence, 2014, Liveright, ISBN 0871401002 Half-Earth, 2016, Liveright, ISBN 978-1-63149-082-8 The Origins of Creativity, 2017, Liveright, ISBN 978-1-63149-318-8 Edited works[edit] From So Simple a Beginning: Darwin's Four Great Books, edited with introductions by Edward O. Wilson (2010 W.W. Norton)

References[edit] ^ Lenfield, Spencer. "Ants through the Ages". Harvard Magazine. Wheeler’s work strongly influenced the teenage Wilson, who recalls, “When I was 16 and decided I wanted to become a myrmecologist, I memorized his book.”  ^ Thorpe, Vanessa (June 24, 2012). "Richard Dawkins in furious row with EO Wilson over theory of evolution". The Guardian. London.  ^ "Lord of the Ants documentary". VICE. 2009. Archived from the original on 15 October 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.  ^ Becker, Michael (2009-04-09). "MSU presents Presidential Medal to famed scientist Edward O. Wilson". MSU News. Retrieved 2014-05-09.  ^ a b Novacek, Michael J. (2001). "Lifetime achievement: E.O. Wilson". Archived from the original on 2006-10-14. Retrieved 2006-11-08.  ^ "E.O. Wilson advocates biodiversity preservation". Duke Chronicle. February 12, 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-23.  ^ "Natural Connections > EDWARD WILSON BIO". Archived from the original on October 2, 2008. Retrieved 2015-12-06.  ^ "E. O. Wilson biography". Archived from the original on 2010-12-08. Retrieved 2014-04-23.  ^ a b Cowles, Gregory. "Print & E-Books". The New York Times.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Edward O. Wilson – Naturalist, Island Press; (April 24, 2006), ISBN 1-59726-088-6 ^ Powell, Alvin (April 15, 2014). "'Search until you find a passion and go all out to excel in its expression'". Harvard Gazette. Harvard Public Affairs & Communications. Retrieved 2014-04-23. I have only one functional eye, my left eye, but it's very sharp. And I somehow focused on little things. I noticed butterflies and ants more than other kids did, and took an interest in them automatically.  ^ first-hand account,[self-published source] Smithsonian Institution talk, April 22, 2010 ^ a b c d e f g h "Edward O. Wilson PhD Biography". Academy of Achievement. 3 June 2013. Archived from the original on 18 September 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2015.  ^ "'Father of sociobiology' to teach at Nicholas School". Post Retirement. Duke University. December 2013.  ^ a b E. O. Wilson, Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge, New York, Knopf, 1998. ^ Wolfe, Tom (1996). Sorry, But Your Soul Just Died. Vol. 158, Issue 13, Forbes ^ "Discover Interview: E.O. Wilson". Retrieved 2015-12-06.  ^ Rensberger, Boyce (9 November 1975). "The Basic Elements of the Arguments Are Not New". The New York Times.  ^ Restak, Richard M. (24 April 1983). "Is Our Culture In Our Genes?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 January 2018.  ^ Wilson, E. O. Sociobiology. Harvard. Chapter 27. ^ Grafen, Alan; Ridley, Mark (2006). Richard Dawkins: How a Scientist Changed the Way We Think. New York, New York: Oxford University Press. p. 75. ISBN 0-19-929116-0.  ^ Allen, Elizabeth, et al. (1975). "Against 'Sociobiology'". [letter] New York Review of Books 22 (Nov. 13): 182, 184–186. ^ French, Howard (November 2011). "E. O. Wilson's Theory of Everything". The Atlantic Magazine. Retrieved 13 October 2011.  ^ Sahlins, Marshall David (1976). The Use and Abuse of Biology. ISBN 0-472-08777-0.  ^ Douglas, Ed (17 February 2001). "Darwin's natural heir". The Guardian. London.  ^ Wilson, Edward O. (1995). Naturalist. ISBN 0-446-67199-1.  ^ David Dugan (writer, producer, director) (May 2008). Lord of the Ants (Documentary). NOVA. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  ^ Mythology of Scientific Materialism. Paul E. Rothrock and Mary Ellen Rothrock, PSCF 39 (June 1987): 87-93 ^ Midgley, Mary (1995). Beast and man : the roots of human nature (Rev. ed.). London [u.a.]: Routledge. p. xli. ISBN 0-415-12740-8.  ^ Midgley, Mary (1995). Beast and man: the roots of human nature (Rev. ed.). London [u.a.]: Routledge. p. xl. ISBN 0-415-12740-8.  ^ a b Haidt 2012, p. 37-38. ^ Connie Barlow. "The Epic of Evolution: Religious and cultural interpretations of modern scientific cosmology". Science & Spirit Magazine. Archived from the original on 2006-05-23.  ^ Walsh, Bryan (17 August 2011). "All-TIME 100 Nonfiction Books". Time. Retrieved 2 January 2018.  ^ Nicholas Wade (July 15, 2008). "Taking a Cue From Ants on Evolution of Humans". The New York Times.  ^ Wade, Nicholas (May 12, 1998). "Scientist at Work: Edward O. Wilson; From Ants to Ethics: A Biologist Dreams Of Unity of Knowledge". The New York Times. Retrieved May 1, 2010.  ^ Wilson, Edward O. (March 27, 1997). "Karl Marx was right, socialism works" (Interview). Harvard University.  ^ in Harvard Magazine December 2005 p 33. ^ "Notable Signers". Humanism and Its Aspirations. American Humanist Association. Retrieved October 6, 2012.  ^ "Famed biologist: Religion 'is dragging us down' and must be eliminated 'for the sake of human progress'". 2015-01-28. Retrieved 2015-12-06.  ^ Penny Sarchet (2015-01-21). "E. O. Wilson: Religious faith is dragging us down". New Scientist. Retrieved 2015-12-06.  ^ The Creation[page needed] ^ Sarchet, Penny (2015-02-01). "Why Do We Ignore Warnings About Earth's Future?". Slate. In fact, I’m not an atheist...I would even say I'm agnostic  ^ Human Nature[page needed] ^ Naturalist E.O. Wilson is optimistic Archived 2008-03-24 at the Wayback Machine. Harvard Gazette June 15, 2006 ^ Scientist says there is hope to save planet, September 18, 2009 ^ Edward O. Wilson (2008). Lord of the Ants (documentary film) (television). NOVA/WGBH. Retrieved 2009-03-01.  ^ a b Wilson, Edward Osborne (28 April 1998). "Slide show". p. 2. Retrieved 13 November 2008.  ^ "Congress - The Act to Save America's Forests". Retrieved 2015-12-06.  ^ "Can the World Really Set Aside Half of the Planet for Wildlife? | Science | Smithsonian". Retrieved 2015-12-06.  ^ "The Four Awards Bestowed by The Academy of Natural Sciences and Their Recipients". Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 156 (1): 403–404. June 2007. doi:10.1635/0097-3157(2007)156[403:TFABBT]2.0.CO;2.  ^ ^ ^ ^ "Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences Recipients". American Philosophical Society. Retrieved November 27, 2011.  ^ [1] Archived November 11, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Guardonats anteriors. Premi Internacional Catalunya. Generalitat de Catalunya".  ^ "World Knowledge Dialogue".  ^ "biophilia-center". Retrieved 2015-12-06.  ^ "E.O. Wilson Biophilia Center". Vimeo.  ^ "BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards".  ^ "Chicago Humanities Festival".  ^ "William L Brown, Jr. Obituary". Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.  ^ "Character displacement". Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias. 

External links[edit] Wikinews has related news: Half of life could go extinct by century's end, warn eminent biologists Wikiquote has quotations related to: E. O. Wilson Wikimedia Commons has media related to E. O. Wilson. Curriculum vitae E.O. Wilson Foundation Dawkins, Richard (24 May 2012). "The Descent of Edward Wilson". Prospect. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012.  Review of The Social Conquest of Earth Appearances on C-SPAN E. O. Wilson at TED v t e Ethology Branches Animal cognition Animal communication Animal consciousness Animal culture Animal sexual behaviour Animal welfare science Anthrozoology Bee learning and communication Behavioural ecology Behavioural genetics Cognitive ethology Comparative psychology Emotion in animals Evolutionary neuroscience Human ethology Instinct Learning Neuroethology Pain in animals Sociobiology Tool use by animals Zoosemiotics Zoomusicology Ethologists Patrick Bateson Marc Bekoff Donald Broom Charles Darwin Marian Dawkins Richard Dawkins Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt Dian Fossey Karl von Frisch Jane Goodall Heini Hediger Julian Huxley Konrad Lorenz Desmond Morris Thomas Sebeok William Homan Thorpe Nikolaas Tinbergen Jakob von Uexküll Wolfgang Wickler E. O. Wilson Solly Zuckerman Societies Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour International Society for Applied Ethology Journals Animal Behaviour Animal Cognition Animal Welfare Behavioral Ecology Behaviour Related topics Animals portal Biology portal  Ethology (category) v t e Eusociality Topics Evolution of eusociality Presociality Social insects Gamergate Group selection Haplodiploidy Identity in social insects Kin recognition Kin selection Sexual selection in social insects Thelytoky Worker policing Groups Hymenoptera Ant Apidae Crabronidae Halictidae Honey bee Vespidae Mammalia Blesmol Dwarf mongoose Meerkat Crustacea Synalpheus Thysanoptera Kladothrips Hemiptera Aphididae Coleoptera Austroplatypus incompertus Isoptera In culture Bee (mythology) Pioneers, works Karl von Frisch The Dancing Bees 1927 Charles Duncan Michener The Bees of the World 2000 E. O. Wilson The Ants 1990 Sociobiology: The New Synthesis 1975 v t e Evolutionary psychology Processes Altruism Group selection Kin selection Sexual selection Sociobiology Coevolution Evolutionarily stable strategy Areas Psychological development Morality Religion Depression Developmental psychopathology Educational psychology Evolutionary aesthetics Music Darwinian literary studies Evolution of emotion Biologists/ Neuroscientists John Crook Charles Darwin Richard Dawkins Jared Diamond W. D. Hamilton Peter Kropotkin Gordon Orians Jaak Panksepp Margie Profet Giacomo Rizzolatti Randy Thornhill Robert Trivers Carel van Schaik Claus Wedekind Wolfgang Wickler David Sloan Wilson E. O. Wilson George C. Williams Anthropologists Jerome H. Barkow Robert Boyd Robin Dunbar Daniel Fessler Mark Flinn Joseph Henrich Ruth Mace Daniel Nettle Frank Salter Stephen Shennan Donald Symons John Tooby Behavioral economists/ Political scientists Samuel Bowles Ernst Fehr Herbert Gintis Dominic D. P. Johnson Gad Saad Literary theory/ Aesthetics Joseph Carroll Denis Dutton Psychologists/ Cognitive scientists Simon Baron-Cohen Justin L. Barrett Jay Belsky David F. Bjorklund Paul Bloom Pascal Boyer Joseph Bulbulia David Buss Josep Call Anne Campbell Leda Cosmides Martin Daly Daniel Dennett Paul Ekman Anne Fernald David C. Geary Gerd Gigerenzer Jonathan Haidt Judith Rich Harris Aurelio José Figueredo Stephen Kaplan Douglas T. Kenrick Simon M. Kirby Robert Kurzban Michael T. McGuire Geoffrey Miller Randolph M. Nesse Steven Neuberg David Perrett Steven Pinker Paul Rozin Mark Schaller David P. Schmitt Todd K. Shackelford Roger Shepard Peter K. Smith Dan Sperber Anthony Stevens Frank Sulloway Michael Tomasello Mark van Vugt Glenn Wilson Margo Wilson Related subjects and articles The Adapted Mind The Evolution of Human Sexuality Evolutionary Psychology Evolution and Human Behavior Memetics Sociobiology Evolutionary neuroscience Human evolution Sociocultural evolution Evolutionary anthropology Evolutionary medicine Evolutionary linguistics Evolutionary psychology and culture Biosocial criminology Criticism of evolutionary psychology Lists Evolutionary psychologists Evolutionary psychology research groups and centers Bibliography of evolution and human behavior Evolutionary psychology Psychology portal Evolutionary biology portal v t e Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1990 Fellows Roger Angel Michael Ashburner David Bohm David A. Brown Malcolm H. Chisholm Robin Jon Hawes Clark Peter Clarricoats John G. Collier Simon Conway Morris Andrew C. Crawford Leslie Dutton Robert Fettiplace Erwin Gabathuler Nicholas C. Handy Hugh Allen Oliver Hill Jonathan Hodgkin Eric Jakeman George Jellicoe Louise Johnson Vaughan Jones Carole Jordan John Knott Harry Kroto Steven V. Ley Lew Mander Michael E. McIntyre Derek W. Moore Colin James Pennycuick John Albert Raven David J. Read Man Mohan Sharma Allan Snyder George R. Stark Azim Surani Bob Vaughan Herman Waldmann William Lionel Wilkinson Robert Hughes Williams Alan Frederick Williams Greg Winter Semir Zeki Foreign Edward Norton Lorenz Yasutomi Nishizuka Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard E. O. Wilson Bengt I. Samuelsson Lyman Spitzer  v t e United States National Medal of Science laureates Behavioral and social science 1960s 1964: Roger Adams Othmar H. Ammann Theodosius Dobzhansky Neal Elgar Miller 1980s 1986: Herbert A. Simon 1987: Anne Anastasi George J. Stigler 1988: Milton Friedman 1990s 1990: Leonid Hurwicz Patrick Suppes 1991: Robert W. Kates George A. Miller 1992: Eleanor J. Gibson 1994: Robert K. Merton 1995: Roger N. Shepard 1996: Paul Samuelson 1997: William K. Estes 1998: William Julius Wilson 1999: Robert M. Solow 2000s 2000: Gary Becker 2001: George Bass 2003: R. Duncan Luce 2004: Kenneth Arrow 2005: Gordon H. Bower 2008: Michael I. Posner 2009: Mortimer Mishkin 2010s 2011: Anne Treisman 2014: Robert Axelrod 2015: Albert Bandura Biological sciences 1960s 1963: C. B. van Niel 1964: Marshall W. Nirenberg 1965: Francis P. Rous George G. Simpson Donald D. Van Slyke 1966: Edward F. Knipling Fritz Albert Lipmann William C. Rose Sewall Wright 1967: Kenneth S. Cole Harry F. Harlow Michael Heidelberger Alfred H. Sturtevant 1968: Horace Barker Bernard B. Brodie Detlev W. Bronk Jay Lush Burrhus Frederic Skinner 1969: Robert Huebner Ernst Mayr 1970s 1970: Barbara McClintock Albert B. Sabin 1973: Daniel I. Arnon Earl W. Sutherland Jr. 1974: Britton Chance Erwin Chargaff James V. Neel James Augustine Shannon 1975: Hallowell Davis Paul Gyorgy Sterling B. Hendricks Orville Alvin Vogel 1976: Roger Guillemin Keith Roberts Porter Efraim Racker E. O. Wilson 1979: Robert H. Burris Elizabeth C. Crosby Arthur Kornberg Severo Ochoa Earl Reece Stadtman George Ledyard Stebbins Paul Alfred Weiss 1980s 1981: Philip Handler 1982: Seymour Benzer Glenn W. Burton Mildred Cohn 1983: Howard L. Bachrach Paul Berg Wendell L. Roelofs Berta Scharrer 1986: Stanley Cohen Donald A. Henderson Vernon B. Mountcastle George Emil Palade Joan A. Steitz 1987: Michael E. DeBakey Theodor O. Diener Harry Eagle Har Gobind Khorana Rita Levi-Montalcini 1988: Michael S. Brown Stanley Norman Cohen Joseph L. Goldstein Maurice R. Hilleman Eric R. Kandel Rosalyn Sussman Yalow 1989: Katherine Esau Viktor Hamburger Philip Leder Joshua Lederberg Roger W. Sperry Harland G. Wood 1990s 1990: Baruj Benacerraf Herbert W. Boyer Daniel E. Koshland Jr. Edward B. Lewis David G. Nathan E. Donnall Thomas 1991: Mary Ellen Avery G. Evelyn Hutchinson Elvin A. Kabat Salvador Luria Paul A. Marks Folke K. Skoog Paul C. Zamecnik 1992: Maxine Singer Howard Martin Temin 1993: Daniel Nathans Salome G. Waelsch 1994: Thomas Eisner Elizabeth F. Neufeld 1995: Alexander Rich 1996: Ruth Patrick 1997: James Watson Robert A. Weinberg 1998: Bruce Ames Janet Rowley 1999: David Baltimore Jared Diamond Lynn Margulis 2000s 2000: Nancy C. Andreasen Peter H. Raven Carl Woese 2001: Francisco J. Ayala Mario R. Capecchi Ann Graybiel Gene E. Likens Victor A. McKusick Harold Varmus 2002: James E. Darnell Evelyn M. Witkin 2003: J. Michael Bishop Solomon H. Snyder Charles Yanofsky 2004: Norman E. Borlaug Phillip A. Sharp Thomas E. Starzl 2005: Anthony S. Fauci Torsten N. Wiesel 2006: Rita R. Colwell Nina Fedoroff Lubert Stryer 2007: Robert J. Lefkowitz Bert W. O'Malley 2008: Francis S. Collins Elaine Fuchs J. Craig Venter 2009: Susan L. Lindquist Stanley B. Prusiner 2010s 2010: Ralph L. Brinster Shu Chien Rudolf Jaenisch 2011: Lucy Shapiro Leroy Hood Sallie Chisholm 2014: May Berenbaum Bruce Alberts 2015: Stanley Falkow Rakesh K. Jain Mary-Claire King Simon Levin Chemistry 1980s 1982: F. Albert Cotton Gilbert Stork 1983: Roald Hoffmann George C. Pimentel Richard N. Zare 1986: Harry B. Gray Yuan Tseh Lee Carl S. Marvel Frank H. Westheimer 1987: William S. Johnson Walter H. Stockmayer Max Tishler 1988: William O. Baker Konrad E. Bloch Elias J. Corey 1989: Richard B. Bernstein Melvin Calvin Rudolph A. Marcus Harden M. McConnell 1990s 1990: Elkan Blout Karl Folkers John D. Roberts 1991: Ronald Breslow Gertrude B. Elion Dudley R. Herschbach Glenn T. Seaborg 1992: Howard E. Simmons Jr. 1993: Donald J. Cram Norman Hackerman 1994: George S. Hammond 1995: Thomas Cech Isabella L. Karle 1996: Norman Davidson 1997: Darleane C. Hoffman Harold S. Johnston 1998: John W. Cahn George M. Whitesides 1999: Stuart A. Rice John Ross Susan Solomon 2000s 2000: John D. Baldeschwieler Ralph F. Hirschmann 2001: Ernest R. Davidson Gábor A. Somorjai 2002: John I. Brauman 2004: Stephen J. Lippard 2006: Marvin H. Caruthers Peter B. Dervan 2007: Mostafa A. El-Sayed 2008: Joanna Fowler JoAnne Stubbe 2009: Stephen J. Benkovic Marye Anne Fox 2010s 2010: Jacqueline K. Barton Peter J. Stang 2011: Allen J. Bard M. Frederick Hawthorne 2014: Judith P. Klinman Jerrold Meinwald 2015: A. Paul Alivisatos Geraldine L. Richmond Engineering sciences 1960s 1962: Theodore von Kármán 1963: Vannevar Bush John Robinson Pierce 1964: Charles S. Draper 1965: Hugh L. Dryden Clarence L. Johnson Warren K. Lewis 1966: Claude E. Shannon 1967: Edwin H. Land Igor I. Sikorsky 1968: J. Presper Eckert Nathan M. Newmark 1969: Jack St. Clair Kilby 1970s 1970: George E. Mueller 1973: Harold E. Edgerton Richard T. Whitcomb 1974: Rudolf Kompfner Ralph Brazelton Peck Abel Wolman 1975: Manson Benedict William Hayward Pickering Frederick E. Terman Wernher von Braun 1976: Morris Cohen Peter C. Goldmark Erwin Wilhelm Müller 1979: Emmett N. Leith Raymond D. Mindlin Robert N. Noyce Earl R. Parker Simon Ramo 1980s 1982: Edward H. Heinemann Donald L. Katz 1983: William Redington Hewlett George M. Low John G. Trump 1986: Hans Wolfgang Liepmann T. Y. Lin Bernard M. Oliver 1987: R. Byron Bird H. Bolton Seed Ernst Weber 1988: Daniel C. Drucker Willis M. Hawkins George W. Housner 1989: Harry George Drickamer Herbert E. Grier 1990s 1990: Mildred Dresselhaus Nick Holonyak Jr. 1991: George H. Heilmeier Luna B. Leopold H. Guyford Stever 1992: Calvin F. Quate John Roy Whinnery 1993: Alfred Y. Cho 1994: Ray W. Clough 1995: Hermann A. Haus 1996: James L. Flanagan C. Kumar N. Patel 1998: Eli Ruckenstein 1999: Kenneth N. Stevens 2000s 2000: Yuan-Cheng B. Fung 2001: Andreas Acrivos 2002: Leo Beranek 2003: John M. Prausnitz 2004: Edwin N. Lightfoot 2005: Jan D. Achenbach Tobin J. Marks 2006: Robert S. Langer 2007: David J. Wineland 2008: Rudolf E. Kálmán 2009: Amnon Yariv 2010s 2010: Shu Chien 2011: John B. Goodenough 2014: Thomas Kailath Mathematical, statistical, and computer sciences 1960s 1963: Norbert Wiener 1964: Solomon Lefschetz H. Marston Morse 1965: Oscar Zariski 1966: John Milnor 1967: Paul Cohen 1968: Jerzy Neyman 1969: William Feller 1970s 1970: Richard Brauer 1973: John Tukey 1974: Kurt Gödel 1975: John W. Backus Shiing-Shen Chern George Dantzig 1976: Kurt Otto Friedrichs Hassler Whitney 1979: Joseph L. Doob Donald E. Knuth 1980s 1982: Marshall Harvey Stone 1983: Herman Goldstine Isadore Singer 1986: Peter Lax Antoni Zygmund 1987: Raoul Bott Michael Freedman 1988: Ralph E. Gomory Joseph B. Keller 1989: Samuel Karlin Saunders Mac Lane Donald C. Spencer 1990s 1990: George F. Carrier Stephen Cole Kleene John McCarthy 1991: Alberto Calderón 1992: Allen Newell 1993: Martin David Kruskal 1994: John Cocke 1995: Louis Nirenberg 1996: Richard Karp Stephen Smale 1997: Shing-Tung Yau 1998: Cathleen Synge Morawetz 1999: Felix Browder Ronald R. Coifman 2000s 2000: John Griggs Thompson Karen K. Uhlenbeck 2001: Calyampudi R. Rao Elias M. Stein 2002: James G. Glimm 2003: Carl R. de Boor 2004: Dennis P. Sullivan 2005: Bradley Efron 2006: Hyman Bass 2007: Leonard Kleinrock Andrew J. Viterbi 2009: David B. Mumford 2010s 2010: Richard A. Tapia S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan 2011: Solomon W. Golomb Barry Mazur 2014: Alexandre Chorin David Blackwell 2015: Michael Artin Physical sciences 1960s 1963: Luis W. Alvarez 1964: Julian Schwinger Harold Clayton Urey Robert Burns Woodward 1965: John Bardeen Peter Debye Leon M. Lederman William Rubey 1966: Jacob Bjerknes Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Henry Eyring John H. Van Vleck Vladimir K. Zworykin 1967: Jesse Beams Francis Birch Gregory Breit Louis Hammett George Kistiakowsky 1968: Paul Bartlett Herbert Friedman Lars Onsager Eugene Wigner 1969: Herbert C. Brown Wolfgang Panofsky 1970s 1970: Robert H. Dicke Allan R. Sandage John C. Slater John A. Wheeler Saul Winstein 1973: Carl Djerassi Maurice Ewing Arie Jan Haagen-Smit Vladimir Haensel Frederick Seitz Robert Rathbun Wilson 1974: Nicolaas Bloembergen Paul Flory William Alfred Fowler Linus Carl Pauling Kenneth Sanborn Pitzer 1975: Hans A. Bethe Joseph O. Hirschfelder Lewis Sarett Edgar Bright Wilson Chien-Shiung Wu 1976: Samuel Goudsmit Herbert S. Gutowsky Frederick Rossini Verner Suomi Henry Taube George Uhlenbeck 1979: Richard P. Feynman Herman Mark Edward M. Purcell John Sinfelt Lyman Spitzer Victor F. Weisskopf 1980s 1982: Philip W. Anderson Yoichiro Nambu Edward Teller Charles H. Townes 1983: E. Margaret Burbidge Maurice Goldhaber Helmut Landsberg Walter Munk Frederick Reines Bruno B. Rossi J. Robert Schrieffer 1986: Solomon J. Buchsbaum H. Richard Crane Herman Feshbach Robert Hofstadter Chen-Ning Yang 1987: Philip Abelson Walter Elsasser Paul C. Lauterbur George Pake James A. Van Allen 1988: D. Allan Bromley Paul Ching-Wu Chu Walter Kohn Norman F. Ramsey Jack Steinberger 1989: Arnold O. Beckman Eugene Parker Robert Sharp Henry Stommel 1990s 1990: Allan M. Cormack Edwin M. McMillan Robert Pound Roger Revelle 1991: Arthur L. Schawlow Ed Stone Steven Weinberg 1992: Eugene M. Shoemaker 1993: Val Fitch Vera Rubin 1994: Albert Overhauser Frank Press 1995: Hans Dehmelt Peter Goldreich 1996: Wallace S. Broecker 1997: Marshall Rosenbluth Martin Schwarzschild George Wetherill 1998: Don L. Anderson John N. Bahcall 1999: James Cronin Leo Kadanoff 2000s 2000: Willis E. Lamb Jeremiah P. Ostriker Gilbert F. White 2001: Marvin L. Cohen Raymond Davis Jr. Charles Keeling 2002: Richard Garwin W. Jason Morgan Edward Witten 2003: G. Brent Dalrymple Riccardo Giacconi 2004: Robert N. Clayton 2005: Ralph A. Alpher Lonnie Thompson 2006: Daniel Kleppner 2007: Fay Ajzenberg-Selove Charles P. Slichter 2008: Berni Alder James E. Gunn 2009: Yakir Aharonov Esther M. Conwell Warren M. Washington 2010s 2011: Sidney Drell Sandra Faber Sylvester James Gates 2014: Burton Richter Sean C. Solomon 2015: Shirley Ann Jackson v t e Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction (1976–2000) Why Survive? Being Old in America by Robert Neil Butler (1976) Beautiful Swimmers by William W. Warner (1977) The Dragons of Eden by Carl Sagan (1978) On Human Nature by Edward O. Wilson (1979) Gödel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid by Douglas Hofstadter (1980) Fin-de-siècle Vienna by Carl E. Schorske (1981) The Soul of a New Machine by Tracy Kidder (1982) Is There No Place on Earth for Me? by Susan Sheehan (1983) The Social Transformation of American Medicine by Paul Starr (1984) The Good War by Studs Terkel (1985) Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families by J. Anthony Lukas / Move Your Shadow by Joseph Lelyveld (1986) Arab and Jew: Wounded Spirits in a Promised Land by David K. Shipler (1987) The Making of the Atomic Bomb by Richard Rhodes (1988) A Bright Shining Lie by Neil Sheehan (1989) And Their Children After Them by Dale Maharidge and Michael Williamson (1990) The Ants by Bert Hölldobler and Edward O. Wilson (1991) The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power by Daniel Yergin (1992) Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America by Garry Wills (1993) Lenin's Tomb: The Last Days of the Soviet Empire by David Remnick (1994) The Beak of the Finch: A Story Of Evolution In Our Time by Jonathan Weiner (1995) The Haunted Land: Facing Europe's Ghosts After Communism by Tina Rosenberg (1996) Ashes to Ashes: America's Hundred-Year Cigarette War, the Public Health, and the Unabashed Triumph of Philip Morris by Richard Kluger (1997) Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond (1998) Annals of the Former World by John McPhee (1999) Embracing Defeat by John W. Dower (2000) Complete list (1962–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2025) Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 104215813 LCCN: n79018099 ISNI: 0000 0001 2146 2544 GND: 119010674 SUDOC: 027197956 BNF: cb119292647 (data) BIBSYS: 90071576 MGP: 139021 NDL: 00461115 NKC: jn19990009175 BNE: XX985977 IATH: w6km3rmm Retrieved from "" Categories: 1929 birthsLiving people20th-century American novelists21st-century American novelistsAmerican autobiographersAmerican conservationistsAmerican deistsAmerican ecologistsAmerican entomologistsAmerican humanistsAmerican male novelistsAmerican naturalistsAmerican non-fiction environmental writersAmerican science writersAmerican skepticsAmerican zoologistsBiogeographersDistinguished Eagle ScoutsEthologistsEvolutionary biologistsFellows of the Committee for Skeptical InquiryForeign Members of the Royal SocietyGuggenheim FellowsHarvard University alumniHarvard University facultyHuman evolution theoristsMembers of the United States National Academy of SciencesMyrmecologistsNational Medal of Science laureatesPulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction winnersRace and intelligence controversySecular humanistsSustainability advocatesUniversity of Alabama alumniWriters from Birmingham, AlabamaHidden categories: Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2014Webarchive template wayback linksArticles with hCardsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from October 2015Articles needing more detailed referencesWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia CommonsWikispeciesWikiquote Languages العربيةتۆرکجهBân-lâm-gúБългарскиCatalàČeštinaDanskDeutschEestiΕλληνικάEspañolEsperantoEuskaraفارسیFrançaisGaeilgeGalego한국어HrvatskiBahasa IndonesiaItalianoLatviešuMalagasyമലയാളംNederlands日本語NorskNorsk nynorskPolskiPortuguêsРусскийScotsSimple EnglishSlovenčinaSlovenščinaSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSuomiSvenskaУкраїнськаTiếng ViệtWinaray中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 7 January 2018, at 00:23. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"1.084","walltime":"1.269","ppvisitednodes":{"value":12836,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":399886,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":47492,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":18,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":2,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 997.636 1 -total"," 29.93% 298.547 1 Template:Reflist"," 15.66% 156.214 1 Template:Infobox_scientist"," 15.53% 154.919 29 Template:ISBN"," 14.80% 147.649 1 Template:Infobox_person"," 13.04% 130.130 2 Template:Infobox"," 11.41% 113.871 27 Template:Cite_web"," 9.79% 97.715 7 Template:Fix"," 6.67% 66.533 3 Template:Citation_needed"," 6.60% 65.850 11 Template:Navbox"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.459","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":6426670,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1253","timestamp":"20180112152212","ttl":3600,"transientcontent":true}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":1384,"wgHostname":"mw1253"});});

E._O._Wilson - Photos and All Basic Informations

E._O._Wilson More Links

Birmingham, AlabamaUniversity Of AlabamaHarvard UniversitySociobiologyEpic Of EvolutionCharacter DisplacementIsland BiogeographyNewcomb Cleveland PrizeLeidy AwardPulitzer PrizeTyler Prize For Environmental AchievementCrafoord PrizePulitzer PrizeInternational Prize For BiologyCarl Sagan Award For Public Understanding Of ScienceKistler PrizeNierenberg PrizeBBVA Foundation Frontiers Of Knowledge AwardInternational Cosmos PrizeBiologyHarvard UniversityDuke UniversityThesisDoctoral AdvisorFrank M. CarpenterDaniel SimberloffDonald J. FarishCorrie MoreauWilliam Morton WheelerMyrmecologyAntSociobiologyBiodiversityEnvironmentalismSecular HumanistDeistIsland BiogeographyRobert MacArthurUnified Neutral Theory Of BiodiversityStephen HubbellJoseph Pellegrino University ProfessorHarvard UniversityDuke UniversityCommittee For Skeptical InquiryInternational Academy Of HumanismPulitzer Prize For General NonfictionOn Human Nature1979 Pulitzer PrizeThe Ants1991 Pulitzer PrizeNew York TimesThe Social Conquest Of EarthBirmingham, AlabamaNaturalist (book)Washington, D.C.Mobile, AlabamaCataractPensacola HospitalStereoscopyInsectRock Creek ParkAcanthomyopsEagle Scout (Boy Scouts Of America)Boy ScoutEntomologistDipteraAntNational Museum Of Natural HistoryAlabamaFire AntsWikipedia:Citation NeededUniversity Of AlabamaHarvard UniversityWikipedia:Citation NeededHarvard Society Of FellowsTaxonomy (biology)TaxonPheromonesRobert MacArthurThe Theory Of Island BiogeographyMuseum Of Comparative ZoologySociobiology: The New SynthesisOn Human NaturePulitzer PrizeGene-culture CoevolutionThe AntsBert HölldoblerNaturalistConsilience (book)Harvard UniversityEmeritusPEN/E. O. Wilson Literary Science Writing AwardNicholas School Of The EnvironmentDuke UniversityAnthill: A NovelThe Social Conquest Of EarthLexington, MassachusettsStow, MassachusettsSociobiology: The New SynthesisHeredityFree WillEpigeneticsEvolutionUnit Of SelectionKin SelectionEusocialityInsectsGroup SelectionTabula RasaRichard LewontinStephen Jay GouldSociobiology Study GroupOpen LetterMarshall SahlinsNature And NurtureRacismMisogynyEugenicsInternational Committee Against RacismProgressive Labor Party (United States)American Association For The Advancement Of ScienceMary MidgleyThe Righteous MindOn Human NatureEpic Of EvolutionPulitzer PrizeBert HölldoblerThe AntsKarl MarxSocialismEusocialCommunistConsilience (book)ConsilienceHuman NatureEpigeneticsArtIncestTabooWestermarck EffectThe Righteous MindScientific HumanismWorldviewWikipedia:Citing SourcesHumanism And Its AspirationsNew ScientistGodAtheismAgnosticismBaptistChristianEvolutionary Origin Of ReligionsMicrobial EcologyMass ExtinctionEcologyAncient ForestTreeBirdCanopy (forest)SpeciesEcosystemFungiMicroorganismInsectConservation MovementEarth InstituteConservation InternationalThe Nature ConservancyWorld Wildlife FundForests Now DeclarationWikipedia:Citation NeededEnlargeEnlargeConservationismUnited States National Academy Of SciencesNational Medal Of ScienceLeidy AwardPulitzer Prize For General Non-FictionOn Human Nature1979 Pulitzer PrizeTyler Prize For Environmental AchievementECI PrizeHonorary DegreeUppsala UniversitySwedenAcademy Of AchievementCrafoord PrizeRoyal Swedish Academy Of SciencesPulitzer Prize For General Non-FictionThe AntsBert HölldoblerInternational Prize For BiologyCarl Sagan Award For Public Understanding Of ScienceNational Audubon SocietyTime MagazineBenjamin Franklin Medal For Distinguished Achievement In The SciencesAmerican Philosophical SocietyAmerican Humanist AssociationLewis Thomas PrizeNierenberg PrizeDistinguished Eagle Scout AwardDauphin Island Sea LabLinnean Tercentenary MedalAddison Emery VerrillPeabody Museum Of Natural HistoryTED PrizeUniversity Of IowaNokuse PlantationBBVA Foundation Frontiers Of Knowledge AwardThomas Jefferson Medal In ArchitectureHeartland PrizeAnthill: A NovelDigital Object IdentifierJSTORThe Theory Of Island BiogeographyInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-691-08836-5Robert MacArthurHarvard University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-674-45490-1Sociobiology: The New SynthesisInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-674-00089-7On Human NatureInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-674-01638-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-674-34475-8International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-674-71445-8International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-674-07441-6International Standard Serial NumberThe AntsInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-674-04075-9Pulitzer PrizeBert HölldoblerInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-674-21298-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-674-21299-1Biophilia HypothesisInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-55963-148-1Journey To The AntsInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-674-48525-4Naturalist (book)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-55963-288-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-55963-215-1Consilience (book)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-679-45077-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-679-45078-5International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-674-00293-8International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-393-06217-5International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8018-8329-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-393-06704-0Anthill: A NovelInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-393-07119-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-393-33868-3The Social Conquest Of EarthInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0871403633Letters To A Young ScientistInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0871403854International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1476747415International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0871401002Half-EarthInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-63149-082-8International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-63149-318-8W.W. NortonHarvard MagazineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-59726-088-6Harvard GazetteWikipedia:VerifiabilityNew York TimesAlan GrafenMark Ridley (zoologist)Richard Dawkins: How A Scientist Changed The Way We ThinkInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-19-929116-0New York Review Of BooksInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-472-08777-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-446-67199-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-415-12740-8International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-415-12740-8Time (magazine)Wikipedia:Citing SourcesSlate (magazine)Wikipedia:Citing SourcesWayback MachineHarvard GazetteNova (TV Series)Digital Object IdentifierAmerican Philosophical SocietyWayback MachineThe Social Conquest Of EarthC-SPANTED (conference)Template:EthologyTemplate Talk:EthologyEthologyAnimal CognitionAnimal CommunicationAnimal ConsciousnessAnimal CultureAnimal Sexual BehaviourAnimal Welfare ScienceAnthrozoologyBee Learning And CommunicationBehavioral EcologyBehavioural GeneticsCognitive EthologyComparative PsychologyEmotion In AnimalsEvolutionary NeuroscienceHuman EthologyInstinctLearningNeuroethologyPain In AnimalsSociobiologyTool Use By AnimalsZoosemioticsZoomusicologyPatrick BatesonMarc BekoffDonald BroomCharles DarwinMarian DawkinsRichard DawkinsIrenäus Eibl-EibesfeldtDian FosseyKarl Von FrischJane GoodallHeini HedigerJulian HuxleyKonrad LorenzDesmond MorrisThomas SebeokWilliam Homan ThorpeNikolaas TinbergenJakob Von UexküllWolfgang WicklerSolly ZuckermanAssociation For The Study Of Animal BehaviourInternational Society For Applied EthologyAnimal Behaviour (journal)Animal CognitionAnimal Welfare (journal)Behavioral Ecology (journal)Behaviour (journal)Portal:AnimalsPortal:BiologyCategory:EthologyTemplate:EusocialityTemplate Talk:EusocialityEusocialityEvolution Of EusocialityPresocialityGamergateGroup SelectionHaplodiploidyIdentity In Social InsectsKin RecognitionKin SelectionSexual Selection In Social InsectsThelytokyWorker PolicingHymenopteraAntApidaeCrabronidaeHalictidaeHoney BeeVespidaeMammaliaBlesmolDwarf MongooseMeerkatCrustaceaSynalpheusThysanopteraKladothripsHemipteraAphididaeColeopteraAustroplatypus IncompertusIsopteraBee (mythology)Karl Von FrischCharles Duncan MichenerThe AntsSociobiology: The New SynthesisTemplate:Evolutionary PsychologyTemplate Talk:Evolutionary PsychologyEvolutionary PsychologyReciprocal AltruismGroup SelectionKin SelectionSexual Selection In HumansSociobiologyCoevolutionEvolutionarily Stable StrategyEvolutionary Developmental PsychologyEvolution Of MoralityEvolutionary Psychology Of ReligionEvolutionary Approaches To DepressionEvolutionary Developmental PsychopathologyEvolutionary Educational PsychologyEvolutionary AestheticsEvolutionary MusicologyDarwinian Literary StudiesEvolution Of EmotionBiologyNeuroscienceJohn Crook (ethologist)Charles DarwinRichard DawkinsJared DiamondW. D. HamiltonPeter KropotkinGordon OriansJaak PankseppMargie ProfetGiacomo RizzolattiRandy ThornhillRobert TriversCarel Van SchaikClaus WedekindWolfgang WicklerDavid Sloan WilsonGeorge C. Williams (biologist)AnthropologyJerome H. BarkowRobert Boyd (anthropologist)Robin DunbarDaniel FesslerMark FlinnJoseph HenrichRuth MaceDaniel NettleFrank SalterStephen ShennanDonald SymonsJohn ToobyBehavioral EconomicsPolitical ScienceSamuel Bowles (economist)Ernst FehrHerbert GintisDominic D. P. JohnsonGad SaadLiterary TheoryAestheticsJoseph Carroll (scholar)Denis DuttonPsychologyCognitive ScienceSimon Baron-CohenJustin L. BarrettJay BelskyDavid F. BjorklundPaul Bloom (psychologist)Pascal BoyerJoseph BulbuliaDavid BussJosep CallAnne Campbell (academic)Leda CosmidesMartin DalyDaniel DennettPaul EkmanAnne FernaldDavid C. GearyGerd GigerenzerJonathan HaidtJudith Rich HarrisAurelio José FigueredoRachel And Stephen KaplanDouglas T. KenrickSimon M. KirbyRobert KurzbanMichael T. McGuireGeoffrey Miller (psychologist)Randolph M. NesseSteven NeubergDavid PerrettSteven PinkerPaul RozinMark SchallerDavid P. SchmittTodd K. ShackelfordRoger ShepardPeter K. SmithDan SperberAnthony Stevens (Jungian Analyst)Frank SullowayMichael TomaselloMark Van VugtGlenn Wilson (psychologist)Margo WilsonThe Adapted MindThe Evolution Of Human SexualityEvolutionary Psychology (journal)Evolution And Human BehaviorMemeticsSociobiologyEvolutionary NeuroscienceHuman EvolutionSociocultural EvolutionEvolutionary AnthropologyEvolutionary MedicineEvolutionary LinguisticsEvolutionary Psychology And CultureBiosocial CriminologyCriticism Of Evolutionary PsychologyList Of Evolutionary PsychologistsEvolutionary Psychology Research Groups And CentersEvolutionary PsychologyCategory:Evolutionary PsychologyPortal:PsychologyPortal:Evolutionary BiologyTemplate:FRS 1990Fellow Of The Royal SocietyRoyal SocietyList Of Fellows Of The Royal Society Elected In 1990Roger AngelMichael AshburnerDavid BohmDavid Brown (professor)Peter ClarricoatsJohn G. CollierSimon Conway MorrisAndrew Crawford (neuroscientist)Leslie DuttonRobert FettiplaceErwin GabathulerNicholas C. HandyHugh Allen Oliver HillJonathan HodgkinGeorge Jellicoe, 2nd Earl JellicoeLouise JohnsonVaughan JonesCarole JordanJohn Knott (scientist)Harry KrotoSteven V. LeyLew ManderDerek W. MooreJohn Albert RavenDavid Read (botanist)Man Mohan SharmaAllan SnyderAzim SuraniBob VaughanHerman WaldmannAlan Frederick WilliamsGreg WinterSemir ZekiEdward Norton LorenzYasutomi NishizukaChristiane Nüsslein-VolhardBengt I. SamuelssonLyman SpitzerTemplate:Winners Of The National Medal Of ScienceTemplate Talk:Winners Of The National Medal Of ScienceNational Medal Of ScienceLaureateRoger AdamsOthmar AmmannTheodosius DobzhanskyNeal E. MillerHerbert A. SimonAnne AnastasiGeorge StiglerMilton FriedmanLeonid HurwiczPatrick SuppesRobert KatesGeorge Armitage MillerEleanor J. GibsonRobert K. MertonRoger ShepardPaul SamuelsonWilliam Kaye EstesWilliam Julius WilsonRobert SolowGary BeckerGeorge Bass (archaeologist)R. Duncan LuceKenneth ArrowGordon H. BowerMichael Posner (psychologist)Mortimer MishkinAnne TreismanRobert AxelrodAlbert BanduraC. B. Van NielMarshall Warren NirenbergFrancis Peyton RousGeorge Gaylord SimpsonDonald Van SlykeEdward F. KniplingFritz Albert LipmannWilliam Cumming RoseSewall WrightKenneth Stewart ColeHarry HarlowMichael HeidelbergerAlfred SturtevantHorace BarkerBernard Brodie (biochemist)Detlev BronkJay Laurence LushB. F. SkinnerRobert HuebnerErnst MayrBarbara McClintockAlbert SabinDaniel I. ArnonEarl W. Sutherland Jr.Britton ChanceErwin ChargaffJames V. NeelJames Augustine ShannonHallowell DavisPaul GyorgySterling B. HendricksOrville VogelRoger GuilleminKeith Roberts PorterEfraim RackerRobert H. BurrisElizabeth C. CrosbyArthur KornbergSevero OchoaEarl Reece StadtmanG. Ledyard StebbinsPaul Alfred WeissPhilip HandlerSeymour BenzerGlenn W. BurtonMildred CohnPaul BergWendell L. RoelofsBerta ScharrerStanley Cohen (biochemist)Donald HendersonVernon MountcastleGeorge Emil PaladeJoan A. SteitzMichael E. DeBakeyTheodor O. DienerHarry EagleHar Gobind KhoranaRita Levi-MontalciniMichael S. BrownStanley Norman CohenJoseph L. GoldsteinMaurice HillemanEric KandelRosalyn Sussman YalowKatherine EsauViktor HamburgerPhilip LederJoshua LederbergRoger W. SperryHarland G. WoodBaruj BenacerrafHerbert W. BoyerDaniel E. Koshland Jr.Edward B. LewisDavid G. NathanE. Donnall ThomasMary Ellen AveryG. Evelyn HutchinsonElvin A. KabatSalvador LuriaPaul Marks (scientist)Folke K. SkoogPaul C. ZamecnikMaxine SingerHoward Martin TeminDaniel NathansSalome G. WaelschThomas EisnerElizabeth F. NeufeldAlexander RichRuth PatrickJames WatsonRobert A. WeinbergBruce AmesJanet RowleyDavid BaltimoreJared DiamondLynn MargulisNancy C. AndreasenPeter H. RavenCarl WoeseFrancisco J. AyalaMario R. CapecchiAnn GraybielGene LikensVictor A. McKusickHarold VarmusJames E. DarnellEvelyn M. WitkinJ. Michael BishopSolomon H. SnyderCharles YanofskyNorman BorlaugPhillip A. SharpThomas StarzlAnthony S. FauciTorsten N. WieselRita R. ColwellNina FedoroffLubert StryerRobert LefkowitzBert W. O'MalleyFrancis S. CollinsElaine FuchsCraig VenterSusan L. LindquistStanley B. PrusinerRalph L. BrinsterShu ChienRudolf JaenischLucy ShapiroLeroy HoodSallie ChisholmMay BerenbaumBruce AlbertsStanley FalkowRakesh K. JainMary-Claire KingSimon LevinF. Albert CottonGilbert StorkRoald HoffmannGeorge C. PimentelRichard N. ZareHarry B. GrayYuan Tseh LeeCarl S. MarvelFrank H. WestheimerWilliam Summer JohnsonWalter H. StockmayerMax TishlerWilliam O. BakerKonrad E. BlochElias J. CoreyRichard Barry BernsteinMelvin CalvinRudolph A. MarcusHarden M. McConnellElkan BloutKarl August FolkersJohn D. RobertsRonald BreslowGertrude B. ElionDudley R. HerschbachGlenn T. SeaborgHoward Ensign Simmons Jr.Donald J. CramNorman HackermanGeorge S. HammondThomas CechIsabella L. KarleNorman Davidson (biologist)Darleane C. HoffmanHarold S. JohnstonJohn W. CahnGeorge M. WhitesidesStuart A. RiceJohn Ross (chemist)Susan SolomonJohn D. BaldeschwielerRalph F. HirschmannErnest R. DavidsonGábor A. SomorjaiJohn I. BraumanStephen J. LippardMarvin H. CaruthersPeter DervanMostafa El-SayedJoanna FowlerJoAnne StubbeStephen J. BenkovicMarye Anne FoxJacqueline K. BartonPeter J. StangAllen J. BardM. Frederick HawthorneJudith P. KlinmanJerrold MeinwaldA. Paul AlivisatosGeraldine L. RichmondTheodore Von KármánVannevar BushJohn Robinson PierceCharles S. DraperHugh L. DrydenClarence L. JohnsonWarren K. LewisClaude E. ShannonEdwin H. LandIgor I. SikorskyJ. Presper EckertNathan M. NewmarkJack St. Clair KilbyGeorge E. MuellerHarold E. EdgertonRichard T. WhitcombRudolf KompfnerRalph Brazelton PeckAbel WolmanManson BenedictWilliam Hayward PickeringFrederick TermanWernher Von BraunMorris Cohen (scientist)Peter C. GoldmarkErwin Wilhelm MüllerEmmett N. LeithRaymond D. MindlinRobert N. NoyceSimon RamoEdward H. HeinemannDonald L. KatzWilliam Redington HewlettGeorge LowJohn G. TrumpHans Wolfgang LiepmannTung-Yen LinBernard M. OliverRobert Byron BirdH. Bolton SeedErnst Weber (engineer)Daniel C. DruckerWillis M. HawkinsGeorge W. HousnerHarry George DrickamerMildred DresselhausNick Holonyak Jr.George H. HeilmeierLuna B. LeopoldH. Guyford SteverCalvin F. QuateJohn Roy WhinneryAlfred Y. ChoRay W. CloughHermann A. HausJames L. FlanaganC. Kumar N. PatelEli RuckensteinKenneth N. StevensYuan-Cheng FungAndreas AcrivosLeo BeranekJohn PrausnitzEdwin N. LightfootJan D. AchenbachTobin J. MarksRobert S. LangerDavid J. WinelandRudolf E. KálmánAmnon YarivShu ChienJohn B. GoodenoughThomas KailathNorbert WienerSolomon LefschetzMarston MorseOscar ZariskiJohn MilnorPaul CohenJerzy NeymanWilliam FellerRichard BrauerJohn TukeyKurt GödelJohn W. BackusShiing-Shen ChernGeorge DantzigKurt O. FriedrichsHassler WhitneyJoseph L. DoobDonald KnuthMarshall Harvey StoneHerman GoldstineIsadore SingerPeter LaxAntoni ZygmundRaoul BottMichael FreedmanRalph E. GomoryJoseph B. KellerSamuel KarlinSaunders Mac LaneDonald C. SpencerGeorge F. CarrierStephen Cole KleeneJohn McCarthy (computer Scientist)Alberto CalderónAllen NewellMartin David KruskalJohn CockeLouis NirenbergRichard KarpStephen SmaleShing-Tung YauCathleen Synge MorawetzFelix BrowderRonald CoifmanJohn Griggs ThompsonKaren K. UhlenbeckCalyampudi Radhakrishna RaoElias M. SteinJames GlimmCarl R. De BoorDennis SullivanBradley EfronHyman BassLeonard KleinrockAndrew ViterbiDavid B. MumfordRichard A. TapiaS. R. Srinivasa VaradhanSolomon W. GolombBarry MazurAlexandre ChorinDavid BlackwellMichael ArtinLuis Walter AlvarezJulian SchwingerHarold Clayton UreyRobert Burns WoodwardJohn BardeenPeter DebyeLeon M. LedermanWilliam RubeyJacob BjerknesSubrahmanyan ChandrasekharHenry Eyring (chemist)John H. Van VleckVladimir K. ZworykinJesse BeamsFrancis Birch (geophysicist)Gregory BreitLouis HammettGeorge KistiakowskyPaul BartlettHerbert FriedmanLars OnsagerEugene WignerHerbert C. BrownWolfgang PanofskyRobert H. DickeAllan R. SandageJohn C. SlaterJohn A. WheelerSaul WinsteinCarl DjerassiMaurice EwingArie Jan Haagen-SmitVladimir HaenselFrederick SeitzRobert Rathbun WilsonNicolaas BloembergenPaul FloryWilliam Alfred FowlerLinus Carl PaulingKenneth Sanborn PitzerHans A. BetheJoseph O. HirschfelderLewis SarettEdgar Bright WilsonChien-Shiung WuSamuel GoudsmitHerbert S. GutowskyFrederick RossiniVerner SuomiHenry TaubeGeorge UhlenbeckRichard P. FeynmanHerman MarkEdward M. PurcellJohn SinfeltLyman SpitzerVictor F. WeisskopfPhilip Warren AndersonYoichiro NambuEdward TellerCharles H. TownesE. Margaret BurbidgeMaurice GoldhaberHelmut LandsbergWalter MunkFrederick ReinesBruno B. RossiJ. Robert SchriefferSolomon J. BuchsbaumH. Richard CraneHerman FeshbachRobert HofstadterChen-Ning YangPhilip AbelsonWalter ElsasserPaul C. LauterburGeorge PakeJames A. Van AllenD. Allan BromleyChu Ching-wuWalter KohnNorman F. RamseyJack SteinbergerArnold O. BeckmanEugene ParkerRobert P. SharpHenry StommelAllan McLeod CormackEdwin M. McMillanRobert PoundRoger RevelleArthur L. SchawlowEd StoneSteven WeinbergEugene M. ShoemakerVal FitchVera RubinAlbert OverhauserFrank PressHans DehmeltPeter GoldreichWallace S. BroeckerMarshall RosenbluthMartin SchwarzschildGeorge WetherillDon L. AndersonJohn N. BahcallJames CroninLeo KadanoffWillis E. LambJeremiah P. OstrikerGilbert F. WhiteMarvin L. CohenRaymond Davis Jr.Charles KeelingRichard GarwinW. Jason MorganEdward WittenG. Brent DalrympleRiccardo GiacconiRobert N. ClaytonRalph A. AlpherLonnie ThompsonDaniel KleppnerFay Ajzenberg-SeloveCharles Pence SlichterBerni AlderJames E. Gunn (astronomer)Yakir AharonovEsther M. ConwellWarren M. WashingtonSidney DrellSandra FaberSylvester James GatesBurton RichterSean SolomonShirley Ann JacksonTemplate:PulitzerPrize GeneralNon-Fiction 1976–2000Template Talk:PulitzerPrize GeneralNon-Fiction 1976–2000Pulitzer Prize For General NonfictionWhy Survive? Being Old In AmericaRobert Neil ButlerBeautiful SwimmersWilliam W. WarnerThe Dragons Of EdenCarl SaganOn Human NatureGödel, Escher, BachDouglas HofstadterFin-de-siècle ViennaCarl Emil SchorskeThe Soul Of A New MachineTracy KidderIs There No Place On Earth For Me?Susan SheehanThe Social Transformation Of American MedicinePaul StarrThe Good WarStuds TerkelCommon Ground (book)J. Anthony LukasMove Your ShadowJoseph LelyveldArab And Jew: Wounded Spirits In A Promised LandDavid K. ShiplerThe Making Of The Atomic BombRichard RhodesA Bright Shining LieNeil SheehanAnd Their Children After ThemDale MaharidgeMichael Williamson (photographer)The AntsBert HölldoblerThe Prize: The Epic Quest For Oil, Money, And PowerDaniel YerginLincoln At GettysburgGarry WillsLenin's Tomb: The Last Days Of The Soviet EmpireDavid RemnickThe Beak Of The FinchJonathan WeinerThe Haunted LandTina RosenbergAshes To Ashes (book)Richard KlugerGuns, Germs, And SteelJared DiamondAnnals Of The Former WorldJohn McPheeEmbracing DefeatJohn W. DowerTemplate:PulitzerPrize GeneralNon-FictionTemplate:PulitzerPrize GeneralNon-Fiction 1962–1975Template:PulitzerPrize GeneralNon-Fiction 1976–2000Template:PulitzerPrize GeneralNon-Fiction 2001–2025Help:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationBibliothèque Nationale De FranceBIBSYSMathematics Genealogy ProjectNational Diet LibraryNational Library Of The Czech RepublicBiblioteca Nacional De EspañaInstitute For Advanced Technology In The HumanitiesHelp:CategoryCategory:1929 BirthsCategory:Living PeopleCategory:20th-century American NovelistsCategory:21st-century American NovelistsCategory:American AutobiographersCategory:American ConservationistsCategory:American DeistsCategory:American EcologistsCategory:American EntomologistsCategory:American HumanistsCategory:American Male NovelistsCategory:American NaturalistsCategory:American Non-fiction Environmental WritersCategory:American Science WritersCategory:American SkepticsCategory:American ZoologistsCategory:BiogeographersCategory:Distinguished Eagle ScoutsCategory:EthologistsCategory:Evolutionary BiologistsCategory:Fellows Of The Committee For Skeptical InquiryCategory:Foreign Members Of The Royal SocietyCategory:Guggenheim FellowsCategory:Harvard University AlumniCategory:Harvard University FacultyCategory:Human Evolution TheoristsCategory:Members Of The United States National Academy Of SciencesCategory:MyrmecologistsCategory:National Medal Of Science LaureatesCategory:Pulitzer Prize For General Non-Fiction WinnersCategory:Race And Intelligence ControversyCategory:Secular HumanistsCategory:Sustainability AdvocatesCategory:University Of Alabama AlumniCategory:Writers From Birmingham, AlabamaCategory:Wikipedia Articles Needing Page Number Citations From April 2014Category:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:Articles With HCardsCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From October 2015Category:Articles Needing More Detailed ReferencesCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BNF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BIBSYS IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link