Contents 1 Toxicity 2 Electricity generation 3 Selected species 4 References


Toxicity[edit] Several species of Kalanchoe are economically important for causing cardiotoxic effects in sheep and cattle, and diseases affecting the nervous system and muscles known as krimpsiekte ("shrinking disease") or as cotyledonosis.[2] Bryophyllum pinnatum may have similar chemical components, bufadienolide alkaloids.[3] There are many hybrids within Bryophyllum, and also hybrids with Kalanchoe such as Kalanchoe × crenatodaigremontiana (B. laxiflorum (as the synonym B. crenatum) × K. daigremontiana) or Houghton's Hybrid (K. daigremontianum × B. delagoense).


Electricity generation[edit] Tests conducted in Bangladesh by Dr. Kamrul Alam Khan showed crushed leaves of Bryophyllum daigremontianum (পাথরকুচি) is a good electrolyte and it can be used in a battery to generate electricity. 1 kg of crushed Bryophyllum leaves can produce up to 20 kW of power.[citation needed]


Selected species[edit] The three most commonly cultivated species are: Bryophyllum daigremontianum: Devil's Backbone or mother-of-thousands. Native of Madagascar; introduced and naturalized in many parts of tropical and subtropical Africa, Asia (Indian Ocean islands), North America (Florida) and South Africa; cultivated in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh for its medicinal properties. In Bangladesh it is known as Patharkuchi Pata. Bryophyllum pinnatum: Air Plant. Native of Tropical Africa, cultivated or naturalized on many Pacific Islands (Tonga, Hawaii). It is also called the "Goethe Plant" since the famous writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe — who also was an amateur naturalist of some repute — was "passionately fond" of this plant and liked to give the baby plantlets as gifts to friends who visited his home. He also discussed his air plant at length in the essay that was titled Geschichte meiner botanischen Studien ("History of my botanical studies"). Bryophyllum delagoense Bryophyllum proliferum Some other species in this section are: Bryophyllum beauverdii Bryophyllum bouvetii Bryophyllum campanulatum Bryophyllum fedtschenkoi Bryophyllum gastonis-bonnieri Bryophyllum laxiflorum Bryophyllum macrochlamys Bryophyllum manginii Bryophyllum marnierianum Bryophyllum miniatum Bryophyllum proliferum Bryophyllum pubescens Bryophyllum rolandi-bonapartei Bryophyllum rosei Bryophyllum schizophyllum Bryophyllum streptanthum Bryophyllum suarezense Bryophyllum uniflorum


References[edit] ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".  ^ Welham, Marina: How Dangerous are Euphorbias? (And Others in the Family Euphorbiaceae) with some comments on dangerous plants in the families Agavaceae, Aizoaceae, Apocynaceae, Compositae, Crassulaceae, Liliaceae Archived 2007-10-01 at the Wayback Machine.. The Amateur's Digest. Retrieved 2007-09-19. ^ Steyn, Pieter S & van Heerden, Fanie R. (1998): "Bufadienolides of plant and animal origin". Natural Product Reports 15(4): 397–413. doi:10.1039/a815397y PDF fulltext Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bryophyllum&oldid=793882337" Categories: BryophyllumHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksArticles with 'species' microformatsArticles containing Ancient Greek-language textAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from January 2014Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017


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Bryophyllum PinnatumFrancisco Manuel BlancoTaxonomy (biology)PlantAngiospermsEudicotsCore EudicotsSaxifragalesCrassulaceaeRichard Anthony SalisburyGenusCrassulaceaeFamily (biology)KalanchoeSouth AfricaMadagascarAsiaWikipedia:Citation NeededVegetative ReproductionTropicsKalanchoeBryophyllum PinnatumBufadienolideAlkaloidHybrid (biology)Bryophyllum DaigremontianumWikipedia:Citation NeededBryophyllum DaigremontianumMadagascarBryophyllum PinnatumTongaHawaiiJohann Wolfgang Von GoetheNatural HistoryBryophyllum DelagoenseEnlargeBryophyllum FedtschenkoiBryophyllum ManginiiWayback MachineNatural Product ReportsDigital Object IdentifierHelp:CategoryCategory:BryophyllumCategory:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:Articles With 'species' MicroformatsCategory:Articles Containing Ancient Greek-language TextCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From January 2014Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From May 2017Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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