Contents 1 Function 2 Clinical significance 3 History 4 See also 5 References 6 External links


Function[edit] Bartholin's glands secrete mucus to provide vaginal lubrication.[3][4] Bartholin's glands secrete relatively minute amounts of fluid when a woman is sexually aroused.[5] The fluid may slightly moisten the labial opening of the vagina, serving to make contact with this sensitive area more comfortable.[5]


Clinical significance[edit] It is possible for the Bartholin's glands to become blocked and inflamed resulting in pain.[5] This is known as bartholinitis or a Bartholin's cyst.[6] A Bartholin's cyst in turn can become infected and form an abscess. Adenocarcinoma of the gland is rare, but benign tumors and hyperplasia are even more rare.[7] Bartholin gland carcinoma is a rare malignancy that occurs in 1% of vulvar cancers. This may be due to the presence of three different types of epithelial tissue.[8]


History[edit] De ovariis mulierum et generationis historia epistola anatomica, 1678 Bartholin's glands were first described in the 17th century by the Danish anatomist Caspar Bartholin the Younger (1655–1738).[8][9] Some sources mistakenly ascribe their discovery to his grandfather, theologian and anatomist Caspar Bartholin the Elder (1585–1629).[10]


See also[edit] Skene's gland


References[edit] ^ a b Greater Vestibular (Bartholin) gland Archived January 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b Manual of Obstetrics. (3rd ed.). Elsevier. pp. 1-16. ISBN 9788131225561. ^ "Viscera of the Urogenital Triangle". University of Arkansas Medical School.  ^ Chrétien, F.C.; Berthou J. (September 18, 2006). "Crystallographic investigation of the dried exudate of the major vestibular (Bartholin's) glands in women". Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 135 (1): 116–22. doi:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2006.06.031. PMID 16987591.  ^ a b c "Bartholin's Gland". Discovery Health. Archived from the original on 2008-08-04.  ^ Sue E. Huether (2014). Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 817. ISBN 9780323293754.  ^ Argenta PA, Bell K, Reynolds C, Weinstein R (Oct 1997). "Bartholin's gland hyperplasia in a postmenopausal woman". Obstetrics & Gynecology. 90 (4 part 2): 695–7. doi:10.1016/S0029-7844(97)00409-2. PMID 11770602.  ^ a b Heller, Debra S.; Bean, Sarah (2014). "Lesions of the Bartholin Gland". Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease. 18 (4): 351–357. doi:10.1097/LGT.0000000000000016. ISSN 1089-2591.  ^ Bartholin's gland at Who Named It? ^ C. C. Gillispie (ed.): Dictionary of Scientific Biography, New York 1970.[page needed] See the article on Thomas Bartholin.


External links[edit] Anatomy photo:41:11-0200 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center—"The Female Perineum: Muscles of the Superficial Perineal Pouch" Anatomy image:9243 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center Anatomy image:9694 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center—opening v t e Female reproductive system Internal Adnexa Ovaries Follicles corpus hemorrhagicum luteum albicans Theca of follicle externa interna Follicular antrum Follicular fluid Corona radiata Zona pellucida Membrana granulosa Perivitelline space Other Germinal epithelium Tunica albuginea cortex Cumulus oophorus Stroma Medulla Fallopian tubes Isthmus Ampulla Infundibulum Fimbria Ostium Ligaments Ovarian ligament Suspensory ligament Wolffian vestiges Gartner's duct Epoophoron Vesicular appendages of epoophoron Paroophoron Uterus Regions Body Uterine cavity Fundus Cervix External orifice Cervical canal Internal orifice Supravaginal portion Vaginal portion Uterine horns Layers Endometrium epithelium Myometrium Perimetrium Parametrium Ligaments Round ligament Broad ligament Cardinal ligament Uterosacral ligament Pubocervical ligament General Uterine glands Vagina Fossa of vestibule of vagina Vaginal fornix Hymen External Vulva Labia Mons pubis Labia majora Anterior commissure Posterior commissure Pudendal cleft Labia minora Frenulum of labia minora Frenulum of clitoris Vulval vestibule Interlabial sulci Bulb of vestibule Vaginal orifice vestibular glands/ducts Bartholin's glands/Bartholin's ducts Skene's glands/Skene's ducts Clitoris Crus of clitoris Corpus cavernosum Clitoral glans Hood Urethra Urethral crest Other G-spot Urethral sponge Perineal sponge Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bartholin%27s_gland&oldid=789737658" Categories: GlandsExocrine systemMammal female reproductive systemHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksWikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2015Medicine infobox template using GraySubject or GrayPageMedicine infobox template using Dorlands parameter


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Bartholin's_glands - Photos and All Basic Informations

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EmbryologyUrogenital SinusArteryDeep External Pudendal ArteryNerveIlioinguinal NerveLymphSuperficial Inguinal Lymph NodesLatinMedical Subject HeadingsElsevierTerminologia AnatomicaFoundational Model Of AnatomyAnatomical TerminologyCompound Racemose GlandsVaginaVaginal LubricationHomology (biology)Bulbourethral GlandSuperficial Perineal PouchDeep Perineal PouchFossa Of Vestibule Of VaginaVulvaMucusVaginal LubricationSexual ArousalBartholinitisAbscessAdenocarcinomaHyperplasiaBartholin Gland CarcinomaEnlargeCaspar Bartholin The YoungerCaspar Bartholin The ElderSkene's GlandWayback MachineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9788131225561Digital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780323293754Digital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierInternational Standard Serial NumberWho Named It?Wikipedia:Citing SourcesThomas BartholinTemplate:Female Reproductive SystemTemplate Talk:Female Reproductive SystemFemale Reproductive SystemSex OrganAdnexa Of UterusOvaryOvarian FollicleCorpus HemorrhagicumCorpus LuteumCorpus AlbicansTheca Of FollicleTheca ExternaTheca InternaFollicular AntrumFollicular FluidCorona Radiata (embryology)Zona PellucidaMembrana GranulosaPerivitelline SpaceGerminal Epithelium (female)Tunica Albuginea (ovaries)Cumulus OophorusStroma Of OvaryMedulla Of OvaryFallopian TubeIsthmus Of Uterine TubeAmpulla Of Uterine TubeInfundibulum Of Uterine TubeFimbriae Of Uterine TubeOstium Of Uterine TubeLigamentOvarian LigamentSuspensory Ligament Of OvaryMesonephric DuctGartner's DuctEpoophoronVesicular Appendages Of EpoophoronParoophoronUterusUterusUterine CavityFundus (uterus)CervixExternal Orifice Of The UterusCervical CanalInternal Orifice Of The UterusSupravaginal Portion Of CervixVaginal Portion Of CervixUterine HornsUterusEndometriumUterine EpitheliumMyometriumPerimetriumParametriumUterusRound Ligament Of UterusBroad Ligament Of The UterusCardinal LigamentUterosacral LigamentPubocervical LigamentUterine GlandVaginaFossa Of Vestibule Of VaginaVaginal FornixHymenSex OrganVulvaLabiaMons PubisLabia MajoraAnterior Commissure Of Labia MajoraPosterior Commissure Of Labia MajoraPudendal CleftLabia MinoraFrenulum Of Labia MinoraClitorisVulval VestibuleInterlabial SulciBulb Of VestibuleVaginaSkene's GlandClitorisCrus Of ClitorisCorpus Cavernosum Of ClitorisClitorisClitoral HoodUrethraUrethral CrestG-spotUrethral SpongePerineal SpongeHelp:CategoryCategory:GlandsCategory:Exocrine SystemCategory:Mammal Female Reproductive SystemCategory:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:Wikipedia Articles Needing Page Number Citations From May 2015Category:Medicine Infobox Template Using GraySubject Or GrayPageCategory:Medicine Infobox Template Using Dorlands ParameterDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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