Contents 1 Composition 2 Mandate 3 Special mechanisms 4 See also 5 Bibliography 6 External links


Composition[edit] The ACHPR is made up of eleven members, elected by secret ballot at the OAU Assembly of Heads of State and Government (subsequently, by the AU's Assembly). These members, who serve six-year renewable terms, are "chosen from amongst African personalities of the highest reputation, known for their high morality, integrity, impartiality and competence in matters of human and peoples' rights" (Charter, Article 31) and, in selecting these personalities, particular consideration is given "to persons having legal experience". The members are to enjoy full independence in discharging their duties and serve on a personal basis (i.e., not representing their home states); however, no member state may have more than one of its nationals on the Commission at any given time. The members choose, from among their own number, a chairperson and a Vice Chairperson, who each serve two-year renewable terms. Name Country of Origin Position Elected Term Re-elected Faith Pansy Tlakula South Africa Chair 2005 2011 2012 Solomon Ayele Dersso Ethiopia Member Jamesina Essie L. King Sierra Leone Member Lawrence Murugu Mute Kenya Member 2013 2019 Zainabo Sylvie Kayitesi Rwanda Member 2007 2009 2010 Reine Alapini-Gansou Benin Member 2005 2011 2012 Yeung Kam John Yeung Sik Yuen Mauritius Member 2007 2013 Lucy Asuagbor Cameroon Member 2010 2016 Maya Sahli Fadel Algeria Member 2011 2017 Med S.K. Kaggwa Uganda Member 2011 2017 Soyata Maiga Mali Member 2007 2013 2014


Mandate[edit] The Commission has three broad areas of responsibility: Promoting human and peoples' rights Protecting human and peoples' rights Interpreting the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights In pursuit of these goals, the Commission is mandated to "collect documents, undertake studies and researches on African problems in the field of human and peoples, rights, organise seminars, symposia and conferences, disseminate information, encourage national and local institutions concerned with human and peoples' rights and, should the case arise, give its views or make recommendations to governments" (Charter, Art. 45). With the creation of the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights (under a protocol to the Charter which was adopted in 1998 and entered into force in January 2004), the Commission will have the additional task of preparing cases for submission to the Court's jurisdiction. In a July 2004 decision, the AU Assembly resolved that the future Court on Human and Peoples' Rights would be integrated with the African Court of Justice. In 2011, the commission brought before the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights a case against Libya.


Special mechanisms[edit] This section's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references. (December 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. You can help by converting this section to prose, if appropriate. Editing help is available. (December 2017) The Commission has several Special Mechanisms in the form of Special Rapporteurs, working groups or committees that investigate and report on specific human rights issues. There are 6 special rapporteurs who monitor, investigate and report on allegations of violations in member states of the African Union. Special Rapporteur on Extra-judicial, Summary or Arbitrary Execution Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders Special Rapporteur on Prisons and Conditions of Detention Special Rapporteur on Refugees, Asylum Seekers, Migrants and Internally Displaced Persons Special Rapporteur on Rights of Women There are eight Working Groups, two Committees and one study group that monitor and investigate various issues under the purview of the Commission: Working Group on Specific Issues Related to the work of the African Commission Working Group on Indigenous Populations/Communities in Africa Working Group on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Working Group on the Rights of Older Persons and People with Disabilities Working Group on the Death Penalty Working Group on Extractive Industries, Environment and Human Rights Violations Working Group on Fair Trial Working Group on Communications Committee for the Prevention of Torture in Africa Committee on the Protection of the Rights of People Living With HIV (PLHIV) and those at Risk, Vulnerable to and Affected by HIV Study Group on Freedom of Association


See also[edit] Africa portal African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights African Court of Justice African Human Rights Law Reports Special Rapporteur on Women's Rights in Africa Inter-American Commission on Human Rights List of Linguistic Rights in Constitutions (Africa) Linguistic rights


Bibliography[edit] Ankumah, Evelyn A., African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Kluwer, 1996 Bösl, A & Diescho, J., Human Rights in Africa. Legal perspectives on their protection and promotion, with a foreword by Desmond Tutu, Macmillan 2009. Murray, RH. Human Rights in Africa: From the OAU to the African Union, Cambridge University Press, 2004. Evans, MD & Murray, RH (Eds.), The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights: The System at Work, Cambridge University Press, 2002. Evans, MD & Murray, RH (Eds.), The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (Second Edition): The System in Practice 1986–2006, Cambridge University Press, 2008. Murray, RH & Evans, MD (Eds.), Documents of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Hart Publishing, 2001. Numerous academic articles on the jurisprudence of the African Commission published in the African Human Rights Law Journal Reports and information about the ACHPR from the International Service for Human Rights Reports of ACHPR cases published in the African Human Rights Law Reports Regular updates of news on the ACHPR published by the Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights


External links[edit] African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights Text of African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights Decisions of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights African Union Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa v t e International human rights organisations and institutions Types Human rights group Human rights commission Human rights institutions Truth and reconciliation commission International institutions Committee on the Rights of the Child Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities International Criminal Court Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights UN Human Rights Committee UN Human Rights Council UN Security Council Regional bodies African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights African Court of Justice European Court of Human Rights European Committee for the Prevention of Torture Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Inter-American Court of Human Rights Multi-lateral bodies European Union Council of Europe Organisation of American States (OAS) UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) International Labour Organization (ILO) World Health Organization (WHO) UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) UN Population Fund (UNFPA) UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) UN Development Programme (UNDP) Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) UN Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) Major NGOs Amnesty International FIDH Human Rights Watch International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Emergency NGO Human Rights First v t e Indigenous and minority rights Rights Ancestral domain Free, prior and informed consent Intellectual property Land rights Language Self-determination in Australia in Canada in the United States Traditional knowledge Treaty rights Governmental organizations African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights Arctic Council Bureau of Indian Affairs Council of Indigenous Peoples(Taiwan) Fundação Nacional do Índio Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (Philippines) United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues Non-governmental and political organizations Amazon Watch Assembly of First Nations Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador Congress of Aboriginal Peoples Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon River Basin Cultural Survival Indigenous Environmental Network Indigenous Peoples Council on Biocolonialism International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs National Indigenous Organization of Colombia Native American Rights Fund Survival International Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization Zapatista Army of National Liberation (more ...) 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